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Archive for September, 2014

Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Thomas Cochrane 10th Earl of Dundonald
14 December 1775 – 31 October 1860

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Thomas Cochrane

Thomas Cochrane was born at Annsfield, near Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, the son of Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald and Anna Gilchrist. She was the daughter of Captain James Gilchrist and Ann Roberton, the daughter of Major John Roberton, 16th Laird of Earnock.

Cochrane had six brothers. Two served with distinction in the military: William Erskine Cochrane of the 15th Dragoon Guards, who served under Sir John Moore in the Peninsular War and reached the rank of major; and Archibald Cochrane, who became a captain in the Navy.

Cochrane was descended from lines of Scottish aristocracy and military service on both sides of his family. Through his uncle Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, the sixth son of the 8th Earl of Dundonald, Cochrane was cousin to his namesake Sir Thomas John Cochrane. Thomas Cochrane had a naval career and was appointed as Governor of Newfoundland and later Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom. By 1793 the family fortune had been spent, and the family estate was sold to cover debts.

Cochrane spent much of his early life in Culross, Fife, where his family had an estate.

Through the influence of his uncle, Alexander Cochrane, he was listed as a member of the crew on the books of four Royal Navy ships starting when he was five years old. This common, though unlawful practice (called false muster), was a means of acquiring the years of service required for promotion, if and when he joined the Navy. His father secured him a commission in the British Army at an early age, but Cochrane preferred the Navy. He joined it in 1793 upon the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars.

On 23 July 1793, aged 17, Cochrane joined the navy as a midshipman, spending his first months at Sheerness in a sixth-rate frigate, the 28-gun HMS Hind, commanded by his uncle, Captain Alexander Cochrane. He transferred to the 38-gun fifth rate HMS Thetis, also under his uncle’s command. While on the Thetis, he visited Norway and next served at the North America station. In 1795, he was appointed acting lieutenant. The following year, on 27 May 1796, he was commissioned lieutenant, after passing the examination. After several transfers in America and a return home, in 1798 he was assigned as 8th Lieutenant on Lord Keith’s flagship HMS Barfleur in the Mediterranean.

During his service on Barfleur, Cochrane was court-martialled for showing disrespect to Philip Beaver, the ship’s first lieutenant. The board reprimanded him for flippancy. This was the first public manifestation of a pattern of Cochrane being unable to get along with many of his superiors, subordinates, employers, and colleagues in several navies and Parliament, even those with whom he had much in common and who should have been natural allies. His behavior led to a long enmity with John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent.

In February 1800, Cochrane commanded the prize crew taking the captured French vessel Généreux to the British base at Mahón. The ship was almost lost in a storm, with Cochrane and his brother Archibald going aloft in place of crew who were mostly ill. On 28 March 1800, Cochrane, having been promoted to commander, took command of the brig sloop HMS Speedy. Later that year, a Spanish warship disguised as a merchant ship almost captured him. He escaped by flying a Danish flag and fending off a boarding by claiming his ship was plague-ridden. Chased by an enemy frigate, and knowing it would follow him in the night by any glimmer of light from the Speedy, he placed a lantern on a barrel and let it float away. The enemy frigate followed the light and Speedy escaped.

In February 1801, at Malta, Cochrane got into an argument with a French Royalist officer at a fancy dress ball. He had come dressed as a common sailor, and the Royalist mistook him for one. This argument led to Cochrane’s only duel. Cochrane wounded the French officer with a pistol shot and was unharmed.

One of his most notable exploits was the capture of the Spanish xebec frigate El Gamo, on 6 May 1801. El Gamo carried 32 guns and 319 men, compared with Speedy’s 14 guns and 54 men. Cochrane flew an American flag and approached so closely to El Gamo that its guns could not depress to fire on the Speedy’s hull. The Spanish tried to board and take over the ship. Whenever the Spanish were about to board, Cochrane pulled away briefly and fired on the concentrated boarding parties with his ship’s guns. Eventually, Cochrane boarded the Gamo, despite being outnumbered about five to one, and captured her.

In Speedy’s 13-month cruise, Cochrane captured, burned, or drove ashore 53 ships before three French ships of the line under Admiral Charles-Alexandre Linois captured him on 3 July 1801. While Cochrane was held as a prisoner, Linois often asked him for advice. In his later autobiography, Cochrane recounted how courteous and polite the French officer had been. A few days later he was exchanged for the second captain of another French ship. On 8 August 1801, he was promoted to the rank of post-captain.

After the Peace of Amiens, Cochrane attended the University of Edinburgh. Upon the resumption of war in 1803, St Vincent assigned him in October 1803 to command the sixth-rate 22-gun HMS Arab. Cochrane alleged that the vessel handled poorly, colliding with Royal Navy ships on two occasions (the Bloodhound and the Abundance), and afforded Cochrane no opportunities. In his autobiography he compared the Arab to a collier. He wrote that his first thoughts on seeing Arab being repaired at Plymouth were that she would “sail like a haystack”. Despite this, he intercepted and boarded an American merchant ship, the Chatham. This created an international incident, as Britain was not at war with the United States. The HMS Arab and her commander were assigned to protect Britain’s important whaling fleet beyond Orkney in the North Sea.

In 1804, St Vincent stood aside for the incoming new government led by William Pitt the Younger, and Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville took office. In December of that year, Cochrane was appointed to command of the new 32-gun frigate HMS Pallas. He undertook a series of notable exploits over the following eighteen months.

In August 1806, he took command of the 38-gun frigate HMS Imperieuse, formerly the Spanish frigate Medea. One of his midshipmen was Frederick Marryat, who later wrote fictionalised accounts of his adventures with Cochrane.

In Imperieuse, Cochrane raided the Mediterranean coast of France during the continuing Napoleonic Wars. In 1808 Cochrane and a Spanish guerrilla force captured the fortress of Mongat, which straddled the road between Gerona and Barcelona. This delayed General Duhesme’s French army for a month. On another raid, Cochrane copied code books from a signal station, leaving behind the originals so the French would believe them uncompromised. When Imperieuse ran short of water, she sailed up the estuary of the Rhone to replenish. When a French army marched into Catalonia and besieged Rosas, Cochrane took part in the defence of the town. He occupied and defended Fort Trinidad (Castell de la Trinitat) for a number of weeks before the fall of the city forced him to leave; Cochrane was one of the last two men to quit the fort.

While captain of Speedy, Pallas, and Imperieuse, Cochrane became arguably the most effective practitioner of coastal warfare during the period. Not only did he attack shore installations such as the Martello tower at Son Bou on Minorca, but captured enemy ships in harbour by leading his men in boats in “cutting out” operations. He was a meticulous planner of every operation, which limited casualties among his men and maximised the chances of success.

In 1809, Cochrane commanded the attack by a flotilla of fire ships on Rochefort, as part of the Battle of the Basque Roads. The attack did considerable damage, but Cochrane blamed Admiral Gambier, the fleet commander, for missing the opportunity to destroy the French fleet. Cochrane claimed that as a result of expressing his opinion publicly, the admiralty denied him the opportunity to serve afloat. But, documentation shows that he was focussed on politics at this time and, indeed, refused a number of offers of command.

In June 1806, Cochrane stood for the House of Commons on a ticket of parliamentary reform (a movement which would later bring about the Reform Acts) for the potwalloper borough of Honiton. This was exactly the kind of borough Cochrane proposed to abolish; votes were mostly sold to the highest bidder. Cochrane offered nothing and lost the election. In October 1806, he ran for Parliament in Honiton and won. Cochrane initially denied that he paid any bribes, but he revealed in a Parliamentary debate ten years later that he had paid ten guineas (£10 10s) per voter through Mr. Townshend, local headman and banker.

In May 1807, Cochrane was elected by Westminster in a more democratic election. He had campaigned for parliamentary reform, allied with such Radicals as William Cobbett, Sir Francis Burdett and Henry Hunt. His outspoken criticism of the conduct of the war and the corruption in the navy made him powerful enemies in the government. His criticism of Admiral Gambier’s conduct at the Battle of the Basque Roads was so severe that Gambier demanded a court-martial to clear his name. Cochrane made important enemies in the Admiralty during this period.

In 1810, Sir Francis Burdett, a member of parliament and political ally, had barricaded himself in his home at Piccadilly, London, resisting arrest by the House of Commons. Cochrane went to assist Burdett’s defence of the house. His approach was similar to that he used in the navy, and would have led to numerous deaths amongst the arresting officers and at least partial destruction of Burdett’s house, along with much of Piccadilly. On realising what Cochrane planned, Burdett and his allies took steps to end the siege.

Cochrane, though popular with the public, was unable to get along with his colleagues in the House of Commons, or within the government. Usually, he had little success in promoting his causes. An exception was his successful confrontation of a prize court in 1814.

His conviction in the Great Stock Exchange Fraud of 1814 (see below) resulted in Parliament’s expelling him on 5 July 1814. However, his constituents in the seat of Westminster re-elected him at the resulting by-election on 16 July. He held this seat until 1818. In 1818, Cochrane’s last speech in Parliament advocated parliamentary reform.

In 1830, Cochrane initially expressed interest but then declined. Not only had Lord Brougham’s brother decided to run for the seat, but Cochrane also thought it would look bad for him to be publicly supporting a government from which he sought pardon for his fraud conviction.

In 1831, his father died and Cochrane became the 10th Earl of Dundonald. As such, he was no longer entitled to sit in the Commons. The Scottish peerage elected representative peers to sit in the House of Lords. He was never one of them, though several of his successors were.

In 1812, Cochrane married Katherine (“Katy”) Frances Corbet Barnes, a beautiful orphan, who was about twenty years his junior. This was an elopement and a civil ceremony, due to the opposition of his wealthy uncle Basil Cochrane, who disinherited his nephew as a result. Katherine, whom Cochrane called ‘Kate’, ‘Kitty’ or ‘Mouse’ in letters to her, often accompanied her husband on his extended campaigns in South America and Greece.

Cochrane and Katherine remarried in the Anglican Church in 1818, and in the Church of Scotland in 1825. They had six children;

  • Thomas Barnes Cochrane, 11th Earl of Dundonald, m. Louisa Harriett McKinnon.
  • William Horatio Bernardo Cochrane, officer, 92nd Gordon Highlanders, m. Jacobina Frances Nicholson.
  • Elizabeth Katharine Cochrane, died close to her first birthday.
  • Katharine Elizabeth Cochrane, m. John Willis Fleming.
  • Admiral Sir Arthur Auckland Leopold Pedro Cochrane KCB
  • Captain Ernest Gray Lambton Cochrane RN m. 1. Adelaide Blackall 2. Elizabeth Frances Maria Katherine Doherty.

The confusion of multiple ceremonies led to suspicions that Cochrane’s first son, Thomas Barnes Cochrane, was illegitimate. Investigation of this delayed Thomas’s accession to the Earldom of Dundonald on his father’s death.

In February 1814, rumours of Napoleon’s death began to circulate. The claims were seemingly confirmed by a man in a red staff officer’s uniform identifying as Colonel de Bourg, aide-de-camp to Lord Cathcart and British ambassador to Russia. He arrived in Dover from France on 21 February bearing news that Napoleon had been captured and killed by Cossacks. In reaction to the news and the possibility of peace, share prices rose sharply on the Stock Exchange, particularly in a volatile government stock called Omnium which increased from 26 and a half to 32.

But, it soon became clear that the news of Napoleon’s death was a hoax. The Stock Exchange established a sub-committee to investigate, and they discovered that six men had sold substantial amounts of Omnium stock during the boom in value. The committee assumed that all six were responsible for the hoax and subsequent fraud. Cochrane had disposed of his entire £139,000 holding in Omnium – which he had only acquired a month before – and was named as one of the six conspirators, as was his uncle, Andrew Cochrane-Johnstone and his stockbroker, Richard Butt. Within days, an anonymous informant told the committee that Colonel de Bourg was an imposter; a man named Charles Random, a former periodical colourist, who used his wife’s name and passed as a Prussian aristocrat named De Berenger, and he had been seen entering Cochrane’s house on the day of the hoax.

The accused were brought to trial in the Court of King’s Bench, Guildhall on 8 June 1814. The trial was presided over by Lord Ellenborough, a High Tory and a notable enemy of the radicals. They had previously convicted and sentenced radical politicians William Cobbett and Henry Hunt to prison in politically motivated trials. The evidence against Cochrane was circumstantial (as the prosecuting counsel pointed out) and hinged on the nature of his share dealings, his contacts with those who were clearly conspirators, and the colour of uniform De Berenger had been wearing when they met in his house. Cochrane admitted he was acquainted with De Berenger and that the man had visited his home on the day of the fraud, but insisted that he had arrived wearing a green sharpshooter’s uniform Cochrane said that De Berenger had visited to request passage to the United States aboard Cochrane’s new command, the HMS Tonnant.

Although in an affidavit created before the trial, Cochrane’s servants agreed that the collar of the uniform above De Berenger’s greatcoat had been green, they admitted to Cochrane’s solicitors that they thought the rest had been red. They were not called at trial to give evidence. The prosecution summoned a key witness, hackney carriage driver William Crane, who swore that De Berenger was wearing a scarlet uniform when he delivered him to the house. Cochrane’s defence also argued that he had given standing instructions to Butt that his Omnium shares were to be sold if the price rose by 1 per cent, and he would have made double profit if he waited until it reached its peak price. All the conspirators had given identical instructions to their brokers.

On the second day of the trial, Lord Ellenborough began his summary of the evidence and drew attention to the matter of De Berenger’s uniform; he concluded that witnesses had provided damning evidence. The jury retired to deliberate and returned a verdict of guilty against all the defendants two and a half hours later. Belatedly, Cochrane’s defence team found several witnesses who were willing to testify that De Berenger had arrived wearing a green uniform, but Lord Ellenborough dismissed their evidence as inadmissible because two of the conspirators had fled the country upon hearing the guilty verdict.

On 20 June 1814, Cochrane was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment, fined £1,000 and was ordered to stand in the pillory opposite the Royal Exchange for one hour. In subsequent weeks, he was dismissed from the Royal Navy by the Admiralty and expelled from Parliament following a motion in the House of Commons, which was passed by 144 votes to 44. On the orders of the Prince Regent, Cochrane was humiliated by the loss of his knighthood in a degradation ceremony at Westminster Abbey. His banner was taken down and physically kicked out of the chapel and down the steps outside. But, within a month, Cochrane was re-elected unopposed as the Member of Parliament for Westminster. Following a public outcry, his sentence to the pillory was rescinded for fears it would lead to the outbreak of a riot.

The question of Cochrane’s innocence or guilt created much debate at the time, and it has divided historians ever since. Subsequent reviews of the trial carried out by three Lord Chancellors during the course of the 19th century concluded that Cochrane should have been found not guilty on the basis of the evidence produced in court. Cochrane maintained his innocence for the rest of his life and campaigned tirelessly to restore his damaged reputation and to clear his name. He believed the trial was politically motivated and that a “higher authority than the Stock Exchange” was responsible for his prosecution. A series of petitions put forward by Cochrane protesting his innocence were ignored until 1830.

That year King George IV (the former Prince Regent) died and was succeeded by William IV. He had served in the Royal Navy and was sympathetic to Cochrane’s cause. Later that year the Tory government fell and was replaced by a Whig government in which his friend, Lord Brougham, was appointed Lord Chancellor. Following a meeting of the Privy Council in May 1832, Cochrane was granted a pardon and restored to the Navy List with a promotion to rear-admiral. Support from friends in the government, and the writings of popular naval authors such as Frederick Marryat and Maria Graham increased public sympathy for Cochrane’s situation. In May 1847, with the personal intervention of Queen Victoria, Cochrane’s knighthood was restored and he was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. Only in 1860 was his banner returned to Westminster Abbey; it was the day before his funeral.

In 1876, his grandson received a payment of £40,000 from the British government, based on the recommendations of a Parliamentary select committee, in compensation for Cochrane’s conviction. The committee had concluded his conviction was unjust.

Cochrane left the UK in official disgrace, but that did not end his naval career. Accompanied by Lady Cochrane and their two children, he reached Valparaíso on 28 November 1818. Chile was rapidly organising its new navy for its war of independence.

On 11 December 1818, at the request of Chilean leader Bernardo O’Higgins, Cochrane became a Chilean citizen, was appointed Vice Admiral, and took command of the Chilean Navy in Chile’s war of independence against Spain. He was the first Vice Admiral of Chile.(p37) Cochrane reorganised the Chilean navy, introducing British naval customs. He took command in the frigate O’Higgins and blockaded and raided the coasts of Peru as he had those of France and Spain. On his own initiative, he organised and led the capture of Valdivia, despite only having 300 men and two ships to deploy against seven large forts. He failed in his attempt to capture the Chiloé Archipelago for Chile.

In 1820, O’Higgins ordered him to convoy the Liberation Army of General José de San Martín to Peru, blockade the coast and support the campaign for independence. Later, forces under Cochrane’s personal command cut out and captured the frigate Esmeralda, the most powerful Spanish ship in South America. All this led to Peruvian independence, which O’Higgins considered indispensable to Chile’s independence and security. Cochrane’s victories in the Pacific were spectacular and important. The excitement was almost immediately marred by his accusations that he had been plotted against by subordinates and treated with contempt and denied adequate financial reward by his superiors. The evidence does not support these accusations, and the problem appeared to lie in Cochrane’s own suspicious and uneasy personality.

Loose words from Katy resulted in a rumour that Cochrane had made plans to free Napoleon from his exile on Saint Helena and make him ruler of a unified South American state. This could not have been true because Charles, the supposed envoy bearing the rumoured plans, had been killed two months before his reported “departure to Europe”. Cochrane left the service of the Chilean Navy on 29 November 1822.

Chilean naval vessels named after Lord Cochrane
The Chilean Navy has named five ships Cochrane or Almirante Cochrane (Admiral Cochrane) in his honour:

  • The first, Almirante Cochrane, was a famous battery ship that fought in the War of the Pacific (1879–1884).
  • The second Almirante Cochrane was a dreadnought battleship laid down in Britain in 1913. The Royal Navy acquired the unfinished ship in 1917, converting her into the carrier HMS Eagle (1918).
  • The third ship, Cochrane, was a Fletcher-class destroyer, the former USS Rooks (DD-804), commissioned into the Chilean Navy in 1962 and scrapped in 1983.
  • The fourth ship, Almirante Cochrane, was a County-class destroyer, the former HMS Antrim (D18), which the Chilean Navy acquired in 1984 and decommissioned in 2006.
  • The fifth and current ship to bear the name, Almirante Cochrane (FF-05), is a Type 23 frigate, the former HMS Norfolk (F230), which the Chilean Navy commissioned in 2006.

Brazil was fighting its own war of independence against Portugal. Excepting Montevideo (now in Uruguay but then in Cisplatina), in 1822 the southern provinces came under the control of the patriots led by the Prince Regent, later Emperor Pedro I. Portugal still controlled some important provincial capitals in the north, with major garrisons and naval bases such as Belém do Pará, Salvador da Bahia and São Luís do Maranhão.

Cochrane took command of the Brazilian Navy on 21 March 1823 and its flagship, the ‘Pedro I’. He blockaded the Portuguese in Bahia, confronted them at the Battle of 4 May, and forced them to evacuate the province in a vast convoy of ships which Cochrane’s men attacked as they crossed the Atlantic. Cochrane sailed to Maranhão (then spelled Maranham) on his own initiative and bluffed the garrison into surrender by claiming that a vast (and mythical) Brazilian fleet and army were over the horizon. He sent a subordinate, Captain John Pascoe Grenfell, to Belém do Pará to use the same bluff and extract a Portuguese surrender. As a result of Cochrane’s efforts, Brazil became totally de facto independent and free of any Portuguese troops. On Cochrane’s return to Rio de Janeiro in 1824, the Emperor Pedro I rewarded the officer by granting him the non-hereditary title of Marquess of Maranhão (Marquês do Maranhão) in the Empire of Brazil. He was also awarded an accompanying coat of arms.
As in Chile and earlier occasions, Cochrane’s joy at these successes was rapidly replaced by quarrels over pay and prize money, and an accusation that the Brazilian authorities were plotting against him.
In mid-1824, Cochrane sailed north with a squadron to assist the Brazilian army, under General Francisco Lima e Silva, to suppress a republican rebellion in the state of Pernambuco which had begun to spread to Maranhão and other northern states. The rebellion was rapidly extinguished. Cochrane proceeded to Maranhão, where he took over the administration. He demanded the payment of prize money which he claimed he was owed as a result of the recapture of the province in 1823. He absconded with public money and sacked merchant ships anchored in São Luís do Maranhão. Defying orders to return to Rio de Janeiro, Cochrane transferred to a captured Brazilian frigate, left Brazil on 10 November 1825, and returned to Britain.

Cochrane went to Greece to support its fight for independence from the Ottoman Empire, which had deployed an army raised in Egypt to suppress the Greek rebellion. Between March 1827 and December 1828, he took an active role in the campaign, but met with limited success due to the poor discipline of the Greek soldiers and seamen. One of his subordinates, Captain Hastings, attacked Ottoman forces at the Gulf of Lepanto, which indirectly led to intervention by Great Britain, France and Russia. They succeeded in destroying the Turko–Egyptian fleet at the Battle of Navarino, and the war was ended under mediation of the Great Powers.

Greece was probably the only campaign in Cochrane’s naval career in which the results of his efforts were disappointingly slight. At the end of the war, he resigned his commission and returned to Britain. For the first time since he was convicted for the Great Stock Exchange Fraud of 1814, his lively nature was brought to a standstill. Despite reports to the contrary, there is little evidence to suggest that he had a nervous breakdown.

Cochrane inherited his peerage following his father’s death on 1 July 1831, becoming the 10th Earl of Dundonald. He was restored to the Royal Navy list on 2 May 1832 as a Rear Admiral of the Blue. Cochrane’s full return to Royal Navy service was delayed by his refusal to take a command until his knighthood had been restored, which took 15 years. He continued to receive promotions in the list of flag officers, as follows:

  • Rear Admiral of the Blue on 2 May 1832
  • Rear Admiral of the White on 10 January 1837
  • Rear Admiral of the Red on 28 June 1838
  • Vice Admiral of the Blue on 23 November 1841
  • Vice Admiral of the White on 9 November 1846
  • Vice Admiral of the Red on 3 January 1848
  • Admiral of the Blue on 21 March 1851
  • Admiral of the White on 2 April 1853
  • Admiral of the Red on 8 December 1857

On 22 May 1847 Queen Victoria reinstated him as a knight in the Order of the Bath. He returned to the Royal Navy, serving as Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies Station from 1848 to 1851. During the Crimean War, the government considered him for a command in the Baltic, but decided that there was too high a chance that Cochrane would risk the fleet in a daring attack. On 6 November 1854, he was appointed to the honorary office of Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom, an office that he retained until his death.

In his final years, Cochrane wrote his autobiography in collaboration with G.B. Earp. With his health deteriorating, in 1860 he twice had to undergo painful surgery for kidney stones. He died during the second operation on 31 October 1860, in Kensington.

He was buried in Westminster Abbey, where his grave is in the central part of the nave. Each year in May representatives of the Chilean Navy hold a wreath-laying ceremony at his grave.

Convoys were guided by ships following the lamps of those ahead. In 1805, Cochrane entered a Royal Navy competition for a superior convoy lamp. Believing the judges to be biased against him, he reentered the contest under another name and won the prize.

In 1806, Cochrane had a galley made to his specifications, which he carried on board Pallas and used to attack the French coast. It had the advantage of mobility and flexibility.

In 1812, Cochrane proposed attacking the French coast using a combination of bombardment ships, explosion ships and “stink vessels” (gas warfare). A bombardment ship consisted of a strengthened old hulk filled with powder and shot and made to list one side. It was anchored at night to face the enemy behind the harbour wall. When set off, it provided saturation bombardment of the harbour, which would be closely followed by landings of troops. He put the plans forward again before and during the Crimean War. The authorities, however, decided not to pursue his plans.

In 1818, Cochrane patented, together with the engineer Marc Isambard Brunel, the tunnelling shield that Brunel and his son used in the building of the Thames Tunnel in 1825–43.

Cochrane was an early supporter of steamships. He tried to take the steamship Rising Star from Britain to Chile for use in the war of independence in the 1820s, but its construction took too long; it did not arrive until the war was ending. The Rising Star was a 410-ton vessel adapted to a revolutionary design at Brent’s Yard at the Greenland Dock at the Thames: twin funnels, retractable paddle wheels and driven by a 60-horsepower engine. Similarly, he suffered delays with construction of a steamship he had hoped to put into use in the Greek War of Independence. In the 1830s, he experimented with steam power, developing a rotary engine and a propeller. In 1851, Cochrane received a patent on powering steamships with bitumen. He was conferred with Honorary Membership of the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland in 1857.

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A play upon The Morning Post that was published in the Regency Era. A newspaper owned by R. Tattersall and His Royal Highness, Prince George.
This is a weekly wrap-up of posts from various sources who write regency posts brought to you on a Sunday.
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Visit at The Weekly Regency Post

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An Unofficial Guide to how to win the Scenarios of Wild

I have been a fan of this series of computer games since early in its release of the very first game. That game was done by one programmer, Chris Sawyer, and it was the first I recall of an internet hit. Websites were put up in dedication to this game where people showed off their creations, based on real amusement parks. These sites were funded by individuals, an expense that was not necessarily as cheap then as it is now. Nor as easy to program then as it might be to build a web page now.

Prima Books released game guides for each iteration of the game, Rollercoaster Tycoon 1, Rollercoaster Tycoon 2 and Rollercoaster Tycoon 3 (RCT3) but not for the expansion sets. And unlike the first two works, the third guide was riddle with incorrect solutions. As I played the game that frustrated me. And I took to the forums that Atari, the game publisher hosted to see if I could find a way to solve those scenarios that the Prima Guide had written up in error. Not finding any good advice, I created my own for the scenarios that the “Official” Guide had gotten wrong.

Solutions that if you followed my advice you would win the scenario and move on. But if you followed the “Official” version you would fail and not be able to complete the game. My style and format being different than the folks at Prima, I continued for all the Scenarios that they had gotten right as well, though my solutions cut to the chase and got you to the winner’s circle more quickly, more directly.

My contributions to the “Official” Forum, got me a place as a playtester for both expansions to the game, Soaked and Wild. And for each of these games, I wrote the guides during the play testing phase so all the play testers could solve the scenarios, and then once again after the official release to make changes in the formula in case our aiding to perfect the game had changed matters. For this, Atari and Frontier (the actual programmers of the game) placed me within the game itself.

And for the longest time, these have been free at the “Official” Forums, as well as my own website dedicated to the game. But a short time ago, I noticed that Atari, after one of its bankruptcies had deleted their forums. So now I am releasing the Guide for one and all. I have added new material and it is near 100 pages, just for the first of the three games. It is available for the Kindle at present for $2.99.

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(Click on the picture to purchase)

Not only are all 12 Scenarios covered, but there are sections covering every Cheat Code, Custom Scenery, the famous Small Park Competition, the Advanced Fireworks Editor, the Flying Camera Route Editor which are all the techniques every amusement park designer needs to make a fantastic park in Rollercoaster Tycoon 3.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

Robert Grosvenor 1st Marquess of Westminster
22 March 1767 – 17 February 1845

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Robert Grosvenor

Robert Grosvenor was born on 22 March 1767 in the parish of St George Hanover Square, London. He was the third son and the only surviving child of Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor, and was initially known as Viscount Belgrave. He was educated at Westminster School, Harrow School, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated MA in 1786. In addition to his formal education, William Gifford acted as his private tutor. Gifford accompanied Grosvenor when the latter undertook his Grand Tour between 1786 and 1788. Gifford described him as a “most amiable” and “accomplished” pupil.

On 28 April 1794 Grosvenor married Eleanor, the only child of Sir Thomas Egerton. They had four children; in 1795 Richard, Lord Belgrave, who succeeded his father; in 1799 Thomas, who became the 2nd Earl of Wilton on the death of his grandfather; in 1801 Robert, later the 1st Baron Ebury; and finally a daughter, Amelia, who died in her early teenage years.

Grosvenor was elected as MP for East Looe in 1788 and served this constituency until 1790; during this time he was appointed a Lord of the Admiralty. His first speech in the House of Commons of Great Britain contained a quotation from the ancient Greek orator Demosthenes, which led to the satirist Peter Pindarcalling him “the lord of Greek”. In 1790 he was elected as MP for Chester and continued to serve in this seat until 1802. Between 1793 and 1801 he was a commissioner of the Board of Control. He raised a regiment of volunteers from the city of Westminster to fight against France and in 1798 was appointed its major-commandant. When his father died on 5 August 1802 he became the 2nd Earl Grosvenor. Grosvenor was Mayor of Chester in 1807–08, and was responsible for the building of Thomas Harrison’s Northgate in the city in 1810. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Flintshire from 1798 to 1845.

When Grosvenor entered parliament, he continued the family tradition of being a Tory and supporting William Pitt the Younger. However after Pitt’s death in 1806, he changed his allegiance and became a Whig. This led to his support for the victims of the Peterloo Massacre, for Catholic Emancipation, for the abolition of the Corn Laws, and his voting for the Reform Bill. He was a man of principle; he championed Queen Caroline and is reputed to have thrown either a Bible or a Prayer Book at the head of King George IV. And when the Duke of Wellington was presented with the freedom of the city of Chester, Grosvenor refused to allow the town hall to be used for the event. The relations between Grosvenor and the king later improved, and in the coronation honours of 1831 he was created Marquess of Westminster. He participated in the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837. On 11 March 1841 he was received as a Knight of the Garter.

Soon after Robert Grosvenor inherited the Eaton estate, he rebuilt the country house at Eaton Hall in Cheshire, and he also developed the London estate, creating the areas now known as Belgravia and Pimlico. Eaton had become “an unfashionable and run-down estate”. The existing country house had been built for his grandfather, Sir Thomas Grosvenor, 3rd Baronet and designed by William Samwell. He appointed William Porden as architect, who had previously surveyed his London estate. The original plan was for the new house to cost £10,000 (£800,000 as of 2014), and for it to take two years to build. In the event it took just under ten years and cost over £100,000 (£5,690,000 as of 2014). The previous house was encased and surrounded by “every possible permutation of the gothic style”. It included turrets, pinnacles, arched windows, octagonal towers, and buttresses (both regular and flying). Four new wings were added to the house. When the future Queen Victoria visited in 1832 at the age of 13, she wrote in her journal: “The house is magnificent”. However others described it as being “as extravagant and opulent as the very latest upholsterer-decorators could make it”. It was described as “the most gaudy concern I ever saw” and “a vast pile of mongrel gothic which … is a monument of wealth, ignorance and bad taste”.

To restore the gardens and grounds, Grosvenor employed John Webb, a pupil of William Emes, who had been the previous designer of the landscaping around the house. New terrace walls were created on the east side of the house. Belgrave Avenue, the approach to the house from the west, was levelled and drained, and 130,000 trees were planted along it. The paths along the approach, which was 1.75 miles (3 km) long, were made between 18 feet (5 m) and 20 feet (6 m) wide, so that they would be suitable for the use of carriages. On the east side of the house a serpentine lake was created on the near side of the River Dee. By the 1820s formal garden beds were becoming fashionable and William Andrews Nesfield was employed to design formal parterres around the house. He added more terracing, balustraded walls, and flower beds surrounded by box edging.

For the London estate, Grosvenor created a “fashionable new residential quarter” near Buckingham House (later Buckingham Palace). He appointed Thomas Cundy as architect and surveyor, and Thomas Cubitt as builder. The entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography states: “This urban development was to make the Grosvenors one of the richest families in Britain”. He also bought more property in Cheshire, and elsewhere at Shaftesbury in Dorset, and Stockbridge in Hampshire. The family’s London house had been in Millbank, but in 1806 Grosvenor bought a house in Upper Grosvenor Street and greatly extended it; this was to become Grosvenor House. He added an art gallery to the Park Lane side of the house in 1827, and in 1843 built a new entrance in Upper Grosvenor Street consisting of a Doric screen between large pedimented gateways that separated a cour d’honneur from the street in the Parisian manner.

Grosvenor continued the family’s interests in art and horse racing. He added to the art collection; his acquisitions included four paintings by Rubens for which he paid £10,000, and he paid £100 for Gainsborough’s The Blue Boy. To develop the facilities for horse racing, he expanded the Eaton Stud. The finest horse produced by the stud during Grosvenor’s time was Touchstone. This horse won 16 of the 21 races for which it was entered, including the St Leger, and on two occasions, the Ascot Gold Cup and the Doncaster Cup. After retirement, the horse sired 323 winners of over 700 races.

Grosvenor died at Eaton Hall on 17 February 1845 and was buried in the family vault at St Mary’s Church, Eccleston. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster. In 1998 a statue of Grosvenor, by Jonathan Wylder, was erected in Belgrave Square, London. On the statue is a quotation by Ruskin that reads “When we build let us think we build for ever”.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables. The list of Previous Notables and Upcoming Entries has grown so long that I will post this once a week on Saturdays now.

Previous Notables (Click to see the Blog):

George III George IV Georgiana Cavendish
William IV Lady Hester Stanhope Lady Caroline Lamb
Princess Charlotte Queen Charlotte Charles James Fox
Queen Adelaide Dorothea Jordan Jane Austen
Maria Fitzherbert Lord George Gordon Byron John Keats
Princess Caroline Percy Bysshe Shelley Cassandra Austen
Edmund Kean Thomas Clarkson Sir John Moore
John Burgoyne William Wilberforce Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Sarah Siddons Josiah Wedgwood Emma Hamilton
Hannah More John Phillip Kemble John Jervis, Earl St. Vincent
Ann Hatton Stephen Kemble Mary Robinson
Harriet Mellon Zachary Macaulay George Elphinstone
Thomas Babington George Romney Mary Moser
Ozias Humphry William Hayley Daniel Mendoza
Edward Pellew Angelica Kauffman Sir William Hamilton
David Garrick Pownoll Bastard Pellew Charles Arbuthnot
William Upcott William Huskisson Dominic Serres
Sir George Barlow Scrope Davies Charles Francis Greville
George Stubbs Fanny Kemble Thomas Warton
William Mason Thomas Troubridge Charles Stanhope
Robert Fulke Greville Gentleman John Jackson Ann Radcliffe
Edward ‘Golden Ball’ Hughes John Opie Adam Walker
John Ireland Henry Pierrepoint Robert Stephenson
Mary Shelley Sir Joshua Reynolds Francis Place
Robert Harding Evans Lord Thomas Foley Francis Burdett
John Gale Jones George Parker Bidder Sir George Warren
Edward Eliot William Beechey Eva Marie Veigel
Hugh Percy-Northumberland Charles Philip Yorke Lord Palmerston
Samuel Romilly John Petty 2nd Marquess Lansdowne Henry Herbert Southey
Stapleton Cotton Colin Macaulay Amelia Opie
Sir James Hall Henry Thomas Colebrooke Maria Foote
Sir David Baird Robert Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville Dr. Robert Gooch
William Baillie James Northcote Horatio Nelson
Henry Fuseli Home Riggs Popham John Playfair
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess Lansdowne Thomas Douglas 5th Earl of Selkirk Frederick Gerald “Poodle” Byng
Henry Somerset, 7th Duke of Beaufort John Wolcot (Peter Pindar) Joseph John Gurney
Edward John Eliot Henry Perronet Briggs George Lionel Dawson-Damer
Thomas Foley Mark Robinson Charles Culling Smith
Francis Charles Seymour-Ingram, 3rd Marquess of Hertford Thomas Fowell Buxton Tyrone Power
Richard Cumberland William Philip Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough
Jeffry Wyattville Henry Mildmay Nicholas Wood
Hester Thrale Catherine Hughes, Baroness de Calabrella Admiral Israel Pellew
William Wellesley Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington Henry Moyes Charles Fitzroy
Lord Granville Somerset Lumley St. George Skeffington William Playfair
John Lade Astley Cooper Matthew Gregory Lewis
Edward Pease Thomas Coutts John Urpeth Rastrick
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond Captain William Baillie John Pitt Kennedy
Henry Cline Sarah Clementina Drummond-Burrell Samuel Wyatt
Lord George Lennox George Bussy Villiers Henry FitzRoy 5th Duke of Grafton
John Bell (Surgeon) Robert Smirke (Painter) John Kennedy (Manufacturer)
John Gell Dugald Stewart Louisa Gurney Hoare
William Nicol (Surgeon) William Nicol (Geologist) Edward Hall Alderson
Thomas Hope Richard Cosway Jonathan Backhouse
Lady Sarah Lennox John Byng, 5th Viscount Torrington Harriette Wilson
Andrew Plimer George Henry Borrow Charles Lamb
Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst Skeffington Lutwidge
George Colman the Elder William Hotham Jacob Bell
Charles Heathcote Tatham William Allen (Quaker) John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
John Henry Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland William Gell Richard Barry, 7th Earl Barrymore
Samuel Bagster the Younger Lady Anne (Wesley) Fitzroy Samuel Gurney
John Liston Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond Luke Howard
Alexander MacKenzie (Explorer) John Pasco Joseph Black
Sir Robert Calder Benjamin Travers John Walker (Cricketer)
John (Johnnie) Walker Joseph Fox the Younger Bishop Beilby Porteus
Sir William Knighton George Rose Edward St. Maur 11th Duke of Somerset
Samuel Bagster the Elder Richard Keppel Craven Edwin Henry Landseer
James Paull (Duelist) Henry Thornton Peter Pond
George Rose (Barrister) William Vincent Humphry Repton
Eliab Harvey Sir George Henry Rose James Kenney
James Kennedy Nevil Maskelyne James Playfair
John Auldjo Thomas Morton (Shipbuilder) Charles Kemble
Sir John Vaughan (Judge) Henry Paget, Marquess of Anglesey Henry Holland (Cricketer)
Sir Henry Holland (Baronet) Mary Alcock Tom Walker (Cricketer)
Thomas Bradley (Physician) Henry Dundas Trotter Thomas Picton
Sir Charles Middleton William Henry Playfair John Palmer (The 2 Architects)
William Ludlam Thomas Ludlam John Pinch the Elder
George Harris, 1st Baron Edward Waring William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk 9th Duke of St Albans
Isaac Milner Sir Henry Blackwood William Lovett
General Sir Edward Paget Colonel John Vaughan William Locker
William George Keith Elphinstone Sir William Parker Baronet of Harburn Charles Hutton
John Thomas ‘Antiquity’ Smith Thomas Grey Egerton

1st Earl of Wilton

William Allen (Royal Navy Officer)
Thomas Baldwin Nathaniel Plimer Sir Edward Berry
Charles Gordon Lennox 5th Duke of Richmond George Combe Henry Siddons
Angela Burdett-Coutts William Ellis (Painter) William Drummond of Logiealmond
William George Harris Gerrard Andrewes Berkeley Paget
John Palmer (postal Innovator) Thomas Ludlam Henry Hetherington
Sir Charles Bagot Edward Ellice Francis Douce
Sir Hector Munro Richard Harris Barham Andrew Meikle
William Anderson (Artist) William Hunter Cavendish 5th Duke of Devonshire William Stewart Rose
Harriet Murray John Hunter (Politician) John Thomas Serres
Joseph Antonio Emidy Joseph Hume Thomas Holcroft
Archibald Alison Abraham Rees Thomas Helmore
Colonel William Berkeley Thomas Hearne Richard Carlile
Julius Caesar Ibbetson George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle John Rennie
William Oxberry William Hornby William Holme Twentyman
Charles Howard 11th Duke of Norfolk Gerard Lake Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet
Isaac Taylor Edward Howard-Gibbon Marquess of Stafford Granville Leveson-Gower
Robert Aspland George Harris 3rd Baron Harris Thomas Telford
George Phillip Manners Arthur Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire Daniel Gurney
Sir Peter Parker John Horsley Palmer Richard Watson (politician)
Joseph Farington Charles Fitzroy, Baron Southampton William Henry West Betty
Charles Stuart (British Army Officer) Marguerite Gardiner, Countess of Blessington Paul III Anton, Prince Esterházy
William Danby George Macartney Richard Payne Knight
Admiral Adam Duncan James George Smith Neill Sir Anthony Carlisle
John Hely-Hutchinson, 2nd Earl of Donoughmore Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour Richard Robert Madden
Joseph Milner Sidney Smith (wit) George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer
Henry Duncan John Nichols Thom Charles Gardiner, 1st Earl of Blessington
Uvedale Price James Foster Richard Colt Hoare
Richard Watson (Bishop) Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess of Hertford Charles FitzRoy 3rd Baron Southampton
Duke of York Frederick Augustus Hanover Price Blackwood Benjamin Outram
Major General John Dalling John Thelwall Robert “Bobus” Percy Smith
John Carr (architect) James Archibald Stuart Roger Curtis
Sir Erasmus Gower Charles Pepys Earl of Cottenham Joseph Chitty
Henry Thoby Prinsep James Coutts Crawford Sir Charles Edward Grey
John Palmer (Commissary) Samuel Barrington William Gifford
John Richardson Henry Holland Thomas Harley
Emily Lennox, Duchess of Leinster Alexander Hood Charles Grey, 1st Earl Grey
John Wilson Croker Beaumont Hotham John Fane 11th Earl of Westmorland
George Johnston Henry Temple 2nd Viscount Palmerston Simon McGillivray
Colonel George Hanger Sir John McMahon William Babington
John Hoppner Sir Richard Onslow John Byng 1st Earl of Strafford
William Wilkins Daines Barrington John Bell (publisher)
Alexander Ball Lord Robert Seymour Jacob Philipp Hackert
John Cleave Hussey Vivian 1st Baron Vivian George Cowper 6th Earl Cowper
Edward Bouverie Pusey Dr William Pulteney Alison William Railton
James Mill Lucuis Curtis Henry Pigot
Hugh James Rose Sir John Easthope Thomas Starkie
John Prinsep Harriet Martineau Edward Gibbon
Richard Watson 4th Duke of Queensberry William Douglas Edward Jenner
James Gillray Molyneux Shuldham 1st Baron Shuldham Charles Catton the Younger
Henry Proctor (British Army Officer) James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Baron Wharncliffe Sir Thomas Brisbane
William Adam of Blair Adam Sir Edward Michael Pakenham Charles Bury 1st Earl of Charleville
John Pinch the Younger John Stuart Count of Maida Robert Hall
Hurrell Froude Olivia Serres Anne Horton Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn
Sir Marc Brunel George Pryme General Sir John Bell
William Whewell Adam Ferguson of Raith William Beatty
Robert Linzee Richard Porson Edward O’Bryen
William Baillie (artist) John Romilly Edwin Chadwick
William Hay 17th Earl of Erroll Elizabeth Inchbald Maria Walpole
Edward Maltby Folliott Cornewall Edward James Eliot
James Perry (journalist) John Oxley General Sir Robert Arbuthnot
Sir Ralph Abercromby Hannah Cowley Thomas Kidd (classical scholar)
Admiral Sir Graham Moore Duke of Norfolk Henry Charles Howard Henry Dundas 1st Viscount Melville
Francis Leggatt Chantrey Sir Josias Rowley 1st Baronet Richard Grosvenor 1st Earl Grosvenor
Richard Colley Wellesley Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke of Somerset James Henry Monk
Sir John Abercromby Sir George Colebrooke Francis Russell 5th Duke of Bedford
James Burton Thomas Morton (Playwright) John MacBride
George Mudie Sir William Hotham Charles Augustus Murray
Priscilla Fane Countess of Westmorland William Van Mildert Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Sir Gerard Noel 2nd Baronet Sir George Baker Henry Wellesley
William Gregory Albemarle Bertie John Rylands
Sir Arthur Paget George Murray 5th Earl of Dunmore Sir Thomas Munro 1st Baronet
Maurice Margarot Sir Charles Grey Robert James Carr
George Stephenson Bernard Edward Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk Allan Cunningham
Henry Thynne 3rd Marquess of Bath William Hasledine Pepys George Percy 5th Duke of Northumberland
John Charles Ramsden Thomas Mounsey Cunningham John Nash
Thomas Charles Hope Joseph Gerrald Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe
William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck 3rd Duke of Portland William Pitt the Younger Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth
William Wyndham Grenville 1st Baron Grenville Spencer Perceval Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
George Canning Frederick John Robinson 1st Viscount Goderich Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington (Political Career)
Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne Sir Robert Peel 2nd Baronet
Edward Troughton James Cecil 1st Marquess of Salisbury William Salter (artist)
Colonel Sempronius Streton James Lackington Duke of Argyll John Campbell 7th Duke
Charles Noel 1st Earl of Gainsborough Thomas Fortescue Kennedy Robert McQueen
Peregrine Maitland Harriet Fane Arbuthnot Duke of Marlborough George Spencer-Churchill 4th Duke
William Essington Richard Sheepshanks John Linnell
Daniel Rutherford Harry Walker (Cricketer) Thomas Egerton 2nd Earl of Wilton
William Heberden the Younger William Beresford 1st Baron Decies George Agar-Ellis 1st Baron Dover
Tattersalls Robert Jocelyn 3rd Earl of Roden George Stewart 8th Earl of Galloway
George FitzRoy 4th Duke of Grafton Lord Henry John Spencer Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess of Westminster
Admiral Sir George Campbell John Fane 10th Earl of Westmorland Phillip Parker King
Admiral Sir Robert Barlow Lady Diana Spencer James Edwards (Bookseller)
Charles Bennet 4th Earl of Tankerville Patrick Fraser Tytler William Handcock 1st Viscount Castlemaine
Lord Frederick Campbell George Leveson-Gower Marquis of Stafford Duke of Sutherland John Scott Earl of Eldon
John Blaquiere 1st Baron de Blaquiere Louisa (Lennox) Conolly Sir Harry Smith
Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet Sir Edward Crofton Laura Pulteney 1st Countess of Bath
Brownlow Bertie 5th Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven William Nelson 1st Earl Nelson George Child Villiers 5th Earl of Jersey
Frederick Howard 5th Earl of Carlisle Sir William Oglander 6th Baronet Joseph Bramah
George Cavendish 1st Earl of Burlington George Beresford 1st Marquess of Waterford William Henry Hunt
John Edwards-Vaughan Elizabeth (Gurney) Fry William Waldegrave 1st Baron Radstockv
George Gordon 9th Marquess Huntly William Mulready George Colman the Younger
Ralph Payne 1st Baron Lavington 5th Duke of Argyll John Campbell Charles Grant 1st Baron Glenelg
James Hutton George Byng 6th Viscount Torrington John Russell 6th Duke of Bedford
Sir Philip Durham Frederick Richard Lee Thomas Jervis
William Molesworth 8th Baronet William Cunnington William Beloe
Thomas Postlethwaite Edward Ellice Lady Charlotte Bury
John Adey Repton Sir Hugh Gough Henry Maudslay
Edward Bromhead Lord Charles FitzRoy (Politician) John Horne Tooke
Samuel Whitbread Sir Issac Coffin Matthew Boulton
Joshua Field William McGillivray Andrew Geddes
Edward Turner (chemist) George Lackington Francis Augustus Collier
Henry Beauchamp St John 13th Baron St John of Blesto Richard Taylor (editor) Henry Luttrell 2nd Earl of Carhampton
Derwent Coleridge Severus William Lynam Stretton William Vane 1st Duke of Cleveland
William Cobbett Arthur Phillip Major-General Robert Craufurd
Captain John (Jack) Willett Payne James Gregory George Peacock
Duke of Argyll George William Campbell 6th Duke Robert Scott Lauder Joseph Locke
George Montagu John Eliot Earl of St. Germans John Wheble
Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverly Sir Richard Sutton William Hone
3rd Duke of Grafton Augustus Henry FitzRoy George Green George Cruikshank
Charles Harcourt Masters Robert Smith 1st Baron Carrington Joseph Foveaux
John Whitelocke Thomas Lawrence Richard Arden 3rd Baron Alvanley
Archibald Norman McLeod Thomas Rowlandson Sir Charles FitzRoy
Edward Pelham Brenton Thomas Babington Macaulay Sir Andrew Francis Barnard
William Paget Charles James Blomfield Sir Henry Bunbury 7th Baronet
Henry Weekes John Sackville 3rd Duke of Dorset         Thomas Landseer
Decimus Burton Maria Hadfield Cosway John Ward 1st Earl of Dudley
John Fitzpatrick 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory Donald Gregory James Graham 3rd Duke of Montrose
William Petty 2nd Earl of Shelburne Marquess of Lansdowne Thomas Gainsborough Peter Burrell 1st Baron Gwydyr
John Soane Denis Pack John Boydell
Alexander Gordon 4th Duke of Gordon Lieutenant-General William Stuart Charles Vane 3rd Marquess of Londonderry
John Hudson William Harrison Ainsworth Philip Hardwick
George Villiers 4th Earl of Jersey Hugh Percy 2nd Duke of Northumberland William Cowper
Lord William Bentinck Thomas Bruce 7th Earl of Elgin Stephen Rumbold Lushington
Thomas Sandby Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood 1st Baron Collingwood Thomas John Cochrane
Thomas de Quincey John MacDonald of Garth Philip Yorke 3rd Earl of Hardwicke
Amelia Stewart Viscountess Castlereagh Algernon Percy 4th Duke of Northumberland John Wilson (Scottish writer)
Sir John Herschel Charles Long 1st Baron Farnborough George Abercromby 2nd Baron Abercromby
Joseph Lancaster Lord Francis Almeric Spencer George Sackville 4th Duke of Dorset

There will be many other notables coming, a full and changing list can be found here on the blog as I keep adding to it. The list so far is:

  • Victoria
  • Granville Sharp
  • William Paley
  • Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh
  • James Stirling
  • John MacBride (professor)
  • John Thomas Duckworth
  • David Dundas
  • Sir Hyde Parker
  • Sir Thomas Hardy
  • Thomas Hardy (Reformer)
  • Sir William Parker
  • William Cornwallis
  • Charles Cornwallis
  • Robert Emmet
  • William Taylor of Norwich
  • Robert Owen
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • John Stuart Mill
  • Thomas Cochrane 10th Earl of Dundonald
  • Claire Clairmont
  • Fanny Imlay
  • Gilbert Imlay
  • William Godwin
  • William Hazlitt
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • James Edward Smith
  • Sir Joseph Banks
  • James Smithson
  • Wellington (the Military man)
  • Sydney Smith
  • Admiral Sir William Sydney Smith
  • Admiral Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke
  • William Howe
  • Viscount Sir Samuel Hood
  • Sir Samuel Hood
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
  • General Banastre Tarleton
  • John Constable
  • Sir William Lawrence 1st Baronet
  • Joseph Priestley
  • Horace Walpole
  • William Blake
  • Robert Smirke (architect)
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Robert Southey
  • Sir Walter Scott
  • William Windham
  • Madame de Stael
  • John Walker (inventor)(Natural Historian)(Lexicographer)
  • James Boswell
  • Warren Hastings
  • Edmund Burke
  • Juana Maria de Los Dolores de Leon (Lady Smith)
  • Louis Philippe Joseph, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1785 as Duc d’ Orleans (1747-1793)
  • Louis Philippe, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1793 as Duc d’ Orleans (1773-1850)
  • John Bell
  • James Wyatt
  • William Pole-Tylney-Long-Wellesley
  • Lord FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan
  • James Watt
  • John Hunter (Royal Navy)
  • Joseph Pease
  • Richard Trevithick
  • Thomas Baillie (Royal Navy officer)
  • William Francis Patrick Napier
  • Charles James Napier
  • Sir Charles Bell
  • Richard Barnwell
  • William Carr Beresford 1st Viscount Beresford
  • John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
  • George Brydges Rodney
  • Samuel Pepys Cockerell
  • Benjamin Robert Haydon
  • John Dalton
  • Samuel Whitbread (Politician)
  • Francis Augustus Collier
  • Humphry Davy
  • George Shillibeer
  • Samuel Hoare Jr.
  • Thomas Moore
  • Edward Dodwell
  • George Vancouver
  • Sir George Simpson
  • William Morgan (actuary)
  • Alexander Walker
  • George Templer
  • Sir Robert Inglis
  • Lucia Elizabeth Vestris
  • John Vaughan 3rd Earl of Lisburne
  • Samuel Rogers
  • Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • Sir Archibald Campbell
  • Maria Theresa Kemble
  • Thomas Muir of Huntershill
  • Thomas Fyshe Palmer
  • Samuel Palmer
  • William Skirving
  • Captain William Paget
  • Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget
  • E.A. Burney
  • Charles Burney
  • Lord Frederick Beauclerk
  • William Fullarton
  • Francis Jeffrey
  • Charles Simeon
  • Sir John Simeon
  • James Watson
  • Daniel O’Connell
  • Feargus O’Connor
  • Joseph Nollekens
  • Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster
  • Andrew Combe
  • Abram Combe
  • William Ellis
  • William A. F. Browne
  • Robert William Elliston
  • William Henry Murray
  • Daniel Terry
  • Joanna Baillie
  • Theodore Hook
  • Robert Scott Lauder
  • Chauncey Hare Townshend
  • Paul Sandby
  • Henry Paget 1st Earl of Uxbridge
  • Richard Hurd
  • Abel Heywood
  • George Holyoake
  • Charles Poulett Thomson
  • William Charles Keppel, 4th Earl of Albemarle
  • Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester
  • George Rennie
  • Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
  • Frederick Hervey 4th Earl of Bristorl
  • Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville
  • Sir Augustus William James Clifford
  • George Lamb (politician and Writer)
  • Francis Baring
  • Thomas Rees
  • John Jones
  • Sir James Edward Smith
  • John Evans
  • Maurice Berkeley, 1st Baron FitzHardinge
  • Henry FitzHardinge Berkeley
  • Grantley Berkeley
  • Craven Berkeley
  • George Cranfield-Berkeley
  • Sir George Beaumont, 7th Baronet
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Thomas Girtin
  • Dr. Thomas Monro
  • George Dance the Younger
  • William Daniell
  • Edward Thomas Daniell
  • Henry Monro
  • Henry Hunt
  • James Wilson
  • Robert Taylor (Radical)
  • Benjamin West
  • John Varley
  • William Roscoe
  • Thomas Harrison (architect)
  • John Rennie the Younger
  • Sir Samuel Bentham
  • Thomas John Dibdin
  • Thomas Frognall Dibdin
  • George Soane
  • John Emery (English Actor)
  • Elizabeth Rebecca Edwin
  • Lawrence Holme Twentyman
  • Mary Ann Gibbon
  • Matthew Howard-Gibbon
  • Sir William Woods
  • Isaac Taylor of Ongar
  • Josiah Conder
  • Jacob Rey
  • John Foster
  • Olinthus Gilbert Gregory
  • Jane Taylor
  • Sir James Stephens
  • Ann Taylor (poet)
  • John Eyre
  • Thomas Noon Talfourd
  • Thomas Southwood Smith
  • Neil Arnott
  • James Kay-Shuttleworth
  • William Johnson Fox
  • Nassau William Senior
  • Elizabeth Fox, Baroness Holland
  • Walter Wilson
  • William James Erasmus Wilson
  • Sir William Pulteney, 5th Baronet
  • William Jessop
  • Thomas Campbell
  • Sir Peter Parker, 2nd Baronet
  • Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort
  • John Home
  • Frederick Edward Jones
  • John Stuart, 1st Marquess of Bute
  • William Stuart
  • Lady Louisa Stuart
  • James Lowther 1st Earl of Lonsdale
  • Charles Stuart, 1st Baron Stuart de Rothesay
  • Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of Minto
  • Andrew Blayney, 11th Baron Blayney
  • Walter Savage Landor
  • Sir George Staunton
  • William Gilpin
  • Henry Trollope
  • Henry Havelock
  • Nicholas Carlisle
  • William Nicholson
  • Sir George Seymour
  • Miles Atkinson
  • William Dealtry
  • Samuel Marsden
  • Thomas Perronet Thompson
  • Alexander Horn
  • John Ryland
  • James Mackintosh
  • Sir Richard Bickerton
  • Robert Corbet
  • Richard Cope (minister)
  • William Wordsworth
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
  • William Lyttelton
  • Francis Nicholson
  • George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale
  • James Anderson of Hermiston
  • John Hookham Frere
  • Henry Vassall-Fox
  • George Richardson (Architect)
  • William Chambers (Architect)
  • Robert Furze Brettingham
  • Matthew Brettingham the Younger
  • James Stuart-Mackenzie
  • William Legge
  • George Cartwright
  • Anthony James Pye Molloy
  • James Gambier 1st Baron Gambier
  • William Wingfield
  • James Prinsep
  • Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings
  • Sir Charles Knowles
  • William Bligh
  • Sophia Campbell (Palmer)
  • Robert Campbell
  • Francis Grose
  • John Macarthur
  • George Ellis
  • John Gibson Lockhart
  • William Stevens
  • William Adam
  • John Thomas Troy
  • Sir Robert Dallas
  • Thomas Hardwick
  • Esther Abrahams
  • William Paterson (explorer)
  • Henry Fulton
  • Simon McTavish
  • Colin Robertson
  • William McMahon
  • William Behnes
  • Rowland Hill 1st Viscount Hill
  • John Peter Gandy
  • William Crotch
  • Samuel Wesley
  • Henry Vincent
  • William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart
  • Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey
  • John Henry Newman
  • John Keble
  • Sir William Molesworth 8th Baronet
  • Samuel Pym
  • Henry Lambert
  • Nesbit Willoughby
  • William Palmer
  • William Innell Clement
  • Henry John Rose
  • John Austin (legal philosopher)
  • Thomas Dunham Whitaker
  • Adam Clarke
  • Marchioness of Hertford, Maria Emilia Fagnani
  • Charles Douglas, 6th Marquess of Queensberry
  • Francis Douglas, 8th Earl of Wemyss
  • Edward Thurlow 1st Baron Thurlow
  • Sir George Prevost
  • Sir Isaac Brock
  • John Thomas Bigge
  • John Creighton 1st Earl Erne
  • Dr. Robert Wardell
  • James Dunlop
  • Admiral Sir Charles Adam
  • Catherine Wellesley Duchess of Wellington
  • Robert Ross
  • Henry Prittie 1st Baron Dunalley
  • Henry Prittie 2nd Baron Dunalley
  • Robert Cuninghame 1st Baron Rossmore
  • Sir Sames Craig
  • Henry Edward Fox
  • Hudson Lowe
  • John Clayton
  • Samuel Horsley
  • James Wilmot
  • Samuel Hood Linzee
  • John Gore
  • George Atwood
  • Stephen Weston (antiquary)
  • Walter Whiter
  • Joseph Robertson
  • Samuel Parr
  • Joseph Goodall
  • Gilbert Wakefield
  • Robert Mann (Royal Navy Officer)
  • William Otter
  • Joseph Warton
  • George Pretyman Tomline
  • William Enfield
  • Henry Bathurst (bishop)
  • William Turner (Unitarian minister)
  • Edward Craggs-Eliot 1st Baron Eliot
  • Alexander Abercromby
  • James Abercromby, 1st Baron Dunfermline
  • Alexander Abercromby (British Army Officer)
  • Robert Merry
  • John Moore (physician)
  • Sir Richard Hughes
  • William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland
  • John Raphael Smith
  • Daniel Asher Alexander
  • Thomas Stothard
  • Charles Manners-Sutton
  • Sir Richard Westmacott
  • Richard Westmacott the younger
  • James Pennethorne
  • James Haliburton
  • Joseph George Holman
  • Hugh Palliser
  • Thomas Louis
  • Willoughby Thomas Lake
  • Henry Hotham
  • John Holloway
  • Sir Richard Strachan
  • Edward Thornbrough
  • Benjamin Hawes
  • Charles Wetherell
  • John Scott Russell
  • William Horsley
  • Henry Noel, 6th Earl of Gainsborough
  • James Harris 1st Earl of Malmesbury
  • Henry Richard Charles Wellesley 1st Earl of Cowley
  • William O’Bryen Drury
  • Sir John Borlase Warren
  • John Parker 1st Earl of Morley
  • John Murray 4th Earl of Dunmore
  • Alexander Murray 6th Earl of Dunmore
  • John Munro 9th of Teaninich
  • John Wilkes
  • Henry George Grey 3rd Earl Grey
  • John Lambton 1st Earl of Durham
  • Matthew Murray
  • William Losh
  • John Vaughan
  • John Metcalf
  • Henry Both
  • James Hogg
  • Allan Cunningham (botanist)
  • Peter Miller Cunningham
  • Robert Hartley Cromek
  • Sir David Wilkie
  • Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath
  • William Feilding, 7th Earl of Denbigh
  • Josceline Percy (Royal Navy Officer)
  • William Henry Percy
  • Thomas Dundas 1st Baron Dundas
  • William Fitzwilliam 4th Earl Fitzwilliam
  • Augustus Charles Pugin
  • Frederick Crace
  • James Morgan
  • Edward Blore
  • Alexander Monro
  • Joseph Galloway
  • Richard Curzon-Howe
  • Stephen Groombridge
  • William Simms
  • Sir James South
  • George Nugent 1st Marquess of Westmeath
  • James Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess of Salisbury
  • Sir Frederic Adam
  • Sir Henry Askew
  • Sir Henry Wyndham
  • William Stretton
  • Eyre Massey
  • Richard Handcock 2nd Baron Castlemaine
  • John Flaxman
  • Sir George Grey 1st Baronet
  • Hugh Cloberry Christian
  • Henry Harvey
  • William Young
  • Andrew Snape Douglas
  • George Burlton
  • Sir John Hill
  • Sir Henry Raeburn
  • Sir Colin Campbell/Cailean Mor
  • Henry Fane
  • Lord Charles Spencer
  • Lady Elizabeth Spencer
  • Henry Ellis 2nd Viscount Clifden
  • Edward Nares
  • Cropley Ashley-Cooper 6th Earl of Shaftesbury
  • George Biddell Airy
  • Charles Babbage
  • Richard Whately
  • Thomas Carlyle
  • Robert Grosvenor, 1st Baron Ebury
  • Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby
  • Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
  • Elizabeth Smith Stanley Countess of Derby
  • William Heberden the Elder
  • Marcus Beresford
  • John Julius Angerstein
  • Charles Pierrepont, 1st Earl Manvers
  • Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden
  • John Stewart 7th Earl of Galloway
  • William Stewart (1774-1827)
  • William Porden
  • William Burn
  • Sarah Fane, Countess of Westmorland
  • John Ponsonby 4th Earl of Bessborough
  • John Ponsonby 1st Viscount Ponsonby
  • Philip Gidley King
  • Anna Josepha King
  • Matthew Flinders
  • John Septimus Roe
  • Vice-Admiral Robert FitzRoy
  • Charles Darwin
  • Emma Crewe
  • Elizabeth Templetown
  • Ricahrd Gough (antiquarian)
  • Henry Grey Bennet
  • James Tytler
  • Alexander Fraser Tytler
  • George Thomson
  • William Power Keating Trench 1st Earl of Clancarty
  • George Townshend 1st marquess Townshend
  • John Campbell 2nd Marquess of Breadalbane
  • Elilzabeth Leveson-Gower Duchess of Sutherland
  • Nathan Rothschild
  • Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville
  • Patrick Sellar
  • Francis (Leveson-Gower) Egerton 1st Earl of Ellesmere
  • William Scott 1st Baron Stowell
  • Thomas Erskine 1st Baron Erskine
  • Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of Bath
  • Thomas Conolly
  • Edward Michael (Pakenham) Conolly
  • Benjamin D’Urban
  • Robert Hamilton (ecnomist)
  • Thomas Hamilton (writer)
  • Augustus De Morgan
  • Sir James Pulteney 7th Baronet
  • Thomas Colyear 4th Earl of Portmore
  • Albemarle Bertie 9th Earl of Lindsey
  • Thomas Nelson 2nd Earl Nelson
  • Charlotte Hood 3rd Duchess of Bronte
  • Francis Villiers Countess of Jersey
  • John Campbell 1st Baron Cawdor
  • John Frederick Campbell 1st Earl Cawdor
  • Henry Howard (priest)
  • Joseph Clement
  • Arthur Woolf
  • Charles Monck 1st Viscount Monck
  • Henry Beresford 2nd Marquess of Waterford
  • Lord John Beresford
  • Sir John Beresford 1st Baronet
  • Lord George Thomas Beresford
  • John Gurney
  • Joseph Fry(tea merchant)
  • John James Waldegrave 6th Earl Waldegrave
  • Charles Gordon 10th Marquess of Huntly
  • Charles Compton Cavendish 1st Baron Chesham
  • Lord Frederick Gordon-Hallyburton
  • Richard Monckton Milnes 1st Baron Houghton
  • Elizabeth Gunning, 1 Baroness of Hamilton of Hameldon
  • Charles Grant (British East India Company)
  • Sir Robert Grant
  • Charles Lyell
  • Richard Kirwan
  • William Charles Wells
  • Patrick Matthew
  • Major-General Lord George Russell
  • Martha (Whyte) Countess of Elgin and Kincardine
  • Mary (Nisbet) Hamilton Bruce Countess of Elgin
  • William Brown
  • William Lechmere
  • Thomas Lee
  • Thomas Sidney Cooper
  • George Hamilton-Gordon 4th Earl of Aberdeen
  • William Ewart Gladstone
  • Charles Buller
  • George Grote
  • John Arthur Roebuck
  • John Roebuck
  • Thomas Dampier
  • Samuel Butler
  • George Edmund Byron Bettesworth
  • Eliza Courtney
  • General Robert Ellice
  • George Sackville-West 5th Earl De la Warr
  • John Britton (antiquary)
  • Henry Hardinge 1st Viscount Hardinge
  • James Nasmyth
  • Jesse Ramsden
  • Sir Joseph Whitworth
  • John Penn
  • Richard Roberts
  • David Napier
  • Charles Augustus FitzRoy
  • Richard Beadon
  • Lloyd Kenyon
  • William Tooke
  • Richard Grenville-Temple 2nd Earl Temple
  • Sir Thomas Pasley
  • Sir Thomas Graves
  • Alexander Cochrane
  • Guy Carleton 1st Baron Dorchester
  • Phillip Cosby
  • James Wallace
  • Matthew Robinson Boulton
  • Francis Eginton
  • James Keir
  • John Wilkinson
  • Simon Goodrich
  • William Murdoch
  • William Fordyce Mavor
  • St Andrew St John 14th Baron St John of Blesto
  • John St John 12th Baron St John of Blesto
  • John Taylor (Unitarian hymn writer)
  • Alexander Tilloch
  • Jonathan Boucher
  • John Luttrell-Olmius 3rd Earl of Carhampton
  • W.M. Praed
  • John Moultrie
  • William Sidney Walker
  • Charles Austin
  • Frederick Denison Maurice
  • Richard Arden 1st Baron Alvanley
  • John Cartwright (political reformer)
  • Thomas Curson Hansard
  • William Benbow
  • Thomas Robert Malthus
  • John Claudius Loudon
  • Thomas Townshend 1st Viscount Sydney
  • John Montagu 5th Earl of Sandwich
  • Lachlan Macquarie
  • William Dawes
  • Watkin Tench
  • Charles Craufurd
  • James Shaw Kennedy
  • John Colborne, 1st Baron Seaton
  • Robert Henley 2nd Earl of Northington
  • Thomas Brown (philosopher)
  • George Gilbert Scott
  • Charles Vignoles
  • Thomas Brassey
  • Charles Pasley
  • William Mackenzie
  • Alan Gardner
  • William Ward
  • William Ward 3rd Viscount Dudley and Ward
  • John Nichols
  • John Higton
  • George Ashburnham 3rd Earl of Ashburnham
  • John Ashburnham 2nd Earl of Ashburnham
  • William Henry Percy
  • Hugh Percy (bishop)
  • Elizabeth Fenning
  • Mr. Justice Abbot
  • Sir William Garrow
  • John Stoddart
  • Thomas Binney
  • Joseph Strutt
  • Lord Charles FitzRoy (1764-1829)
  • Francis Spencer 1st Baron Churchill
  • William FitzRoy
  • William Hopkins
  • William Hamilton Maxwell
  • Isaac Cruikshank
  • Robert Seymour (illustrator)
  • David Collins
  • William Linley
  • Andrew Bloxam
  • Elijah Impey
  • Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom
  • William Etty
  • George Henry Harlow
  • Sir Richard Croft 6th Baronet
  • Henry Bunbury
  • Rudolph Ackermann
  • William Combe
  • George Gipps
  • Geroge Barney
  • William M. James (naval historian)
  • Sir Jahleel Brenton 1st Baronet
  • Richard Sharp (politician)
  • Thomas Barnard (1726-1806)
  • William Howley
  • Edward Valentine Blomfield
  • Charles Bunbury 6th Baronet
  • George Napier
  • Reginald Heber
  • John Gibson
  • Sir Horatio Mann
  • William Yalden
  • William Bedster
  • Lumpy Stevens
  • Other Windsor 6th Earl of Plymouth
  • William Amherst 1st Earl Amherst
  • John Landseer
  • William Bewick
  • Charles Landseer
  • Charles Jenkinson 1st Earl of Liverpool
  • Sir Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood
  • Richard Turner (iron-founder)
  • Joseph Wright of Derby
  • Edward Copleston
  • Gavin Hamilton
  • Franz Bauer
  • Isaac Barré
  • Charles Finch 9th Earl of Winchilsea
  • Priscilla Bertie 21st Baroness Willoughby de Eresby
  • Thomas Banks
  • Richard Burdon
  • Thomas Bowdler
  • Patrick Brydone
  • Henry Tresham
  • Thomas Jones (artist)
  • Nathaniel Marchant
  • Henry Bankes
  • Nancy Storace
  • Robert Mylne
  • Joseph Gandy
  • James Boaden
  • Josiah Boydell
  • George Nicol
  • John Hoole
  • George Steevens
  • Richard Westall
  • Francesco Bartolozzi
  • Thomas Kirk
  • Thomas Macklin
  • William Marshall (Scottish Composer)
  • Nathaniel Wraxall
  • Robert Stewart 1st Marquess of Londonderry
  • John Bligh 4th Earl of Darnley
  • Edward Bligh
  • Frances Anne Vane Marchioness of Londonderry
  • Sir Henry Vane-Tempest
  • Frederick William Robert Stewart 4th Marquess of Londonderry
  • John Ebers
  • Ralph Harrison (1748-1810)
  • Henry Crabb Robinson
  • William Blackwood
  • Daniel Maclise
  • William Maginn
  • Leigh Hunt
  • Frances Villiers Countess of Jersey
  • John Shaw Sr
  • William Russell
  • Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl of Egremont
  • Richard Bagot (Bishop)
  • John Newton
  • Robert Nisbet-Hamilton
  • James Gandon
  • Robert Roddam
  • James Adam (architect)
  • John Erasmus Blackett
  • Michael Anthony Fleming
  • Thomas Hood
  • John Reid
  • David Thompson
  • Sir John Johnson
  • Robert Unwin Harwood
  • Charles Yorke 4th Earl of Hardwicke
  • James Beeching
  • John Franklin
  • George Jardine
  • James Penny
  • William Herschel
  • Henry Collen
  • Thomas Maclear
  • Mary Abercromby
  • George Ralph Campbell Abercromby
  • Robert Abercromby of Airthey
  • Fox Maule-Ramsay 11th Earl of Dalhousie
  • James Byres
  • Andrew Bell

The Dukes

  • Duke of Hamilton, Archibald Hamilton
  • Duke of Hamilton, Alexander Hamilton
  • Duke of Norfolk, Henry Howard 13th Duke
  • Duke of Marlborough George Spencer-Churchill 5th Duke
  • Duke of Marlborough George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke
  • Duke of Atholl John Murray 4th Duke
  • Duke of Argyll George Campbell 6th Duke
  • Duke of Bridgewater Francis Egerton 3rd Duke
  • Duke of Sutherland George Sutherland-Leveson-Gower 2nd Duke
  • Duke of Gordon George Duncan Gordon 5th Duke
  • Duke of Bedford Francis Russell 7th Duke
  • Duke of Cleveland Henry Vane 2nd Duke
  • Duke of Cleveland William Vane 3rd Duke
  • Duke of Cleveland Harry Powlett 4th Duke
  • Duchess of Gordon Jane Gordon
  • James Graham 4th Duke of Montrose
  • Charlotte Lennox Duchess of Richmond
  • Duke of Manchester William Montagu 5th Duke
  • Charles Sackville-Germain 5th Duke of Dorset

The Royals

  • Ernest Augustus 1 of Hanover
  • Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
  • Augustus Frederick Duke of Sussex
  • Henry Frederick Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
  • Maria Walpole Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh
  • Prince William Henry Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh

The Dandy Club

  • Beau Brummell
  • William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley

Patronesses of Almacks

  • Emily Lamb, Lady Cowper
  • Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey
  • Maria Molyneux, Countess of Sefton
  • Dorothea Lieven, Countess de Lieven, wife of the Russian Ambassador
  • Countess Esterhazy, wife of the Austrian Ambassador

Regency Business

  • The Morning Post
  • Rundell and Bridge
  • Lackington-Temple of Muses
  • Almack’s
  • Burlington Arcade
  • The Times
  • Marylebone Cricket Club
  • White’s
  • Boydell Shakespeare Gallery

If there are any requests for personalities to be added to the list, just let us know in the comments section

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An Unofficial Guide to how to win the Scenarios of Soaked

I have been a fan of this series of computer games since early in its release of the very first game. That game was done by one programmer, Chris Sawyer, and it was the first I recall of an internet hit. Websites were put up in dedication to this game where people showed off their creations, based on real amusement parks. These sites were funded by individuals, an expense that was not necessarily as cheap then as it is now. Nor as easy to program then as it might be to build a web page now.

Prima Books released game guides for each iteration of the game, Rollercoaster Tycoon 1, Rollercoaster Tycoon 2 and Rollercoaster Tycoon 3 (RCT3) but not for the expansion sets. And unlike the first two works, the third guide was riddle with incorrect solutions. As I played the game that frustrated me. And I took to the forums that Atari, the game publisher hosted to see if I could find a way to solve those scenarios that the Prima Guide had written up in error. Not finding any good advice, I created my own for the scenarios that the “Official” Guide had gotten wrong.

Solutions that if you followed my advice you would win the scenario and move on. But if you followed the “Official” version you would fail and not be able to complete the game. My style and format being different than the folks at Prima, I continued for all the Scenarios that they had gotten right as well, though my solutions cut to the chase and got you to the winner’s circle more quickly, more directly.

My contributions to the “Official” Forum, got me a place as a playtester for both expansions to the game, Soaked and Wild. And for each of these games, I wrote the guides during the play testing phase so all the play testers could solve the scenarios, and then once again after the official release to make changes in the formula in case our aiding to perfect the game had changed matters. For this, Atari and Frontier (the actual programmers of the game) placed me within the game itself.

And for the longest time, these have been free at the “Official” Forums, as well as my own website dedicated to the game. But a short time ago, I noticed that Atari, after one of its bankruptcies had deleted their forums. So now I am releasing the Guide for one and all. I have added new material and it is near 100 pages, just for the first of the three games. It is available for the Kindle at present for $2.99.

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(Click on the picture to purchase)

Not only are all 9 Scenarios covered, but there are sections covering every Cheat Code, Custom Scenery, the famous Small Park Competition, the Advanced Fireworks Editor, the Flying Camera Route Editor which are all the techniques every amusement park designer needs to make a fantastic park in Rollercoaster Tycoon 3.

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Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.

George Sackville 4th Duke of Dorset
15 November 1793 – 14 February 1815

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George Sackville

George Sackville 4th Duke of Dorset was the only son of John Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset and his wife Arabella, he was educated at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford, receiving a MA from the latter on 30 June 1813.

He was appointed High Steward of Stratford-on-Avon, and was commissioned a captain of the local militia on 27 April 1813. On 26 July 1813, he was made lieutenant-colonel commandant of the Sevenoaks and Bromley battalion of militia. However, he died in February 1815, of a fall from his horse while hunting on Killiney Hill in County Dublin, and was succeeded as duke by his cousin Charles Sackville-Germain. His estate of Knole passed to his sister Elizabeth Sackville-West, Countess De La Warr.

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