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Posts Tagged ‘Thomas Coutts’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Lord Dudley Stuart
11 January 1803, London – 17 November 1854

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Lord Dudley Stuart

Lord Dudley Stuart was a British politician. He was the youngest son of John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute, and his second wife, Frances Coutts, daughter of the banker Thomas Coutts.

In 1820, he was admitted to Christ Church, Oxford.

On 20 July 1824, he married Princess Christine Bonaparte (1798–1847), daughter of Lucien Bonaparte by his first wife, Christine Boyer, and sister of the Princess Gabrielli. They had one son, Paul Amadeus Francis Coutts Stuart, who died unmarried in 1889.

He was a member of the Whittington Club and the vice-president (and later the president) of the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland.

A Whig and subsequently Liberal, he was a passionate advocate of Polish independence, and sympathetic in general to the cause of the Eastern European peoples against Russia. He received Lajos Kossuth in England after his exile from Hungary.

A critic of the Metropolitan Police, he suggested a reduction of the strength of the force in 1853.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George North 3rd Earl of Guilford
11 September 1757 – 20 April 1802

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George North

George North 3rd Earl of Guilford was the eldest son of Prime Minister Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford (commonly known as Lord North), and his wife Anne (née Speke). He was elected to the House of Commons for Harwich in 1778, a seat he held until 1784, and then represented Wootton Bassett from 1784 to 1790, Petersfield in 1790 and Banbury from 1790 to 1792. The latter year he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. He was a supporter of his father’s policies during the American War of Independence which came under attack from all sides.

Lord Guilford married firstly Maria Frances Mary, daughter of George Hobart, 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire, in 1785. After her death in 1794 he married secondly Susan, daughter of Thomas Coutts, in 1796. It was while courting his second wife that Guilford sustained a spinal injury in a fall from his horse and died from lingering illness that resulted in April 1802, aged 44. On his death his junior title of Baron North fell into abeyance between his daughters while he was succeeded in the earldom by his younger brother, Francis. The Countess of Guilford died in 1837.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Charles Edward Stuart Count Roehenstart
May 1784 – 28 October 1854

Charles Edward Augustus Maximilian Stuart, Baron Korff, Count Roehenstart was baptized into the Roman Catholic faith on 13 May 1784 at the parish church of Saint-Merry in the rue de Saint Martin, Paris, when he was described as a son of Maximilian Roehenstart and of Clementine Ruthven. He was named Charles Edward after his royal grandfather. The letters of Roehenstart’s mother to her own mother, Clementina Walkinshaw, provide evidence that this was one of her children, two daughters and one son, all fathered by Ferdinand de Rohan. The daughters were Marie Victoire Adélaïde (“Aglae”), who was baptized at the Château de Couzières on 19 June 1779, and Charlotte Maximilienne Amélie, born during the summer of 1780. The pregnancy with Roehenstart delayed Charlotte’s plans to join her father in Florence, he having been kept in ignorance of all three children.

On 23 March 1783, the ailing Prince Charles Edward had legitimized Charlotte, created her Duchess of Albany in the Jacobite Peerage, and made her heiress to some of his private property, but not his claim to the throne. She travelled to join him soon after the birth of Roehenstart, leaving her children behind in the care of her own mother, herself taking on the responsibility for nursing her father until his death on 31 January 1788. Less than two years later, on 17 November 1789, Charlotte herself died of cancer in Bologna. In her Will, Charlotte did not mention her children but left money to her mother Clementina “to allow her the power of disposing at her death of fifty thousand francs in favour of any of her necessitous relations”. Cardinal Henry Stuart, who was her uncle and executor as well as being the new Jacobite pretender, delayed releasing the money for two years.

Roehenstart’s grandmother Clementina Walkinshaw lived until 1802, in her later years taking up residence in Switzerland, and Roehenstart was raised in the reformed faith. During the years of the French Revolution, his father paid for his education in Germany. A substantial fortune came to Roehenstart from his grandmother, much of which on the recommendation of Thomas Coutts was invested in London with Turnbull, Forbes & Co., but the firm went bankrupt in 1803. Most of the remainder of his fortune, one hundred thousand roubles, was invested with a Russian banker named Sofniev.

In later life, Roehenstart stated that in 1800 he had been commissioned as an artillery officer of the Imperial Russian Army and had been promoted by 1803. On 8 August 1804, in Paris, he signed his name as a witness at the marriage of his sister Charlotte de Roehenstart to Jean-Louis de la Morliere. By 1806, he was no longer in the army, having resigned his commission as a lieutenant colonel, and had taken service in the household of Duke Alexander of Wurttemberg, who was Tsar Alexander I’s Governor of White Ruthenia. In Saint Petersburg, Roehenstart was presented to the Tsarina, who was impressed by him. In 1811, he was offered the hand of an heiress, Marianna Hurko, but made the mistake of falling in love with her sister, Evelina, who was promised elsewhere. Unhappily, at about the same time Roehenstart’s banker Sofniev failed, and Roehenstart was advised that he would recover only about five thousand roubles from the disaster. To the distress and anger of the Wurttembergs, he fled Russia, sailing from Kronstadt and arriving in London by November 1811. From there, he set sail for North America, in pursuit of John Forbes, a partner in Turnbull, Forbes & Co. who after the firm’s failure had absconded to the United States with money Roehenstart believed to be rightfully his. He lived in Philadelphia from 1811 to 1813. He remained in America until 1814.

In 1816, after the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars, Roehenstart went to Scotland and again to England, unsuccessfully renewing the Stuarts’ pursuit of their old claim on the dowry of Queen Mary Beatrice of Modena, his great-great-grandmother.

In about 1820, Roehenstart married Maria Antonietta Sofia Barberini, the daughter of an exile said to be an Italian nobleman. She died the next year and on 20 July 1821 was buried under the name of “Countess Roehenstart” at Marylebone, London, her age at death being stated as thirty. On 13 December 1826, at St Pancras, London, he married secondly Louisa Constance Bouchier Smith, an Englishwoman possessing a modest fortune, the daughter of Joseph Bouchier Smith, sometime lord of the manor of Kidlington in Oxfordshire, who had recently died. Louisa Constance lived until 20 October 1853, dying at Paris, but there were no children of either marriage.

Following his second marriage, Roehenstart returned to continental Europe and spent much of the next twenty-five years travelling, usually without his wife, but they were settled permanently in his native Paris. In later life, Roehenstart spoke openly of his royal descent, but he became so boastful of his origins and adventures that few believed him. In 1853, he lost his wife, and in 1854 he revisited Scotland. While there he was fatally injured in a road accident, when he was travelling in a carriage which overturned. He was buried in the graveyard of Dunkeld Cathedral. His friends provided a modest headstone, with the inscription “Sacred to the memory of General Charles Edward Stuart Count Roehenstart who died at Dunkeld on the 28th October 1854 Sic transit gloria mundi”.

In order to lay a claim of his own to the British throne, Roehenstart maintained consistently that his grandfather Prince Charles Edward had married his grandmother, Clementina Walkinshaw, and also that his mother the Duchess of Albany had married a Swedish nobleman named Maximilian Roehenstart. The first is unlikely, although not an impossibility, but it lacks evidence; nothing has come to light to support the second claim, and there is no Swedish noble family named Roehenstart. On the contrary, Charlotte’s relationship with Rohan is well evidenced.

Although he laid claim to the Jacobite succession, Roehenstart made no practical attempt to regain the throne of his Stuart ancestors. He did seek to maintain links with leading Scots and at the time of his death was returning from a visit to the Duke of Atholl at Blair Castle in Perthshire.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

John Stuart 1st Marquess of Bute
30 June 1744 – 16 November 1814
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John Stuart

John Stuart 1st Marquess of Bute was the son of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute and the former Mary Wortley Montagu, a granddaughter of the 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull and great-granddaughter of the 1st Earl of Sandwich. He was educated at Winchester and Oxford University, and around 1757 he began to be tutored by the later famous Scottish philosopher Adam Ferguson.

Lord Mount Stuart was Tory Member of Parliament for Bossiney from 1766 to 1776. On 2 November 1775 he announced in the House of Commons his intention to introduce a bill to establish a militia in Scotland, and during the next few months James Boswell assisted in seeking support for the bill in Scotland. In March 1776 the bill was debated, but ultimately failed to pass. In 1776 Mount Stuart was elevated to the Peerage of Great Britain in his own right as Baron Cardiff, of Cardiff Castle in the County of Glamorgan. Though this title was also used, he continued to be sometimes to be known by his courtesy title of Lord Mount Stuart. In 1779 he was sworn of the Privy Council and was sent as an envoy to the court of Turin. He was ambassador to Spain in 1783. He held the sinecure of Auditor of the imprests from 1781 until the abolition of the office in 1785, upon which he was paid £7000 compensation. He succeeded his father in the earldom in 1792. In 1794 he was created Viscount Mountjoy, in the Isle of Wight, Earl of Windsor and Marquess of Bute. Lord Bute was inducted as a Fellow of the Royal Society on 12 December 1799.

Lord Bute married the Honourable Charlotte Hickman-Windsor, daughter of Herbert Hickman-Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, on 12 November 1766. They had several children:

  • John Stuart, Lord Mount Stuart (25 September 1767 – 22 January 1794), whose son succeeded as 2nd Marquess
  • Lord Evelyn Stuart (1773–1842), a colonel in the army
  • Lady Charlotte Stuart (c. 1775 – 5 September 1847), married Sir William Homan, 1st Baronet
  • Lord Henry Stuart (7 June 1777 – 19 August 1809), father of Henry Villiers-Stuart, 1st Baron Stuart de Decies
  • Captain Lord William Stuart (18 November 1778 – 28 July 1814)
  • Rear-Admiral Lord George Stuart (1 March 1780 – 19 February 1841)

His first wife died on 28 January 1800. He married Frances Coutts, daughter of Thomas Coutts, on 17 September 1800. They had two children:

  • Lady Frances Stuart (d. 29 March 1859)
  • Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart (11 January 1803 – 17 November 1854)

His second wife outlived him, and died on 12 November 1832.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Thomas Coutts
September 7 1735-February 24 1822

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Thomas Coutts

Thomas Coutts was the fourth son of John Coutts, a businessman of Edinburgh, In 1742 John was elected lord provost of the city. Thomas was educated at the Royal High School.
The Coutts business was divided when John died. Thebanking business in London went to James (Thomas’s brother) and Thomas. James died in 1778 and Thomas became sole head of the firm. The bank now rose to the highest distinction.
Thomas ambition was to make a fortune; and he succeeded. A gentleman in manners, hospitable and benevolent, he had friends amongst the literary men and the best actors of his day.
Soon after his settlement in London he married Elizabeth Starkey. They lived happily together, and had three daughters: Susan, married the 3rd Earl of Guilford; Frances, married the 1st Marquess of Bute; and Sophia, married Sir Francis Burdett. Mrs Coutts died in 1815. Soon after Thomas married the popular actress, Harriet Mellon, leaving to her the whole of his immense fortune. He died in London on 24 February 1822.

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Harriet Mellon as Sibyl

Harriet would marry the 9th duke of St Albans. She died ten years later, bequeathing her property to Angela, youngest daughter of Sir Francis Burdett, who then assumed the additional name and arms of Coutts. In 1871, this lady was created Baroness Burdett-Coutts.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir Francis Burdett
January 25 1770 to January 23 1844

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Sir Francis, the 5th Baronet, was an English reformer. From 1820 till his death in 1844 he lived at 25 St. James’s Place. He inherited the title in 1797 from his grandfather. Educated at Westminster School and the University of Oxford. He was in Paris, during the early days of the revolution. He returned to England and married Sophia Coutts, the second daughter of Thomas Coutts, the banker. This brought a dowry of £25,000 to their marriage. Their youngest daughter would inherit the fortune and she became a well known philanthropist. In 1796 he became Member of Parliament for Boroughbridge, purchasing this from the Duke of Newcastle.

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His inheritance included the family seat of Foremarke Hall, the hamlets of Ingleby and Foremark. He quickly became an opponent of William Pitt the Younger. Francis became an advocate of popular rights. He denounced the war with France, the suspension of Habeas Corpus and the proposed expulsion of John Horne Tooke from Parliament. He became an idol of the people. He had met Horne Tooke in 1797 and became a pupil of his. In politics and philology.

Francis secured an inquiry to the Coldbath Fields Prison and conditions there and as a result the government forbade him to visit prisons for a time. In 1802 Burdett was returned for Middlesex but this was declared void and in 1804 the returning officer caused him to lose the election through fraudulent means. In 1805 this was amended back in his favor, the decision was quickly reversed. Burdett had spent a great sum and declared he would not run again.

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In 1806 Burdett was a supported of James Paull, for the City of Westminster but a misunderstanding led to a duel in which both parties were wounded. In 1807 Burdett, though reluctant was nominated for Westminster and amidst great enthusiasm was elected.

He again attacked abuses and in 1810 came into collision with the House of commons over it. The radical John Gale Homes had been committed to prison and Burdett took up his cause. His speech was published by William Cobbett in the Weekly Register.

The House voted this to be a breach of privilege and the Speaker issued a warrant for Burdett’s arrest. He holed up in his house for two days and the mob gathered in his defense. Thomas Cochrane offered assistance but Burdett knew this would lead to violence, he allowed himself to be arrested and taken to the Tower of London. Released when Parliament recessed, he tried to sue that he was arrested falsely but the went against him.

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Sophia, Lady Burdett

From 1800 on he worked on reform in Parliament, including denouncing corporal punishment in the army, attempts to check corruption, the reform of Parliament, the removal of Roman Catholic disabilities. He anticipated the Chartist movement and suggested as early as 1817 and 1818, universal male suffrage (DWW-Get the Vote Out!) Equal electoral districts, vote by ballot, annual parliaments.

In 1825, Parliament did take up the Roman Catholic issue. And then some of his reforms passed the Commons but were rejected by Lords. By 1829 though, some of his proposals were becoming laws. HIs disagreement with the government in 1820 over the Peterloo Massacre he was fined 1000 pounds and spent 3 months in prison. When the Reform Bill of 1832 passed, his ardour for reform was now somewhat abated.

By 1837 he was ready to resign his seat but he was re-elected again. But he decided to take the seat of North Wiltshire and side with the Conservatives. When Sophia died in January of 1844 he was inconsolable and stopped eating. He died ten days later.

Previous Notables (Click to see the Blog):

George III George IV Georgiana Cavendish
William IV Lady Hester Stanhope Lady Caroline Lamb
Princess Charlotte Queen Charlotte Charles James Fox
Queen Adelaide Dorothea Jordan Jane Austen
Maria Fitzherbert Lord Byron John Keats
Princess Caroline Percy Bysshe Shelley Cassandra Austen
Edmund Kean Thomas Clarkson Sir John Moore
John Burgoyne William Wilberforce Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Sarah Siddons Josiah Wedgwood Emma Hamilton
Hannah More John Phillip Kemble John Jervis, Earl St. Vincent
Ann Hatton Stephen Kemble Mary Robinson
Harriet Mellon Zachary Macaulay George Elphinstone
Thomas Babington George Romney Mary Moser
Ozias Humphry William Hayley Daniel Mendoza
Edward Pellew Angelica Kauffman Sir William Hamilton
David Garrick Pownoll Bastard Pellew Charles Arbuthnot
William Upcott William Huskisson Dominic Serres
Sir George Barlow Scrope Davies Charles Francis Greville
George Stubbs Fanny Kemble Thomas Warton
William Mason Thomas Troubridge Charles Stanhope
Robert Fulke Greville Gentleman John Jackson Ann Radcliffe
Edward ‘Golden Ball’ Hughes John Opie Adam Walker
John Ireland Henry Pierrepoint Robert Stephenson
Mary Shelley Sir Joshua Reynolds Francis Place
Richard Harding Evans Lord Thomas Foley


There will be many other notables coming, a full and changing list can be found here on the blog as I keep adding to it. The list so far is:

John Horne Tooke

William Godwin

James Mill

Robert Owen

Jeremy Bentham

Joseph Hume

John Stuart Mill

Thomas Cochrane

James Paull

John Gale Jones

Claire Clairmont

William Lovett

Fanny Imlay

William Godwin

Mary Wollstonecraft

General Sir Robert Arbuthnot

Harriet Fane Arbuthnot

Joseph Antonio Emidy
James Edwards (Bookseller)
William Gifford
John Wolcot (Peter Pindar)
Amelia Opie
Sir Joseph Banks
Richard Porson
Eva Marie Veigel
Edward Gibbon
James Smithson
William Cowper
Richard Cumberland
Richard Cosway
Jacob Phillipp Hackert
Maria Foote
Sir George Warren
John Thomas Serres
Wellington (the Military man)
Horatio Nelson
William Vincent
Cuthbert Collingwood
Admiral Sir Graham Moore
Admiral Sir William Sydney Smith
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville
Howe
Viscount Hood
Thomas Hope
Colin Mccaulay
Baroness de Calabrella
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Napoleon Bonaparte
Packenham
Admiral Israel Pellew
General Banastre Tarleton
Henry Paget
Francis Leggatt Chantrey
Stapleton Cotton
Sir Charles Grey
Thomas Picton
Constable
Thomas Lawrence
James Northcote
Cruikshank
Thomas Gainsborough
James Gillray
George Stubbs
Joseph Priestley
William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk 9th Duke of St. Albans
Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland
Horace Walpole
John Thomas ‘Antiquity’ Smith
Thomas Coutts
Angela Burdett-Coutts
Rowlandson
William Blake
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Sir Marc Brunel
Marquis of Stafford George Leveson-Gower
George Stephenson
Nicholas Wood
George Parker Bidder
Edward Pease
Thomas Telford
Joseph Locke
Paul III Anton, Prince Esterházy
Thomas Egerton, 2nd Earl of Wilton
Henry Herbert Southey
John Nash
Matthew Gregory Lewis
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Thomas Hope
William Beechey
Henry Holland
Sir Walter Scott
Lord Elgin
Henry Moyes
Jeffery Wyatville
Hester Thrale
William Windham
Madame de Stael
James Boswell
Edward Eliot
George Combe
William Harrison Ainsworth
Sir Harry Smith
Thomas Cochrane
Warren Hastings
Edmund Burke
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
Juana Maria de Los Dolores de Leon (Lady Smith)
Duke of Argyll, George William Campbell (1766-1839)
Lord Barrymore, Richard Barry (1769-1794)
Lord Bedford, Francis Russell (1765-1802)
Mr. G. Dawson Damer (1788-1856)
Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish (1748-1811)
Colonel George Hanger (c.1751-1824)
Lord Hertford, Francis Seymour-Ingram (1743-1822)
Lord Yarmouth, Francis Charles Seymour-Ingram (1777-1842)
Earl of Jersey, George Bussey Villiers (1735-1805)
Sir John , John Lade (1759-1838)
Duke of Norfolk, Charles Howard (1746-1815)
Duke of York , Frederick Augustus Hanover (1763-1827)
Louis Philippe Joseph, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1785 as Duc d’ Orleans (1747-1793)
Louis Philippe, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1793 as Duc d’ Orleans (1773-1850)
Captain John (Jack) Willett Payne (1752-1803)
Duke of Queensberry, William Douglas (1724-1810)
Duke of Rutland, John Henry Manners(1778-1857)
Lord Sefton, William Philip Molyneux (1772-1838)
Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (1759-1801)
Sir Lumley St. George Skeffington Baronet (1771 – 1850)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1766-1835)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1792-1853)
Hon. Frederick Gerald aka “Poodle” Byng

The Dandy Club
        Beau Brummell
        William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley
        Henry Mildmay

Patronesses of Almacks
        Emily Lamb, Lady Cowper
        Amelia Stewart, Viscountess Castlereagh
        Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey
        Maria Molyneux, Countess of Sefton
        Mrs. Drummond Burrell
        Dorothea Lieven, Countess de Lieven, wife of the Russian Ambassador
        Countess Esterhazy, wife of the Austrian Ambassador

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