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Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-10-1-08-47.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-10-1-08-47.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-10-1-08-47.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1830:

Year Month Day Event
1830 Jan 7 1st US Railroad Station opened in Baltimore.
1830 Jan 7 Albert Bierstadt, painter (US landscapes), was born in Germany.
1830 Jan 8 Gouverneur Kemble Warren (d.1882), Major Gen (Union volunteers), was born.
1830 Jan 8 Hans von Bulow, pianist, virtuoso conductor, was born in Dresden.
1830 Jan 13 There was a great fire in New Orleans. It was thought to be set by rebel slaves.
1830 Jan 28 Daniel Auber’s opera “Fra Diavolo,” premiered in Paris.
1830 Feb 3 Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (C), British PM (1885-1902), was born.
1830 Feb In France the Comedie-Francaise performed “Hernani,” a play whose hero swears vengeance against Don Carlo, i.e. King Charles. The play “provoked a brouhaha that heralded the July Revolution.”
1830 Mar 4 V. Bellini’s opera “I Capuleti e i Montecchi” premiered in Venice.
1830 Mar 16 London reorganized its police force, Scotland Yard.
1830 Apr 5 Alexander Muir, poet (Maple Leaf Forever), was born in Lesmahagow, Scotland.
1830 Apr 6 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was organized by Joseph Smith and five others in Fayette, Seneca County, N.Y. Joseph Smith published the “Book of Mormon” in Palmyra, New York. He claimed that the manuscript was based on ancient golden plates revealed to him by the angel Moroni and written in the language of the Egyptians. The book records the journey of an ancient Israelite prophet, Lehi, and his family to the American continent some 2,000 years ago. [see 1827, 1831]
1830 Apr 9 Edward Muybridge, pioneered study of motion, photography, was born in England. In 2002 Rebecca Solnit authored “River of Shadows: Eadweard Muybridge and the Technological Wild West.”
1830 May 1 Mother (Mary Harris) Jones, reformer and labor organizer, was born. [see 1837]
1830 May 3 The 1st regular steam train passenger service started.
1830 May 5 John B. Stetson, American hat maker, was born. He gave his name to the wide-brimmed cowboy hat.
1830 May 18 Karl Goldmark Keszthely, composer, was born in Hungary.
1830 May 18 Edwin Beard Budding of England signed an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, the lawn mower. He adopted the rotary blade in the cloth industry to grass.
1830 May 20 The 1st railroad timetable was published in the newspaper Baltimore American.
1830 May 20 Dr. Hyde patented a fountain pen.
1830 May 24 “Mary Had a Little Lamb,” was written. Sarah Josepha Hale of Newport, N.H., published a collection of poems “Poems for Our Children,” that included “Mary Had a Little Lamb.” [see 1815]
1830 May 24 The first passenger railroad in the United States began service between Baltimore and Elliott’s Mills, Md. The first regularly scheduled railroad passenger service was pulled by the engine named “The Best Friend of Charleston.”
1830 May 25 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International), was born.
1830 May 28 Congress authorized Indian removal from all states to western prairie.
1830 Jun 26 Britain’s King George IV (b.1762) died. George Augustus Frederick of Hanover, Prince of Wales, was called Prinny by his friends. He was succeeded by his brother, King William IV. In 2002 Steven Parissien authored “George IV.” The crown passed to George’s brother who became William IV.
1830 Jul 4 William Sublette, a trapper and explorer, named Independence Rock, Wyo., when he celebrated his 54th birthday there.
1830 Jul 5 The French occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1830 Jul 10 Camille Pissarro (d.1903), French impressionist painter, was born on the island of St. Thomas in the West Indies. He studied as a child in Paris but spent his early years as an artist in Caracas, Venezuela. In Paris he became a devotee of the neo-Impressionist technique.
1830 Jul 15 3 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, signed a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri.
1830 Jul 18 Uruguay adopted a liberal constitution.
1830 Jul 26 King Charles X of France issued five ordinances limiting the political and civil rights of citizens.
1830 Jul 27 A second Revolution broke out in Paris opposing the laws of Charles X.
1830 Jul 28 Revolution in France replaced Charles X with Louis Philippe.
1830 Jul 29 Liberals led by the Marquis of Lafayette seized Paris in opposition to the king’s restrictions on citizens’ rights.
1830 Jul 31 Charles X of France was forcibly ejected from the French throne. [see Jul 28]
1830 Jul to Aug In Britain the June 26 death of Britain’s King George IV triggered elections. Polling took place in July and August and the Tories won a majority over the Whigs, but division among Tory MPs allowed Earl Grey to form an effective government and take the question of electoral reform to the country the following year.
1830 Aug 4 Plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.
1830 Aug 9 Louis-Philippe formally accepted the crown of France, following abdication of Charles X, last brother of guillotined Louis XVI. He was the son of the opportunistic Duke d’Orleans, first cousin to the late king, who renounced his royal heritage and called himself plain Phillipe Egalite. Louis-Philippe voted for his cousin’s death in 1793, but followed him to the  guillotine in 1794.
1830 Aug 25 The “Tom Thumb” steam locomotive, designed by Peter Cooper, ran its famous race with a horse-drawn car. The horse won because the engine, which had been ahead, broke down. [see Sep 18]
1830 Aug 25 Belgium rebelled against Netherlands.
1830 Aug 28 “Tom Thumb,” the 1st locomotive in US, ran from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill.
1830 Sep 9 N.J.
1830 Sep 15 British MP William Huskisson (b.1770) was killed under the wheels of the “Rocket” train at the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. He was the 1st person to be run-over by a railroad train.
1830 Sep 18 Tom Thumb” the first locomotive built in the United States, lost a nine-mile race in Maryland to a horse. [see Aug 25]
1830 Sep 18 William Hazlitt (b.1778), in his time England’s finest essayist, died. “A nickname is the heaviest stone that the devil can throw at a man.” In 2008 Duncan Wu authored “William Hazlitt: The First Modern Man.”
1830 Sep 20 The National Negro Convention convened in Philadelphia with the purpose of abolishing slavery.
1830 Oct 15 Helen Maria Hunt Jackson (d.1885), writer and poet, was born in Amherst, Massachusetts. Her 1881 non-fiction work, “A Century of Dishonor,” raised concerns about the treatment of Native Americans. Jackson, a lifelong friend of Emily Dickinson, worked on a government investigation of the treatment of Mission Indians. Her 1884 novel Ramona was also about the plight of Indians in California. “Wounded vanity knows when it is mortally hurt; and limps off the field, piteous, all disguises thrown away. But pride carries its banner to the last; and fast as it is driven from one field unfurls it in another.” “It is the weakness and danger of republics, that the vices as well as virtues of the people are represented in their legislation.”
1830 22-Nov Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
1830 Nov 8 Oliver Otis Howard (d.1909), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1830 Nov 13 Oliver Wendell Holmes published “Old Ironsides.”
1830 Nov 15 In Britain Lord Grey used his majority in the House of commons to defeat the government of Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington. Wellington resigned the next day.
1830 Dec 5 Christina Rossetti (d.1894), poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), was born in London. She wrote devotional verse, curious fairy tales and category defying poems. Her brothers, William Michael and Dante Gabriel, helped found the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, whose professed aim was to revive the purity and vividness they admired in late medieval art. Her story is told by Jan Marsh in “Christina Rosetti: A Writer’s Life.” “Better by far you should forget and smile, Than that you should remember and be sad.”
1830 Dec 10 Emily Dickinson (d.1886), American poet, was born in Amherst, Massachusetts. Perhaps the best-known woman poet in the United States today, Dickinson led a rather secluded life. After studying at Amherst Academy and then for one year at the Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, she lived with her family and never married. The few friends that Emily Dickinson did have received regular gifts of poetry and letters from her. Although she wrote poetry constantly, she never seriously pursued publishing her work. Only about 10 poems were published in her lifetime, and those were submitted for publication without her permission. After her death in 1886, more than 1,700 of her poems, which she had bound together in bundles, were discovered and published. “They say that God is everywhere, and yet we always think of Him as somewhat of a recluse.”
1830 Dec 17 Simon Bolivar (b.1783), called “the Liberator,” died of TB in Santa Marta, in Colombia. He was a leader in Venezuela for struggles of  national independence in South America. He formed a Gran Colombia that lasted 8 years, but broke apart into Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador. In 2006 John Lynch authored “Simon Bolivar: A Life.”
1830 Dec 20 An international conference declared the dissolution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands effectively recognizing the independence of Belgium.
1830 Dec 26 Gaetano Donizetti’s opera “Anna Bolena,” premiered in Milan.
1830 George IV dies; William IV becomes king.
1830 Sturt charts the Murray River.
1830 The Liverpool and Manchester Railway begins first regular commercial rail service.
1830 With China’s great population growth, unemployment has risen and there has been a shortage of land, creating peasant unrest. China is still the leader in manufacturing output (real rather than per capita), but its share is slipping from 32.8 percent in 1750 to 29.8 percent. India’s share since 1750 has fallen from 24.5 percent  to 17.6 percent. Britain, with a fraction of the population of either China or India, has increased its share in this period from 1.9 to 4.3 percent. The U.S. share is 2.4 percent.
1830 France has reneged in paying its bill for wheat bought from Algeria. A new era of European imperialism begins with Charles X sending an invasion force of 36,000 troops to Algeria, claiming that he was responding to the insult to his ambassador. The invasion is described as a civilizing mission and a mission to abolish slavery and piracy — a response to Algeria’s reputation in France for having attacked the ships of Christian nations during past centuries and for an estimated 25,000 European slaves in Algeria, including women in the harems.
1830 Businessmen and common people loathe Charles X, who has returned to absolutism, including dissolving parliament. The barricades go up in the streets of Paris. Charles X is frightened and rather than fight goes into exile, back to Britain. Parliament returns, creates a constitutional monarchy and elects a new king, Louis-Philippe.
1830 Violence erupts across Germany. Rent, tax and military records are burned. People want bread or are annoyed by higher prices for food, military conscription and in places by feudal dues. In Brunswick, Grand Duke Karl flees and a liberal constitution is created. The king of Saxony grants his subjects a liberal constitution. In Hesse-Kassel a constitution and a unicameral legislature are created.
1830 In Britain, the first edition of Charles Lyell’s Principles of Geology is published and will revolutionize the age-of-earth concepts.
1830 The first railway station opens in the United States — in Baltimore Maryland. 
1830 President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act, which rips the Cherokee and other eastern tribes from their homes and banishes them to areas west of the Mississippi River.
1830 Joseph Smith Jr. of New York organizes the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 
1830 In England the lawn mower is invented. 
1830 A Frenchman patents a sewing machine.
1830 Simón Bolivar dies disappointed and regretting that Spain did not allow people in its American colonies to develop self-government within a framework of institutions as had Britain with its colonists.
1830 Ingres made his pencil study for “La Grande Odalisque. “
1830 Franz Kreuger painted his portrait of Russia’s Empress Alexandra Fedorovna.
1830 Sheldon Peck, American New England artist, painted the portrait of a revolutionary soldier or dignitary. The portrait had been found in a local auction and was bought for $25. In 1997 it was valued at about $250,000.
1830 George Earl Bulwer-Lytton (Edward George Bulwer-Lytton) published his novel “Paul Clifford.” The opening line was “It was a dark and stormy night,” and led to the 1982 Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest for bad writing. Lytton also coined the phrase “the pen is mightier than the sword.”
1830 Stendhal (1783-1842), the nom de plume of French author Henri Beyle, authored “The Red and the Black,” the story of a peasant who reaches for upward mobility through the favors of two mistresses.
1830 Charles Lyell published the first edition of his “Principles of Geology.”
1830 The First Symphony by Berlioz had its premiere.
1830 In Pennsylvania George Brinton began constructing a home later called Rondelay in Chadds Ford. After extensive renovations the 6 bedroom home on 38.9 acres was listed for sale in 1998 for $2.9 mil.
1830 Andrew Jackson, seventh President of the US, signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The act banished the Cherokee and other eastern tribes to beyond the Mississippi.
1830 Pres. Andrew Jackson  forced Thomas L. McKenney from his job as the 1st US superintendent of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Jackson disagreed with McKenney’s opinion that “the Indian was, in his intellectual and moral structure, our equal.”
1830 Pres. Jackson named Roger Brooke Taney as US Attorney General.
1830 A year after leaving office as the sixth president of the United States, the Plymouth district of Massachusetts unexpectedly elected John Quincy Adams to the House of Representatives, where he served until he suffered a stroke on the House floor in 1848. He died two days later. Adams at the time enjoyed the distinction of having been the only son to follow his father to the presidency.
1830 Senator Daniel Webster said: “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”
1830 The USS Constitution (aka Old Ironsides) was condemned as unseaworthy. The ship was saved by a poem by Oliver Wendell Holmes, a Harvard anatomy professor, that stirred up protests. “Oh, better that her shattered hulk / Should sink beneath the wave…”
1830 The US Naval Observatory in Washington became the official timekeeper for the United States.
1830 Commercial bottling operations for ketchup began in Boston.
1830 The yard was standardized at 36 inches. It had started out as the girth of a Saxon.
1830 The Bowie knife was first introduced.
1830 Samuel Morrill, a newspaper printer, cooked up a new ink in his kitchen in Andover, Mass., forming a company that ultimately become Sun Chemical. In 2004 it was the largest maker of ink in the world.
1830 A Frenchman patented a sewing machine.
1830 American alcohol consumption reached 7.1 gallons per capita.
1830 The non-Indian population of California was 4,256.
1830 There were 40 million buffalo in the US at this time. By 1890 the number was reduced to 1,000.
1830 Richard Lander, British explorer, completed Mungo Park’s journey down the Niger from Bussa to the mouth of the river in 5 months.
1830 Henry Philip Hope, a London banker, purchased the 45 carat blue diamond. It later began to be known as the “Hope Diamond.”
1830 A Massachusetts spice trading ship was seized by pirates in Sumatra. In 2001 “Drums of Quallah Battoo: Salem Pepper Traders and Sumatran Pirates” by Charles P Corn (d.2001) was to be published.
1830 1000 Albanian leaders were invited to meet with an Ottoman general who killed about half of them.
1830 Mayor de San Andres, Bolivia’s major university, was  founded in La Paz.
1830 A French taxidermist stuffed an African Bushman from Botswana and took the body to Europe for exhibition. In 2000 the body was returned from a Spanish museum.
1830 In Germany the Altes Museum was designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in the center of Berlin.
1830 In Germany Michael Thonet (d.1871) started making bentwood furniture. He moved to Vienna in 1842 and in 1850 started making bentwood chairs for commercial use. His 5 sons joined the company and by 1856 it was known as Gebruder Thonet. In 1923 the company joined others to form Thonet-Kohn-Mundus and began making tubular steel furniture. It moved its headquarters to the US in 1940 and is still in business.
1830 The Gran Colombia union collapsed and Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela became independent countries.
1830 Some sources say that the 1st pizzeria opened in Naples about this time. [see 1889]
1830 Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849), Japanese artist, created his famous woodblock print “Beneath the Wave of Kanagawa” about this time.
1830 The government of Peru exempted guano from taxes. The commercial mining and export of the rich fertilizer soon followed.
1830 Nicholas I of Russia ruthlessly repressed the insurrection in Poland.
1830-1835 Tocqueville published his Democracy in America. In a democracy such as the United States, he said, private associations are permitted by the central government to perform quasi-governmental functions that take the brunt of governmental power and protect the people like a great umbrella spread out against a rainstorm. A nation without this crucial element in its makeup will be a more terrible tyranny than the world has ever seen.
1830-1837 Some 347 new banks were chartered in the US. The value of real estate rose 150%.
1830-1840 In St. Louis Henry Shaw made a fortune outfitting westward bound wagon trains. He retired at 40 and began to transform a wild prairie outside the city into magnificent gardens known later as The Missouri Botanical Garden (Shaw’s Garden).
1830-1840 Wine production began in Hunter Valley, north of Sydney
1830-1840 Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859), English essayist, historian and politician, served as a member of the British Supreme Council in India.
1830-1840 Hokusai (1760-1849) made his “Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji during this decade. The wood blocks included “Under the Wave of Kanagawa,” “The Back of Mt. Fuji from Minobu River,” and “Winter Loneliness.” The last was inspired by a poem of Minamoto no Muneyuki Ason. Another series was titled “A Tour of Japanese Waterfalls.
1830-1840 Charles Wheatsone of London developed the English concertina with a range of three chromatic octaves.
1830-1840 Chair manufacturers started using metal for chair parts.
1830-1840 Don Vincente, a former Spanish monk, committed 8 murders for books owned by others.
1830-1840 The US Congress adhered to a gag rule that prohibited any consideration of any petition regarding the status of slavery or the slave trade on federal territory.
1830-1880 The art of creating a memorial wreath from the hair of a departed loved one was a popular Victorian mourning ritual.
1830-1850 The Pennsylvania German community made traditional hand-stitched show towels and most show towels date from this period. They were hung on a door in the main room of a house.
1830-1859 Alfred King worked as a jeweler and clockmaker in Chippenham, England, during this time. He signed his work “A. King.” His clocks fetch $2-3k.
1830-1862 Britain’s economy doubled in size over this period as increased productivity spread from cotton to other industries.
1830-1864 Private coins were manufactured in several areas of the US.
1830-1867 Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and essayist: “Christmas is the day that holds all time together.”
1830-1877 Some 12,500 convicts were locked in Tasmania during this period.
1830-1895 Lothar Meyer, German chemist, independently of Mendeleev discovered that if the chemical elements are arranged in a sequence according to their atomic weights, various chemical properties repeat periodically along the sequence.
1830-1897 In Brazil Antonio Vicente Mendes Maciel, aka Antonio Conselheiro, was born in Quixeramobim, Ceara. He founded the settlement of Canudos in Bahia that was destroyed by government forces. [see 1896]
1830-1917 Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood, American social reformer: “The glory of each generation is to make its own precedents.”

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Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-29-09-05.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-29-09-05.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-29-09-05.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1829:

Year Month Day Event
1829 Jan 19 Johann von Goethe’s “Faust, Part 1,” premiered.
1829 Jan 28 In Scotland William Burke was hanged for murder following a scandal in which he was found to have provided extra-fresh corpses for anatomy schools in Edinburgh. His partner William Hare had turned king’s witness. The scandal led to the 1832 Anatomy Act.
1829 Feb 11 Alexander Griboyedov (b.1795), Russian diplomat, playwright and composer, was beheaded by a mob attack on the Russian embassy in Tehran. Griboyedov was protecting an Armenian eunuch, who had escaped from the harem of the Persian shah along with 2 Armenian girls. The Russians let the incident pass after an Iranian apology. They were already at war with the Turks and in regional competition with the British.
1829 Feb 16 Francois-Joseph Gossec (95), Belgian-French composer (Messe de Morts), died.
1829 Feb 26 Levi Strauss, creator of blue jeans, was born.
1829 Mar 2 Carl Schurz, was born. He was a Civil War general, political reformer and anti-imperialist.
1829 Mar 2 New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in US, was incorporated in Boston.
1829 Mar 4 An unruly crowd mobbed the White House during the inaugural reception for President Jackson, the 7th US President. The event was later depicted by artist Louis S. Glanzman in his painting “Andrew Jackson’s Inauguration” (1970).
1829 Apr 6 Niels Henrik Abel (b.1802), Norwegian mathematician, died of tuberculosis. After him comes the term Abelian group, an algebraic commutative group. In 2004 Peter Pesic authored “Abel’s Proof: An Essay on the Sources and Meaning of Mathematical Unsolvability.”
1829 Apr 10 William Booth, founder (Salvation Army), was born.
1829 Apr 13 English Emancipation Act granted freedom of religion to Catholics.
1829 May 8 Louis Moreau Gottschalk (d.1869), American pianist, was born in New Orleans.
1829 May 10 Thomas Young, physicist, decipherer of Egyptian hieroglyphics, died.
1829 May 15 Joseph Smith was “ordained” by John the Baptist- according to Joseph Smith.  Mormon church was founded in NY.
1829 May 18 Bernardo Bittoni, composer, died.
1829 May 29 Humphrey Davy (84), scientist, inventor (Miner’s safety lamp), died at age 50. In 1963 Anne Treneer authored “The Mercurial Chemist: A Life of Sir Humphrey Davy.”
1829 May In Poland Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840), Italian violinist, performed in concert in Warsaw. Frederic Chopin (19) was so impressed that he proceeded to compose a series of piano studies a la Paganini. Chopin’s 27 Etudes later became a cornerstone of every gifted pianist’s repertoire.
1829 Jun 8 John Everett Millais, painter (Order of Release), was born in England.
1829 Jun 12 Johanna Spyri (d.1901), Swiss author (Heidi), was born. [see June 12, 1827]
1829 Jun 27 James Smithson (b.1765), Englishmen scientist, died. His 1926 will he stated that should his nephew die without heirs, the estate should go to the US of America to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institute, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men. In 2003 Nina Burleigh authored “The Stranger and the Statesman: James Smithson, John Quincy Adams and the Making of America’s Greatest Museum, The Smithsonian.” [see 1836]
1829 Jul 4 Cornerstone laid for 1st US mint (Chestnut & Juniper St, Phila).
1829 Jul 4 In Boston, Mass., abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison (1805-1879) gave a passionate antislavery sermon at the Park Street Church and was attacked by a white supremacist mob who dragged him from the pulpit and beat him nearly to death. Garrison published the anti-slavery newspaper, the Liberator, from 1831-1865.
1829 Jul 23 William Austin Burt of Mount Vernon, Mich., received a patent for his “typographer,” a forerunner of the typewriter.
1829 Aug 9 The locomotive “Stourbridge Lion” went into service.
1829 Aug 16 The original Siamese twins, Chang and Eng Bunker, arrived in Boston aboard the ship Sachem to be exhibited to the Western world.
1829 Aug 25 Pres. Jackson made an offer to buy Texas, but the Mexican government refused.
1829 Aug 31 Giachinno Rossini’s final opera “William Tell” was produced in Paris.
1829 Sep 8 George Crook (d.1890), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1829 Sep 12 Charles Dudley Warner, essayist and novelist who, with Mark Twain, wrote “The Guilded Age,” was born.
1829 Sep 25 There was a failed assassination attempt on Simon Bolivar.
1829 Sep 28 Walker’s Appeal, a racial antislavery pamphlet, was published in Boston.
1829 Sep 29 London’s reorganized police force, “bobbies”, which became known as Scotland Yard, went on duty. In 1828 Sir Robert Peel set up a committee whose findings paved the way for his police Bill, which led to the setting up of an organized police service in London.
1829 Sep Ralph Waldo Emerson married Ellen Louisa Tucker. She had active tuberculosis and died two years later. His two brothers, Edward Bliss and Charles Chauncy died of TB in 1834 and 1835. [see 1883-1885]
1829 Oct 5 the 21st president of the United States, Chester Alan Arthur, was born in Fairfield, Vt. Some sources list 1830.
1829 Oct 16 Tremont Hotel, 1st US modern hotel, opened in Boston.
1829 Oct 17 Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opened. The Chesapeake-Delaware Canal was 14 miles long.
1829 Oct 17 Sam Patch (~23), stunt diver, successfully dove 120 feet from a platform on Goat Island at Niagara Falls.
1829 Oct 23 The Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia received its 1st prisoner, burglar Charles Williams (18). It was based on the Quaker idea of reform through solitude and reflection. It opened to tourists in 1971 after being closed to prisoners. The prison was designed by John Haviland.
1829 Oct 29 Maria A. [Nannerl] Mozart, Austrian pianist (Wolfgang’s sister), died.
1829 Nov 8 Lord William Bentinck, Governor-General of the East India Company, called for the abolition of sati (suttee), the practice of a widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre. [see Dec 4]
1829 Nov 13 Sam Patch (~23), stunt diver, dove 125 feet from a platform at the Genessee Falls in Rochester. His body was found the following March in the Genessee River ice. In 2003 Paul E. Johnson authored “Sam Patch, the Famous Jumper.”
1829 Nov 16 Anton G. Rubinstein, Russian pianist, conductor and composer, was born.
1829 Nov 20 Jews were expelled from Nikolayev and Sevastopol, Russia.
1829 Nov 28 Anton Rubinstein (d.1894), pianist and composer (Omitri Doskoy), was born in Vykhvatinetz, Podolia. He was the teacher of Tchaikovsky and considered the only rival of Liszt. His work included 6 symphonies, dozens of concertos and chamber works, and 20 operas, of which only “The Demon” has shown staying power. It was based on Lermontov’s Byronic poem.
1829 Dec 4 British colonial rulers abolished “suttee” (Sati) in India. This was the practice of a widow burning herself to death on her husband’s funeral pyre.
1829 Dec 8 The first presidential address of Andrew Jackson.
1829 Dec 14 In France Joseph Niepce signed a 10-year partnership agreement with Louis Daguerre to perfect a new photographic imaging process discovered by Niepce.
1829 Dec 18 Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck (~85), French nature investigator, died.
1829 Dec 21 The 1st stone arch railroad bridge in US was dedicated in Baltimore.
1829 Dec 22 The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad opened the first passenger railway line.
1829 Dec 27 Hinton Helper, southern abolitionist, was born. He wrote “The Impending Crisis,”  the most stinging indictment of slavery.
1829 British authorities abolish the practice of suttee in India, whereby Hindu women were burned on their husband’s funeral pyres.
1829 English actress Fanny Kemble, at 19, makes her debut at London’s Royal Theatre in Covent Garden, playing Juliet in the company headed by her father, Charles Kemble, and her mother, Maria Theresa De Camp Kemble. She is an immediate success and revives the failing popularity of the Royal Theatre.
1829 Russia and Turkey come to terms under the Russo-Turkish Treaty of Adrianople.
1829 Sir Robert Peel forms the police force.
1829 The Catholic Emancipation Act gives Catholics civil rights.
1829 The Catholic Emancipation Act is enacted in Britain, which means that Roman Catholics can now hold public office.
1829 The country of Greater Columbia is now divided into the countries of Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and New Granada.
1829 The settlement of Perth is founded.
1829 The whole of Australia is claimed as British territory.
1829 In London, parliament extends tolerance, passing the Catholic Emancipation Bill, making it possible for Catholics to hold public office.
1829 The Treaty of Adrianople ends war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire grants Greece independence.  Russian authority in Georgia is recognized. The Russians are allowed access through the narrow straits from the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea. Autonomy is extended to Serbia and to the Romanians of Moldavia and Walachia, under Russian protection.  
1829 Scotch tape is invented.
1829 Mexico abolishes slavery in its territories, hoping to discourage migration into Texas from the United States.
1829 David Walker, an outspoken black abolitionist, stated the Mr. Jefferson’s remarks (on white superiority) “have sunk deep into the hearts of millions of whites and will never be removed this side of eternity.” [see 1743]
1829 Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) published his first literary work: “A Walking Tour from Holmen’s Canal to the Eastern Point of Amager.”
1829 William Cobbett, British writer, authored “The Emigrant’s Guide,” offering advice on settling in the New World.
1829 Mendelssohn’s revived Bach’s St. Matthew Passion.
1829 Frederic Chopin at 19 published his Waltz #10, Op.69/2 and Waltz #13 Op.70/3. These were his first and second published waltzes.
1829 Utopian reformers opened the Hall of Science in a disused downtown Manhattan church, across the street from Tract House, the headquarters of a new Christian evangelical movement.
1829 The American Bible Society published scripture in the Seneca Indian language.
1829 Sister Mary Elizabeth Lange of Haiti co-founded the first black religious order of nuns (the Oblate Sisters of Providence) in the US.
1829 US Senator Daniel Webster appointed the first Senate page. The first US House page was appointed in 1842.
1829 Plymouth Brethren missionaries from the US made their 1st trip to Baghdad.
1829 Abner Cutler started a cabinet making business in Buffalo, New York. The company manufactured roll-top desks for decades.
1829 The Yeungling Brewery began producing beer in Pottsville, Pa.
1829 William Austin Burt patented his typographer, the first practical typewriter writing machine.
1829 In Western Australia the Nyoongar people were largely dispossessed by white settlement. In 2006 they proved native title to over more than 6,000 square kilometers (2,300 square miles) covering Perth and its surrounds by continuing to observe traditional customs.
1829 Daniel O’Connell, an Irish Catholic, took a seat in the House of Commons and began to work for the repeal of the union between Britain and Ireland. Nationalistic sentiments became identified mainly with the Catholics.
1829 In England the ban on Catholic voting was lifted.
1829 Oxford and Cambridge held their first boat race on the River Thames at Henley in Oxfordshire. The second race occurred in 1836, with the venue moved to be from Westminster to Putney.
1829 The Obelisk of Luxor, a gift from Egypt, was transported to the Place de la Concorde in Paris. [see 1836]
1829 Friedrich Buschmann, German musician, invented the accordion and laid out the buttons in a circle of fifths pattern.
1829 A hurricane destroyed the town of Loreto in Baha California except for the Mission Nuestra Senora de Loreto. The center of government was moved down the coast to La Paz.
1829-1833 Walter Bowne served as mayor of NYC.
1829-1833 Honore Daumier, French artist, created his bust of Comte de Lameth. Daumier honed his caricaturing skills with a series of terra-cotta busts that lampooned the right-wing leaders of the Court party. Lameth had fought for the colonists in the American Revolution and had voted to abolish the aristocracy during the French revolution.
1829-1837 Andrew Jackson was President of the US. In 2001 Robert V. Remini authored “Andrew Jackson and His Indian Wars.”
1829-1877 This period in US history was covered by Walter A. McDougall in his 2008 book “Throes of Democracy: The American Civil War Era 1829-1877.”
1829-1900 Charles Dudley Warner, American author and editor: “Public opinion is stronger than the legislature, and nearly as strong as the Ten Commandments.”
1829-1904 John Rogers, sculptor. He depicted Americans the way they wanted to be seen and became known as the “People’s Sculptor.”
1829-1906 Carl Schurz, American politician: “Ideals are like stars; you will not succeed in touching them with your hands. But like the seafaring man on the desert of waters, you choose them as your guides, and following them you will reach your destiny.”
1829-1908 Thomas Hill, American landscape painter.
1829-1912 General William Booth was the founder and leader of the Salvation Army, a Christian and social welfare organization taking spiritual and material help to the needy, first in London and then around the world. Booth, ordained a Methodist minister in 1858 but later becoming an independent evangelist, changed the name of his Christian Mission to the Salvation Army in 1878, adopting a military structure. Booth‘s seven children toiled in the Army, organizing units (including the Volunteers of America) throughout the world.

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Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1828:

Year Month Day Event
1828 2-Jan Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
1828 Jan 31 Alexandros Ypsilanti (35), Greek resistance fighter, died.
1828 Feb 8 French author Jules Verne (d.1905) was born. He is considered the father of science fiction. Many of his 19th-century works forecast amazing scientific feats–feats that were actually carried out in the 20th century–with uncanny accuracy. Verne’s 1865 book From the Earth to the Moon told the story of a space ship that is launched from Florida to the moon and that returns to Earth by landing in the ocean. Something of a scientist and traveler himself, Verne’s 1870 work about a submarine, “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea,” and “Around the World in Eighty Days” also foretold technological advances that seemed fantastic at the time. “Anything one man can imagine, other men can make real.”
1828 Feb 12 George Meredith, English poet and novelist, was born.
1828 Feb 18 More than 100 vessels were destroyed in a storm at Gibraltar.
1828 Feb 21 The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, the 1st American Indian newspaper in US, was printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
1828 Mar 5 Johann Gungl, composer, was born.
1828 Mar 8 Johann Anton Sulzer (75), composer, died.
1828 Mar 17 Maj. Gen’l. Patrick R. Cleburne, the “Stonewall” of the West, was born.
1828 Mar 20 Henrik Ibsen (d.1906), poet and dramatist was born in Skien, Norway. His work included “Peer Gynt” and “Hedda Gabler.” “The worst enemy of truth and freedom in our society is the compact majority. Yes, the damned, compact, liberal majority.” In 1971 the 3rd and final volume of “Ibsen: A Biography” by Michael Meyer (d.2000) was published.
1828 Apr 4 Casparus van Wooden patented chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam).
1828 Apr 14 The first edition of Noah Webster’s “American Dictionary of the English Language” was published. Webster had finished writing it in England in January, 1825.
1828 Apr 16 Francisco Jose Goya y Lucientes (b.1746), Spanish painter, cartoonist, died at age 82 in France. He had served 3 generations of Spanish kings as court painter. In 2002 Julia Blackburn authored “Old Man Goya.” In 2003 Robert Hughes authored “Goya.” See link for Goya timeline.
1828 Apr 21 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher, historian (Voyage in Italy), was born.
1828 Apr 26 Russia declared war on Turkey to support Greece’s independence.
1828 May 6 The Cherokee Indians were forced to sign a treaty giving up their Arkansas Reservation for a new home in what later became Oklahoma. This led to a split in the tribe as one group moved to Oklahoma and others stayed behind and became known as the Lost Cherokees.
1828 May 8 Jean Henri Dunant (d.1910), Swiss philanthropist, was born. He founded the Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross and was the first recipient (jointly) of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1828 May 12 Dante Gabriel Rossetti (d.1882), English poet and painter, was born. He helped found the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
1828 May 13 US passed the Tariff of Abominations. Congress raised duties on manufactured goods from abroad on which the South was dependent. South Carolina declared the tariff null and void within its borders and pres. Jackson threatened to send in troops. The tariffs were lowered in 1833.
1828 May 16 Sir William Congreve (b.1772), British artillerist and inventor, died. In 1805 he developed the Congreve Rocket.
1828 May 18 The Battle of Las Piedras, ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil.
1828 May 22 Albrecht von Grafe, German eye surgeon, founder of modern ophthalmology, was born.
1828 Jun 7 A party led by Jebediah Smith completed a journey down the Klamath River and were on the verge of starvation when they were visited by Indians who brought food. Smith’s party proceeded north to Oregon and most of the party was killed by Umpqua Indians. Smith was killed in 1831 by Comanches on the Cimarron River. Smith’s party were the 1st white people to see Lake Earl, the biggest lagoon on the West Coast.
1828 Jun 13 Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was proclaimed dictator (Colombia).
1828 Jul 4 James Johnston Pettigrew, scholar, teacher, Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
1828 Jul 4 Ground-breaking ceremonies were held in Baltimore for construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, turned the spade in Baltimore. At the groundbreaking, Carroll said, “I consider this among the most important acts of my life, second only to that of signing the Declaration of Independence, if even it be second to that.” On the same day, in nearby Georgetown, President John Quincy Adams, with great fanfare, lifted the first shovel of dirt to begin construction of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal that would link Washington, Baltimore and Pittsburgh by water. The railroad went on to become one of the nation’s longest rail lines, reaching St. Louis, Missouri, in 1857. The 185-mile canal, though it had many years of use, was quickly eclipsed as a transportation medium by the superior technology of the railroad.
1828 Jul 27 Gilbert Charles Stuart, painter, died.
1828 Aug 22 Franz Joseph Gall (70), German-French physician, fraud  (phrenology), died.
1828 Aug 28 Leo Tolstoy (d.1910), Russian novelist, was born. His work included “War and Peace” and  “Anna Karenina.” “History would be an excellent thing if only it were true.” “It is amazing how complete is the delusion that beauty is goodness.” [see Sep 9]
1828 Aug England’s Thames Tunnel Company was forced to halt operations due to accidents and loss of financial support. Work was halted for 7 years.
1828 Sep 8 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), hero of Little Round Top at Gettysburg, was born.
1828 Sep 9 Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist, was born.  [see Aug 28]
1828 Sep 20 Gioacchino Rossini’s opera “Le Comte Ory,” premiered in Paris.
1828 Nov 1 Balfour Steward, Scottish physicist and meteorologist, was born.
1828 Nov 8 Thomas Bewick (b.1753), English engraver and ornithologist, died. In 2007 Jenny Uglow authored “Nature’s Engraver: A Life of Thomas Bewick.”
1828 Nov 19 Franz Schubert (b.1797), Austrian composer, died of syphilis in Vienna. In this he composed his song cycle “Schwanengesang.” His work included the C-Major Symphony, string quartets, 3 piano sonatas, and the C-Major String Quartet. Otto Erich Deutsch catalogued his work [hence the “D” numbers] and wrote a documentary biography. In 1997 Brian Newbould  wrote “Schubert: The Music and the Man.”
1828 Dec 3 Andrew Jackson was elected 7th president of the United States over John Quincy Adams. Resentment of the restrictive credit policies of the first central bank, the Bank of the United States, fueled a populist backlash that elected Andrew Jackson.
1828 Dec 22 Rachel Jackson, beloved wife of Andrew Jackson, died of heart disease just weeks before her recently elected husband was inaugurated as president of the United States. Andrew Jackson had been 21 and a promising young lawyer when Rachel Donelson Robards, his landlady’s daughter and the estranged wife of Lewis Robards of Kentucky, caught his eye. Robards had started divorce proceedings, but had dropped them without his wife’s knowledge. Believing she was a free woman, Rachel married Andrew Jackson in 1791. Two years later, the couple discovered that Robards was finally suing for divorce–on the grounds of adultery and desertion. The divorce was granted, and in 1794, the couple quietly remarried. Yet, for the rest of her life, Rachel was unjustly slandered for her irregular marriage. The gossip became particularly painful during the 1828 presidential campaign when the 37-year-old scandal was resurrected as a campaign issue. Andrew Jackson defeated his opponent John Quincy Adams, but when Rachel died soon after the election, Jackson bitterly attributed her death to “those vile wretches who…slandered her.”
1828 Dec 23 Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer, poet (Tagebuchblatter), was born.
1828 America’s Shakers drop their permissive attitude toward alcohol, forbidding the use of beer, cider, wines, and all ardent liquors, on all occasions, including house-raisings, husking bees, harvestings, and all other gatherings.
1828 An English physician suggests the word obstetrician from the Latin “to stand before” to be used to denote a specialist in childbirth instead of the more commonly used names of male midwife, man midwife, madman, accouter, and even androboethogynist.
1828 Girls and women organize the first strike of US women wage earners in Dover, N.H. after cotton mill owners post new rules which include: “The bell to call the people to work will be rung 5 minutes and tolled 5 minutes; at the last stroke the entrance will be closed and a fee of 12 1/2 cents exacted of anyone for whom it may be reopened”; “No person can be allowed to leave work without permission of the overseer.”; and “No talking can be permitted while at work, except on business.” 12 1/2 cents represents 1/3 of a day’s wages.
1828 In Portugal, regent Dom Miguel overthrows the government in the Miguelite Wars. He will not be defeated until 1834.
1828 Russia and Turkey engage in war.
1828 Scandal is abrew in the US. In a smear campaign, President-elect Andrew Jackson’s wife is accused of bigamy and adultery in speeches and handbills. It seems her first husband had filed for divorce, and she had married Jackson believing herself free although she was still technically married at the the time to her first husband.
1828 The Ladies Magazine begins publication in Boston.
1828 Dr. Paul Ferdinand Gachet was born in Lille. He moved to Paris in 1848 to study medicine and developed a clientele of artists that included Pissarro and Cezanne. He accepted paintings in exchanged for services and amassed a sizable collection. He also painted and used the pseudonym Paul Van Ryssel.
1828 Pietro Tenerani, Italian sculptor, made his two statues, allegories of Hunting and Fishing, at Carrara. They were placed in Carrara’s Academy of Fine Arts, the former Cybo-Malaspina palace.
1828 John Rubens Smith painted his watercolor “West Front of the United States Capital.” [see 1775-1844, Smith]
1828 Sister Mary Elizabeth Lange of Haiti co-founded the first black Catholic school in the US.
1828 Me-a-pa-te, “the hill that is hard to go around,” in western Nebraska was renamed Scott’s Bluff, after the body of trapper Hiram Scott was found nearby.
1828 Opponents of Andrew Jackson accused the general of having murdered a Baptist minister and five other white militiamen during the Creek War.
1828 John Overlord, Andrew Jackson and James Winchester, the founders of Memphis, Tenn., bestowed an easement to the Mississippi riverfront for a promenade.
1828 McKendree University, a private liberal arts college, was founded in Illinois.
1828 Conspirators broke into the presidential palace in Bogota in an attempt to murder Simon Bolivar, who escaped.
1828 The Republic of Gran Colombia fell apart due to political rivalries between its constituent provinces. Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela became independent countries.
1828 The Danish government decreed that all persons should have a surname which was inherited from the preceding generation.
1828 In France a perfume and cosmetics house was established. In 1998 the firm was led by Jean-Paul Guerlain, the great-grandson of the founder.
1828 In France Louis Daguerre contacted Joseph Niepce with an offer to work together on the photographic process that Niepce had developed.
1828 Rennee Caillie of France became the 1st Westerner to reach Timbuktu, Mali, and survive to tell the tale. In 1830 he published an account of his journey.
1828 The Mexican city of Valladolid was renamed Morelia after independence hero Jose Maria Morelos
1828 Russia conquered the Armenian provinces of Persia, and this had brought within her frontier the Monastery of Etchmiadzin, in the Khanate of Erivan, which was the seat of the Katholikos of All the Armenians.
1828 Siamese [Thailand] forces invaded Laos. Vat Sisaket, a temple in Vientiane, survived the invasion.
1828 Uruguay, created as a buffer state between Argentina and Brazil, declared its independence.
1828-1830 Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), the duke of Wellington, served as British prime minister. He blocked badly needed political reform and was later considered one of England’s worst prime ministers.
1828-1861 Queen Ranavalona I ruled over Madagascar.
1828-1896 Elizabeth Charles, British writer: “To know how to say what others only know how to think is what makes men poets or sages; and to dare to say what others only dare to think makes men martyrs or reformers — or both.”
1828-1909 George Meredith, English poet: “Cynicism is intellectual dandyism.”

Read Full Post »

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-27-08-26.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-27-08-26.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-27-08-26.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1827:

Year Month Day Event
1827 Feb 1 Alphonse de Rothschild, French banker, was born.
1827 Feb 7 Ballet (Deserter) was introduced to US at Bowery Theater in NYC.
1827 Feb 7 Franz Anton Dimmler (73), composer, died.
1827 Feb 17 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (81), Swiss educator, died.
1827 Feb 27 Richard W. Johnson (d.1897), Bvt Major General (Union Army), was born.
1827 Feb 27 A Mardi Gras street procession in New Orleans was initiated by students, who were home from school in France. They formed a parade of masked marchers on Shrove Tuesday, the day before the period of penance begins on Ash Wednesday.
1827 Feb 28 The first U.S. railroad chartered to carry passengers and freight, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co., was incorporated.
1827 Mar 5 Pierre-Simon Laplace (b.1749), French mathematician, astronomer, physicist, died. He invented perturbation theory and wrote the 5-volume work “Celestial Mechanics.” In 1998 Charles Couiston Gillespie published his biography “Pierre-Simon Laplace: A Life in Exact Science.”
1827 Mar 5 Alessandro Volta (b.1745), Italian physicist who made 1st battery (1800), died.
1827 Mar 16 The first Afro-American newspaper , Freedom’s Journal, was published in New York City.
1827 Mar 26 Ludwig von Beethoven (56), German composer, died in Vienna. He had been deaf for the later part of his life, but said on his death bead “I shall hear in heaven.” It was later determined that he suffered from lead poisoning. In 1995 Tia DeNora authored “Beethoven and the Construction of Genius.” In 2000 Russell Martin authored “Beethoven’s Hair: An Extraordinary Historical Odyssey and a Scientific Mystery Solved.”
1827 Mar 29 Composer Ludwig van Beethoven was buried in Vienna amidst a crowd of over 10,000 mourners.
1827 10-Apr Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: George Canning
1827 Apr 2 William Holdman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), was born.
1827 Apr 2 Joseph Dixon began manufacturing lead pencils.
1827 Apr 5 Joseph Lister (d.1912), English physician, was born. He founded the idea of using antiseptics during surgery.
1827 Apr 7 English chemist John Walker invented wooden matches.
1827 Apr 10 Lewis Wallace (d.1905), soldier, lawyer, diplomat and author (Ben Hur), was born. “As a rule, there is no surer way to the dislike of men than to behave well where they have behaved badly.”
1827 Apr 13 Hugh Clapperton, Scottish traveler and explorer of West and Central Africa, died in Sokoto, Nigeria, of dysentery.
1827 Apr 20 John Gibbon (d.1896), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1827 Apr 26 Charles Edward Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1827 May 4 John Hanning Speke, English explorer, was born. He discovered Lake Victoria and the source of the Nile.
1827 May 29 Reuben Lindsay Walker (d.1890), Brigadier General (Confederate Army), was born.
1827 Jun 5 Athens fell to the Ottomans during Greek War of Independence.
1827 Jun 12 Johanna Spyri (d.1901), Swiss author, was born. She is best known for her novel Heidi, the story of a young girl who leave her home in the Swiss Alps for adventures in the world below. [see June 12, 1829]
1827 Jul 4 New York state law emancipated adult slaves. The laws were rewritten to make sure that all slaves would eventually be freed.
1827 Jul 16 Josiah Spode, potter, died.
1827 8-Aug Prime Minister of the United Kingdom:Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon, 1st Viscount Goderich
1827 Aug 10 There were race riots in Cincinnati  and some 1,000 blacks left for Canada.
1827 Aug 12 William Blake (b.1757), English visionary engraver and poet, died. In 2001 G.E. Bentley Jr. authored “The Stranger From Paradise: A Biography of William Blake.”
1827 Aug 22 Industrialist Ezra Butler Eddy (d.1906) was born in Vermont. E.B. Eddy, who became known as the matchmaker of the world, moved his small friction-match factory from Burlington, Vt., to Hull, Que., in 1851. He expanded, modernized and diversified to produce a variety of wood and paper products. Eddy was elected mayor of Hull six times and was a member of the Quebec legislature for six years.
1827 Aug 22 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dorfschwalben aus Austria), was born.
1827 Sep 18 John Towsend Trowbridge, poet and author of books for boys, who wrote the Jack Hazzard and Toby Trafford series, was born.
1827 Oct 15 Charles Darwin reached Christ’s Counsel, Cambridge.
1827 Oct 20 British, French and Russian squadrons entered the harbor at Navarino, Greece, and destroyed most of the Egyptian fleet there. The Ottomans demanded reparations.
1827 Nov 10 Alfred Howe Terry (d.1890), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1827 Nov 15 Creek Indians lost all their property in US.
1827 Nov 26 Ellen Gould White, founder of the Seventh Day Adventists, was born.
1827 A free school for infants opens in New York under Joanne Bethune, which is supposed to free working-class parents from some of their child-care burdens. The school is open to children ages 18 months to 5 years.
1827 At the Battle of Navarino, the Egyptian fleet is destroyed by the combined efforts of the French, Russian and British forces.
1827 Felix Mendelssohn’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” is performed for the first time. At 18, his talents are surpassed only by his sister, Fanny, who, now 21, has been told since the age of 14 that due to her sex “music….for you it can and must be only an ornament, never the root of your being and doing…and your very joy at the praise he (Felix) earns proves that you might, in his place, have merited equal approval.” She is not permitted to publish her choral and piano pieces, but Felix will publish six of her compositions under his own name.
1827 The Treaty of London is signed by Britain, Russia, and France to guarantee the Greeks their independence.
1827 Berkeley Ship Canal connects Sharpness (on the Severn) to Gloucester.
1827 Britain, Russia and France break with Austria regarding the Greek war of independence — Austria still feeling threatened by any revolt against empire while the Russians want to protect their fellow Orthodox Christians. Egypt, a part of the Ottoman Empire, is helping the Turks, but a combined British, French and Russian fleet sink an Egyptian and Turkish fleet at Navarino Bay, on the west coast of the Peloponnesian Peninsula. This weakens Ottoman power in Greece and in Arabia.  
1827 In Vienna, Austria, over 10,000 mourners attend the burial of Beethoven.
1827 New York passes a state law emancipating slaves.
1827 Luther Roby, a Concord printer, published “A Journal Kept By Mr. John Howe While He Was Employed As A British Spy during the Revolutionary War; Also While He Was Engaged In The Smuggling Business.” The book was later thought to based on the journal of British officer Henry De Berniere and published by John Gill, member of the Sons of Liberty, in 1779.
1827 David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary, published “Grammar of the Language of the Lenni-Lenape,” a Delaware Indian tribe.
1827 V. Bellini wrote his opera “Il Pirata.” It was his 1st major success.
1827 August Marschner wrote his opera “Der Vampyr.”
1827 Franz Schubert composed his song cycle “Winterreise.”
1827 Businessman and publisher Louis A. Godey bought the Boston Godey’s Lady’s Book, a ladies’ magazine, and offered its editorship to successful novelist Sarah Hale, a widow with four children to support. Godey’s Lady’s Book, with Sarah Josepha Hale as its editor and driving force for 50 years, was an important cultural influence in 19th-century America. Godey’s enjoyed great success publishing morally upright and sentimental literature and avoiding unfeminine topics like politics, scandal and controversy. By mid-century it had 150,000 subscribers. Particularly popular were fashion plates, such as the steel-plate engraving of wedding gowns shown here, crafts, décor and housekeeping ideas that greatly influenced American home life. Competition and Hale’s retirement in 1877 led Louis Godey to sell the magazine in 1883. Thirteen years later, Godey’s was absorbed into another publication.
1827 The first edition of New York’s Freedom’s Journal was published by John Russworm and Samuel Cornish. “For too long others have spoken for us.” The journal lasted for 2 years.
1827 John Nelson Darby (1800-1882), British evangelical preacher, first conceived the doctrine of a secret rapture based on a passage of St. Paul’s letter to the Thessalonians.
1827 Joseph Smith, Mormon founder, received his tablets on Mount Cumorah near Palmyra, NY.
1827 Catherine McAuley (1787-1841), founded the Sisters of Mercy in Dublin, Ireland. They engaged chiefly in works of spiritual and corporal mercy. Frances Warde led the sisters out from Ireland. In 2002 John J. Fialka authored “Sisters: Catholic Nuns and the Making of America.”
1827 The U.S. and Great Britain submitted the Maine and New Brunswick boundary dispute to arbitration by the King of the Netherlands in 1827, whose compromise was accepted by the British but rejected by the U.S.
1827 Roger Brooke Taney became attorney general of Maryland.
1827 The government hired Capt. Henry Miller Shreve to remove a 100-mile “raft” of snags and trees that prevented steamboats from entering the Red River. His work camp later became the city of Shreveport, La.
1827 John Davis opened the doors of the first full-dress American gambling casino in New Orleans.
1827 John Herschel proposed contact lenses.
1827 Friction matches were first produced.
1827 Francois Soudre invented the artificial language Solresol. He proposed using the musical scale for the building blocks of an international vocabulary.
1827 Jean-Baptist-Joseph Fourier, French mathematician who served under Napoleon in Egypt, compared the interaction of the earth and its atmosphere to the setting in a hothouse. He said the Earth’s gases are like the greenhouse glass walls and help keep us warm.
1827 Greenwich Academy, the oldest school for girls in Connecticut, was founded.
1827 Balkaria, a Caucasus region later known as known as Kabardino-Balkari, was annexed by Russia.
1827 The Univ. of Toronto, Canada, was founded.
1827 The Chippewa community of Aamjiwnaang First Nation was founded in Ontario just across from Port Huron, Mich. Much of the original reserve was sold via questionable land deals in the 1960s. In 1993 the percentage of boys born in the community began dropping and by 2005 girls outnumbered boys by 3:1. Local petrochemical manufacturing was suspected as the cause.
1827 The Cocos Islands (aka Keeling Islands) in the Indian Ocean were settled by the Clunies-Ross family. A descendent ceded the coral atolls to Australia in 1978.
1827 In France Victor Hugo wrote the official coronation ode for Charles X, the last Bourbon king.
1827 The lithopane (lithophane) was patented in Paris. It allowed a picture, embedded in porcelain, to be viewed in light by varying the thickness of a porcelain base. Generally credited as being the invention of Baron Paul de Bourguignon, of Rubelles, France, in 1827, the earliest forms of lithophanes were actually produced in China many years before other countries produced them.
1827 Joseph Niepce, French inventor, met with English botanist Francis Bauer, who agreed to present Niepce’s ground breaking photographic work to the Royal Society, which rejected the bid. Before leaving London Niepce made a gift of his 1826 pewter image to Bauer. The pewter image was re-discovered in 1952 by photo historian Helmut Gernsheim.
1827 The Hanseatic city of Bremen, faced with the silting of its Weser River, bought land for Bremerhaven from the king of Hanover in order to maintain a link to the sea.

Read Full Post »

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-25-09-39.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-25-09-39.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-25-09-39.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1826:

AMERICAN HISTORY BUFFS SHOULD LOOK AT THE JULY 4TH ENTRY!!!!

Year Month Day Event
1826 Jan 26 Julia Dent Grant, First Lady and wife of Ulysses Grant, was born.
1826 Feb 2 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin (b.1755), French lawyer and epicure, died. “Tell me what you eat and I will tell you what you are.” His famous work, Physiologie du goût (The Physiology of Taste), was published in December 1825, two months before his death.
1826 Feb 11 London University was founded.
1826 Feb 13 The American Temperance Society formed in Boston.
1826 Feb 16 Franz von Holstein, composer, was born.
1826 Mar 4 The Granite Railway in Quincy, MA, became the 1st US RR to be chartered.
1826 Mar 21 Beethoven’s Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna.
1826 Apr 1 Samuel Mory patented the internal combustion engine.
1826 Apr 6 Gustave Moreau, French painter, was born.
1826 Apr 9 Chatham Roberdeau Wheat was born in Alexandria, Va. He studied law at the University of Nashville and then served in the 1st Tennessee Cavalry as a lieutenant during the Mexican War. He became a Confederate commander of the 1st Louisiana Special Battalion in the Civil War, also known as Wheat’s Tigers.
1826 Apr 12 Karl Maria von Weber’s opera “Oberon,” premiered in London.
1826 Apr 13 Franz Danzi (62), composer, died.
1826 Apr 22 Ibrahim, son of Mohammed Ali of Egypt, took Missolonghi (in West Greece) after a long siege. [see Apr 23]
1826 Apr 23 Missolonghi (in west Greece) fell to Egyptian-Turkish forces. [see Apr 22]
1826 Apr 28 Alexander Stadtfeld, composer, was born.
1826 May 4 Frederick Church, US romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School), was born.
1826 May 7 Varina Howell Davis (d.1905), 1st lady (Confederacy), was born.
1826 May 10 Giuseppe Sigismondo (86), composer, died.
1826 May 25 Christian Friedrich Ruppe (72), composer, died.
1826 May 29 Ebenezer Butterick, inventor (tissue paper dress pattern), was born.
1826 Jun 4 Karl Maria FE von Weber (39), German composer (Oberon), died.
1826 Jul 4 Stephen Foster (Stephen Collins Foster, d. Jan 13, 1864) composer, was born near Pittsburgh. His famous songs include “My Old Kentucky Home,” “O Susanna,” “Old Folks at Home,” “Old Black Joe” and “Camptown Races.”
1826 Jul 4 Construction of the Pennsylvania Grand Canal was begun.
1826 Jul 4 Thomas Jefferson, the nation’s third president, died at age 83 at one o’clock in the afternoon and was buried near Charlottesville, Virginia. He was the founder of the Univ. of Virginia and wrote the state’s statute of religious freedom. In 1981 Dumas Malone, aged 89 and nearly blind, published “The Sage of Monticello,” the sixth and final volume of his Pulitzer Prize-winning biography of Jefferson. In 1997 Joseph J. Ellis won the National Book Award in nonfiction for “American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson.” “Nothing gives one person so much of an advantage over another as to remain unruffled in all circumstances.”
1826 Jul 4 John Adams died at age 90 in Braintree [Quincy], Mass, just a few hours after Jefferson. Because communications was slow in those days, Adams and Jefferson, at their death, thought the other was still alive. Adams’ last words were, “Thomas Jefferson still survives.” It was 50 years to the day after the Declaration of Independence was adopted. Adams was the 2nd president of the US. A multi-generational biography of the Adams family was later written by Paul C. Nagel: “Descent from Glory.” The Joseph Ellis book The Passionate Edge” helped restore Adams to his rightful place in the American pantheon. The 1972 musical film 1776 focused on Adams’ efforts to get an independence resolution through Congress. In 1998 C. Bradley Thompson published “John Adams and the Spirit of Liberty.” In 2001 David McCullough authored “John Adams.” In 2005 James Grant authored “John Adams: Party of One.”
1826 Jul 4 In 2001 Andrew Burstein authored “America’s Jubilee,” a description of the jubilee year as it was experienced by various people.
1826 Jul 8 Luther Martin (b.1748), Maryland lawyer and former delegate to the Constitutional Convention, died in NYC. In 2008 Bill Kaufman authored “Forgotten Founder, Drunken Prophet: The Life of Luther Martin.”
1826 Jul 22 Giuseppe Piazzi (80), monk, mathematician (found 1st asteroid, 1801), died.
1826 Jul 26 Riots in Vilnius, Lithuanian, caused the death of many Jews.
1826 Aug 7 Marc Brunel hired his son, Isambard, to replace William Armstrong as chief engineer for building the tunnel under England’s Thames River.
1826 Aug 13 Major Gordon Laing, Scottish explorer, became the 1st European to enter Timbuktu (Mali), where some 12,000 people lived. Laing was killed by a Tuareg nomad spear on Sep 26 as he headed for Morocco. In 2005 Frank T. Kryza authored “The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa’s City of Gold.”
1826 Aug 22 Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith moved near Salt Lake Utah.
1826 Sep 3 USS Vincennes left NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe.
1826 Sep 26 The Persian cavalry was routed by the Russians at the Battle of Ganja in the Russian Caucasus.
1826 Oct 7 The first railway in the United States opened at Quincy, Massachusetts.
1826 Nov 24 Carlo Collodi, the creator of Pinocchio, was born.
1826 Nov 27 Jedediah Smith’s expedition reached San Diego, becoming the first Americans to cross the south-western part of the continent. He crossed the Mohave Desert and the San Bernadino Mountains from Utah.
1826 Dec 3 George Brinton McClellen (d.1885), Union general who defeated Robert E. Lee at Antietam and ran against Abraham Lincoln for president, was born.
1826 Dec 26 Franz Coenen, composer, was born.
1826 New York in the US opens its first high school for girls; however it won’t stay open long.
1826 Russia and Persia are at war.
1826 The British Lying-in Hospital establishes courses for “monthly nurses”, which are women who will nurse mothers during their lying-in period but may not deliver their children.
1826 The first monthly children’s magazine is founded by Lydia Maria Francis, called Juvenile Miscellany, but will be out of circulation by 1833.
1826 Turkey captures Missolonghi from the Greeks.
1826-1842 Brunel builds the first subaqueous tunnel, under the Thames.
1826 In Spain the Inquisition had been ended by the Revolution in 1820 that had overthrown King Ferdinand VII, but with Ferdinand’s return it is revived.  A Jew is burned at the stake, also a Spanish Quaker schoolmaster who replaced “Hail Mary” with “Praise be to God” in school prayer. It is to be the last of such executions.
1826 Theophile Bra, French academic sculptor, experienced a nervous breakdown and began to make visionary paintings.
1826 Corot painted “Cascade of Terni.” “Its flat light, monumentalizing simplicity and minimal content anticipated Courbet, Manet and Cezanne.”
1826 The Erie Canal, 387 miles long and completed in 1826, connected Lake Erie, at Buffalo, to the Hudson River at Albany, New York. Begun in 1817 through the determined efforts of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, the canal, which utilized light packet boats drawn by horses, reduced the passenger schedule between Buffalo and Albany from the 10 days required by stage service to three-and-a-half days. The canal brought many settlers to the Mohawk Valley and formed a great highway for freight from the Northwest to the seaboard. [see 1825]
1826 David Farragut gathered youngsters from warships anchored in Hampton Roads and established America’s first floating Annapolis aboard the U.S.S. Alert.
1826 The Galerie Vero-Dodat (2, Rue de Bouloi), was built by two well-off charcutiers in Paris, France. Vero and Dodat spared no expense with the classical style interior that featured sculpted woodwork, ceiling frescoes, mosaic flooring, and brass ornament,
1826 Joseph Buchner refined willow bark in crystals that he named salicin, after salix, the Latin name for willow. [see aspirin in 1899]
1826 Samuel Heinrich Schwabe, German amateur astronomer, began a systematic program of observing the Sun from his home in Dessau. He kept careful records of sunspots over 17 years and in 1843 noted an 11-year cycle in their frequency.
1826 Scotsman Robert Stein invented the continuous still. It was later refined by Aeneas Coffey as the Coffey still.
1826 An American mechanic developed mold-blown glass.
1826 Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec, French physician and inventor of the stethoscope, died from tuberculosis.
1826 In Batavia Capt. William Morgan was kidnapped by brother Masons for divulging fraternity secrets. His body was never found. His book “Illustrations of Freemasonry” revealed some Mason secrets. His death inspired America’s 1st third party, the anti-Mason, who dominated western NY for almost a decade.
1826 In Argentina Bernardino Rivadavia (1780-1845) was chosen as the first president of the United Provinces of La Plata. He was forced to resign in 1827. His political opponents called him the “Chocolate Dictator.”
1826 Englishmen scientist James Smithson (1765-1829) drew up his will and named his nephew as beneficiary. In the will he stated that should his nephew die without heirs, the estate should go to the US of America to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institute, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.
1826 Pilkington, a British glass producer, was founded in St. Helens, Lancashire. In 2006 it was bought by Nippon Sheet Glass (NSG).
1826 The British Cape Colony was extended northward to the Orange River.
1826 John James Audubon (1785-1851), painter and ornithologist, arrived in Britain to oversee the production of his “Birds of America.” Although the 1st engravings were done in Edinburgh the project was soon transferred to London and completed over the next 12 years.
1826 Audubon read a technical paper before the Natural History Society of Edinburgh entitled: “Account of the habits of the turkey buzzard, particularly with the view of exploding the opinion generally entertained of its extraordinary power of smelling.” [see K.E. Stager in 1964]
1826 In Egypt Jean-Francois Champollion, French Egyptologist and decipherer of the Rosetta Stone, began collecting Egyptian artifacts. He convinced Charles X to purchase the private collections of the French and English consuls in Egypt.
1826 In Mexico Plutarco Elias Calles, founder of the modern Mexican political system, tried to suppress the Church. This fomented the Cristiada, 3 years of rebellion and outright war.
1826 Dom Pedro IV, emperor of Brazil, attained the Portuguese throne.
1826 In Scotland the first exhibition of Clydesdale horses for show occurred at the Glasgow Exhibition. The horses had been bred for hauling coal.
1826 Methodist missionaries arrived at Tonga from Australia.
1826-1828 1826-1828    Corot was in Italy and painted “View of St. Peter’s and the Castel Sant’Angelo.”
1826-1829 1826-1829    Dumont d’Urville (1790-1842), French explorer and naturalist, sailed around the Pacific Ocean.
1826-1833 1826-1833    In NYC the Hawk and Buzzard newspaper subsisted largely on gossip.
1826-1852 1826-1852    The Duke of Wellington served as Constable of the Tower of London.
1826-1877 1826-1877     Walter Bagehot, English editor and economist: “One of the greatest pains to human nature is the pain of a new idea.” “It is good to be without vices, but it is not good to be without temptation.”
1826-1887 1826-1887    Dinah Maria Mulock Craik, English novelist. “The man who does his work, any work, conscientiously, must always be in one sense a great man.”
1826-1908 1826-1908    Henry Clifton Sorby, English geologist, invented a method for making thin rock slices for microscopic investigation.

Read Full Post »

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-24-08-40.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-24-08-40.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-24-08-40.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1825:

Year Month Day Event
1825 Jan 1 Dr. Gideon Mantell presented his paper “Notice on the Iguanodon” to members of England’s Philosophical Society. His paper linked the large hypothetical “Sussex lizard” to a modern species of reptile. This work led to his induction to the Royal Society on Dec 25, 1825.
1825 Jan 3 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen bought 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community.
1825 Jan 19 Ezra Daggett and nephew Thomas Kensett received a patent from Pres. Monroe for food storage in tin cans. [see 1810]
1825 Jan 25 Eli Whitney (b.1765), cotton gin inventor and gun manufacturer, died.
1825 Jan 27 Congress approved Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
1825 Jan 28 George Edward Pickett (d.1875), Major General in the Confederate Army, was born. When blame was being sought for why his ill-fated charge was the final action of the Battle of Gettysburg, and why the Confederacy did not win the three-day battle, George Pickett suggested that “The Union Army might have had something to do with it.” Pickett had been sponsored for West Point by the Illinois congressman, Abraham Lincoln.
1825 Feb 9 The House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams Jr. 6th U.S. president (1825-1829) after no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.
1825 Feb 12 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agreed to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by Sept 1, 1826.
1825 Feb 22 Russia and Britain established the Alaska/Canada boundary.
1825 Feb 24 Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, died. His expurgated Shakespeare edition was published in 1818.
1825 Feb 25 William Moorcroft, East India Co. head of 5,000 acre horse farm at Pusa, India, arrived at Bukhara, Uzbekistan, to trade for horses. He met with Khan Haydar, Emir of Bukhara.
1825 Feb 28 Quincy Adams Gillmore (d.1888), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1825 Mar 2 The 1st grand opera in US sung in English was in NYC.
1825 Mar 4 John Quincy Adams was inaugurated as 6th President.
1825 Mar 12 The English Sloop, Eliza Ann, was captured by pirates, who proceeded to murder the crew of ten.
1825 Mar 25 The first Brazilian Constitution was promulgated by Peter I and solemnly sworn in the Cathedral of the Empire.
1825 Apr 16 John Henry Fuseli (aka Johan Heinrich Fussli b.1741), Swiss born British Romantic painter, died. His paintings included “Nightmare” (1782).
1825 Apr 25 Charles Ferdinand Dowd was born. He standardized time zones.
1825 May 1 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap), was born.
1825 May 4 Thomas Henry Huxley (d.1895), British biologist, naturalist and author, was born. “God give me strength to face a fact though it slay me.” “My experience of the world is that things left to themselves don’t get right.” His work includes the collected Essays in nine volumes: 1. Method and Results, 2. Darwiniana, 3. Science and Education, 4. Science and the Hebrew Tradition, 5. Science and the Christian Tradition, 6. Hume, with Helps to the Study of Berkeley, 7. Man’s Place in Nature, 8. Discourses, Biological and Geological, 9. Evolution and Ethics and Other Essays. In 1997 Adrian Desmond wrote the biography: “Huxley.” “God give me strength to face a fact though it slay me.”
1825 May 7 Italian composer Antonio Salieri (74) died in Vienna, Austria.
1825 May 20 Charles X became King of France.
1825 May 25 American Unitarian Association was founded.
1825 May 29 David Bell Birney (d.1864), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1825 Jun 7 R.D. Blackmore, author (Norie), was born.
1825 Jun 19 Gioacchino Rossini’s “Il Viaggio a Reims,” premiered. Rossini wrote the “IL Viaggio a Reims” opera to celebrate the coronation of Charles X. The libretto by Luigi Balocchi was intended to show all major European nationalities coming together to celebrate the event.
1825 Jun 20 Coronation of French king Charles X, the surviving brother of guillotined Louis XVI.
1825 Jul 16 Alexander Gordon Laing (32), British Army Major, set off on camel from Tripoli in an attempt to become the 1st European to cross the Sahara Desert and reach the fabled city of Timbuktu (Mali).
1825 Aug 1 William Beaumont, a US Army assistant surgeon at Fort Mackinac in the Michigan territory, began experiments to study the digestive system of Alexis St. Martin, a fur trader who  was accidentally shot in the abdomen in 1822.
1825 Aug 6 Simon Bolivar drew up a constitution for Bolivia in which a life president appointed his successor. Sucre served as the sole capital until losing a brief civil war to La Paz in 1899. Upper Peru became the autonomous republic of Bolivia.
1825 Aug 25 Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.
1825 Aug 27 William Moorcroft, East India Co. head of 5,000 acre horse farm at Pusa, India, died near Balkh, Afghanistan, while returning to India following his trip to Bukhara, Uzbekistan, to trade for horses. In 1985 Garry Alder authored “Beyond Bukhara: The Life of William Moorcroft, Asian Explorer and Veterinary Surgeon.”
1825 Sep 7 The Marquis de Lafayette, the French hero of the American Revolution, bade farewell to President John Quincy Adams at the White House.
1825 Sep 27 The Stockton and Darlington rail line opened in England. The first locomotive to haul a passenger train was operated by George Stephenson in England. The British engineers Richard Trevithick and George Stevenson were the first innovators of the technology.
1825 Oct 9 The first Norwegian immigrants to America arrived on the sloop Restaurationen.
1825 Oct 16 Thomas Turpin Crittenden (d.1905), Brig. Gen. (Union volunteers), was born.
1825 Oct 17 Franz Liszt’s operetta Don Sanche premiered in Paris
1825 Oct 25 Johann Strauss (d.1899), Austrian orchestra conductor and composer, was born.
1825 Oct 26 The Erie Canal was opened in upstate New York. It cut through 363 miles of wilderness and measured 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep. It had 18 aqueducts and 83 locks and rose 568 feet from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. The first boat on the Erie Canal left Buffalo, N.Y. after eight years of construction. At the request of New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, the New York state legislature had provided $7 million to finance the project. The canal facilitated trade between New York City and the Midwest–manufactured goods were shipped out of New York and agricultural products were returned from the Midwest. As the canal became vital to trade, New York City flourished and settlers rapidly moved into the Midwest and founded towns like Clinton, Illinois. [see 1826] Gov. Clinton rode the Seneca Chief canal boat from Buffalo to New York harbor for the inauguration. In 2004 Peter L. Bernstein authored “Wedding of the Waters: The Erie Canal and the Making of a Great Nation.” In 2009 Gerard Koeppel authored “Bond of Union: Building the Erie Canal and the American Empire.”
1825 Nov 9 Ambrose Powell Hill (d.1865), Lt Gen (Confederate 3rd Army Corp), was born.
1825 Nov 26 The first college social fraternity, the Kappa Alpha Society, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, N.Y.
1825 Nov 29 1st Italian opera in US, “Barber of Seville,” premiered in NYC and was welcomed by the legendary librettist for Mozart (and friend of Casanova), Lorenzo DaPonte, who was Professor of Italian at King’s (later Columbia) College.
1825 Dec 27 The 1st public railroad using steam locomotive was completed in England.
1825 Dec 28 US General James Wilkinson (b.1757) died in Mexico City. He was generally regarded as an American patriot, but historians in the 1850s found evidence that he had worked as a spy on behalf of Spanish officials while serving as governor of the Louisiana Territory (1805-1806).
1825 Dec 29 Giuseppe Maria Gioacchino Cambini, composer, died.
1825 Dec 29 Jacques-Louis David (b.1748), French painter (Death of Marat), died.
1825 An uprising against the Tsar takes place in Russia.
1825 Every Woman’s Book: Or, What is Love? is the first book on birth control published in Britain. Written by physician Richard Carlile, he advocates partial or complete withdrawal or the use of a sponge, of which he says the French and Italians “wear them fastened to their waists, and always have them at hand.” Also recommended: a baudruche, or “glove” for the man.
1825 Greece is invaded by Egypt, under the command of Ibrahim, son of Mohammed Ali.
1825 Hawaii’s new king is now Kamehameha III, age 12, but Kamehameha I’s widow will rule as regent until she dies in 1832, when Kamehameha III will officially be crowned in the following year.
1825 Memoirs is written by English courtesan Harriette Wilson, who had her first lover at age 15 and included other such notables as the earl of Craven, the duke of Argyll, the marquis of Worcester, and the duke of Wellington. The duke of Wellington’s comments when it was suggested he pay her off to keep the book from being published? “Publish and be damned!”
1825 The first public passenger railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens.
1825 Marc Brunel invents a tunnelling shield, making subaqueous tunnelling possible.
1825 Louis XVIII has died and is succeeded by his reactionary brother, 
Charles X.
1825 Russian military officers, who had been exposed to the Enlightenment during Russia’s occupation of France, attempt to replace authoritarian rule with a representative democracy. Their coup, called the Decembrist Rising, fails and they are crushed.
1825 Camille Corot created his painting “View of Rome.”
1825 Goya (79) made his 4 lithographs known as the “Bulls of Bordeaux.”
1825 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin (1755-1826), French lawyer and professor, invented the genre of food writing with his book “The Physiology of Taste.”
1825 Beethoven composed his String Quartet No. 15 in A Minor.
1825 The Marquis de Lafayette laid the cornerstone for the Monument at Bunker Hill in a ceremony addressed by Daniel Webster.
1825 Sing Sing Prison opened on the banks of the Hudson River. The name was from the local Sint Sinct Indian tribe. [see 1901]
1825 Franciscan missionaries planted vineyards north of San Francisco to make sacramental wine.
1825 Philadelphia druggist Elie Magliore Durand first touted the effervescent soda water as a health drink. Shortly afterward, New York inventor John Matthews originated the fountain apparatus that conveniently rested on a pharmacist’s counter to dispense carbonated drinks.
1825 The US government launched a mapping and surveying expedition of the Sant Fe Trail. The notes ended up filed for decades. In 2000 David Dary authored “The Santa Fe Trail: Its History, Legends and Lore.”
1825 The US experienced a financial panic.
1825 The Bureau of Indian Affairs began as an office of the War Department that dealt with what white Americans saw as the “Indian problem.”
1825 A law that defined and set punishment for abortion was placed into the Missouri penal code. It was the 2nd US abortion law after a 1821 law in Connecticut. The law prohibited only abortions induced by poisoning.
1825 The element aluminium was discovered.
1825 William Sturgeon, English inventor, found that an electric current flowing through a coil of wire created a magnet. Shortly thereafter, the American physicist Joseph Henry discovered that placing an iron core inside the wire coil strengthened the effect- permitting this electromagnet to lift and drop small iron objects at the closing and opening of a switch connecting the coil to a storage battery.
1825 The Miramichi fires burned some 3 million acres in Maine and New Brunswick, Canada.
1825 Parson Weems, writer, died. His work included “Life of George Washington With Curious Anecdotes, equally Honorable to Himself and Exemplary to his Young Countrymen.”
1825 In Egypt British traveler and draftsman James Burton sketched tombs of the New Kingdom pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings.
1825 A French emissary of Charles X demanded that Haiti pay 150 million gold francs in exchange for recognition as French warships cruised over the horizon. The deal required 5 annual payments of 30 million and required a loan from a French bank for the 1st payment. Haiti renegotiated the debt in 1838.
1825 France established its imperial paramilitary, the Gendarmerie Coloniale, for law enforcement across its colonial empire.
1825 The impresario of La Scala in Milan, Italy, sold the theater’s library of manuscript opera scores to the young copyist Giovannin Ricordi. This initiated the rise of Ricordi’s music-publ. firm.
1825 Japan issued an edict that spelled out what would happen to uninvited guests. “Should any foreigners land anywhere, they must be arrested or killed.”
1825 A disastrous breach of Dutch coastal defenses occurred.
1825 The Decembrists consisted of idealistic military officers who plotted unsuccessfully against the Russian tsar.
1825-1829 1825-1829    John Quincy Adams served as the 6th president of the US.
1825-1832 1825-1832    Lambert Hitchcock marked all his furniture with the insignia “L. Hitchcock.”
1825-1833 1825-1833    Scottish botanist and gardener, David Douglas, visited the US Pacific Coast and sent a collection of poppies to the London Horticultural Society, where the species was successfully cultivated. [see 1792,1794, 1816]
1825-1852 1825-1852    Master Juba was a free black man and the first recognized master of tap dancing.
1825-1858 1825-1858    The Suffolk Bank operated a clearing house in Boston that served the New England region, and required all country banks doing business in Boston to maintain clearing deposits.
1825-1859 1825-1859    An ongoing project under Frederick Burkhardt has undertaken the task of editing and publishing the letters of Charles Darwin of this period. The first of 30 volumes came out in 1985 published by Cambridge Univ. Press, and the 10th in 1996. Selected letters over this period from the first 7 volumes have been published as “Charles Darwin’s Letters: A Selection 1825-1859.”
1825-1888 1825-1888    Sandwich glass, also known as pressed glass, was made by the Boston and Sandwich Glass Works in Sandwich, Mass. They made the original dolphin-based glassware.
1825-1893 1825-1893    Jean Martin Charcot, hypnotist. He taught Sigmund Freud and influenced Freud’s theories of the subconscious.
1825-1997 1825-1997    The 1997 book, “The American Opera Singer” by Peter G. Davis, covers the lives and adventures of opera and concert singers over this period.

Read Full Post »

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the complete list of entries for 1802:

Year Month Day Event
1802 Jan 25 Napoleon was elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.
1802 Jan 26 Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
1802 Jan 29 John Beckley of Virginia was appointed 1st Librarian of Congress.
1802 Jan In London, England, William Cobbett (1763-1835) set up the Weekly Political Register. It spread dissent during the post-war recession.
1802 Feb 4 Mark Hopkins, US  educator, philosopher (Williams College), was born.
1802 Feb 8 Simon Willard patented a banjo clock.
1802 Feb 23 Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving as US Senator from New York and continued to 1803.
1802 Feb 26 Victor Hugo (d.1885), French novelist and poet, was born in Besancon. In 1998 Graham Robb published the biography: “Victor Hugo.” “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.”
1802 Feb Napoleon sent a large army under his brother-in-law, Charles Leclerc, to regain control of St. Domingue. Thousands of soldiers died mainly to yellow fever and French control was abandoned so as to support military ventures in Europe. Toussaint L’Ouverture  (Louverture) turned to guerrilla warfare inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution and its motto of “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.”
1802 February February: The Rosetta Stone, having been taken from the French as part of the spoils of war in Egypt, arrives in London and is presented to the Society of Antiquaries. A few months later, it is given to the British Museum.
1802 Mar 16 The US Congress authorized the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
1802 Mar 24 Richard Trevithick was granted a patent in London for his steam locomotive.
1802 Mar 27 Treaty of Amiens was signed. The French Revolutionary War ended.
1802 March March: the Peace of Amiens, the final peace treaty with France, is signed.
1802 Apr 4 Dorothea Dix, American proponent of treatment of mental inmates, was born.
1802 Apr 8 French Protestant church became state-supported and controlled.
1802 Apr 19 Spain reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.
1802 Apr 27 Abraham Louis Niedermeyer, composer, was born.
1802 Apr 30 President Jefferson signed the Enabling Act, establishing procedures under which a territory organized by the provisions of the Ordinance of 1787 could become a state. The law authorized the people of Ohio Territory to hold a convention and frame a constitution. Subsequently, in 1803 Ohio became the 17th state of the Union and the first created out of the Northwest Territory. This precedent was later followed by other parts of the territory.
1802 April April: A general amnesty is signed by Napoleon allowing all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France.
1802 April April: Parliament repeals the British income tax of 1799 and orders that all documents and records relating to the tax be destroyed in response to public outcry.
1802 May 3 Washington, D.C., was incorporated as a city, with the mayor appointed by the president and the council elected by property owners.
1802 May 15 Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (d.1888), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
1802 May 18 Great Britain declared war on Napoleon’s France.
1802 May 19 provided that anyone admitted swore to uphold liberty and equality.
1802 May May: Napoleon establishes the Légion d’Honneur or Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur as a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. (All orders of the kingdom had been abolished during the French Revolution.) The Order remains the highest decoration in France.
1802 May In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture surrendered to French forces. Many of his generals continued to wage a guerilla campaign against the French.
1802 Jul 4 The United State Military Academy opened its doors at West Point, New York, welcoming the first 10 cadets.
1802 Jul 7 The first comic book was published in Hudson, NY. “The Wasp” was created by Robert Rusticoat.
1802 Jul 8 Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture of Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) was sent to France in chains.
1802 Jul 9 Thomas Davenport, invented 1st commercial electric motor, was born.
1802 Jul 24 Alexandre Dumas (d.1870), French novelist and dramatist who wrote “The Count of Monte Cristo” and “The Three Musketeers,” was born. Alexandre Dumas, pere, French author of romantic plays and novels. He wrote “The Man in the Iron Mask.” He was the father of Alexandre Dumas fils (1824-1895), French author of plays of social realism.
1802 Aug 2 Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed “Consul for Life” by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
1802 Aug 5 Niels Henrik Abel (d.1829), mathematician, was born in Frindoe, Norway.
1802 Aug 7 Napoleon ordered the re-instatement of slavery on St. Domingue (Haiti).
1802 Aug 25 Toussaint L’Ouverture (Louverture) was imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France.
1802 Aug 31 Captain Meriwether Lewis left Pittsburgh to meet up with Captain William Clark and begin their trek to the Pacific Ocean.
1802 August August: Napoleon is declared First Consul for life in a new French constitution, and is given the right to name his successor.
1802 Sep 4 A French aeronaut dropped eight-thousand feet equipped with a parachute.
1802 Sep 11 Piedmont, Italy, was annexed by France.
1802 Sep 19 Louis Kossuth (d.1894), later president of Hungary, was born. “The instinctive feeling of a great people is often wiser than its wisest men.”
1802 Oct 10 The 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was made.
1802 Oct 22 Samuel Arnold (62), English composer, died.
1802 Oct 28 The 34-gun Spanish frigate Juno, enroute back to Spain from Mexico [Puerto Rico], ran into a storm off the coast of Virginia. Captain Don Juan Ignacio Bustillo perished along with 425 men, women and children and an estimated half-billion dollars in treasure. A boy from the wreck survived on Assateague Island and was named James Alone. He later changed his name to James Lunn. Many Chincoteague islanders later traced their descent to James.
1802 Oct 31 Benoit Fourneyron, inventor of the water turbine, was born.
1802 October October: The Edinburgh Review begins publication.
1802 October October: The French army enters Switzerland.
1802 Nov 9 Elijah P. Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, was born.
1802 November November: British painter George Romney dies at age 67.
1802 November November: British watercolorist Thomas Girtin dies at age 27. His early death prompts J.M.W. Turner to remark: “Had Tom Girtin lived, I should have starved.” Girtin was a landscape painter whose watercolour technique was considered revolutionary. He used strong colours in broad washes, painting with the colous in a manner that foreshadowed nineteenth-century style. Watercolour in his own time was conventionally used to tint drawings.
1802 Dec 20 The United States bought the Louisiana territory from France. [see Jan 11, 1803]
1802 December December: Madame Tussaud arrives in London and exhibits her wax figures for the first time in England at the Lyceum Theater. From 1803 to 1835, she tours throughout England with her exhibition. In 1835 the exhibiton finally gets a permanent home on Baker Street in London.
1802 Henry Holland converts York House on Piccadilly (for ten years a residence of the Duke of York) into the Albany apartments, 69 sets of rooms for bachelors.
1802 The American Academy of Arts was formed in New York City. Shares of stock in the organization were sold as if the academy were a a business corporation, reflecting the domination of the upper class in American culture.
1802 Sculptor Antonio Canova’s Perseus With the Head of Medusa is so admired that it is placed in one of the stanze of the Vatican hitherto reserved for the most precious works of antiquity.
1802 The first brass mill, built by Abel Porter and Co, and operated by horsepower, began operation in Waterbury, Conn., which became the leading brass manufacturing center in America.
1802 The Factories Act (sometimes called the “Health and Morals of Apprentices Act”) is passed, regulating factory conditions, especially in regard to child workers in cotton and woollen mills.
1802 The first practical steamboat towed two barges along the Forth and Clyde Canal.
1802 The Rosetta Stone. The Ptolemaic stela includes three translations of a single passage: in hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek. It was ultimately the key to understanding the previously undecipherable ancient hieroglyphic language. French scholar Jean-François Champollion is credited with the first translation in 1822. The stone has been on display at the British Museum since 1802.
1802 The second volume of Joanna Baillie’s Plays of the Passions is published under her name.
1802 William Cobbett begins publishing the Political Regsiter, a weekly newspaper.
1802 The Ottoman Turks, trying to maintain empire, are fighting the Saud family and its Sunni Wahhabi allies. In Mesopotamia the Wahhabis capture the Shiite holy city of Karbala. In Arabia they capture Mecca.
1802 Leader of Haitian independence, Toussaint L’Ouverture, receives a message from the French General Brunet to meet for negotiations. Brunet assures Toussaint that he will be perfectly safe with the French, whom he says are gentlemen. When Toussaint shows up for the meeting, the French take and ship him to France, to a prison near the Swiss border.
1802 The war-weary British sign a treaty ending their war against France — The Treaty of Amiens.
1802 James Gillnay painted “Cow-Pock,” a satirization of the new cowpox vaccination to prevent smallpox.
1802 Nathaniel Bowditch (1773-1838) published “The New American Practical Navigator,” later known as the “seaman’s bible.” It was a revision of his 1799 and 1800 works, which in turn revised the 1722 work of John Hamilton Moore.
1802 John Playfair published a more readable volume of Hutton’s Theory of the Earth as Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth.
1802 James Callender, an English-born journalist, published a report in the Richmond, Va., Recorder about Thomas Jefferson and his relationship with the slave Sally Hemmings [Hemings]. In 1997 Annette Gordon-Reed published: “Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemmings, an American Controversy.” DNA tests of descendants in 1998 indicated that Jefferson fathered at least one child with Hemmings, her youngest son Eston Hemmings in 1808. Dr. Eugene Foster, author of the DNA report, later said the DNA tests showed that any one of 8 Jefferson males could have fathered Eston. In 2008 Annette Gordon-Reed authored “The Hemmingses of Monticello: An American Family.”
1802 Beethoven composed the 6 Gellert songs of Op. 48.
1802 Congress repealed all taxes except for a tax on salt and left the government dependent on import tariffs.
1802 Andrew Jackson was elected to command the Tennessee militia.
1802 Eleuthere Irenee du Pont de Nemours (d.1834), a French immigrant, set up a saltpeter mill in Wilmington, Del., on the banks of the Brandywine River. In 8 years it grew to become America’s largest black-powder plant as it supplied gunpowder to the US for the War of 1812.
1802 Joseph Ellicott, New York Quaker surveyor, founded Genessee County and the town of Batavia: “God made Buffalo, I will try and make Batavia.”
1802 Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer, discovered an asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter, He believed it to be a planet and named it Pallas after Pallas Athena (goddess of wisdom and war).
1802 Edward Howard, English chemist, determined that the iron in meteorites was a unique blend of iron and nickel that did not occur in known terrestrial rocks.
1802 An American captain of the ship Palmyra blew ashore on a southern atoll 1,052 miles south of Hawaii and named it Palmyra after his ship.
1802 Harriot Wilson was publicly executed by the state of Pennsylvania for the murder of her infant child. An account of the “exploits of the murderess” is published in 1822 by J. Wilkey.
1802 In Australia the Aboriginal warrior Pemulwuy (b.~1750) was shot dead. His head was cut off and believed to have been placed in a jar and sent to England. He opposed British settlement and was described by Sydney’s then governor Philip King as “a terrible pest to the colony” but also “a brave and independent character.”
1802 Britain levied the first English income tax to raise money to fight Napoleon. William Pit the Younger 1st introduced the income tax to finance the war against France.
1802 England passed its first law regulating child labor.
1802 A British exploring party led by Matthew Flinders landed on a 96-mile-long island southwest of Adelaide and slaughtered 31 kangaroos for a feast. This 3rd largest island off Australia was thus named Kangaroo Island. Flinders named the Great Barrier Reef and found a passage to the Corral Sea.
1802 The Rosetta Stone was seized by the British in Egypt after the defeat of Napoleon’s army and was sent to England.
1802 The Rome stock exchange was founded. The Borsa di Roma occupied the site of a temple completed in 145 AD as a tribute to Emperor Hadrian.
1802 In Vietnam Hue was founded as the royal capital of the Nguyen dynasty that united Vietnam. Palaces, tombs and monuments were located along the banks of the Perfume River.
1802 In Denmark, Guldhornene by Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlager (1779-1850), poet and playwright, leader of the Romantic movement. He used old Norse legends and medieval ballads as a source of inspiration
1802 Rene by Francois Rene de Chateaubriand (1768-1848) was a short autobiographical novel which was regarded as introducing the romantic hero into French novels. It originally formed part of a volume on Catholicism, Le Genie du Christianisme; the author attempted to link the revival of literature with Christian instead of classical sources.
1802 Gray’s Elegy in a Country Churchyard was translated in Russian by the poet Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky (1783-1852). His contribution to Russian literature was to introduce, through his translations, the work of great English and German writers. He also wrote musical lyrics of unrequited love, as well as ballads and folk narratives.
1802 Marie Allard dies (B 1742) Ballerina
1802 The play A Tale of Mystery by Thomas Holcroft (1774-1809), an unacknowledged adaptation of Pixerecourt, performed at Covent Garden: this was the first melodrama seen in England. At that time Covent Garden and Drury Lane were still the only two theaters in London with licences for the performance of legitimate drama. They were hugh, so that subtlety of acting and naturalism of style and setting were impossible. Spectacle and melodrama, which was mainly action, flourished.
1802 The British established their influence in what later became the Bombay presidency. Their relations with native rulers at this time inspired a famous historical play, Bhau Bandki, written some 50 years afterwards. It is still popular and contains a strong role for a ‘virago’ actress. This has been played with great success by Durga Khote, whose theatre work in Maharashtra pioneered appearances by women without social criticism.
1802 Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his suicidal Heiligenstadt Testament
1802 Traite d’Harmonie published by Charles-Simon Catel (1773-1830) composer
1802 Uber J.S. Bachs Leben, Kunst und Kunstwerke, first biography of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) by Johann Nicolaus Forkel (1749-1818) The book has served as a model for all subsequent books on Bach
1802 Malmaison by Charles Percier (1764-1838) and PFL Fontaine (1762-1853) was built for Napoleon and is characteristic of the decorative Empire style of which the two architects were the leading exponents.
1802 Precis et lecons d’architecture was published in two volumes by JNL Durand (1760-1834) He advocated functional rationalism in architecture and the work was very influential in nineteenth century France and Germany
1802 The Danish sculptor Bertel Thorwaldson (1768-1884) made his first successful statue, Jason, in Rome. He was recognized in his lifetime as the second greatest neo-classical sculptor (after Canova) and as an authority on Greek classical art. His style is considered either supremely noble or excessively cold.
1802 Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) painted a series of pictures celebrating the achievements of Napoleon. The austerity of his earlier work was here replaced by a more theatrical quality.
1802 Following Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign of 1798 DV Denon published Voyage dans la Haute et dans la Basse Egypte, providing a large collection of illustrated Egyptian motifs to be used in fashionable Western design
1802 Napoleon becomes president of Italian (Formerly Cisalpine) Republic
1802 Napoleon annexes Parma
1802 Napoleon annexes Piacenza
1802 Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian freedom fighter born (d 1894)
1802 Wilhelm Hauff, German author born (d 1827)
1802 Nikolaus Lenau, Austrian Poet born (d 1850)
1802 Sir Walter Scott: “Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border”
1802 Madame de Stael: “Delphine,” novel
1802 Jeremy Bentham: “Civil and Penal Legislation”
1802 Schelling “Bruno”
1802 Daniel Webster: “The Rights of Neutral Nations in Time of War
1802 Canova “Napoleon Bonaparte,” sculpture
1802 Period of the Classicist Empire style
1802 Gerard: “Madame Recamier,” portrait
1802 Ludwig von Schwanthaler, Bavarian sculptor born (d 1848)
1802 Beethoven : Symphony #2 in D Major, Opus 36
1802 John Dalton (1776-1844) introduces atomic theory into chemistry
1802 Erasmus Darwin (English Scientist) died (B 1731)
1802 William Herschel discovers binary stars
1802 German naturalist Gottfried Treviranus (1776-1836) coins the term ‘biology’
1802 Englishmen John Truter and William Somerville explore in Bechuanaland
1802 “Peerage” published in London by John Debrett (1753-1822), followed in 1808 by “Baronetage”
1802 The Duke of Richmond introduces horse racing at Goodwood
1802 Alexander von Humboldt almost succeeds in climbing Mount Chimborao in Ecuador
1802 West India Docks, London built
1802-1803 George Friedrich Grotefend published his account of translating Babylonian cuneiform script.
1802-1820 In Vietnam Emperor Gia-Long unites country.
1802-1828 Richard Parkes, English watercolorist.
1802-1838 Letitia Landon, English poet: “Few, save the poor, feel for the poor.”
1802-1876 Harriet Martineau, English writer and social critic: “Religion is a temper, not a pursuit.”
1802-1880 Lydia Maria Child, American author Thought for Today: “It is right noble to fight with wickedness and wrong; the mistake is in supposing that spiritual evil can be overcome by physical means.”
1802-1889 Juana Briones Y Tapia de Miranda was born in Santa Cruz, Ca. She was a battered wife and became the first California woman to get a divorce. She was the first to settle on Powell St. in what is now North Beach, SF. In 1989 the Women’s Heritage Museum persuaded the state to authorize a plaque in her honor to be set in Washington Square.

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