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Posts Tagged ‘Duke of Portland’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

William Wellesley Pole 3rd Earl of Mornington
May 20-1763-February 22 1845

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Another less famous brother. William was the older brother of Arthur, who would become the Duke of Wellington. Born a Dangan Castle he was the second the son of the 1st Earl, Garret Wesley, and his older brother Richard was the 1st Marquess Wellesley. Another younger brother was the 1st Baron Cowley. He was educated at Eton and entered the Royal Navy where he served aboard the HMS Lion and fought at the Battle of Grenada.

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The young William Wesley aged 14, painted in 1777 by Benjamin West

The 1st Earl had debts and the family became cost conscious. Then in 1781 William Pole, William’s godfather and the husband of his great-aunt Ann Colley died and bequeathed his estates on Wesley. But they had to adopt the name Pole. William changed his name to Wesley-Pole.

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William Pole (d. 1781) who at his death bequeathed his estate to William Wesley

William was a Tory and became a member of the Irish Parliament for Trim between 1783 to 1790 and then of the British House of Commons for East Looe from 1790 to 1795 and Queen’s County from 1801 to 1821. He served as Secretary of the Admiralty under the Duke of Portland from 1807 to 1809 and as Chief Secretary for Ireland under Spencer Perceval from 1809 to 1812. He was also Lord of the Irish Treasury and Chancellor of he Irish Exchequer. He was part of the British Privy Council and Irish Privy Council and served as Master of the Mint under Lord Liverpool. (DWW-All this while Wellington was not in politics so much, but in the Army. And Richard was also a member of the government. Either this was a talented or well connected family.)

In 1821 he was elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Maryborough. He was also Master of the Buckhounds and Postmaster-General. Then in 1842 when Richard died he became 3rd Earl of Mornington.

In 1784 he married Katherine Elizabeth Forbes, daughter of Admiral Forbes and the granddaughter of the 3rd Earl of Granard and 3rd Earl of Essex. THey had one son and 3 daughters. The son became the 4th Earl, one daughter married Sir Charles Bagot who became Governor General of British North America, one daughter married the man who became the 1st Baron Raglan, and one married the man who became the 11th Earl of Westmorland.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville, First Lord of the Admiralty

March 14 1771 to June 10 1851

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Dundas was born in Edinburg, the only son of Henry Dundas, the 1st Viscount Melville. He was educated there at the Royal High School and in 1786 went on a tour of the continent. He enrolled at the Gottingen University and then continued his studies at the Edinburgh University and at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was admitted to Lincoln’s Inn in 1788 and then became his father’s private secretary from 1794. He was also bought in as MP for Hastings in 1794 and then Rye in 1796. In 1796 he married the heiress Anne Saunders and took her name also. They had four sons and two daughters.

Dundas was appointed Keeper of the Signet for Scotland and elected MP for Midlothian in 1801. He did not speak in parliament until 1805 and 1806 in defense of his father who was being impeached. He was tested when trying to negotiate being left in charge in Scotland. He failed but he won respect. The Duke of Portland rewarded him with the presidency of the Board of Control for India in 1807.

His main task now was to frustrate Napoleon in his alliance with Russia from doing anything against India. Dundas courted the Shah in Persia against France. He formed alliances with Lahore and Kabul. He took over Portuguese factories in India and China, Java and French Mauritius and Reunion. Dundas also saw to the decline in the finances of the East India Company which was suffering because of the war. Having found that the privileges accorded the Company were inefficient, he wrote legislation that was adopted to change those privileges in the Companies charter.

Dundas was tasked in 1809 as Chief Secretary for Ireland, and then when Spencer Perceval succeeded Portland, he wanted to make Dundas Secretary for War. Dundas’ father did not wish this, and so the son returned to his duties at the Board of Control. The first Viscount died, and Robert became Viscount in May of 1811. In 1812 under Lord Liverpool, Dundas became First Lord of the Admiralty.

During the Napoleonic wars, as First Lord, he was to maintain British Supremacy on the seas. He saw that with France controlling the ports of Holland and Italy in early 1813, that the enemy would soon surpass Britain’s strength should the war continue. The Duke of Wellington noted that he too was having a problem with the convoys that were supplying him, much of that due to American privateers that now were enemies due to the outbreak of hostilities with that nation starting in 1812.

With the Peace between France and the sixth coalition, Britain drastically cut its Navy. But Britain was also now the only true colonial power. It really had increased needs to keep all its possessions across the globe connected. Dundas wanted 100 ships of the line to support this empire, and the cabinet wanted 44. Dundas now looked for every economy so he could maintain a fleet against such a foolish notion by the cabinet. He was successful, some of this due to improving ship design and durability. He however was against the introduction of steamers, believing it an infant technology that would unreliable and expensive. By the late 1820s he was able to see his fleet achieve parity with France and the United States’ new construction spending.

He had a great affinity still for Scotland while serving as First Lord. He was appointed a governor of the Bank of Scotland and elected chancellor of the University of St. Andrews in 1814. He was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1821. When George Canning succeeded Liverpool as Prime Minister, he left office but returned under Wellington and Sir Robert Peel. Again taking the positions he had held before, President of the Board of Control and First Lord of the Admiralty. The Reform act changed matters, and in 1830 he resigned office never to hold it again. His wife died in 1841, and he died ten years later at Melville Castle.

Previous Notables (Click to see the Blog):

George III George IV Georgiana Cavendish
William IV Lady Hester Stanhope Lady Caroline Lamb
Princess Charlotte Queen Charlotte Charles James Fox
Queen Adelaide Dorothea Jordan Jane Austen
Maria Fitzherbert Lord Byron John Keats
Princess Caroline Percy Bysshe Shelley Cassandra Austen
Edmund Kean Thomas Clarkson Sir John Moore
John Burgoyne William Wilberforce Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Sarah Siddons Josiah Wedgwood Emma Hamilton
Hannah More John Phillip Kemble John Jervis, Earl St. Vincent
Ann Hatton Stephen Kemble Mary Robinson
Harriet Mellon Zachary Macaulay George Elphinstone
Thomas Babington George Romney Mary Moser
Ozias Humphry William Hayley Daniel Mendoza
Edward Pellew Angelica Kauffman Sir William Hamilton
David Garrick Pownoll Bastard Pellew Charles Arbuthnot
William Upcott William Huskisson Dominic Serres
Sir George Barlow Scrope Davies Charles Francis Greville
George Stubbs Fanny Kemble Thomas Warton
William Mason Thomas Troubridge Charles Stanhope
Robert Fulke Greville Gentleman John Jackson Ann Radcliffe
Edward ‘Golden Ball’ Hughes John Opie Adam Walker
John Ireland Henry Pierrepoint Robert Stephenson
Mary Shelley Sir Joshua Reynolds Francis Place
Richard Harding Evans Lord Thomas Foley Francis Burdett
John Gale Jones George Parker Bidder Sir George Warren
Edward Eliot William Beechey Eva Marie Veigel
Hugh Percy-Northumberland Charles Philip Yorke Lord Palmerston
Samuel Romilly John Petty 2nd Marquess Lansdowne Henry Herbert Southey
Stapleton Cotton Colin Macaulay Amelia Opie
Sir James Hall Henry Thomas Colebrooke Maria Foote
Sir David Baird


There will be many other notables coming, a full and changing list can be found here on the blog as I keep adding to it. The list so far is:

Home Popham

Colonel William Baillie
Sir Ralph Abercromby
Sir Hector Munro

James Kenney

Elizabeth Inchbald

George Colman the Younger

Thomas Morton

John Liston

Tyrone Power

Colonel William Berkeley

Barry Proctor

William Henry West Betty

Sir George Colebrooke

Joseph John Gurney

John Playfair

James Hutton

Robert Emmet

William Taylor of Norwich

Sir William Knighton

Dr. Robert Gooch

John Romilly

Sir John Herschel

John Horne Tooke

James Mill

Edward Hall Alderson

Henry Perronet Briggs

Robert Owen

Jeremy Bentham

Joseph Hume

Sir Walter Scott

Charles Lamb

John Stuart Mill

Thomas Cochrane

James Paull

Claire Clairmont

William Lovett

Sir John Vaughan

Fanny Imlay

William Godwin

Mary Wollstonecraft

General Sir Robert Arbuthnot

Harriet Fane Arbuthnot

Joseph Antonio Emidy
James Edwards (Bookseller)
William Gifford
John Wolcot (Peter Pindar)
Sir Joseph Banks
Richard Porson
Edward Gibbon
James Smithson
William Cowper
Richard Cumberland
Richard Cosway
Jacob Phillipp Hackert
John Thomas Serres
Wellington (the Military man)
Horatio Nelson
William Vincent
Cuthbert Collingwood
Admiral Sir Graham Moore
Admiral Sir William Sydney Smith
Admiral Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville
Howe
Viscount Hood
Thomas Hope
Baroness de Calabrella
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Harriet Martineau
Napoleon Bonaparte
Packenham
Admiral Israel Pellew
General Banastre Tarleton
Henry Paget
Francis Leggatt Chantrey
Sir Charles Grey
Thomas Picton
Constable
Thomas Lawrence
James Northcote
Cruikshank
Thomas Gainsborough
James Gillray
George Stubbs
Joseph Priestley
William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk 9th Duke of St. Albans
Horace Walpole
John Thomas ‘Antiquity’ Smith
Thomas Coutts
Angela Burdett-Coutts
Sir Anthony Carlisle
Rowlandson
William Blake
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Sir Marc Brunel
Marquis of Stafford Granville Leveson-Gower
Marquis of Stafford George Leveson-Gower
George Stephenson
Nicholas Wood
Edward Pease
Thomas Telford
Joseph Locke
Paul III Anton, Prince Esterházy
Thomas Egerton, 2nd Earl of Wilton
John Nash
Matthew Gregory Lewis
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Robert Southey
Thomas Hope
Henry Holland
Sir Walter Scott
Lord Elgin
Henry Moyes
Jeffery Wyatville
Hester Thrale
William Windham
Madame de Stael
Joseph Black
John Walker
James Boswell
Edward John Eliot
Edward James Eliot
Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough
George Combe
William Harrison Ainsworth
Sir Harry Smith
Thomas Cochrane
Warren Hastings
Edmund Burke
William Petty
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
Juana Maria de Los Dolores de Leon (Lady Smith)
Duke of Argyll, George William Campbell (1766-1839)
Lord Barrymore, Richard Barry (1769-1794)
Lord Bedford, Francis Russell (1765-1802)
Mr. G. Dawson Damer (1788-1856)
Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish (1748-1811)
Colonel George Hanger (c.1751-1824)
Lord Hertford, Francis Seymour-Ingram (1743-1822)
Lord Yarmouth, Francis Charles Seymour-Ingram (1777-1842)
Earl of Jersey, George Bussey Villiers (1735-1805)
Sir John , John Lade (1759-1838)
Duke of Norfolk, Charles Howard (1746-1815)
Duke of York , Frederick Augustus Hanover (1763-1827)
Louis Philippe Joseph, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1785 as Duc d’ Orleans (1747-1793)
Louis Philippe, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1793 as Duc d’ Orleans (1773-1850)
Captain John (Jack) Willett Payne (1752-1803)
Duke of Queensberry, William Douglas (1724-1810)
Duke of Rutland, John Henry Manners(1778-1857)
Lord Sefton, William Philip Molyneux (1772-1838)
Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (1759-1801)
Sir Lumley St. George Skeffington Baronet (1771 – 1850)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1766-1835)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1792-1853)
Hon. Frederick Gerald aka “Poodle” Byng

The Dandy Club
        Beau Brummell
        William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley
        Henry Mildmay

Patronesses of Almacks
        Emily Lamb, Lady Cowper
        Amelia Stewart, Viscountess Castlereagh
        Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey
        Maria Molyneux, Countess of Sefton
        Mrs. Drummond Burrell
        Dorothea Lieven, Countess de Lieven, wife of the Russian Ambassador
        Countess Esterhazy, wife of the Austrian Ambassador

If there are any requests for personalities to be added tot he list, just let us know in the comments section

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History

This week another break from the Squares of London. My NaNoWriMo novel at the end of last year I have given a work title to of The Other Shoe. While working through it I did some research on Gentleman’s Clubs and thought why not delve into other parts of the Regency besides the Squares I have been reporting on. Many of the scenes of the heroes in our stories are set at their clubs.

Brooks Club

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27 men, four of whom were Dukes, set up the club in 1764. It remains one of the most exclusive gentlemen’s clubs still. It was the meeting place for Whigs of the highest rung of the Ton.

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Originally in Pall Mall, it was managed by William Almack who also ran the famed Assembly Rooms with his name. (Managing one place which was the domain of ladies that men were invited to visit, and a place where no ‘Lady’ was invited at all.)

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The current building is on St. James Street and was managed by Brooks who survived its opening there in 1778 by only three years. It is across the street from Boodles, and just up the street is the Carlton club which is associated with the Tories.

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When in London and needing a distraction, riding and hunting being unavailable, the children and the women making such a caterwauling that a lord could just not stand it, what better place to go to then to the club. Here you could meet friends. There was a kitchen that provided large meals, but not great ones. Waiters was thus founded in 1806 for a better dining experience.

Then the gaming rooms became a mainstay of the club. The Betting book at Brooks has many examples of eccentric bets. Some bets so outrageous and impossible for the time that they remain unresolved.

One of the most famous of all the clubs that exist in the Regency period is Brooks. Such notables who lived during the Regency and were members of the club were William Cavendish-Bentinck, the 3rd Duke of Portland who was Prime Minister twice.PastedGraphic-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg William Cavendish,PastedGraphic1-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg the fifth duke of Devonshire, husband of the incomparable GeorgianaPastedGraphic2-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg Charles James Fox, PastedGraphic3-2012-04-21-14-05.jpgwho was the grandson of the 2nd Duke of Richmond, himself a grandson of Charles the II. Fox was the counter to William Pitt the Younger.PastedGraphic4-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg who was the youngest Prime Minister of the United Kingdom first, and then the second time of Great Britain as the way the country was addressed changed its name. Also a member as was his friend, William Wilberforce who was a tireless advocate of the abolition of slavery.PastedGraphic5-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg. Yet perhaps the most famous of our members will be he whom we owe the Regency to, George or often referred to in our novels, as Prinny.

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His brothers as well were members, the Duke of York PastedGraphic7-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg and the Duke of Clarence PastedGraphic8-2012-04-21-14-05.jpgwho later became King William the IV. Last we should make note of one regular visitor to the Regency Novels we write. The Beau, Beau BrummellPastedGraphic9-2012-04-21-14-05.jpgThe arbiter of good taste, leader of the Dandy club and known to sit with his friends in the window seat at White’s. He is worthy of his own posting.

So many major men of the Regency were members of Brooks that we have a place to when in London, our heroes will be drawn to for it is the magnet for them socially.

A Trolling We Will Go

I released a new book, an omnibus of the three first Trolling stories. In honor of that I have made the first tale of Humphrey and Gwendolyn available for a limited time for $.99 TrollingOmnibus-2012-04-21-14-05.jpg This introductory price is so those who have not discovered this fantasy work can delve into it for a very incentivised price and see if they like the series and continue on, either ordering the other two stories separately, or ordering all three in the Omnibus edition. There are still two more in the series for me to wrap up with edits and release. They have been written as those who follow my blog know. Just not yet gone through my final check protocols.

The Writing LIfe

I am not 78 pages (about 24000 words, into writing on The Crown Imposter. A fantasy that have had two different ideas about for the last few years. Neither was working by when I decided to combine them, all of sudden it worked and I wanted to write. Something I have been too exhausted to do these last few months

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