Regency Personalities Series
In my attempts to provide us with the details of the Regency, today I continue with one of the many period notables.
Previous Notables (Click to see the Blog):
Lady Hester Stanhope
There will be many other notables coming, a full and changing list can be found here on the blog as I keep adding to it. The list so far is:
Lady Caroline Lamb
Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire
Charles James Fox
Richard Brinsley Sheridan
John Phillip Kemble
John Burgoyne Harriet Mellon
Wellington (the Military man)
General Banastre Tarleton
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Marquis of Stafford George Leveson-Gower
Paul III Anton, Prince Esterházy
Thomas Egerton, 2nd Earl of Wilton
Henry Herbert Southey
William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvanley
Sir Walter Scott
Duke of Argyll, George William Campbell (1766-1839)
Lord Barrymore, Richard Barry (1769-1794)
Lord Bedford, Francis Russell (1765-1802)
Mr. G. Dawson Damer (1788-1856)
Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish (1748-1811)
Lord Foley, Thomas Foley (1780-1833)
Colonel George Hanger (c.1751-1824)
Lord Hertford, Francis Seymour-Ingram (1743-1822)
Lord Yarmouth, Francis Charles Seymour-Ingram (1777-1842)
Edward “Golden Ball” Hughes (1798-1863)
Earl of Jersey, George Bussey Villiers (1735-1805)
Sir John , John Lade (1759-1838)
Duke of Norfolk, Charles Howard (1746-1815)
Duke of York , Frederick Augustus Hanover (1763-1827)
Louis Philippe Joseph, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1785 as Duc d’ Orleans (1747-1793)
Louis Philippe, Duc de Chartres, acceded 1793 as Duc d’ Orleans (1773-1850)
Captain John (Jack) Willett Payne (1752-1803)
Viscount Petersham, Charles Stanhope(1780-1851)
Duke of Queensberry, William Douglas (1724-1810)
Duke of Rutland, John Henry Manners(1778-1857)
Lord Sefton, William Philip Molyneux (1772-1838)
Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (1759-1801)
Sir Lumley St. George Skeffington Baronet (1771 – 1850)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1766-1835)
Lord Worcester, Henry Somerset (1792-1853)
Hon. Frederick Gerald aka “Poodle” Byng
Patronesses of Almacks
Emily Lamb, Lady Cowper
Amelia Stewart, Viscountess Castlereagh
Sarah Villiers, Countess of Jersey
Maria Molyneux, Countess of Sefton
Mrs. Drummond Burrell
Dorothea Lieven, Countess de Lieven, wife of the Russian Ambassador Countess Esterhazy, wife of the Austrian Ambassador
Percy Bysshe Shelley
August 4 1792 to July 8 1822
Shelley was born to a Whig Member of Parliament, Timothy Shelley. In 1804 he was off to Eton, and then University College at Oxford. At Eton he was tormented by his classmates. It is said at Oxford he only went to one lecture but read for sixteen hours a day. He published several pieces while at Oxford, one causing him to be send down on March 25th, 1811. HIs father interceded to have him reinstated, but Shelley refused causing a rift between him and his father.
Shelley, now nineteen, eloped with the 16 year old Harriet Westbrook, a classmate of Shelley’s younger sisters. Harriet was a rebound from his cousin Harriet Grove. Now he really upset his father who cut him off and refused to see him.
During this time, several people seemed to want to attach themselves to Shelley. He was due to inherit £6000 a year. One was William Godwin. All seemed bent on having Shelley reconcile with his father and his father’s money. Shelley though decided to publish his Address to the Irish People which advocated the repeal of the Union Act. Shelley was clearly of a radical mind as far as the establishment was concerned.
At this point Shelley was growing bored with his marriage, finding Harriet, and her sister who lived with them, intellectually inferior. There now was a separation. It left Shelley free to meet the daughter of his mentor, Godwin. Mary (of Frankenstein Fame), who Shelley fell in love with.
In 1814, Shelley abandoned his wife, who was pregnant with their son Charles, and ran away with Mary to Switzerland. She was 16, he was nearly 24. They brought Mary’s stepsister Claire along because she could speak french. The third sister stayed in England, but she was in love with Shelley as well. Six weeks later they were homesick and broke. They went back to England.
In 1816 Shelley and Mary went again to Switzerland. Claire was having a liaison with Lord Byron. Now Shelley and Byron met and urged each other on to great effect and output. Shelley ’s influence on Byron led to Don Juan and Byron’s influence on Shelley led to Hymn to Intellectual Beauty, and Mont Blanc.
Returning home to England in 1816, Fanny, the sister of Mary who had not gone abroad killed herself for not being able to be with Shelley who she loved. Then Harriet, his estranged wife killed herself as well, probably because she thought she had been abandoned by her own lover. Now Shelley could marry his Mary.
In 1818 the couple once more went to the continent, this time in search of Byron with Byron’s daughter Allegra. Allegra was the child born between Byron and Claire, Mary Shelley’s half sister. Once again the two poets worked to encourage each other. Things also become muddled in the Shelley household. In December of 1818 it appears that Claire may have had Shelley’s daughter.
Over the next few years he spent the entire time about Italy. And then on the 8th of July, caught in a sudden storm while sailing back to Lerici from Livorno, his boat, Don Juan sank. Some think it was attacked by pirates, others that Shelley wanted to die. (DWW-That last is hard to believe for two others died with Shelley.)