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Posts Tagged ‘Anne Horton Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn’

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester
29 May 1773 – 29 November 1844

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Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester

Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester was born in Grosvenor Street, Mayfair. Her father was Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, the third eldest son of The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales. Her mother was the Duchess of Gloucester, the illegitimate daughter of Edward Walpole. As a great granddaughter in the male line of George II, Sophia was styled Her Highness Princess Sophia of Gloucester from birth.

The princess was privately christened at Gloucester House on 26 June 1773, by Charles Moss, The Bishop of St David’s. She had three godparents: The Duke of Cumberland, her paternal uncle; The Duchess of Cumberland, her aunt by marriage; and The Queen of Denmark and Norway, her paternal aunt (who was represented by a proxy). The King had been asked to stand as godfather, but he refused, upset by his brother’s marriage to Maria Walpole, a commoner.

On 22 July 1816 Sophia’s brother, Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester, married their cousin, The Princess Mary, a daughter of George III. On their wedding day, the Prince Regent bestowed the style of His Royal Highness on the Duke of Gloucester. The next day, Sophia was also bestowed with the style Her Royal Highness, to give her equal rank with her brother. From then on, she was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Sophia of Gloucester.

Sophia was considered as a potential bride for the Duke of Clarence (who later ruled as King William IV), but she expressed no enthusiasm for the match. Sophia never married nor had any children. She lived at New Lodge in Winkfield, near Windsor in Berkshire and held the office of Ranger of Windsor Great Park. She died on 29 November 1844 and is buried in St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

John Luttrell-Olmius 3rd Earl of Carhampton
11 December 1739 – 19 March 1829

John Luttrell-Olmius 3rd Earl of Carhampton was the second son of Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton by Judith Maria Lawes, daughter of Sir Nicholas Lawes, Governor of Jamaica. He was the grandson of Henry Luttrell and the brother of Henry Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton, James Luttrell and Lady Anne Luttrell. He was a member of the Irish branch of the ancient family of Luttrell and a descendant of Sir Geoffrey de Luterel, who established Luttrellstown Castle, County Dublin in the early 13th century.

Luttrell was a captain in the Royal Navy but retired in 1789. He was returned to Parliament for Stockbridge in 1774, a seat he held until 1775, and again between 1780 and 1785. Between 1785 and 1826 he was a Commissioner of Excise. He succeeded his elder brother in the earldom in 1821. This was an Irish peerage and did not entitle him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords.

Lord Carhampton married the Honourable Elizabeth Olmius, daughter of John Olmius, 1st Baron Waltham, in 1766. He assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Olmius in 1787 after the death of his brother-in-law, Drigue Olmius, 2nd Baron Waltham. In 1798 he sold the Olmius family seat of New Hall to the founding nuns of New Hall School. There were three children from Lord Carhampton’s first marriage (however only one of his daughters would survive to adulthood):

  • Lady Frances Maria Luttrell Stuart (b. 1768), married Sir Simeon Stuart, 4th Baronet.
  • James Luttrell (d. 1772).
  • John Luttrell (d. 1769).

His first wife died in 1797. He married secondly Maria Morgan, daughter of John Morgan, in 1798. They had one child:

  • Lady Maria Anne Luttrell (1799–1861), married Lieutenant-Colonel Hardress Robert Saunderson.

Lord Carhampton died in March 1829, aged 89, when the earldom became extinct. Maria, Countess of Carhampton, died in January 1857.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Anne Horton Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn
24 January 1743 – 28 December 1808

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Anne Horton

Anne was born in Marylebone, London. She was the only daughter of Simon Luttrell, later first Earl of Carhampton, and his wife, Judith Maria Lawes.

Her father was a Member of the House of Commons before being created Baron Irnham in 1768, Viscount Carhampton in 1781 and Earl of Carhampton in 1785.

Anne was first married to a commoner, Christopher Horton (sometimes spelled Houghton) of Catton Hall, on 4 August 1765.

She later married Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, the sixth child of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, and a younger brother of George III. Their marriage took place at Hertford Street in Mayfair, London on 2 October 1771.

George III did not approve of the marriage as Anne was a commoner and previously married. He later had the Royal Marriages Act 1772 passed to prevent any descendant of George II marrying without the consent of the sovereign, a law which is still in force today.

Some sources describe Anne as being rather loose with her favours, given one wag’s comment that she was “the Duke of Grafton’s Mrs Houghton, the Duke of Dorset’s Mrs Houghton, everyone’s Mrs Houghton.”

Horace Walpole wrote “her coquetry was so active, so varied and yet so habitual, that it was difficult not to see through it and yet as difficult to resist it.” While she was generally considered a great beauty,Walpole considered her merely ” pretty”, except for her eyes, which were enchanting.

The marriage between Anne Horton and the Duke of Cumberland was described as a “conquest at Brighthelmstone” (now Brighton) by Mrs. Horton, “who”, Horace Walpole says, “had for many months been dallying with his passion, till she had fixed him to more serious views than he had intended.”

That her eyes were remarkably expressive is confirmed in the several portraits of Anne by Thomas Gainsborough.

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