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Posts Tagged ‘Sir Gerard Noel 2nd Baronet’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Charles Noel 1st Earl of Gainsborough
2 October 1781 – 10 June 1866

Known as Charles Edwardes until 1798, as Charles Noel between 1798 and 1823 and as the Lord Barham between 1823 and 1841, was a British peer and Whig politician.

Gainsborough was the eldest son of Sir Gerard Noel, 2nd Baronet, son of Gerard Anne Edwardes, illegitimate son of Lord Anne Hamilton, younger son of James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton). His paternal grandmother was Lady Jane, daughter of Baptist Noel, 4th Earl of Gainsborough. Gainsborough’s mother was Diana, daughter of Admiral Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham.

His father succeeded his father-in-law as second Baronet of the Navy in 1838 and his mother succeeded her father as second Baroness Barham in 1823, both according to special remainders in the letters patent. In 1798, on the death of his kinsman Henry Noel, 6th Earl of Gainsborough (on whose death the earldom became extinct), Gainsborough and the rest of the family assumed by Royal license the surname of Noel in lieu of his patronymic.

Gainsborough succeeded his father as Member of Parliament for Rutland in 1808, a seat he held until 1814. In 1823 he succeeded his mother in the barony of Barham and entered the House of Lords, and in 1838 he also succeeded his father in the baronetcy. In 1841 he was created Earl of Gainsborough, a revival of the title held by his ancestors.

Lord Gainsborough was four times married. He married firstly Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Welman, in 1809. There were no children from this marriage. After her death in 1811 he married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Sir George Grey, 1st Baronet, in 1817. She died in 1818, shortly after the birth of her only child, a son, Charles George Noel.

Gainsborough married thirdly Arabella, daughter of Sir James Hamlyn-Williams, 2nd Baronet, in 1820. They had two sons and two daughters. She died in 1829, shortly after the birth of her youngest child.

Gainsborough married fourthly Lady Frances, daughter of Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden, in 1833. They had two children: Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel, a poet, and Victoria Noel, who married Sir Thomas Buxton, 3rd Baronet, later Governor of South Australia.

Gainsborough died in June 1866, at the age of 84, and was succeeded by his son from his second marriage, Charles. His eldest son from his third marriage, Gerard, was a Conservative politician. The Countess of Gainsborough remained a widow until her death in May 1885

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir Gerard Noel 2nd Baronet
17 July 1759-25 February 1838

Born Gerard Edwardes, the son of Gerard Edwardes of Welham Grove and Lady Jane Noel, daughter of Baptist Noel, 4th Earl of Gainsborough. His father was the illegitimate son of Lord Anne Hamilton, younger son of James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton. (DWW-Thus the Great-Grandson of a Duke) He was educated at Eton and St John’s College, Cambridge.

After finishing his education, Noel became partner in a Westminster banking house. He entered Parliament in 1784 as member for Maidstone. However, on the death of his cousin, Thomas Noel, MP for Rutland, he resigned so as to be elected for that county (where the Noels had regularly held one of the seats for centuries). He represented Rutland for well over forty years. Initially a supporter of Pitt the Younger, he was one of a group of MPs who in 1788 tried to form a third party independent of both Pitt and Charles James Fox; in later years, however, he was a consistent Tory.

In 1798 he inherited the estates of his uncle, Henry Noel, 6th Earl of Gainsborough (though not the peerage, which could not pass through the female line), and changed his surname to Noel. He served as High Sheriff of Rutland for 1812.

Noel married three times. His first marriage, in 1780, was to Diana Middleton (d. 1823), daughter of Captain Charles Middleton, the Comptroller of the Navy. The following year Middleton was created a baronet, with a special remainder to his new son-in-law should he have no sons of his own. Middleton later became First Lord of the Admiralty and was raised to a peerage as Lord Barham; he died in 1813 without male issue, and Noel consequently inherited his baronetcy, while Noel’s wife inherited the peerage. They had at least fifteen children:

  • Charles Noel Noel (1781–1866), MP, who succeeded to his father’s baronetcy and his mother’s barony, later created Earl of Gainsborough
  • Rev. Gerard Thomas Noel (1782–1851), a canon of Winchester
  • Major Horace Noel (1783–1807)
  • Henry Robert Noel(1784–1800)
  • William Middleton Noel (1789–1859), MP for Rutland 1838-1840
  • Captain Frederic Noel (1790–1833), a naval officer
  • Rev. Francis James Noel (1793–1854), Rector of Teston and Nettlestead in Kent
  • Berkeley Octavius Noel (1794–1841)
  • Rev. Leland Noel (1797–1870), Vicar of Exton
  • Baptist Wriothesley Noel (1799–1873)
  • Louisa Elizabeth Noel (d. 1816), who married William Hoare (d. 1819)
  • Emma Noel (d. 1873), who married Stafford O’Brien (d. 1864)
  • Charlotte Margaret Noel (d. 1869), who married (first, in 1813) Thomas Welman and (second, in 1839) Thomas Thompson
  • Augusta Julia Noel (d. 1833), who married Thomas Babington (d. 1871)
  • Juliana Hicks Noel (d. 1855), who married Rev. Samuel Phillips

His second marriage, in 1823, was to Harriett Gill (d. 1826), and his third, in 1831, to Isabella Evans. Both these marriages were childless.

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