Posts Tagged ‘1828’


Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-28-08-49.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorealing Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1828:

Year Month Day Event
1828 2-Jan Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
1828 Jan 31 Alexandros Ypsilanti (35), Greek resistance fighter, died.
1828 Feb 8 French author Jules Verne (d.1905) was born. He is considered the father of science fiction. Many of his 19th-century works forecast amazing scientific feats–feats that were actually carried out in the 20th century–with uncanny accuracy. Verne’s 1865 book From the Earth to the Moon told the story of a space ship that is launched from Florida to the moon and that returns to Earth by landing in the ocean. Something of a scientist and traveler himself, Verne’s 1870 work about a submarine, “Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea,” and “Around the World in Eighty Days” also foretold technological advances that seemed fantastic at the time. “Anything one man can imagine, other men can make real.”
1828 Feb 12 George Meredith, English poet and novelist, was born.
1828 Feb 18 More than 100 vessels were destroyed in a storm at Gibraltar.
1828 Feb 21 The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix, the 1st American Indian newspaper in US, was printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
1828 Mar 5 Johann Gungl, composer, was born.
1828 Mar 8 Johann Anton Sulzer (75), composer, died.
1828 Mar 17 Maj. Gen’l. Patrick R. Cleburne, the “Stonewall” of the West, was born.
1828 Mar 20 Henrik Ibsen (d.1906), poet and dramatist was born in Skien, Norway. His work included “Peer Gynt” and “Hedda Gabler.” “The worst enemy of truth and freedom in our society is the compact majority. Yes, the damned, compact, liberal majority.” In 1971 the 3rd and final volume of “Ibsen: A Biography” by Michael Meyer (d.2000) was published.
1828 Apr 4 Casparus van Wooden patented chocolate milk powder (Amsterdam).
1828 Apr 14 The first edition of Noah Webster’s “American Dictionary of the English Language” was published. Webster had finished writing it in England in January, 1825.
1828 Apr 16 Francisco Jose Goya y Lucientes (b.1746), Spanish painter, cartoonist, died at age 82 in France. He had served 3 generations of Spanish kings as court painter. In 2002 Julia Blackburn authored “Old Man Goya.” In 2003 Robert Hughes authored “Goya.” See link for Goya timeline.
1828 Apr 21 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher, historian (Voyage in Italy), was born.
1828 Apr 26 Russia declared war on Turkey to support Greece’s independence.
1828 May 6 The Cherokee Indians were forced to sign a treaty giving up their Arkansas Reservation for a new home in what later became Oklahoma. This led to a split in the tribe as one group moved to Oklahoma and others stayed behind and became known as the Lost Cherokees.
1828 May 8 Jean Henri Dunant (d.1910), Swiss philanthropist, was born. He founded the Int’l. Committee of the Red Cross and was the first recipient (jointly) of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1828 May 12 Dante Gabriel Rossetti (d.1882), English poet and painter, was born. He helped found the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
1828 May 13 US passed the Tariff of Abominations. Congress raised duties on manufactured goods from abroad on which the South was dependent. South Carolina declared the tariff null and void within its borders and pres. Jackson threatened to send in troops. The tariffs were lowered in 1833.
1828 May 16 Sir William Congreve (b.1772), British artillerist and inventor, died. In 1805 he developed the Congreve Rocket.
1828 May 18 The Battle of Las Piedras, ended the conflict between Uruguay and Brazil.
1828 May 22 Albrecht von Grafe, German eye surgeon, founder of modern ophthalmology, was born.
1828 Jun 7 A party led by Jebediah Smith completed a journey down the Klamath River and were on the verge of starvation when they were visited by Indians who brought food. Smith’s party proceeded north to Oregon and most of the party was killed by Umpqua Indians. Smith was killed in 1831 by Comanches on the Cimarron River. Smith’s party were the 1st white people to see Lake Earl, the biggest lagoon on the West Coast.
1828 Jun 13 Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was proclaimed dictator (Colombia).
1828 Jul 4 James Johnston Pettigrew, scholar, teacher, Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
1828 Jul 4 Ground-breaking ceremonies were held in Baltimore for construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, turned the spade in Baltimore. At the groundbreaking, Carroll said, “I consider this among the most important acts of my life, second only to that of signing the Declaration of Independence, if even it be second to that.” On the same day, in nearby Georgetown, President John Quincy Adams, with great fanfare, lifted the first shovel of dirt to begin construction of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal that would link Washington, Baltimore and Pittsburgh by water. The railroad went on to become one of the nation’s longest rail lines, reaching St. Louis, Missouri, in 1857. The 185-mile canal, though it had many years of use, was quickly eclipsed as a transportation medium by the superior technology of the railroad.
1828 Jul 27 Gilbert Charles Stuart, painter, died.
1828 Aug 22 Franz Joseph Gall (70), German-French physician, fraud  (phrenology), died.
1828 Aug 28 Leo Tolstoy (d.1910), Russian novelist, was born. His work included “War and Peace” and  “Anna Karenina.” “History would be an excellent thing if only it were true.” “It is amazing how complete is the delusion that beauty is goodness.” [see Sep 9]
1828 Aug England’s Thames Tunnel Company was forced to halt operations due to accidents and loss of financial support. Work was halted for 7 years.
1828 Sep 8 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), hero of Little Round Top at Gettysburg, was born.
1828 Sep 9 Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist, was born.  [see Aug 28]
1828 Sep 20 Gioacchino Rossini’s opera “Le Comte Ory,” premiered in Paris.
1828 Nov 1 Balfour Steward, Scottish physicist and meteorologist, was born.
1828 Nov 8 Thomas Bewick (b.1753), English engraver and ornithologist, died. In 2007 Jenny Uglow authored “Nature’s Engraver: A Life of Thomas Bewick.”
1828 Nov 19 Franz Schubert (b.1797), Austrian composer, died of syphilis in Vienna. In this he composed his song cycle “Schwanengesang.” His work included the C-Major Symphony, string quartets, 3 piano sonatas, and the C-Major String Quartet. Otto Erich Deutsch catalogued his work [hence the “D” numbers] and wrote a documentary biography. In 1997 Brian Newbould  wrote “Schubert: The Music and the Man.”
1828 Dec 3 Andrew Jackson was elected 7th president of the United States over John Quincy Adams. Resentment of the restrictive credit policies of the first central bank, the Bank of the United States, fueled a populist backlash that elected Andrew Jackson.
1828 Dec 22 Rachel Jackson, beloved wife of Andrew Jackson, died of heart disease just weeks before her recently elected husband was inaugurated as president of the United States. Andrew Jackson had been 21 and a promising young lawyer when Rachel Donelson Robards, his landlady’s daughter and the estranged wife of Lewis Robards of Kentucky, caught his eye. Robards had started divorce proceedings, but had dropped them without his wife’s knowledge. Believing she was a free woman, Rachel married Andrew Jackson in 1791. Two years later, the couple discovered that Robards was finally suing for divorce–on the grounds of adultery and desertion. The divorce was granted, and in 1794, the couple quietly remarried. Yet, for the rest of her life, Rachel was unjustly slandered for her irregular marriage. The gossip became particularly painful during the 1828 presidential campaign when the 37-year-old scandal was resurrected as a campaign issue. Andrew Jackson defeated his opponent John Quincy Adams, but when Rachel died soon after the election, Jackson bitterly attributed her death to “those vile wretches who…slandered her.”
1828 Dec 23 Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer, poet (Tagebuchblatter), was born.
1828 America’s Shakers drop their permissive attitude toward alcohol, forbidding the use of beer, cider, wines, and all ardent liquors, on all occasions, including house-raisings, husking bees, harvestings, and all other gatherings.
1828 An English physician suggests the word obstetrician from the Latin “to stand before” to be used to denote a specialist in childbirth instead of the more commonly used names of male midwife, man midwife, madman, accouter, and even androboethogynist.
1828 Girls and women organize the first strike of US women wage earners in Dover, N.H. after cotton mill owners post new rules which include: “The bell to call the people to work will be rung 5 minutes and tolled 5 minutes; at the last stroke the entrance will be closed and a fee of 12 1/2 cents exacted of anyone for whom it may be reopened”; “No person can be allowed to leave work without permission of the overseer.”; and “No talking can be permitted while at work, except on business.” 12 1/2 cents represents 1/3 of a day’s wages.
1828 In Portugal, regent Dom Miguel overthrows the government in the Miguelite Wars. He will not be defeated until 1834.
1828 Russia and Turkey engage in war.
1828 Scandal is abrew in the US. In a smear campaign, President-elect Andrew Jackson’s wife is accused of bigamy and adultery in speeches and handbills. It seems her first husband had filed for divorce, and she had married Jackson believing herself free although she was still technically married at the the time to her first husband.
1828 The Ladies Magazine begins publication in Boston.
1828 Dr. Paul Ferdinand Gachet was born in Lille. He moved to Paris in 1848 to study medicine and developed a clientele of artists that included Pissarro and Cezanne. He accepted paintings in exchanged for services and amassed a sizable collection. He also painted and used the pseudonym Paul Van Ryssel.
1828 Pietro Tenerani, Italian sculptor, made his two statues, allegories of Hunting and Fishing, at Carrara. They were placed in Carrara’s Academy of Fine Arts, the former Cybo-Malaspina palace.
1828 John Rubens Smith painted his watercolor “West Front of the United States Capital.” [see 1775-1844, Smith]
1828 Sister Mary Elizabeth Lange of Haiti co-founded the first black Catholic school in the US.
1828 Me-a-pa-te, “the hill that is hard to go around,” in western Nebraska was renamed Scott’s Bluff, after the body of trapper Hiram Scott was found nearby.
1828 Opponents of Andrew Jackson accused the general of having murdered a Baptist minister and five other white militiamen during the Creek War.
1828 John Overlord, Andrew Jackson and James Winchester, the founders of Memphis, Tenn., bestowed an easement to the Mississippi riverfront for a promenade.
1828 McKendree University, a private liberal arts college, was founded in Illinois.
1828 Conspirators broke into the presidential palace in Bogota in an attempt to murder Simon Bolivar, who escaped.
1828 The Republic of Gran Colombia fell apart due to political rivalries between its constituent provinces. Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela became independent countries.
1828 The Danish government decreed that all persons should have a surname which was inherited from the preceding generation.
1828 In France a perfume and cosmetics house was established. In 1998 the firm was led by Jean-Paul Guerlain, the great-grandson of the founder.
1828 In France Louis Daguerre contacted Joseph Niepce with an offer to work together on the photographic process that Niepce had developed.
1828 Rennee Caillie of France became the 1st Westerner to reach Timbuktu, Mali, and survive to tell the tale. In 1830 he published an account of his journey.
1828 The Mexican city of Valladolid was renamed Morelia after independence hero Jose Maria Morelos
1828 Russia conquered the Armenian provinces of Persia, and this had brought within her frontier the Monastery of Etchmiadzin, in the Khanate of Erivan, which was the seat of the Katholikos of All the Armenians.
1828 Siamese [Thailand] forces invaded Laos. Vat Sisaket, a temple in Vientiane, survived the invasion.
1828 Uruguay, created as a buffer state between Argentina and Brazil, declared its independence.
1828-1830 Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852), the duke of Wellington, served as British prime minister. He blocked badly needed political reform and was later considered one of England’s worst prime ministers.
1828-1861 Queen Ranavalona I ruled over Madagascar.
1828-1896 Elizabeth Charles, British writer: “To know how to say what others only know how to think is what makes men poets or sages; and to dare to say what others only dare to think makes men martyrs or reformers — or both.”
1828-1909 George Meredith, English poet: “Cynicism is intellectual dandyism.”


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