Posts Tagged ‘John Willoughby Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole
1 May 1772 – 4 October 1842


Galbraith Lowry Cole

Sir Galbraith Lowry Cole was commissioned a cornet in 1787, and served in the West Indies, Ireland, and Egypt. He served as brigadier general in Sicily and commanded the 1st Brigade at the Battle of Maida on the 4 July 1806. In 1808 he was promoted to major-general, to lieutenant-general in 1813 and full general in 1830.

He was colonel of the 27th Foot, commanded the 4th Division in the Peninsular War under Wellington, and was wounded at the Battle of Albuera in which he played a decisive part. He was also wounded, much more seriously, at Salamanca.

For having served with distinction in the battles of Maida, Albuhera, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthez and Toulouse, he received the Army Gold Cross with four clasps. In 1815 he became General Officer Commanding Northern District.

He was Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons for the family seat of Enniskillen from 1797 to 1800, and represented Fermanagh in the British House of Commons in 1803.

He was appointed 2nd Governor of Mauritius from 12 June 1823 to 17 June 1828. He left in 1828 to take up the post of Governor of the Cape Colony which position he filled until 1833. Cole was invested as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of the Bath on 2 January 1815.

He is commemorated in Enniskillen by a statue surmounting a 30-metre column in Fort Hill Park, carried out by the Irish sculptor, Terence Farrell.

Cole was born the second son of an Irish peer, William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen (1 March 1736–22 May 1803), and Anne Lowry-Corry (d. September 1802), the daughter of Galbraith Lowry-Corry of Tyrone, and the sister of Armar Lowry-Corry, 1st Earl Belmore.

Cole was married on 15 June 1815 to Frances Harris (d. 1 November 1847), daughter of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury, for whom Malmesbury, Western Cape is named, and Harriet Mary, his wife. Frances Cole played a prominent part in social philanthropy in the Cape and worked towards having Coloured children taught useful trades. Colesberg, a town in the Cape, is named after him, as is Sir Lowry’s Pass near Cape Town. They had two children; Florence Mary Georgiana Cole, and Colonel Arthur Lowry Cole.

His elder brother John Willoughby Cole married Charlotte Paget, the daughter of Henry Bayly Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge.

His sisters were:

  • Sarah Cole (d. 14 March 1833), married Owen Wynne
  • Elizabeth Anne Cole (d. 1807), married Colonel Richard Magennis
  • Florence Cole (d. 1 March 1862), married Blaney Townley Balfour of Townley Hall, Drogheda, Co. Louth
  • Henrietta Frances Cole (22 June 1784–2 July 1848), married Thomas Philip Robinson, 2nd Earl de Grey

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Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl of Enniskillen
25 January 1807 – 21 November 1886


William Willoughby Cole

William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl of Enniskillen was born into the Ulster branch of ‘the Ascendancy’, the Anglo-Irish aristocracy. He was the son of John Willoughby Cole, 2nd Earl of Enniskillen and his wife, Lady Charlotte Paget. The young Lord Cole was educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford. In his youth he began to devote his leisure to the study and collection of fossil fishes, with his friend Sir Philip Grey Egerton, and he amassed a fine collection at Florence Court, his home just south-west of Enniskillen. This included many specimens that were described and figured by Agassiz and Egerton. This collection was subsequently acquired by the British Museum.

Lord Enniskillen was also involved in politics and represented (as Lord Cole) Fermanagh in the House of Commons between 1831 and 1840, when he succeeded his father, to become the third Earl, and entered the House of Lords as Baron Grinstead. In Dublin, he was a member of the Kildare Street Club.

Lord Enniskillen married, firstly, Jane Casamaijor, daughter of James Casamaijor, in 1844, by whom he had seven children:

  • John Willoughby Michael Cole, Viscount Cole (16 December 1844 – 15 April 1850)
  • Lowry Cole, 4th Earl of Enniskillen (1845–1924)
  • Lady Charlotte June Cole (10 May 1847 – 3 September 1933), married James Hugh Smith-Barry and had issue
  • Lady Florence Mary Cole (5 August 1849 – 23 March 1924), married John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne and had issue
  • The Hon. Arthur Edward Casamaijor Cole (9 March 1851 – 17 August 1908), married and had issue
  • Lady Alice Elizabeth Cole (4 February 1853 – 25 August 1931), married Evelyn Ashley and had issue
  • Lady Jane Evelyn Cole (21 April 1855 – 19 March 1941)

After her death in 1855 he married, secondly, The Hon. Mary Emma Brodrick, daughter of The 6th Viscount Midleton, in 1865. He died in November 1886, aged 79, and was succeeded in his titles by his second but eldest surviving son from his first marriage, Lowry. The Countess of Enniskillen died in 1896.

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Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

John Willoughby Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen
23 March 1768 – 31 March 1840


John Willoughby Cole

John Willoughby Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen was the son of William Willoughby Cole, 1st Earl of Enniskillen. In 1790 and in 1798, he was elected for Sligo Borough and Fermanagh. Both times, he chose to sit for the latter and represented the constituency in the Irish House of Commons until the Act of Union in 1801.

After the Union, Cole was subsequently returned to the British House of Commons for Fermanagh, a seat he held until 1803, when he succeeded his father as earl. He was also Lord Lieutenant of County Fermanagh and sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer from 1804 to 1840. He was made a Knight of the Order of St Patrick in 1810 and in 1815 he was created Baron Grinstead, of Grinstead in the County of Wiltshire, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

Lord Enniskillen married Lady Charlotte Paget, daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, in 1805. They had five children:

  • William Willoughby Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen (1807–1886)
  • Lt.-Col. Hon. Henry Arthur Cole (14 February 1809 – 2 July 1890)
  • Lady Jane Anne Louisa Florence Cole (27 July 1811 – 23 March 1831)
  • Hon. John Lowry Cole (8 June 1813 – 28 November 1882)
  • Hon. Lowry Balfour Cole (6 June 1815 – 14 January 1818)

He died in March 1840, aged 72, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son William.

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