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Posts Tagged ‘Henry Paget’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Thomas North Graves 2nd Baron Graves
28 May 1775 – 7 February 1830

Thomas North Graves 2nd Baron Graves was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Graves was the son of Admiral Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves. He succeeded his father as second Baron Graves in 1802, but as this was an Irish peerage it did not entitle him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He was instead elected to the House of Commons for Okehampton in 1812, a seat he held until 1818, and then represented Windsor from 1819 to 1820 and Milborne Port from 1820 to 1827, when he retired from the Commons to become one of His Majesty’s Commissioners of Revenue of Excise. He was also a Lord of the Bedchamber and Comptroller of the Household to His Royal Highness Ernest Augustus, 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

Lord Graves married Lady Mary Paget, daughter of Henry Bayly Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, in 1803. They had eight children, two sons and six daughters. He committed suicide in February 1830, aged 54, after reports that his wife was having an affair with the Duke of Cumberland. An accusation that was believed to be spread by the Whigs for political motive. (DWW-which makes it particularly nasty given the outcome.) He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas. Lady Graves died in 1835.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Duke of Argyll George William Campbell
22 September 1768 – 22 October 1839

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George William Campbell

Argyll was the eldest son of John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll and his wife, Elizabeth Campbell, 1st Baroness Hamilton, daughter of Colonel John Gunning. He was known as Marquis of Lorn until his father’s death.

Argyll sat as Member of Parliament for St Germans from 1790 to 1796. In 1806 he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. He was Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland from 1827 to 1828 and again from 1830 and 1839.

In 1833 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Lord Steward of the Household in the Whig administration headed by Lord Grey, a position he retained when Lord Melbourne became prime minister in July 1834. The Wgigs fell from power in November 1834 but returned to office already in April 1835, when Argyll once again became Lord Steward under Melbourne. He continued in the post until his death in 1839. Argyll was also Lord-Lieutenant of Argyllshire from 1799 to 1839.

Cromwell had damaged the ancient family seat of Castle Campbell that overlooked Dollar in Clackmannanshire. George sold the land and buildings. He was a member of the British Fishing Society, White’s Club and a loyal companion of Beau Brummell.

Argyll married Lady Caroline Elizabeth Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 4th Earl of Jersey, at Edinburgh, on 29 November 1810. This was three weeks after she had divorced Henry Paget, Lord Uxbridge, the future Marquis of Anglesey. They had no children. He died in October 1839, aged 71 at the family estate Inveraray Castle, Argyllshire, and was buried on 10 November 1839 at Kilmun, Cowal. His brother, Lord John Campbell, succeeded to his titles.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George Stewart 8th Earl of Galloway
24 March 1768 – 27 March 1834

Stewart was the eldest son of John Stewart, 7th Earl of Galloway, and Anne, daughter of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet. He attended Westminster School before joinging the Royal Navy.

Known as Lord Garlies he entered the navy serving as a 13-year old midshipman under the command of his uncle, Commodore Keith Stewart at the Battle of Dogger Bank in August 1781, and also in the Great Siege of Gibraltar in 1782.

In 1789 promoted to lieutenant, serving in the frigate Aquilon in the Mediterranean. He returned to England in early 1790, when appointed commander of the fire ship Vulcan. He was promoted to post-captain in 1793, and soon after was appointed to the frigate Winchelsea, serving in the West Indies, and being wounded while covering the landing of the army at Guadaloupe in 1794.Then sent with detachments of troops to accept the surrender of the islands of Marie-Galante and La Désirade.

In 1795 he took command of the frigate Lively, and took Sir John Jervis out from England to assume command in the Mediterranean, and serving there until the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797. After the battle Lively carried Sir Robert Calder, with the account of the victory, and Lord Minto, Viceroy of Corsica, and his suite, who were on board during the battle, back to England.

Around November 1799 Garlies commissioned the frigate Hussar, and commanded her in the Channel and on the coast of Ireland until early 1801, making several captures and recaptures:

  • On 17 May 1800 Hussar, the frigate Loire and the schooner Milbrook recaptured the ship Princess Charlotte, and captured the French schooner La Francoise.
  • On 2 March 1801 Hussar captured the French schooner Le General Bessieres.
  • On 12 April 1801 Hussar recaptured the ship James of Liverpool.

In early 1801 Garlies moved into the Bellerophon, to serve on the blockade of Brest, remaining there until the Treaty of Amiens in early 1802 brought a short-lived period of peace. Following the renewal of hostilities in 1803 he commanded the ship Ajax, and sat on the Board of Admiralty in between May 1805 and February 1806. Galloway saw no further active service, but was promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1810; to Vice Admiral in 1819; and to Admiral in 1830.

Apart from his military career Garlies also sat as a Member of Parliament. He was first elected in 1790 for the constituency of Saltash, and served until vacating his seat in favour of his brother William in February 1795.

He returned to Parliament when elected MP for Cockermouth on in 1805, and then sat for Haslemere after the 1806 election, but was shortly after obliged to quit his seat following the death of his father on 13 November, when he became the Earl of Galloway, and moved to the House of Lords.

He served as Lord Lieutenant of Kirkcudbright from 1794 to 1807, and from 1820 to 1828, and of Wigtownshire from 1807 to 1828. In 1814 he was invested as a member of the Order of the Thistle. He also served as Vice-President of Board of Agriculture in 1815.

In April 1797 he married Lady Jane Paget, the daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and sister of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey. They had eight children:

  1. Lady Jane Stewart (1798–1844), m. George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough.
  2. Lady Caroline Stewart (1799–1857)
  3. Hon. Randolph Stewart, later 9th Earl of Galloway (1800–1873)
  4. Lady Louisa Stewart (1804–1889), m. William Duncombe, 2nd Baron Feversham.
  5. Hon. Arthur Stewart (1805–1806)
  6. Hon. Alan Stewart (1807–1808)
  7. Lady Helen Stewart (1810–1813)
  8. Vice Admiral Hon. Keith Stewart CB (1814–1879)

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir Arthur Paget
15 January 1771 – 26 July 1840

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Arthur Paget

a British diplomat and politician.

Arthur Paget was the third son of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge and his wife Jane Champagné daughter of Arthur Champagné, Dean of Clonmacnoise in Ireland. He was a younger brother of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey. He was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford, but did not take a degree.

In 1791, he entered the British diplomatic service. In 1794, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Anglesey. He nominally represented this for 13 years, though usually abroad. In 1794, he was sent as Envoy-extraordinary to Berlin to remind King Frederick William II of his obligations, a service in which Lord Malmesbury the ambassador commended him for his tact.

His next appointment was as Envoy Extraordinary to the Elector Palatine and the Perpetual Diet at Regensburg in 1798, followed by Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary first at Naples in 1800 and then at Vienna the following year. He remained at Vienna until 1806, being nicknamed “The Emperor” on account of his extravagance.

A dispatch in 1802, following Napoleon’s creation of the Confederation of the Rhine predicted the hegemony of Prussia within Germany. He was materially responsible for the creation of the Third Coalition, and reported its collapse following the Battle of Austerlitz (December 2, 1805), a dispatch that is said to have hastened the death of William Pitt the Younger (23 January 1806).

After his recall from Austria, he was sent to the Ottoman Porte in 1807, where he told the Sultan of a secret clause in the Treaty of Tilsit adverse to his interests. However, he was unable to detach the Ottoman Empire from its French Alliance. He was recalled in 1809 and awarded a pension of £2000.

Paget had been made a Privy Councillor and Knight of the Bath, both in 1804, and was given a GCB in 1815. In 1808, he eloped with Lady Augusta Fane, then the wife of Lord Boringdon, and married her the following year, as soon as her divorce took place. (DWW-One can note that around the same time, his older brother Henry, the future Marquess of Anglesey did near the same thing with the wife of Henry Wellesley.) They had several children, including Sir Augustus Berkeley Paget, who followed his father as a diplomat. He occupied time in his retirement as an agriculturalist and yachtsman.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Henry Wellesley
20 January 1773 – 27 April 1847

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Henry Wellesley

Wellesley was the fifth and youngest son of Garret Wellesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, by the Honourable Anne Hill-Trevor, eldest daughter of Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon. He was the younger brother of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley and William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington. He was educated at Eton and at the court of the Duke of Brunswick. He purchased an Ensigncy in the 40th Foot in 1790.

Wellesley’s diplomatic career began in 1791 when he was appointed attaché to the British embassy at The Hague. The next year, he became Secretary of Legation in Stockholm. In 1791 he exchanged into the 1st Foot Guards and in 1793 he purchased a Lieutenantcy. In 1794, while on a trip home from Lisbon with his sister Anne, he was captured by the French, and remained in prison during the height of the terror, escaping only in 1795. In the latter year he sat for Trim in the Irish House of Commons.

At the 1807 general election he was elected to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom as a Member of Parliament (MP) both for Athlone in Ireland and for Eye in England. He chose to sit for Eye, and held the seat until his resignation in 1809 by taking the Chiltern Hundreds.

In 1797 Wellesley accompanied Lord Malmesbury as secretary on his unsuccessful mission to negotiate peace with the French at Lille. Later that year, he travelled to India, where he became private secretary to his oldest brother, Lord Mornington, the new governor-general. He was in India between 1797 and 1799, and again from 1801 to 1802, and was a useful assistant to his brother in a variety of diplomatic capacities, negotiating treaties with Mysore and Oudh.

In 1802 he returned to Europe, and married the next year to Lady Charlotte Cadogan, by whom he had three sons and a daughter before she abandoned him in 1809, running off with Lord Paget, a talented cavalry officer. His wife divorced him in Scotland in 1810.

In 1809 Wellesley became the British envoy to Spain – his eldest brother, by now Marquess Wellesley, was now Foreign Secretary, while his brother Arthur (now Viscount Wellington) was British commander-in-chief in Spain. Together, the three brothers helped to make the Peninsular campaign a success, and in 1812 Wellesley was knighted. He remained Ambassador to Spain until 1821, but found time to marry again, this time to Lady Georgiana Cecil, daughter of the Marquess of Salisbury. In 1823, Wellesley became Ambassador to Austria, where he remained until 1831. Although he was close acquaintances with Foreign Secretary George Canning, who had asked Wellesley to serve as his second in his duel with Lord Castlereagh, Wellesley felt that Canning did not appreciate his services, feeling him to be too conciliatory.

In 1828 Wellesley was created Baron Cowley, of Wellesley in the County of Somerset, due to his brother Wellington’s influence with the prime minister, Lord Goderich. His final diplomatic service was in Paris, where he served as ambassador during Robert Peel’s administrations in 1835 and 1841-1846. In 1846 Cowley retired, but remained in Paris, where he died the next year.

Cowley’s eldest son, Henry Richard Charles Wellesley, followed in his father’s footsteps as a diplomatist, holding the Paris embassy for fifteen years, and was eventually created Earl Cowley. Another son, Gerald Valerian Wellesley, became Dean of Windsor.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Berkeley Paget
2 January 1780 – 26 October 1842

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Berkeley Paget

Paget was the sixth son of Henry Paget, 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and Jane, daughter of the Very Reverend Arthur Champagné. He was the younger brother of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, Sir Arthur Paget, Sir Edward Paget and Sir Charles Paget.

Paget succeeded his elder brother Sir Arthur Paget as Member of Parliament for Anglesey in 1807. In 1810 he was appointed a Lord of the Treasury by Spencer Perceval, a post he retained when Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister in 1812 after Perceval’s assassination. In 1820 he became Member of Parliament for Milborne Port, succeeding another brother, Sir Edward Paget. He continued to represent this constituency and remained a Lord of the Treasury until in 1826.

Berkeley married Sophia, daughter of the Hon. William Bucknall, in 1804. They had several children, including Frederick Paget, MP for Beaumaris, and Leopold Paget, a Colonel in the Royal Artillery, whose son Wellesley Paget became a Brigadier-General in the Royal Artillery. Paget died in October 1842, aged 62. His wife survived him by seventeen years and died in February 1859.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Charles Gordon Lennox 5th Duke of Richmond
3 August 1791 – 21 October 1860

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Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond and 5th Duke of Lennox, 5th Duke of Aubigny

Richmond was the son of Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, and the former Lady Charlotte Gordon. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Dublin.

Richmond (while Earl of March) served on Wellington’s staff in the Peninsular War, during which time he volunteered to join the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot’s advance storming party on the fortress of Ciudad Rodrigo.

He formally joined the 52nd Foot in 1813, and took command of a company of 52nd soldiers at Orthez in 1814, where he was severely wounded; the musket-ball in his chest was never removed. During the Battle of Waterloo he was ADC to the Prince of Orange, and following that man’s wounding, served as ADC to Wellington.

Richmond was chiefly responsible for the belated institution in 1847 of the Military General Service Medal for all survivors of the campaigns between 1793 and 1814. (There had only hitherto been a Waterloo Medal). He campaigned in Parliament and also enlisted the interest of Queen Victoria. Richmond himself received the medal with eight clasps.

Richmond sat as Member of Parliament for Chichester between 1812 and 1819. The latter year he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. He was a vehement opponent in the House of Lords of Roman Catholic emancipation, and at a later date a leader of the opposition to Peel’s free trade policy, being the president of the Central Agricultural Protection Society to try and preserve the Corn Laws.

Although a vigorous Conservative and Ultra-Tory for most of his career, Richmond’s anger with Wellington over Catholic Emancipation led him to lead the Ultra’s into joining Earl Grey’s reforming Whig government in 1830. He served under Grey as Postmaster General between 1830 and 1834. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1830. Richmond was also Lord Lieutenant of Sussex between 1835 and 1860 and was appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1829.

In 1836, on inheriting the estates of his mother’s brother, the fifth and last Duke of Gordon, he assumed the name of Gordon before that of Lennox.

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Richmond married Lady Caroline, daughter of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey and Lady Caroline Villiers, on 10 April 1817. The couple had five sons and five daughters, including:

  • Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond
  • Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox, married John Ponsonby, 5th Earl of Bessborough
  • Fitzroy George Charles Gordon-Lennox, lost at sea aboard SS President
  • Rt. Hon. Lord Henry Charles George Gordon-Lennox, married Amelia Brooman and left no issue
  • Captain Lord Alexander Francis Charles Gordon-Lennox, married Emily Towneley and left issue
  • Lady Augusta Catherine Gordon-Lennox, married Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar
  • Lord George Charles Gordon-Lennox, married Minnie Palmer
  • Lady Cecilia Catherine Gordon-Lennox, married Charles Bingham, 4th Earl of Lucan

Richmond died at Portland Place, Marylebone, London, in October 1860, aged 69. The Duchess of Richmond died in March 1874, aged 77.

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