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Posts Tagged ‘George FitzRoy 4th Duke of Grafton’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Augustus Henry FitzRoy 3rd Duke of Grafton
28 September 1735 – 14 March 1811

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Augustus Henry FitzRoy

Augustus Henry FitzRoy 3rd Duke of Grafton

A son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy, a Captain in the Royal Navy, and Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby, who served as a colonial Governor of New York. His father was the third son of the 2nd Duke of Grafton and Lady Henrietta Somerset, which made FitzRoy a great-grandson of both the 1st Duke of Grafton and the Marquess of Worcester. He was notably a fourth-generation descendant of King Charles II and the 1st Duchess of Cleveland. His younger brother was the 1st Baron Southampton. From the death of his uncle in 1747, he was styled Earl of Euston as his grandfather’s heir apparent.

Lord Euston was educated at Hackney School, made the Grand Tour and obtained a degree at Peterhouse, University of Cambridge.

In 1756, he entered Parliament as MP for Boroughbridge, a pocket borough; several months later, he switched constituencies to Bury St Edmunds, which was controlled by his family. However, a year later, his grandfather died and he succeeded as 3rd Duke of Grafton, which elevated him to the House of Lords.

He first became known in politics as an opponent of Lord Bute, a favourite of King George III. Grafton aligned himself with the Duke of Newcastle against Lord Bute, whose term as Prime Minister was short-lived largely because it was felt that the peace terms to which he had agreed at the Treaty of Paris were not a sufficient return for Britain’s performance in the Seven Years War.

In 1765, Grafton was appointed a Privy Counsellor; then, following discussions with William Pitt the Elder, he was appointed Northern Secretary in Lord Rockingham’s first government. However, he retired the following year, and Pitt (by then Lord Chatham) formed a ministry in which Grafton was First Lord of the Treasury but not Prime Minister.

Chatham’s illness, at the end of 1767, resulted in Grafton becoming the Government’s effective leader (he is credited with entering the office of Prime Minister in 1768)(Just 33 years old), but political differences, the impact of the Corsican Crisis and the attacks of “Junius” led to his resignation in January 1770.

Also, in 1768, Grafton became Chancellor of Cambridge University. He became Lord Privy Seal in Lord North’s ministry (1771) but resigned in 1775, being in favor of conciliatory action towards the American colonists. In the second Rockingham ministry of 1782, he was again Lord Privy Seal. In later years he was a prominent Unitarian, being one of the early members of the inaugural Essex Street Chapel under Rev. Theophilus Lindsey.

On 29 January 1756, he married The Hon. Anne Liddell (1737–1804), daughter of the 1st Baron Ravensworth. They had three children:

  • Lady Georgiana FitzRoy , who married John Smyth
  • George Henry FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton
  • General Lord Charles FitzRoy, who married, firstly, Frances Mundy, secondly, Lady Frances Stewart

After the Duchess had become pregnant by her lover, the Earl of Upper Ossory, she and the Duke were divorced by Act of Parliament in 1769 (DWW-When he was Prime Minister).

Two months later, in May 1769, the Duke married Elizabeth Wrottesley, daughter of the Reverend Sir Richard Wrottesley, Dean of Worcester. They had the following children:

  • Lord Henry FitzRoy, clergyman; he married Caroline Pigot
  • Lord Frederick FitzRoy.
  • Lady Augusta FitzRoy, who married Rev. George F. Tavel
  • Lady Frances FitzRoy, who married the 1st Baron Churchill
  • Admiral Lord William FitzRoy married Georgiana Raikes
  • Lord John Edward FitzRoy
  • Lady Charlotte FitzRoy
  • Lady Elizabeth FitzRoy married her cousin Lt. Gen. The Hon. William FitzRoy
  • Lady Isabella FitzRoy, married Barrington Pope Blachford

The Duke of Grafton’s Government:

  • Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury, and Leader of the House of Lords: The Duke of Grafton
  • Lord Chancellor: The Lord Camden
  • Lord President of the Council: The Earl Gower
  • Lord Privy Seal: The Earl of Bristol
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons: Lord North
  • Secretary of State for the Northern Department: Henry Seymour Conway (1766–1768), The Viscount Weymouth (1768), The Earl of Rochford (1768–1770)
  • Secretary of State for the Southern Department: The Earl of Shelburne (1766–1768), The Viscount Weymouth (1768–1770)
  • Secretary of State for the Colonies: The Earl of Hillsborough
  • Master-General of the Ordnance: The Marquess of Granby
  • First Lord of the Admiralty: Sir Edward Hawke
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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Lord Charles FitzRoy
28 February 1791 – 13 June 1865

Fitzroy was a British soldier and Whig politician. He fought at the Battle of Waterloo at an early age and later held political office as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1835 and 1838.

Fitzroy was the second son of George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton, and his wife Lady Charlotte Maria Waldegrave, daughter of James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave. Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton, was his elder brother.

FitzRoy joined the army and served in the Peninsular War. He was a captain in the 1st Foot Guards and fought in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He eventually reached the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

FitzRoy was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Thetford at the 1818 general election, and held the seat until the 1830 general election, which he did not contest. He returned to Commons the following year, when he was elected at the 1831 general election as MP for Bury St Edmunds. He held the seat until 1847, when he did not stand again. When the Whigs came to power under Lord Melbournein 1835, FitzRoy was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, a post he held until 1838.

FItzroy married Lady Anne Cavendish, daughter of George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington and Lady Elizabeth Compton, on 25 October 1825. They had one son and a daughter. He died in June 1865, aged 74. Lady Charles FitzRoy died in May 1871, aged 83

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Sir William Oglander 6th Baronet
13 September 1769 – 17 January 1852
William Oglander was born at Parnham, near Bridport, Dorset, the son of Sir William Oglander, the 5th Baronet and his wife Sukey Serle, daughter of Peter Serle of Testwood.

He was educated at Winchester College and matriculated at New College, Oxford on 3 March 1787 aged 17 and was awarded a BA in 1790. He succeeded to the baronetcy on the death of his father on 5 January 1806.

In 1807 he was elected Member of Parliament for Bodmin and sat until 1812. He was High Sheriff of Dorset from 1817 to 1818.

He married Maria Anne Fitzroy, daughter of George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton in 1810 and around 1820 he commissioned a portrait of her by Sir Thomas Lawrence, probably intended to hang in the newly renovated home at Parnham.

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Maria Anne Fitzroy

Oglander died at the age of 82 at Parnham. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Henry.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George FitzRoy 4th Duke of Grafton
14 January 1760 – 28 September 1844

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George FitzRoy

George FitzRoy 4th Duke of Grafton styled Earl of Euston until 1811, was a British peer and Whig politician.

Euston was the son of Augustus Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton and his wife Anne, daughter of Henry Liddell, 1st Baron Ravensworth. He was educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became a close friend of the William Pitt the Younger. From 1782-84, he was Member of Parliament for Thetford, and in 1784, he and Pitt were elected as MPs for Cambridge University. Euston held that seat until he succeeded his father in the dukedom in 1811 and then became a member of the House of Lords.

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Charlotte Maria Waldegrave

Grafton married Lady Charlotte Maria Waldegrave (1761–1808), daughter of James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, on 16 November 1784 at Navestock, Essex. They had eleven children:

  • Lady Maria (Mary) Anne (1785–1855), married Sir William Oglander, 6th Baronet and had issue.
  • Lady Georgiana (1787–1855), unmarried
  • Lady Elizabeth Anne (1788–1867), married her first cousin John Henry Smyth and had issue.
  • Henry, styled Earl of Euston, later 5th Duke of Grafton (1790–1863)
  • Lord Charles FitzRoy (1791–1865), married Lady Anne Cavendish (daughter of George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington) and had issue.
  • Lady Isabella Frances (1792–1875), married Henry Joseph St. John (d. 1857)
  • Lord William FitzRoy (1794–1804)
  • Lord Hugh FitzRoy (1795–1797)
  • Lord Richard FitzRoy (1798–1798)
  • Lord Richard FitzRoy (1800–1801)
  • Lord James FitzRoy (1804–1834)

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