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Posts Tagged ‘Alan Hyde Gardner 2nd Baron Gardner’

Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Alan Legge Gardner 3rd Baron Gardner
29 January 1810 – 2 November 1883

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Alan Legge Gardner

Alan Legge Gardner 3rd Baron Gardner r was the son of Admiral Alan Gardner, 2nd Baron Gardner. A viscountcy was to be conferred on his father in 1815, but he died before the patent had passed the Great Seal and the title was never given to his son. He did, however, manage to get his father’s barony passed down to him instead of his father’s other son, Mr Fenton Gardner, by establishing that Fenton was illegitimate.

In his youth, Gardner was a member of the literary salon established by the Countess of Blessington and the Count D’Orsay. He was also a celebrated sportsman. He sat on the Whig benches in the House of Lords and served in the Whig administration of Lord Melbourne as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1837 to 1841.

Lord Gardner married firstly Frances Margaret Hughes (12 October 1814 – 3 December 1847) in 1835. The marriage was childless. After her death he married secondly the actress Julia Sarah Hayfield Fortescue (1817 – 3 November 1899 Brighton), daughter of Edward E. T. Fortescue, in December 1848 at St George’s, Hanover Square, London. They had several children born before and after their marriage; as his former mistress, she was unacceptable in Victorian high society.

His son Herbert Gardner, born two years before his parents’ wedding, became a Liberal politician and was created Baron Burghclere in 1895. One of Lord Gardner’s legitimate daughters, the Hon. Florence (7 Feb 1853 -3 Aug 1934), was the wife of William Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow, sometime Governor-General of New Zealand; a granddaughter Lady Dorothy Onslow married Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and became Vicereine of India. Gardner died in November 1883, aged 73, when his titles became dormant. Lady Gardner died in 1899.

  • a son (b 1842), possibly Col. Alan Coulston Gardner (d 1907); he married and had issue 2 sons, but was illegitimate so could not inherit the 1798 barony.
  • a son (b 1843)
  • Herbert Gardner (1846-1921), who married Lady Winifred Byng, née Herbert, daughter of the 4th Earl of Carnarvon, and had issue 4 daughters. One daughter Evelyn was the first wife of Evelyn Waugh and was thus known as “She-Evelyn”. Another daughter married Geoffrey Hope-Morley, 2nd Baron Hollenden.
  • Hon. Florence Coulston Gardner (7 Feb 1853 -3 Aug 1934), married William Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow, sometime Governor-General of New Zealand, and had issue.
  • Hon. Evelyn Coulston Gardner (1856–1902), married 1881 William Fuller Maitland and had issue
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Regency Personalities Series

In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Alan Hyde Gardner 2nd Baron Gardner
5 February 1770 – 22 December 1815

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Alan Hyde Gardner

Alan Hyde Gardner 2nd Baron Gardner the son of Admiral Alan Gardner, 1st Baron Gardner, he followed his father into the Royal Navy. In 1796 he was captain of the frigate HMS Heroine, in 1802 he was captain of Resolution and in 1805 of the 74 gun HMS Hero – in the latter he was present at the action off Ferrol in 1805 and led the vanguard at the Battle of Cape Finisterre later that year.

In 1815 it was announced that he was to be created a Viscount, but he died before the patent had passed the Great Seal. He passed on the title of Baron Gardner to his son, Alan.

  1. His first marriage was on 9 March 1796 to Maria Elizabeth Adderley, the daughter of Thomas Adderley and his wife Margaretta Bourke, later Baroness Hobart (d. 1796), and stepdaughter since 1792 of Robert, Baron Hobart, the future Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1801-04. The couple divorced in 1805, after Lord Gardner discovered his wife’s adultery and secret delivery of a child in June 1803, and brought about an ecclesiastical suit followed by an Act of Parliament, citing her adultery with a Henry Jadis (the father of her son born in 1803, Henry Fenton Gardner, who was declared illegitimate by the House of Lords in 1825). According to the Treatise on Adulterine Bastardy, the divorced Mrs Gardner married her lover immediately afterwards, and they raised Henry Fenton as their own child and with the Jadis surname.
  2. His second marriage (as 2nd Baron Gardner) was on 10 April 1809 to Charlotte Elizabeth Smith (d 27 March 1811), third daughter of Robert Smith, 1st Baron Carrington of Upton and his wife Anne Boldero-Barnard. The couple had one son Alan (29 January 1810 – 2 November 1883) and one daughter, Hon. Charlotte Susannah Gardner (b 29 December 1810; d 15 August 1859) md 1835 Edward Vernon Harbord, 4th Lord Suffield (1813-1853) without issue. These children were “Irish twins”” (born in the same calendar year, and within twelve months of each other), and it is not surprising that Lady Gardner died three months later.

The 2nd Baron Gardner inherited his father’s barony and baronetcy in 1800. He died 1815, leaving legitimate issue. Efforts were made in 1824 to seat his son as a peer, and to ensure that Fenton Gardner (son of Lord Gardner’s first wife) would not inherit the peerage. The subsequent proceeding in the House of Lords established that Alan Legge Gardner was the 3rd Baron Gardner, and that his (half) brother was in fact illegitimate.

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