Posts Tagged ‘Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham
25 December 1760 – 27 October 1830


George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham

George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham was the son of the 2nd Earl of Ashburnham and the former Elizabeth Crowley, being styled Viscount St Asaph from birth, and was baptised on 29 January 1761 at St George’s, Hanover Square, London, with King George III, the Duke of Newcastle and the Dowager Princess of Wales as his godparents.

In 1780, Lord St Asaph graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge, with a Master of Arts degree.

He married, firstly, the Hon. Sophia Thynne (19 December 1763 – 9 April 1791), daughter of the 3rd Viscount Weymouth (later the 1st Marquess of Bath), on 28 August 1784. They had four children:

  • George Ashburnham, Viscount St Asaph (8 October 1785 – 7 June 1813)
  • Lady Elizabeth Sophia Ashburnham (16 September 1786 – 13 March 1879)
  • The Hon. Sophia Ashburnham (29 January 1788 – 17 June 1807)
  • Ensign The Hon. John Ashburnham (3 June 1789 – 1810) (served in the Coldstream Guards in the Napoleonic Wars; drowned whilst returning from Portugal)

He married, secondly, Lady Charlotte Percy (3 June 1776 – 26 November 1862) on 25 July 1795. She was a daughter of the 1st Earl of Beverley, and a sister of George Percy, 5th Duke of Northumberland. They had 13 children:

  • The Hon. William Ashburnham (19 January 1797 – 1797) (died an infant)
  • Bertram Ashburnham, 4th Earl of Ashburnham (23 November 1797 – 22 June 1878)
  • The Hon. Percy Ashburnham (22 November 1799 – 25 January 1881)
  • Lady Charlotte Susan Ashburnham (23 February 1801 – 26 April 1865)
  • Lady Theodosia Julia Ashburnham (27 March 1802 – 22 August 1887)
  • The Hon. Charles Ashburnham (23 March 1803 – 22 December 1848)
  • Lady Georgiana Jemima Ashburnham (11 May 1805 – May 1882) (mother of Algernon Mitford)
  • Lady Jane Henrietta Ashburnham (19 July 1809 – 26 November 1896) (mother of the poet Swinburne)
  • Lady Katherine Frances Ashburnham (31 March 1812 – 6 April 1839)
  • Lady Eleanor Isabel Bridget Ashburnham (28 July 1814 – 6 March 1895)
  • General The Hon. Thomas Ashburnham, CB (1816 – 2 March 1872)
  • Lady Mary Agnes Blanche Ashburnham (23 January 1816 – 22 April 1899)
  • The Hon. Reginald Ashburnham (1819 – 5 March 1830)

Lord St Asaph was summoned to the House of Lords by writ in acceleration as 5th Baron Ashburnham in 1804. He held the office of Trustee of the British Museum between 1810 and 1830. In 1812 he succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Ashburnham. On his death he was survived by his fourth (but eldest surviving) son, Bertram, Viscount St. Asaph.

His main family home was at Ashburnham Place in Sussex, which belonged to the family from the late 11th century until 1953. The Ashburnham archive is held by the East Sussex Record Office.

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Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquess of Bath
25 January 1765 – 27 March 1837


Thomas Thynne

Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquess of Bath was the son of Thomas Thynne, 1st Marquess of Bath.

He was educated at Winchester College and admitted as a nobleman to St John’s College, Cambridge in 1785, graduating M.A. in 1787.

Between 1786 and 1790, he was MP (Tory) for Weobley. He later sat for Bath from 1790 to 1796. He was Lord Lieutenant of Somerset between 1819 and 1837 and was invested as a Knight of the Garter on 16 July 1823.

Lord Bath married the Honourable Isabella Elizabeth Byng, daughter of George Byng, 4th Viscount Torrington, on 14 April 1794. They had eleven children:

  • Lady Elizabeth Thynne (1795–1866), married John Campbell, 1st Earl Cawdor and had issue.
  • Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymouth (1796 – 16 January 1837), married Harriet Robbins.
  • Henry Frederick Thynne, 3rd Marquess of Bath (1797 – 24 June 1837)
  • Reverend Lord John Thynne (1798–1881), Canon of Westminster Abbey, of Haynes Park, Bedfordshire. He married Anne Beresford and had issue. He inherited the manors of Haynes, Bedfordshire and Kilkhampton, Cornwall, from his uncle John Thynne, 3rd Baron Carteret, last Baron Carteret. His monument and effigy sculpted by Henry Armstead (1828 – 1905), survive in Westminster Abbey.
  • Lady Louisa Thynne (25 Mar 1801–1859), married Henry Lascelles, 3rd Earl of Harewood and had issue.
  • Lord William Thynne (1802–1890), married Belinda Brumel.
  • Lord Francis Thynne (1805–1821)
  • Lord Edward Thynne (1807–1884), married first Elizabeth Mellish and second Cecilia Anne Mary Gore, by whom he had issue.
  • Lord George Thynne (1808-19 Jun 1832)
  • Lady Charlotte Anne Thynne (1811–1895), married Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch and had issue.
  • Reverend Lord Charles Thynne (1813–1894), married Harriet Bagot and had issue, including a daughter who married the 4th Earl of Kenmare.

Lord Bath died in 1837, aged 72, and was buried at his home, Longleat House.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath
13 September 1734 – 19 November 1796


Thomas Thynne

Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath was the elder son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth (1710—1751), and the great-grandnephew of Thomas Thynne (c. 1640–1714), who was created Baron Thynne and Viscount Weymouth in 1682.

His mother was Louisa (d. 1736), daughter of John Carteret, 1st Earl Granville, and a descendant of the family of Granville who held the earldom of Bath from 1661 to 1711. The Thynnes are descended from Sir John Thynne, the builder of Longleat, the splendid seat of the family in Wiltshire. Sir John owed his wealth and position to the favour of his master, the protector Somerset; he was comptroller of the household of the Lady Elizabeth, and was a person of some importance after that princess became queen. Another famous member of this family was Thomas Thynne (1648–1682), called on account of his wealth “Tom of Ten Thousand.” He is celebrated by Dryden as Issachar in Absalom and Achitophel, and was murdered in London by some Swedes in February 1682.

Born on 13 September 1734, Thomas Thynne succeeded his father as 3rd Viscount Weymouth in January 1751 and was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for a short time during 1765, although he never visited that country. Having, however, become prominent in British politics, he was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department in January 1768; he acted with great promptitude during the unrest caused by John Wilkes and the Middlesex election of 1768. He was then attacked and libeled by Wilkes, who was consequently expelled from the House of Commons.

Before the close of 1768 he was transferred from the northern to the southern department, but he resigned in December 1770 in the midst of the dispute with Spain over the possession of the Falkland Islands.

In November 1775 Weymouth returned to his former office of secretary for the southern department, undertaking in addition the duties attached to the northern department for a few months in 1779, but he resigned both positions in the autumn of that year.

In 1789 he was created Marquess of Bath. He died in November 1796. Weymouth was a man of considerable ability, especially as a speaker. According to more modern standards, his habits were very coarse, resembling those of his friend and frequent companion Charles James Fox. Horace Walpole refers frequently to his idleness and his drunkenness, and in early life at least “his great fortune he had damaged: by such profuse play, that his house was often full of bailiffs.” He married Elizabeth (died 1825), daughter of William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland, by whom he had three sons and three daughters.

He was High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield from 1781 until his death.

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