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Posts Tagged ‘Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverly’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham
25 December 1760 – 27 October 1830

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George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham

George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham was the son of the 2nd Earl of Ashburnham and the former Elizabeth Crowley, being styled Viscount St Asaph from birth, and was baptised on 29 January 1761 at St George’s, Hanover Square, London, with King George III, the Duke of Newcastle and the Dowager Princess of Wales as his godparents.

In 1780, Lord St Asaph graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge, with a Master of Arts degree.

He married, firstly, the Hon. Sophia Thynne (19 December 1763 – 9 April 1791), daughter of the 3rd Viscount Weymouth (later the 1st Marquess of Bath), on 28 August 1784. They had four children:

  • George Ashburnham, Viscount St Asaph (8 October 1785 – 7 June 1813)
  • Lady Elizabeth Sophia Ashburnham (16 September 1786 – 13 March 1879)
  • The Hon. Sophia Ashburnham (29 January 1788 – 17 June 1807)
  • Ensign The Hon. John Ashburnham (3 June 1789 – 1810) (served in the Coldstream Guards in the Napoleonic Wars; drowned whilst returning from Portugal)

He married, secondly, Lady Charlotte Percy (3 June 1776 – 26 November 1862) on 25 July 1795. She was a daughter of the 1st Earl of Beverley, and a sister of George Percy, 5th Duke of Northumberland. They had 13 children:

  • The Hon. William Ashburnham (19 January 1797 – 1797) (died an infant)
  • Bertram Ashburnham, 4th Earl of Ashburnham (23 November 1797 – 22 June 1878)
  • The Hon. Percy Ashburnham (22 November 1799 – 25 January 1881)
  • Lady Charlotte Susan Ashburnham (23 February 1801 – 26 April 1865)
  • Lady Theodosia Julia Ashburnham (27 March 1802 – 22 August 1887)
  • The Hon. Charles Ashburnham (23 March 1803 – 22 December 1848)
  • Lady Georgiana Jemima Ashburnham (11 May 1805 – May 1882) (mother of Algernon Mitford)
  • Lady Jane Henrietta Ashburnham (19 July 1809 – 26 November 1896) (mother of the poet Swinburne)
  • Lady Katherine Frances Ashburnham (31 March 1812 – 6 April 1839)
  • Lady Eleanor Isabel Bridget Ashburnham (28 July 1814 – 6 March 1895)
  • General The Hon. Thomas Ashburnham, CB (1816 – 2 March 1872)
  • Lady Mary Agnes Blanche Ashburnham (23 January 1816 – 22 April 1899)
  • The Hon. Reginald Ashburnham (1819 – 5 March 1830)

Lord St Asaph was summoned to the House of Lords by writ in acceleration as 5th Baron Ashburnham in 1804. He held the office of Trustee of the British Museum between 1810 and 1830. In 1812 he succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Ashburnham. On his death he was survived by his fourth (but eldest surviving) son, Bertram, Viscount St. Asaph.

His main family home was at Ashburnham Place in Sussex, which belonged to the family from the late 11th century until 1953. The Ashburnham archive is held by the East Sussex Record Office.

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Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Josceline Percy (Royal Navy Officer)
29 January 1784 – 19 October 1856

Josceline Percy was the fourth son of Algernon Percy, second Baron Lovaine of Alnwick and his wife Isabella Susannah Burrell.

Through his father he was the grandson of Hugh Percy, first duke of Northumberland, and through his mother the grandson of Peter Burrell of Beckenham, Kent. His maternal uncle was Peter, first Baron Gwydyr, and Henry Percy and William Henry Percy were his younger brothers.

Born with a twin brother Hugh, Percy’s first naval service began in February 1797, on Lord Hugh Seymour’s flagship HMS Sans Pareil. Next he served on HMS Amphion from 1801 to 1803 in the Mediterranean and – whilst in that theatre of war – transferred (with Nelson and Hardy) into HMS Victory. From there he was made HMS Medusa’s acting lieutenant (under Captain John Gore, who was later knighted) in August 1803, and his assistance in her capture of Spanish treasure ships on 5 October 1804 led to that commission being confirmed the following 30 April.

He moved to HMS Diadem sometime before 1806, for he was in that ship that year with Sir Home Riggs Popham during Cape Town’s capture and was promoted from it to his first independent command came on 13 January 1806, over the brig HMS Espoir. To reach that ship he was posted to the Dutch ship Bato, then thought to be in Simon’s Bay, but – finding the Bato destroyed and that the Espoir had already sailed back to England – he had no choice but to return to the Diadem. The French 46-gun frigate Volontaire arrived in Table Bay on 4 March (not knowing the British had captured the Cape), and was seized, commissioned into the Royal Navy, and put under Percy’s command, with orders to reach St Helena and head a convoy then returning to England. He also received confirmation of his two promotions of 1806, which were given the dates of 22 January and 25 September 1806 respectively. On arrival in England, he became the Tory Member of Parliament for Beer Alston, Devon (a ‘pocket borough’ of his father’s), a role he held until 1820.

He assisted at the occupation of Madeira by Sir Samuel Hood in 1807 (commanding the 22 gun HMS Comus). To meet the terms of the convention of Cintra, requiring all defeated French forces to be returned to France, he transported the French general Junot from Portugal to La Rochelle in 1808, during his captaincy of the 36 gun HMS Nymphe. He commanded the frigate HMS Hotspur along the coast of France (and later at Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires) from November 1810 to the end of 1815, when he sailed back to England.

Made a Companion of the Bath on 26 September 1831, on 23 November 1841 he was promoted to rear-admiral, acting as the Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope (November 1841-spring 1846) and Commander-in-Chief, Sheerness (June 1851-June 1854), having been promoted to vice admiral on 29 April 1851. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief, The Nore in 1851.

On 9 December 1820, he married Sophia Elizabeth Walhouse (died 13 December 1875), daughter of Moreton Walhouse of Hatherton, Staffordshire, and sister of Lord Hatherton. One son and three daughters were born of the marriage. The only son Alan (1825–1845) died young; of the daughters

  • Sophia Louisa Percy (24 December 1821 Hatherton – 7 November 1908), author of Links with the Past married 7 July 1846 Col. Charles Bagot.
  • Emily Percy (12 September 1826 – 17 December 1919) married 17 July 1852, Gen. Sir Charles Lawrence d’Aguilar, G.C.B.
  • Charlotte Alice Percy (17 July 1831 – 26 May 1916) who in 1858 married her first cousin Edward Percy Thompson.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

William Henry Percy
24 March 1788 – 5 October 1855

William Henry Percy was the sixth son of Algernon Percy, 1st Earl of Beverley, and his wife Isabella Susannah Burrell, daughter of Peter Burrell.

Entering the navy as a first-class volunteer on board the 64 gun HMS Lion in May 1801 and going with it to China, Percy returned in November 1802 and was posted to the HMS Medusa as a midshipman. (Soon afterwards, his elder brother Josceline was appointed its acting lieutenant.) He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1807. Promoted to commander in 1810, his first command was the troopship HMS Mermaid in 1811. Percy and Mermaid transported troops between Britain and Iberia for the Peninsular War).

He was made post captain on 21 March 1812, but his next command (of the 20 gun HMS Hermes during 1814, operating on the North American coast) came to grief when he lost 50 of his crew wounded or killed in an unsuccessful attack on Fort Bowyer, Mobile and then had to set fire to his own ship to keep her out of enemy hands. A court martial determined that the attack was warranted by the circumstances. Still, this was his last naval service, though he did carry back to England despatches announcing the British defeat at the Battle of New Orleans.

For a while during his retirement he was a commissioner of excise and – thanks to the influence of his maternal aunt’s stepson, Brownlow Cecil the second Marquess of Exeter – he sat as Tory MP for Stamford, Lincolnshire from 1818 to 1826. He was made a rear-admiral on the retired list on 1 October 1846.
Percy died unmarried in October 1855, aged 67.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverly
21 January 1750 – 21 October 1830

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Algernon Percy

Born Algernon Smithson, he was the second son of Hugh Percy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Seymour, only daughter of Algernon Seymour, 7th Duke of Somerset. He was the brother of Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland, and the half-brother of James Smithson. He was educated at Eton.

In 1774, Percy was elected MP for Northumberland. He was elected MP for both Northumberland and Bere Alston in 1780, and chose to continue sitting for Northumberland. In 1786, he left the Commons when he inherited his father’s barony of Lovaine (a title which was created for his father with a special remainder to pass to Algernon as a second son). He was created Earl of Beverley, in the County of York, in 1790.

Lord Beverley married Isabella Burrell, second daughter of Peter Burrell and sister of Peter Burrell, 1st Baron Gwydyr, in 1775. Their surviving children were:

  • George Percy, later 5th Duke of Northumberland
  • Hon. Algernon Percy, diplomat.
  • Hon. Hugh Percy, later Bishop of Rochester and Carlisle.
  • Hon. Josceline Percy, naval commander.
  • Hon. Henry Percy, naval officer.
  • Hon. William Henry Percy, politician and naval commander.
  • Hon. Francis John Percy, army officer.
  • Lord Charles Greatheed-Bertie-Percy
  • Lady Charlotte Percy, married the 3rd Earl of Ashburnham and had issue.
  • Lady Emily Charlotte Percy, married Andrew Mortimer Drummond.
  • Lady Elizabeth Percy
  • Lady Louisa Margaret Percy

Lord Beverley died in October 1830, aged 80, and was succeeded by his eldest son, George, who later inherited the dukedom of Northumberland from his cousin, the 4th Duke, in 1865.

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