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Posts Tagged ‘William FitzGerald 2nd Duke of Leinster’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross 7th Baronet
1763 – 8 February 1814

Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross 7th Baronet was a Scottish landowner, politician, and officer in the British Army.

Sir Charles was the oldest son of Sir John Lockhart Ross, 6th Baronet, of Balnagown by Elizabeth Baillie, the daughter of Robert Dundas of Edinburgh. Her married twice, first in 1788 to Matilda Theresa daughter of James Lockhart Wishart of Lanarkshire, a Count of Holy Roman Empire and officer in the Austrian army. After her death in 1791 he married again in 1799, to Lady Mary Rebecca Fitzgerald, daughter of the 2nd Duke of Leinster.

He joined the army in 1780 as a cornet in the 7th Dragoons, rising to the rank of Lieutenant-General by 1805.

Lockhart-Ross was a wealthy landowner whose mother had bequeathed him large estates in both Lanarkshire and Ross-shire, the latter giving him contol of the royal burgh of Tain. He was elected at a by-election in June 1786 as the Member of Parliament for the Tain district of Burghs.

He was re-elected in 1790, but in 1796 was returned for Ross-shire, which returned him again in 1802.

At the 1806 election he was returned for the Linlithgow Burghs, where he was defeated in 1807.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Augustus FitzGerald 3rd Duke of Leinster
21 August 1791 – 10 October 1874

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Augustus FitzGerald

Augustus FitzGerald 3rd Duke of Leinster was an Irish peer and freemason, styled Marquess of Kildare from birth until 1804. He was born and died in Carton House.

FitzGerald was the eldest surviving son of William FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster and his wife, Emilia. He inherited his father’s dukedom in 1804. On 16 June 1818, Leinster married Lady Charlotte Augusta Stanhope (15 February 1793 – 15 February 1859), the third daughter of Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington. They had four children:

  • Charles FitzGerald, 4th Duke of Leinster (1819–1887)
  • Lord Gerald FitzGerald (London, 6 January 1821 – 23 September 1886), married Anne Agnes Barker
  • Lady Jane Seymour FitzGerald (died 3 November 1898), married George William John Repton
  • Lord Otho Augustus FitzGerald (1827–1882)

In 1813, he was chosen Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, a post he held until his death in 1874. Leinster was appointed Custos Rotulorum of Kildare in 1819 and Lord Lieutenant of Kildare in 1831, holding both posts for life. In 1831, he was admitted to the Privy Council of Ireland and to the Privy Council of Great Britain and was Lord High Constable of Ireland at the coronations of William IV and Queen Victoria. He was a Commissioner of National Education for Ireland from 1836 to 1841.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

William FitzGerald 2nd Duke of Leinster
13 March 1749 – 20 October 1804

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William FitzGerald

William FitzGerald 2nd Duke of Leinster made his Grand Tour between 1768 and 1769. During the same time, he also was Member of Parliament (MP) for Kildare Borough. FitzGerald then sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dublin City until 1773, when he inherited his father’s title and estates. He was appointed High Sheriff of Kildare for 1772. Politically he was a liberal supporter of Henry Grattan’s Irish Patriot Party and he co-founded the Irish Whig Club in 1789. He controlled about six Kildare members of the Irish House of Commons. In 1779 he was elected Colonel of the Dublin Regiment of the Irish Volunteers.

In 1770 FitzGerald was chosen Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland, which post he held for two years. He was re-elected for another year in 1777. In 1783 he was among the first knights in the newly created Order of St. Patrick.

In 1788-9 he was Master of the Rolls in Ireland; in theory a senior judicial office, it was then largely a sinecure, but so blatant a choice of a man who wholly unqualified for it gave rise to unfavourable comment, and a few years later it became the rule that the Master must be a lawyer of repute.

FitzGerald was a supporter of Catholic Emancipation and helped to found the Catholic seminary at Maynooth in 1795. Withdrawing from parliament with Grattan in 1797, he moved to England to be with his sick wife and remained there during the 1798 rebellion.

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Emilia Olivia St George the Duchess of Leinster

He was the second, but eldest surviving, son of James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster and the well-connected Lady Emily Mary Lennox. On 4/7 November 1775 he married The Hon. Emilia Olivia Usher St George, daughter of St George Saint-George, 1st Baron St George and Elizabeth Dominick, who died in London on 23 June 1798. He was also the elder brother of the 1790s revolutionary Lord Edward FitzGerald, and was a first cousin of the English liberal politician Charles James Fox.

His Children:

  • Lady Mary Rebecca FitzGerald (6 May 1777 – 28 September 1842); married on 15 April 1799 Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross, 7th Baronet (died 8 February 1814)
  • Lady Emily Elizabeth FitzGerald (13 May 1778 – 9 February 1856); married on 13 March 1801 John Joseph Henry of Straffan (died 28 June 1846)
  • George FitzGerald, Marquess of Kildare (Carton, 20 June 1783 – 10 February 1784)
  • Lady Cecilia Olivia Geraldine FitzGerald (3 March 1786 – London, 27 July 1863); married at Boyle Farm, Kingston upon Thames on 18 August 1806 Thomas Foley, 3rd Baron Foley (22 December 1780 – London, 16 April 1833)
  • Lady Olivia Letitia Catherine FitzGerald (9 September 1787 – Bath, 28 February 1858); married in London on 8 May 1806 Charles Kinnaird, 8th Baron Kinnaird (12 April 1780 – Brighton, 12 December 1826)
  • Augustus FitzGerald, 3rd Duke of Leinster (1791–1874), married Lady Charlotte Augusta Stanhope (1793–1859)
  • Lord William Charles O’Brien FitzGerald (4 January 1793 – 8 December 1864); married and had:
    • Geraldine Sydney FitzGerald (died 1896); married on 2 October 1855 Henry William Paget Butler (28 April 1831 – 14 August 1913)
  • Lady Isabella/e Charlotte FitzGerald (died 1868); married on 1 June 1809 Major-General Louis Guy Charles Guillaume de Rohan-Chabot, Comte de Jarnac (1780–1875)
  • Lady Elizabeth FitzGerald (died 28 February 1857); married 22 July 1805 Sir Edward Baker, 1st Baronet (died 1825)

His homes were at Carton, where he died, and Kilkea in County Kildare, and at Leinster House in Dublin (now the home of the Irish parliament). He was a founder member of the Order of St Patrick in 1783 and of the Royal Irish Academy (1785), and was a large investor in the Royal Canal company launched in 1790. His family’s estates of 60,000 acres (25,000 Ha) in Kildare were in three main parts, around Maynooth, Rathangan and Athy. He rebuilt the main bridge in Athy over the River Barrow.

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