Posts Tagged ‘1834’


Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-10-8-10-09.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-10-8-10-09.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-10-8-10-09.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1834:

Year Month Day Event
1834 Jan 10 Lord Acton [John E.E. Dalberg], English historian and editor of The Rambler, a Roman Catholic monthly, was born.
1834 Jan 29 President Jackson ordered the 1st use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute. Jackson ordered the War Department to put down a “riotous assembly” near Willamsport, Maryland, among Irish laborers constructing the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
1834 Jan New of the failure of business houses and banks in Philadelphia, NY, and Washington heralded the newspapers.
1834 Feb 8 Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev (d.1907), Russian chemist, was born. He formulated the periodic table of elements.
1834 Feb 9 Franz Xaver Witt, composer, was born.
1834 Feb 26 New York and New Jersey ratified the 1st US interstate crime compact.
1834 Mar 6 The city of York in Upper Canada was incorporated as Toronto.
1834 Mar 22 Horace Greeley published “New Yorker,” a weekly literary and news magazine and forerunner of Harold Ross’ more successful “The New Yorker.”
1834 Mar 24 John Wesley Powell, US, geologist, explorer, ethnologist, was born.
1834 Mar 24 William Morris, English craftsman, poet, socialist, was born.
1834 Mar 28 The US Senate voted to censure Pres. Jackson for the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States. The Senate declared that Pres. Andrew Jackson: “in the last executive proceedings in relation to the public revenue, has assumed upon himself authority and power not conferred by the constitution and laws, but in derogation of both.”
1834 Apr 1 Isidore Edouard Legouix, composer, was born.
1834 Apr 2 Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, sculptor (Statue of  Liberty), was born in Colmar, France.
1834 Apr 13 HMS Beagle anchored at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia.
1834 Apr 15 The Honore Daumier painting “Rue Transnonain, le 15 Avril 1834” showed the ghastly aftermath of a civilian massacre by French government forces.
1834 Apr 18 William Lamb became the prime minister of England.
1834 Apr 26 Artemus Ward, (Charles Farrar Browne), humorist, was born.
1834 Apr 29 Charles Darwin’s expedition saw the top of Andes from Patagonia.
1834 May 5 The first mainland railway line opened in Belgium.
1834 May 5 Charles Darwin’s expedition continued at Rio Santa Cruz.
1834 May 20 The Marquis de Lafayette (78), US Revolutionary War hero (Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roche Gilbert du Motier), died in Paris, France. He was the 1st foreigner to address Congress. In 2002 Congress moved to make him an honorary US citizen. In 1983 Olivier Bernier authored “Lafayette, Hero of Two Worlds.” In 200 Harlow Giles Unger authored “Lafayette.”
1834 Jun 2 The 5th national black convention met in NYC.
1834 Jun 21 Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine.
1834 Jun 30 Congress passed the final Indian Intercourse Act. In addition to regulating relations between Indians living on Indian land and non-Indians, this final act identified an area known as “Indian country”. This land was described as being “…all that part of the United States west of the Mississippi and not within the states of Missouri and Louisiana, or the territory of Arkansas…” This is the land that became known as Indian Territory. Oklahoma was declared Indian Territory.
1834 16-Jul Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
1834 Jul 10 James Abbott McNeil Whistler (d.1903), US expatriate painter famous for painting his mother, was born.
1834 Jul 15 Lord Napier of England arrived at Macao, China as the first chief superintendent of trade.
1834 Jul 19 Hilaire Germain Edgar Degas (d.1917), French impressionist painter. His mother was a Creole and he journeyed to New Orleans in 1872. His work included “The Millinery Shop,” “Combing the Hair,” “Nude Fixing Her Hair,” “Two Dancers” (c1890-1898), “Frieze of Dancers” (1893-1898), “Self Portrait” (c1863-1865 & c1895-1900) and “Blue Dancers” (1895). He also collected art and by the time of his death had amassed more than 500 paintings and 5,000 prints. The collection was auctioned off in Paris from Mar 1918 to Jul 1919. His time in New Orleans is covered in the 1997 book “Degas in New Orleans: Encounters in the Creole World of Kate Chopin and George Washington Cable” by Christopher Benfey.
1834 Jul 23 James Gibbons, American religious leader and founder of Catholic University, was born.
1834 Jul 25 Samuel Taylor Coleridge (b.1772), English poet, died. He and his friend William Wordsworth were among the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and later identified, along with Robert Southey, as the Lake School of poets. Coleridge’s work included “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner,” “Frost at Midnight” and “Kubla Khan.” In his later life he authored the “Bibliographia Literaria,” a work of literary theory. In 1999 Richard Holmes published “Coleridge: Darker Reflections, 1804-1834,” which focused on the poet’s later life. His volume “Coleridge: Early Visions” was published in 1989. In 2007 Adam Sisman authored “The Friendship: Wordsworth & Coleridge.”
1834 Aug 1 The British Emancipation Act went into effect abolishing slavery throughout the British Empire. This ended slavery in Canada, in the West Indies and in all Caribbean holdings. Some 35,000 slaves were freed in the Cape Colony. The Minstrels Parada in Cape Town, SA, originated as a spontaneous outpouring of marches, music and dancing to mark the abolition of slavery.
1834 Aug 18 Mt. Vesuvius erupted.
1834 Aug 31 Amilcare Ponchielli, composer (La Gioconda), was born in Paderno, Italy.
1834 Aug The barque Charles Eaton was wrecked on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. 2 years later the schooner Isabella arrived in Sydney with the cabin boy of the lost ship, a 5-year old child and 17 skulls of passengers murdered on Boydang Island. This event prompted an expedition to survey the reef, the Torres Strait and the southern coast of new Guinea. In 2005 Jordan Goodman authored “The Rattlesnake: A Voyage of Discovery to the Coral Sea,” an account of the survey expedition.
1834 Sep 9 Parliament passed the Municipal Corporations Act, reforming city and town governments in England.
1834 Sep 16 The Bank of the US abandoned its policy of loan curtailment as Nicholas Biddle moved to secure a new charter from the state of Pennsylvania.
1834 Sep 27 Charles Darwin returned to Valparaiso.
1834 Oct 8 Francois-Adrien Boiledieu (58), composer (La Dame Blanche), died.
1834 Oct 16 In London the Houses of Parliament caught fire and many historic documents were burned. J.M.W. created two oil paintings of the burning of the Houses of Parliament.
1834 Oct Constantine Samuel Rafinisque submitted an essay to the Royal Institute of France on the language of the Delaware Indians.
1834 14-Nov Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
1834 Nov 1 The 1st published reference to poker was as Mississippi riverboat game.
1834 Nov 10 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin sailed from Valparaiso.
1834 Nov 14 William Thomson entered Glasgow Univ. at 10 yrs 4 months.
1834 Nov 21 HMS Beagle anchored at Bay of San Carlos, Chile.
1834 Nov 23 Hector Berlioz’s “Harold in Italy,” premiered.
1834 Nov 25 Jean-Baptist Colyns, composer, was born.
1834 Nov 25 Delmonico’s, one of NY’s finest restaurants, provided a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents.
1834 Nov John Heckewelder, Moravian missionary, published a list of Lenape Indian names, a Delaware Indian tribe.
1834 10-Dec Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet
1834 Dec 3 1st US dental society was organized in NY.
1834 Dec 10 Robert Peel (1788-1850) became prime minister of Britain after launching the first national election manifesto in British history.
1834 Dec 23 Joseph Hansom of London received a patent for Hansom cabs.
1834 Dec 25 Charles Darwin celebrated Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile.
1834 Dec 27 Charles Lamb (b.1775), English critic, poet, essayist, died. “No one ever regarded the first of January with indifference. It is the nativity of our common Adam.”
1834 Dec 29 Thomas R. Malthus (b.1766), English vicar, economist (“Essay On Population”), died.
1834 Dec Constantine Samuel Rafinisque submitted a supplement to the Royal Institute of France to his essay on the language of the Delaware Indians.
1834 Charles Babbage develops his analytic engine–the forerunner of the computer. 
1834 Fox Talbot produces photographs.
1834 Britain’s Abolition Slavery Act goes into effect, with the British government prepared to compensate financially those who lose slaves. In Canada many slaves had been freed years before. The remaining 781,000 slaves are freed, but no claims for compensation are submitted. 
1834 The Queen Mother, Maria Christina, fourth wife of Ferdinand VII, who died in 1833, officially ends Spain’s Inquisition.
1834 James McNeill Whistler (d.1903), American painter and etcher, was born in Lowell Mass., the son of a civil engineer. He grew up in St. Petersburg, Russia, where his father was overseeing a railway line. He attended West Point and was expelled. He left the US for good at age 21 and painted beside Gustave Courbet. He worked in France and England after 1855. He painted “The White Girl.”
1834 Honore Daumier created his lithograph “The Legislative Belly.”
1834 Frederick Marryat authored the novel “Jacob Faithfully.” The term Shiver My Timbers!, an expletive denoting surprise or disbelief, was first seen in this book. It alluded to a ship’s striking a rock or shoal so hard that her timbers shiver. In 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson found the term to be the perfect exclamation for the irascible Long John Silver: “So! Shiver me timbers, here’s Jim Hawkins!” This stereotypical expletive became extremely popular with writers of sea yarns and Hollywood swashbucklers.
1834 “Turkey in the Straw” became a popular tune in the US.
1834 Gaetano Donizetti had the premier of his opera “Rosmonda d’Inghilterra,” a story of Rosamond Clifford, who was put in a tower by her lover King Henry II.
1834 A new brass plaque was forged in 1996 for the San Francisco Pioneer Monument that reads: With their efforts over in 1934, the missionaries left behind about 56,000 converts- and 150,000 dead. Half the original native American population had perished during this time from diseases, armed attacks and mistreatment.
1834 Pres. Jackson had special 1804 silver dollars minted for the sultan of Muscat (later Oman) and the King of Siam (later Thailand) for trade treaties negotiated by Edmund Roberts.
1834 Roger Brooke Taney was nominated to the US Supreme Court.
1834 New York and New Jersey made a compact over Ellis Island, then a 3-acre site that held that the surrounding submerged land belonged to New Jersey. By 1998 the island was 27.5 acres due to landfill and its ownership was under contention.
1834 California’s 1st printing press, an old wooden Ramage press, was off-loaded at Monterey, Ca. It later produced the 1st issues of 5 California newspapers of the gold rush. It was burned by ruffians in Columbia, Ca, on Nov 13, 1861.
1834 Orders to secularize the California missions arrived from Mexico and ended mission ownership by the Franciscans. General Mariano Vallejo also arrived to Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma. General Vallejo’s job was to establish a town and so Sonoma was designed around a central plaza.
1834 A crippled Hojun-maru junk, blown off course with 3 Japanese castaways, washed ashore on Cape Flattery in Washington state. Makah Indians seized the cargo, enslaved the sailors and then sold them to the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1834  Bolivia’s Penal Code of 1834, Article 139, stated: “Anyone who conspires directly and in fact to establish another religion in Bolivia or (promotes) that the Republic cease to profess the Roman, Catholic, and Apostolic Religion, is traitor and will be punished with the death penalty.”
1834 Lord Sandys, English governor of Bengal, took a sample of an Indian sauce to an apothecary in Worcester, 100 miles northwest of London, and asked the pharmacists John Wheeley Lea and William Perrins to make a similar batch. The new batch tasted awful until it was allowed to age for a while. They then put together what became known worldwide as Worcestershire Sauce. [2nd source gave an 1835 date]
1834 Sardines were canned in Europe for the first time.
1834 Henry Fox Talbot, a wealthy English gentleman, began experimenting with silver chloride to produce photographic images.
1834 William Russell Birch (b.1755), English-born artist, died. He had settled in Philadelphia with his son in 1794 and in 1800 published 28 drawn and engraved hand-colored images of Philadelphia.
1834 Joseph-Marie Jacquard (b.1752), French loom maker and inventor, died. In 2004 James Essinger authored “Jacquard’s Web,” a biography that connects Jacquard’s work to computer technology.
1834 Eleuthere Irenee du Pont de Nemours, founder of a large gun powder operation, died. The company was re-charted as a partnership and then the French and original stockholders were all bought out buy the family. General Henry du Pont, the 2nd son of E.I. du Pont led the company till his death in 1899.
1834 Banco Economico SA was founded in Brazil. In 1995 this 8th largest bank in Brazil and the oldest bank in Latin America failed and was taken over by the central bank.
1834 After this time the Tories, a political group in the British House of Commons, preferred to use the term Conservative. The word Tories was originally used to describe rural bandits in Ireland. In the 17th century it had become a term applied to monarchists in the House of Commons. By the 18th century the Tories were politicians who favored royal authority, the established church and who sought to preserve the traditional political structure and opposed parliamentary reform.
1834 In London Joe Hansom put his Hansom cabs onto the streets.
1834 Mexico granted Don Salvio Pacheco 18,000 acres in northern California known as Monte del Diablo, which included what would later became Concord and Walnut Creek. The family later donated land to the government for roads and public buildings. The area was originally inhabited by the Bolbones Indians.
1834 A Frenchman invented a wire nail-making machine.
1834 Carl Friedrich Uhlig of Germany developed the German concertina.
1834 Slavery was abolished in Guyana and people from India were brought in to work on sugar plantations.
1834 At the Shrine of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem the ceremony of the Holy Fire led to a stampede in which many people were killed.
1834 In Madrid, Spain, a time capsule with books, documents and mementos, was buried beneath a statue of writer Miguel de Cervantes. The lead box was uncovered in December, 2009.
1834 The maharaja of Jammu was able to annex Ladakh, a West Tibetan kingdom.
1834-1840 10-20,000 Afrikaners set out on the Great Trek to get away from British rule. This was less than 20% of the Afrikaners of the frontier districts.
1834-1858 Imam Shamil (1797-1871) ruled over a self-proclaimed imamat (Chechnya). He united part of the North Caucasian highlanders in their struggle against tsarist Russia and set up a theocratic sharia state known as imamat that resisted Tsarist Russia for 27 years.
1834-1861 The Citizens Bank of Louisiana, a predecessor of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., secured loans with mortgages and thousands of slaves. Bernard de Marigny, plantation owner and one of the richest men of the epoch, put 62 slaves into the banks books as collateral for borrowed money to support his gambling habit.
1834-1888 Currier and Ives lithographs, manufactured in New York and form a sweeping pictorial record of mid-19th century America. When he first opened his shop, Nathaniel Currier had just finished an apprenticeship in lithography, an 18th-century printing process involving making images from inked stones. When an 1835 fire destroyed much of old New Amsterdam, Currier rushed a lithograph of the disaster into print. Ruins of the Merchant’s Exchange, NY (shown above) sold briskly and launched Currier’s career in pictorial journalism. In 1852, Currier hired bookkeeper and lithographer James Ives, making him a business partner in 1857. Together the two men built Currier and Ives into the most successful lithography house of their time and left a legacy of more than 7,000 prints that document the humor, political climate, current events and sentiments of mid-19th-century American life.
1834-1894 Philip G. Hamerton, English artist and essayist: “Have you ever observed that we pay much more attention to a wise passage when it is quoted than when we read it in the original author?”
1834-1896 William Morris, founder of the Socialist League and active in painting, designing, printing and literature. He was born in Walthamstow (near London), England. His biography is written by Fiona MacCarthy in 1995 and titled: William Morris: A Life for Our Time. She describes Morris as wearing Nietzsche’s “mask of the great man,” i.e. one who embraces a gargantuan cause not out of conviction but simply because he feels that this is what he is supposed to do.
1834-1896 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian. Treitschke coined the word and concept of “lebensraum”-German for “living space”-which was later embraced by Hitler in his drive for domination of Europe. Von Treitschke believed Prussia should be a world power and should seize whatever land it needed.  German geographer Karl Haushofer took the idea to justify Germany’s need for more territory for a growing population, and that notion was subsequently taken up by Hitler and the Nazis.  Haushofer became one of Hitler’s closest advisers and his theories, known as “Weltpolitik” were among the cornerstones of Nazi expansion.
1834-1902 Lord Acton, English historian: “Liberty is not a means to a higher political end. It is itself the highest political end.”
1834-1902 John Wesley Powell, American scientist and explorer. He explored the canyons of the Green and Colorado Rivers. he was the first director of the Bureau of Ethnology and a director of the Geological Survey (1881-1892).
1834-1910 Leon Walras, French economist. He founded the marginalist school of economic thought, which held that prices depend on the level of customer demand. He developed a mathematical formulation of the mechanics of the price system with equations that tied together theories of production, exchange, money and capital. His general equilibrium theory is called “Walrasion general equilibrium” and is still part of modern economic theory.
1834-1919 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist, morphologist and philosopher. He coined the terms ecology and phylogeny and proposed the theory that “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.”

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