Posts Tagged ‘1802’


Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-09-22-18-01.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the complete list of entries for 1802:

Year Month Day Event
1802 Jan 25 Napoleon was elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.
1802 Jan 26 Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
1802 Jan 29 John Beckley of Virginia was appointed 1st Librarian of Congress.
1802 Jan In London, England, William Cobbett (1763-1835) set up the Weekly Political Register. It spread dissent during the post-war recession.
1802 Feb 4 Mark Hopkins, US  educator, philosopher (Williams College), was born.
1802 Feb 8 Simon Willard patented a banjo clock.
1802 Feb 23 Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving as US Senator from New York and continued to 1803.
1802 Feb 26 Victor Hugo (d.1885), French novelist and poet, was born in Besancon. In 1998 Graham Robb published the biography: “Victor Hugo.” “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.”
1802 Feb Napoleon sent a large army under his brother-in-law, Charles Leclerc, to regain control of St. Domingue. Thousands of soldiers died mainly to yellow fever and French control was abandoned so as to support military ventures in Europe. Toussaint L’Ouverture  (Louverture) turned to guerrilla warfare inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution and its motto of “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.”
1802 February February: The Rosetta Stone, having been taken from the French as part of the spoils of war in Egypt, arrives in London and is presented to the Society of Antiquaries. A few months later, it is given to the British Museum.
1802 Mar 16 The US Congress authorized the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
1802 Mar 24 Richard Trevithick was granted a patent in London for his steam locomotive.
1802 Mar 27 Treaty of Amiens was signed. The French Revolutionary War ended.
1802 March March: the Peace of Amiens, the final peace treaty with France, is signed.
1802 Apr 4 Dorothea Dix, American proponent of treatment of mental inmates, was born.
1802 Apr 8 French Protestant church became state-supported and controlled.
1802 Apr 19 Spain reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.
1802 Apr 27 Abraham Louis Niedermeyer, composer, was born.
1802 Apr 30 President Jefferson signed the Enabling Act, establishing procedures under which a territory organized by the provisions of the Ordinance of 1787 could become a state. The law authorized the people of Ohio Territory to hold a convention and frame a constitution. Subsequently, in 1803 Ohio became the 17th state of the Union and the first created out of the Northwest Territory. This precedent was later followed by other parts of the territory.
1802 April April: A general amnesty is signed by Napoleon allowing all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France.
1802 April April: Parliament repeals the British income tax of 1799 and orders that all documents and records relating to the tax be destroyed in response to public outcry.
1802 May 3 Washington, D.C., was incorporated as a city, with the mayor appointed by the president and the council elected by property owners.
1802 May 15 Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (d.1888), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
1802 May 18 Great Britain declared war on Napoleon’s France.
1802 May 19 provided that anyone admitted swore to uphold liberty and equality.
1802 May May: Napoleon establishes the Légion d’Honneur or Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur as a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. (All orders of the kingdom had been abolished during the French Revolution.) The Order remains the highest decoration in France.
1802 May In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture surrendered to French forces. Many of his generals continued to wage a guerilla campaign against the French.
1802 Jul 4 The United State Military Academy opened its doors at West Point, New York, welcoming the first 10 cadets.
1802 Jul 7 The first comic book was published in Hudson, NY. “The Wasp” was created by Robert Rusticoat.
1802 Jul 8 Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture of Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) was sent to France in chains.
1802 Jul 9 Thomas Davenport, invented 1st commercial electric motor, was born.
1802 Jul 24 Alexandre Dumas (d.1870), French novelist and dramatist who wrote “The Count of Monte Cristo” and “The Three Musketeers,” was born. Alexandre Dumas, pere, French author of romantic plays and novels. He wrote “The Man in the Iron Mask.” He was the father of Alexandre Dumas fils (1824-1895), French author of plays of social realism.
1802 Aug 2 Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed “Consul for Life” by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
1802 Aug 5 Niels Henrik Abel (d.1829), mathematician, was born in Frindoe, Norway.
1802 Aug 7 Napoleon ordered the re-instatement of slavery on St. Domingue (Haiti).
1802 Aug 25 Toussaint L’Ouverture (Louverture) was imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France.
1802 Aug 31 Captain Meriwether Lewis left Pittsburgh to meet up with Captain William Clark and begin their trek to the Pacific Ocean.
1802 August August: Napoleon is declared First Consul for life in a new French constitution, and is given the right to name his successor.
1802 Sep 4 A French aeronaut dropped eight-thousand feet equipped with a parachute.
1802 Sep 11 Piedmont, Italy, was annexed by France.
1802 Sep 19 Louis Kossuth (d.1894), later president of Hungary, was born. “The instinctive feeling of a great people is often wiser than its wisest men.”
1802 Oct 10 The 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was made.
1802 Oct 22 Samuel Arnold (62), English composer, died.
1802 Oct 28 The 34-gun Spanish frigate Juno, enroute back to Spain from Mexico [Puerto Rico], ran into a storm off the coast of Virginia. Captain Don Juan Ignacio Bustillo perished along with 425 men, women and children and an estimated half-billion dollars in treasure. A boy from the wreck survived on Assateague Island and was named James Alone. He later changed his name to James Lunn. Many Chincoteague islanders later traced their descent to James.
1802 Oct 31 Benoit Fourneyron, inventor of the water turbine, was born.
1802 October October: The Edinburgh Review begins publication.
1802 October October: The French army enters Switzerland.
1802 Nov 9 Elijah P. Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, was born.
1802 November November: British painter George Romney dies at age 67.
1802 November November: British watercolorist Thomas Girtin dies at age 27. His early death prompts J.M.W. Turner to remark: “Had Tom Girtin lived, I should have starved.” Girtin was a landscape painter whose watercolour technique was considered revolutionary. He used strong colours in broad washes, painting with the colous in a manner that foreshadowed nineteenth-century style. Watercolour in his own time was conventionally used to tint drawings.
1802 Dec 20 The United States bought the Louisiana territory from France. [see Jan 11, 1803]
1802 December December: Madame Tussaud arrives in London and exhibits her wax figures for the first time in England at the Lyceum Theater. From 1803 to 1835, she tours throughout England with her exhibition. In 1835 the exhibiton finally gets a permanent home on Baker Street in London.
1802 Henry Holland converts York House on Piccadilly (for ten years a residence of the Duke of York) into the Albany apartments, 69 sets of rooms for bachelors.
1802 The American Academy of Arts was formed in New York City. Shares of stock in the organization were sold as if the academy were a a business corporation, reflecting the domination of the upper class in American culture.
1802 Sculptor Antonio Canova’s Perseus With the Head of Medusa is so admired that it is placed in one of the stanze of the Vatican hitherto reserved for the most precious works of antiquity.
1802 The first brass mill, built by Abel Porter and Co, and operated by horsepower, began operation in Waterbury, Conn., which became the leading brass manufacturing center in America.
1802 The Factories Act (sometimes called the “Health and Morals of Apprentices Act”) is passed, regulating factory conditions, especially in regard to child workers in cotton and woollen mills.
1802 The first practical steamboat towed two barges along the Forth and Clyde Canal.
1802 The Rosetta Stone. The Ptolemaic stela includes three translations of a single passage: in hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek. It was ultimately the key to understanding the previously undecipherable ancient hieroglyphic language. French scholar Jean-François Champollion is credited with the first translation in 1822. The stone has been on display at the British Museum since 1802.
1802 The second volume of Joanna Baillie’s Plays of the Passions is published under her name.
1802 William Cobbett begins publishing the Political Regsiter, a weekly newspaper.
1802 The Ottoman Turks, trying to maintain empire, are fighting the Saud family and its Sunni Wahhabi allies. In Mesopotamia the Wahhabis capture the Shiite holy city of Karbala. In Arabia they capture Mecca.
1802 Leader of Haitian independence, Toussaint L’Ouverture, receives a message from the French General Brunet to meet for negotiations. Brunet assures Toussaint that he will be perfectly safe with the French, whom he says are gentlemen. When Toussaint shows up for the meeting, the French take and ship him to France, to a prison near the Swiss border.
1802 The war-weary British sign a treaty ending their war against France — The Treaty of Amiens.
1802 James Gillnay painted “Cow-Pock,” a satirization of the new cowpox vaccination to prevent smallpox.
1802 Nathaniel Bowditch (1773-1838) published “The New American Practical Navigator,” later known as the “seaman’s bible.” It was a revision of his 1799 and 1800 works, which in turn revised the 1722 work of John Hamilton Moore.
1802 John Playfair published a more readable volume of Hutton’s Theory of the Earth as Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth.
1802 James Callender, an English-born journalist, published a report in the Richmond, Va., Recorder about Thomas Jefferson and his relationship with the slave Sally Hemmings [Hemings]. In 1997 Annette Gordon-Reed published: “Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemmings, an American Controversy.” DNA tests of descendants in 1998 indicated that Jefferson fathered at least one child with Hemmings, her youngest son Eston Hemmings in 1808. Dr. Eugene Foster, author of the DNA report, later said the DNA tests showed that any one of 8 Jefferson males could have fathered Eston. In 2008 Annette Gordon-Reed authored “The Hemmingses of Monticello: An American Family.”
1802 Beethoven composed the 6 Gellert songs of Op. 48.
1802 Congress repealed all taxes except for a tax on salt and left the government dependent on import tariffs.
1802 Andrew Jackson was elected to command the Tennessee militia.
1802 Eleuthere Irenee du Pont de Nemours (d.1834), a French immigrant, set up a saltpeter mill in Wilmington, Del., on the banks of the Brandywine River. In 8 years it grew to become America’s largest black-powder plant as it supplied gunpowder to the US for the War of 1812.
1802 Joseph Ellicott, New York Quaker surveyor, founded Genessee County and the town of Batavia: “God made Buffalo, I will try and make Batavia.”
1802 Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer, discovered an asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter, He believed it to be a planet and named it Pallas after Pallas Athena (goddess of wisdom and war).
1802 Edward Howard, English chemist, determined that the iron in meteorites was a unique blend of iron and nickel that did not occur in known terrestrial rocks.
1802 An American captain of the ship Palmyra blew ashore on a southern atoll 1,052 miles south of Hawaii and named it Palmyra after his ship.
1802 Harriot Wilson was publicly executed by the state of Pennsylvania for the murder of her infant child. An account of the “exploits of the murderess” is published in 1822 by J. Wilkey.
1802 In Australia the Aboriginal warrior Pemulwuy (b.~1750) was shot dead. His head was cut off and believed to have been placed in a jar and sent to England. He opposed British settlement and was described by Sydney’s then governor Philip King as “a terrible pest to the colony” but also “a brave and independent character.”
1802 Britain levied the first English income tax to raise money to fight Napoleon. William Pit the Younger 1st introduced the income tax to finance the war against France.
1802 England passed its first law regulating child labor.
1802 A British exploring party led by Matthew Flinders landed on a 96-mile-long island southwest of Adelaide and slaughtered 31 kangaroos for a feast. This 3rd largest island off Australia was thus named Kangaroo Island. Flinders named the Great Barrier Reef and found a passage to the Corral Sea.
1802 The Rosetta Stone was seized by the British in Egypt after the defeat of Napoleon’s army and was sent to England.
1802 The Rome stock exchange was founded. The Borsa di Roma occupied the site of a temple completed in 145 AD as a tribute to Emperor Hadrian.
1802 In Vietnam Hue was founded as the royal capital of the Nguyen dynasty that united Vietnam. Palaces, tombs and monuments were located along the banks of the Perfume River.
1802 In Denmark, Guldhornene by Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlager (1779-1850), poet and playwright, leader of the Romantic movement. He used old Norse legends and medieval ballads as a source of inspiration
1802 Rene by Francois Rene de Chateaubriand (1768-1848) was a short autobiographical novel which was regarded as introducing the romantic hero into French novels. It originally formed part of a volume on Catholicism, Le Genie du Christianisme; the author attempted to link the revival of literature with Christian instead of classical sources.
1802 Gray’s Elegy in a Country Churchyard was translated in Russian by the poet Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky (1783-1852). His contribution to Russian literature was to introduce, through his translations, the work of great English and German writers. He also wrote musical lyrics of unrequited love, as well as ballads and folk narratives.
1802 Marie Allard dies (B 1742) Ballerina
1802 The play A Tale of Mystery by Thomas Holcroft (1774-1809), an unacknowledged adaptation of Pixerecourt, performed at Covent Garden: this was the first melodrama seen in England. At that time Covent Garden and Drury Lane were still the only two theaters in London with licences for the performance of legitimate drama. They were hugh, so that subtlety of acting and naturalism of style and setting were impossible. Spectacle and melodrama, which was mainly action, flourished.
1802 The British established their influence in what later became the Bombay presidency. Their relations with native rulers at this time inspired a famous historical play, Bhau Bandki, written some 50 years afterwards. It is still popular and contains a strong role for a ‘virago’ actress. This has been played with great success by Durga Khote, whose theatre work in Maharashtra pioneered appearances by women without social criticism.
1802 Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his suicidal Heiligenstadt Testament
1802 Traite d’Harmonie published by Charles-Simon Catel (1773-1830) composer
1802 Uber J.S. Bachs Leben, Kunst und Kunstwerke, first biography of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) by Johann Nicolaus Forkel (1749-1818) The book has served as a model for all subsequent books on Bach
1802 Malmaison by Charles Percier (1764-1838) and PFL Fontaine (1762-1853) was built for Napoleon and is characteristic of the decorative Empire style of which the two architects were the leading exponents.
1802 Precis et lecons d’architecture was published in two volumes by JNL Durand (1760-1834) He advocated functional rationalism in architecture and the work was very influential in nineteenth century France and Germany
1802 The Danish sculptor Bertel Thorwaldson (1768-1884) made his first successful statue, Jason, in Rome. He was recognized in his lifetime as the second greatest neo-classical sculptor (after Canova) and as an authority on Greek classical art. His style is considered either supremely noble or excessively cold.
1802 Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) painted a series of pictures celebrating the achievements of Napoleon. The austerity of his earlier work was here replaced by a more theatrical quality.
1802 Following Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign of 1798 DV Denon published Voyage dans la Haute et dans la Basse Egypte, providing a large collection of illustrated Egyptian motifs to be used in fashionable Western design
1802 Napoleon becomes president of Italian (Formerly Cisalpine) Republic
1802 Napoleon annexes Parma
1802 Napoleon annexes Piacenza
1802 Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian freedom fighter born (d 1894)
1802 Wilhelm Hauff, German author born (d 1827)
1802 Nikolaus Lenau, Austrian Poet born (d 1850)
1802 Sir Walter Scott: “Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border”
1802 Madame de Stael: “Delphine,” novel
1802 Jeremy Bentham: “Civil and Penal Legislation”
1802 Schelling “Bruno”
1802 Daniel Webster: “The Rights of Neutral Nations in Time of War
1802 Canova “Napoleon Bonaparte,” sculpture
1802 Period of the Classicist Empire style
1802 Gerard: “Madame Recamier,” portrait
1802 Ludwig von Schwanthaler, Bavarian sculptor born (d 1848)
1802 Beethoven : Symphony #2 in D Major, Opus 36
1802 John Dalton (1776-1844) introduces atomic theory into chemistry
1802 Erasmus Darwin (English Scientist) died (B 1731)
1802 William Herschel discovers binary stars
1802 German naturalist Gottfried Treviranus (1776-1836) coins the term ‘biology’
1802 Englishmen John Truter and William Somerville explore in Bechuanaland
1802 “Peerage” published in London by John Debrett (1753-1822), followed in 1808 by “Baronetage”
1802 The Duke of Richmond introduces horse racing at Goodwood
1802 Alexander von Humboldt almost succeeds in climbing Mount Chimborao in Ecuador
1802 West India Docks, London built
1802-1803 George Friedrich Grotefend published his account of translating Babylonian cuneiform script.
1802-1820 In Vietnam Emperor Gia-Long unites country.
1802-1828 Richard Parkes, English watercolorist.
1802-1838 Letitia Landon, English poet: “Few, save the poor, feel for the poor.”
1802-1876 Harriet Martineau, English writer and social critic: “Religion is a temper, not a pursuit.”
1802-1880 Lydia Maria Child, American author Thought for Today: “It is right noble to fight with wickedness and wrong; the mistake is in supposing that spiritual evil can be overcome by physical means.”
1802-1889 Juana Briones Y Tapia de Miranda was born in Santa Cruz, Ca. She was a battered wife and became the first California woman to get a divorce. She was the first to settle on Powell St. in what is now North Beach, SF. In 1989 the Women’s Heritage Museum persuaded the state to authorize a plaque in her honor to be set in Washington Square.

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Hard at work

Working on the additional entries for the 1802 Timeline

Also continuing to write on Crown in Jeopardy, part 3 of the Born to Grace Trilogy.

Editing continues for the 2 serialized novels, Steam and Thunder and The Prize is not as Great as you Think.

But want to remind all readers and call your attention to our giveaway. Enter in the comments sections by referencing something you like from the Regency Lexicon which can be found here in past issues of the blog, one letter at a time or all at once at Regency Lexicon.


My thought is to run this for a week and announce our winner next Monday, the 3rd. (Labor Day in the United States.)

This time around we are giving away an eBook of our newest release:





Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Even though it is released in .mobi for the Kindle, I of course have the ability to send it to you in all formats for your eReaders and computers.

How to win

But to enter the contest I should like some interaction.

1) One favorite word from the Lexicon which you can see each separate letter here in the Blog by looking at previous days postings, or go to the entire lexicon at the Regency Assembly Press website, here (Regency Lexicon)

2) (Optional) Your name of course (if you are registered and signed into WordPress then I can click back to you if you are the winner, but if you are not,) and an email or some way to get you the prize!

3) (Optional) And if you are super proactive, what eBook format you would need should you be our winner!

4) (Really Optional) Regular followers of my Blog will know about Jane Austen and Ghosts, one of our other novels. As Jane deals with old B Horror Movie legends in Jane Austen and Ghosts, we would like the name of a B movie legend (and please let us try not to repeat since it will be fun to see how many we can come up with. So to start off, I will give one as an example, Boris Karloff)

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