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Posts Tagged ‘John Fane 11th Earl of Westmorland’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency (I include those who were born before 1811 and who died after 1795), today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Royal Academy of Music
1822-

Royal Academy of Music was founded in 1822 and is Britain’s oldest degree-granting music school. It received a Royal Charter in 1830. It is a registered charity under English law.

The Academy was founded by Lord Burghersh in 1822 with the help and ideas of the French harpist and composer Nicolas Bochsa. The Academy was granted a Royal Charter by King George IV in 1830

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sarah Fane Countess of Westmorland
28 August 1764 – 9 November 1793

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Sarah Anne Child

Sarah Fane Countess of Westmorland was the only child of Robert Child, the owner of Osterley Park and principal shareholder in the banking firm Child & Co. She married John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland on 20 May 1782 at Gretna Green after they eloped together. Her parents were dissatisfied with the match, her father wanted her to marry a commoner who would take the Child name (Sarah Anne being an only child), but Sarah Anne told her mother, “A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.” Her father cut her out of his will, leaving his house and fortune to Sarah Anne’s second son or eldest daughter, instead of the Westmorland heir.

Sarah Anne and the earl’s surviving children were:

As only one son survived, most of Child’s fortune eventually went to his eldest granddaughter, Lady Sarah Sophia (The famous Patroness of Almacks).

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

John Fane 10th Earl of Westmorland
1 June 1759 – 15 December 1841

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John Fane

Fane was styled Lord Burghersh between 1771 and 1774. He was a British Tory politician, who served in most of the cabinets of the period, primarily as Lord Privy Seal.

Westmorland was the son of John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland, and Augusta, daughter of Lord Montague Bertie. He succeeded in the earldom on the death of his father in 1774.

In 1789 Westmorland was appointed Joint Postmaster General by William Pitt the Younger and sworn of the Privy Council. He was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1789 to 1794. From 1795 to 1798 he was Master of the Horse. Then made him Lord Privy Seal, a position he would hold under five prime Ministers for the next 35 years, except between 1806 and 1807 when Lord Grenville was in office.

Westmorland was also Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire between 1828 and 1841. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.

Lord Westmorland married Sarah Anne Child, the only daughter and heiress of wealthy banker, Robert Child, against her father’s wishes, at Gretna Green in 1782. Child consequently cut his daughter and her sons and their descendants out of his will, and made his daughter’s daughters his heirs to prevent the Fanes from benefitting from this elopement.

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Sarah Anne Child

Their eldest daughter, Lady Sarah Sophia Fane (1785–1867), made testamentary heiress of her maternal grandfather, married George Child-Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey; her husband assumed the additional surname of Child.

They had one son and four daughters:

  • John Fane, 11th Earl of Westmorland.
  • Lady Sarah Sophia Fane who married in 1804 George Child Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey and became heiress to the Child fortune.
  • Lady Augusta Fane, who married firstly in 1804 (divorced 1809) Lord Boringdon, later Earl of Morley, and in 1809 Arthur Paget, a younger brother of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey.
  • Lady Maria Fane who in 1805 married Viscount Duncannon, later 4th Earl of Bessborough.
  • Lady Charlotte Fane.

The Countess of Westmorland died relatively young in 1793, aged only 29, from undisclosed causes.

Lord Westmorland married secondly Jane, daughter of Richard Huck-Saunders, in 1800. After some years of marriage, they later separated and she lived at Brympton d’Evercy. By his second wife, he had three sons and two daughters, of whom only the eldest child Lady Georgiana Fane outlived both parents.

  • Lady (Cicely Jane) Georgina Fane.
  • Hon. Charles Saunders John Fane.
  • Hon. Col. Henry Sutton Fane.
  • Hon. Montagu Augustus Villiers Fane.
  • Lady Evelina Fane.

Lord Westmorland died in December 1841, aged 82. The Countess of Westmorland died in 1857.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Priscilla Fane Countess of Westmorland
1793 – 18 February 1879

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Priscilla Fane

Born Priscilla Wellesley-Pole, she was the fourth child of the Honourable William Wellesley-Pole, later first Baron Maryborough and third Earl of Mornington, by Katharine Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Admiral the Honourable John Forbes. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, was her uncle. Priscilla was a great favourite with her uncle who had a high opinion of her political judgement, as did Lord Melbourne who used her as intermediary when discussing with Wellington the possible formation of a coalition.

In 1811 she married John Fane, Lord Burghersh, son of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland. She became known as the Countess of Westmorland when her husband succeeded as eleventh Earl of Westmorland in 1841. She was an accomplished linguist and a distinguished artist. When Lady Burghersh she exhibited six figure pieces in the Suffolk Street Exhibition between 1833 and 1841, and afterwards in 1843 and 1857 sent two scriptural subjects to the British Institution. Her picture of Anne, Countess of Mornington, surrounded by her three distinguished sons, Lord Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington and Lord Cowley, has been engraved, and is well known.

She received art lessons from William Salter and was his indulgent patron. When Salter was on his horse in Hyde Park, he happened to hear and then see the spectacle of a victory banquet in progress at the Duke of Wellington’s house. Berghersh persuaded the Duke and Salter’s masterpiece was created with 83 included portraits.

She died at 29 Portman Square, London, 18 February 1879, and was buried at Apethorpe, Northamptonshire, 25 February. Her daughter, Lady Rose Weigall, edited two volumes of selections from her correspondence.

  • The letters of Lady Burghersh (afterwards countess of Westmoreland) from Germany and France during the campaign of 1813-14. London: John Murray. 1893.
  • Correspondence of Lady Burgersh with the Duke of Wellington. London: John Murray and Company. 1903.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

John Fane 11th Earl of Westmorland
2 February 1784 – 16 October 1859

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John Fane

Styled Lord Burghersh from birth, he was born at Sackville Street, Piccadilly, London, the son of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, by his wife Sarah Child, daughter and heiress of the wealthy banker Sir Robert Child, builder of Osterley Park. His sister was the well known social hostess Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey. He succeeded his father in the earldom in 1841.

Lord Burghersh was commissioned Ensign in the 11th Foot without purchase in 1803. In 1804 he transferred to the 7th Foot as a Lieutenant and in 1806 he transferred to the 23rd Foot as a Captain. He later transferred to the 2nd West India Regiment. He was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army in 1809 and then transferred to the 91st Foot. In 1811 he exchanged back into the 7th Foot and later the same year purchased the Lieutenant-Colonelcy of the 63rd Foot. In 1814 he was promoted Colonel in the Army. He was an extra aide-de-camp to the Duke of Wellington (his wife’s uncle) and fought at Talavera and Busaco during the Peninsular War. He was promoted Major-General in 1838 and General in 1854 and was appointed a Colonel of the 56th Foot in 1842.

Lord Westmorland sat as Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis between 1806 and 1816. He served as Minister to Tuscany between 1814 and 1830, as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Prussia between 1841 and 1851 and as Ambassador to the Austrian Empire between 1851 and 1855. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1815, a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order (KCH) in 1817, a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in 1838 and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) in 1846 and was sworn of the Privy Council in 1822.

Lord Westmorland was also a composer and a founder of the Royal Academy of Music. He was a great music lover who devoted most of his leisure hours to the study of music, was a good violinist and a prolific composer. This fact helped to improve the standing of the musical profession in England. Like many aristocrats, however, he regarded Italy as the only source of good music.

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Priscilla Fane

Lord Westmorland married Priscilla Pole-Wellesley, daughter of the Honourable William Wellesley-Pole, later first Baron Maryborough and third Earl of Mornington, in 1811. He died in October 1859, aged 75, and was succeeded in the earldom by his fourth but eldest surviving son, Francis. Lord Westmorland’s fifth and youngest son Julian Fane was a poet and diplomat. The Countess of Westmorland died in February 1879.

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