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Archive for August, 2012

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-21-08-02.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-21-08-02.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-21-08-02.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1807:

Year Month Day Event
1807 Jan 2 Lord Grenville presented to British Parliament a “Bill for the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” effective May 1. He introduced it directly to the House of Lords. It passed the House of Lords by 64 votes and cleared the House of Commons on March 25.
1807 Jan 7 Responding to Napoleon’s blockade of the British Isles, The British blockaded Continental Europe.
1807 Jan 11 Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph and Cornell University (NY), was born in Westchester, NY.
1807 Jan 19 Robert E. Lee, the commander-in-chief of the Civil War Confederate Armies, was born in Stratford, Va.
1807 Jan 20 Napoleon convened the great Sanhedrin in Paris.
1807 Jan 22 President Thomas Jefferson exposed a plot by Aaron Burr to form a new republic in the Southwest.
1807 Jan 28 London’s Pall Mall was 1st street lit by gaslight.
1807 January January: London’s Pall Mall is the first street to be lit by gaslight.
1807 Feb 5 Pasquale Paoli (80), Corsican freedom fighter, died.
1807 Feb 8 At Eylau, Poland, Napoleon’s Marshal Pierre Agureau attacked Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm. Like Napoleon, to whom he is most often compared, Alexsandr Suvorov believed that opportunities in battle are created by fortune but exploited by intelligence, experience and an intuitive eye. To him, mastery of the art and science of war was not, therefore, purely instinctive. Napoleon’s forces ran low on supplies at Eylau and ate their horses.
1807 Feb 9 French Sanhedrin was convened by Napoleon.
1807 Feb 19 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. He was subsequently tried for treason and acquitted. [see May 22, Sep 1]
1807 Feb 24 In a crush to witness the hanging of Holloway, Heggerty and Elizabeth Godfrey in England 17 died and 15 were wounded.
1807 Feb 27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (d.1882), was born in Portland, Maine. He was an American poet famous for “The Children’s Hour,” and “Evangeline.” “What is time? The shadow on the dial, the striking of the clock, the running of the sand, day and night, summer and winter, months, years, centuries—these are but arbitrary and outward signs, the measure of Time, not Time itself. Time is the Life of the soul.”
1807 31-Mar Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
1807 Mar 2 Congress banned slave trade effective January 1, 1808. The further importation of slaves was abolished but an inter-American slave trade continued.
1807 Mar 5 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven’s 4th Symphony in B.
1807 Mar 25 William Wilberforce (1759-1833), evangelical member of Parliament, piloted a slave-trade abolition bill through the British House of Commons. This led to a labor problem in South Africa. In 1833 Britain abolished slavery throughout the British Empire when the Slavery Abolition Bill was read a third time
1807 Mar 25 1st railway passenger service began in England.
1807 March March: Beethoven premiers his Fourth Symphony (Symphony No. 4 in B Flat Major, Opus 60) in Vienna.
1807 March March: George III dismisses his prime minister Lord Grenville and replaces him with the Duke of Portland.
1807 March March: Parliament passes the Slave Trade Act, ending the trade in slaves but not slavery.
1807 March March: The horse-powered Swansea and Mumbles Railway in Wales, originally built to transport mined ore to the Swansea docks, becomes the first passenger carrying railway in the world. It does not covert to steam-powered locomotives until 1877.
1807 Apr 4 Joseph Jerome Le Francaise de Lalande, French astronomer, died.
1807 Apr 18 Erasmus Darwin, physician, writer (Influence), died.
1807 Apr 20 Aloysius Bertrand (“Gaspard de la Nuit”), French poet, was born.
1807 May 1 John Bankhead “Prince John” Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
1807 May 22 The treason trial of former VP Aaron Burr began in Richmond, Va. [see Sep 1]
1807 May 22 Townsend Speakman 1st sold fruit-flavored carbonated drinks in Phila.
1807 May 28 Jean Louis Agassiz (d.1873), Swiss naturalist and educator, was born.  He wrote a succession of papers [1840] outlining continental glaciation not only of Europe but of North America.
1807 Jun 22 British officers of the HMS Leopard boarded the USS Chesapeake after she had set sail for the Mediterranean, and demanded the right to search the ship for deserters. Commodore James Barron refused and the British opened fire with broadsides on the unprepared Chesapeake and forced her to surrender. The British provocation led to the War of 1812.
1807 Jun 24 A grand jury in Richmond, Va., indicted former Vice President Aaron Burr on charges of treason and high misdemeanor. He was later acquitted.
1807 Jun 25 Napoleon I of France and Russian Czar Alexander I met near Tilsit, in northern Prussia, to discuss terms for ending war between their empires.
1807 Jun 25 Napoleon I of France and Russian Czar Alexander I met near Tilsit, in northern Prussia, to discuss terms for ending war between their empires.
1807 June June: Napoleon defeats Russian troops at the Battle of Friedland.
1807 June June: The Elgin Marbles are displayed to the public for the first time.
1807 Jul 2 In the wake of the Chesapeake incident, in which the crew of a British frigate boarded an American ship and forcibly removed four suspected deserters, President Thomas Jefferson ordered all British ships to vacate U.S. territorial waters.
1807 Jul 4 Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) Italian military leader, was born in Nice, France. He led the movement to make Italy one nation.
1807 Jul 7 Napoleon I of France and Czar Alexander I of Russia signed a treaty at Tilsit ending war between their empires. It divided Europe among themselves and isolated Britain.
1807 July July: The Earl of Minto becomes the Governor-General of India.
1807 July July: The Treaty of Tilsit between France and Russia divides Europe between the two powers. The new kingdom of Westphalia is created by merging territories ceded by Prussia, including the former Electorate of Hanover, with the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg and the Electorate of Hesse. Napoleon’s brother Jérôme Bonaparte is named King of Westphalia.
1807 July July: Yesterday, just as His Majesty’s carriage arrived at the Queen’s palace, a woman decently dressed attempted to force her way into the palace after His Majesty. Mssrs. Manus, Townsend, and Sayers were in attendance; they seized her, and she proved to be the same woman Sayers apprehended a few weeks since, under similar circumstances. She was extremely violent, and said she was sent by the Almighty to see the king, who was a very good sort of man, if they would let him alone. She had a petition and a pamphlet, which she wanted to give to the king. The officers took her to the secretary of state’s office. Her name is Margery Flett, and she resides in Star Court, Nightingale Lane, Wapping.-The Lady’s Magazine
1807 Aug 3 Former Vice President Aaron Burr went on trial before a federal court in Richmond, Va., charged with treason. He was acquitted less than a month later.
1807 Aug 11 David Atchison, legislator, was born. He was president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, and president of U.S. for one day [March 4, 1849], the Sunday before Zachary Taylor was sworn in.
1807 Aug 11 The Eclipse, a Yankee fur trading vessel, sank in the Shumagin Islands, south of the Alaska Peninsula. It is the oldest known American shipwreck in Alaska and as of 2007 had not been found.
1807 Aug 17 Robert Fulton’s “North River Steam Boat” (popularly, if erroneously, known to this day as the Clermont) began heading up New York’s Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany. It was 125 feet (142-feet) long and 20 feet wide with side paddle wheels and a sheet iron boiler. He averaged 5 mph for the 300-mile round trip.
1807 Aug 18 Charles Francis Adams (d.1886), U.S. diplomat and public official whose father was John Quincy Adams, was born.
1807 Aug 18 Robert Stevenson (1772-1850) began work on the 117-foot Bell Rock lighthouse at the mouth of Scotland’s Firth of Forth based on a proposal he submitted in 1800. The lighthouse began operating on Feb 1, 1811.
1807 Aug 19 Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat arrived in Albany, two days after leaving New York.
1807 Aug 21 Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat set off from Albany on its return trip to New York, arriving some 30 hours later.
1807 Sep 1 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason. [see 1806] Burr had been arrested in Mississippi for complicity in a plot to establish a Southern empire in Louisiana and Mexico. Burr was then tried on a misdemeanor charge, but was again acquitted.
1807 Sep 2 British forces began bombarding Copenhagen for several days, until the Danes agreed to surrender their naval fleet.
1807 Sep 4 Robert Fulton began operating his steamboat. [see Aug 17]
1807 Sep 7 Denmark surrendered to British forces that had bombarded the city of Copenhagen for four days.
1807 Sep 15 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was acquitted of a misdemeanor charge two weeks after he was found innocent of treason.
1807 Oct 17 Britain declared it would continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they held US citizenship.
1807 November November: Painter Angelica Kauffmann dies at age 66, and is honored by a splendid funeral under the direction of Antonio Canova.
1807 November November: Portugal refuses to honor the trade embargo against England, and Napoleon sends an army into Spain with the task of invading Portugal. Spain enters into the alliance with France under promises of Portuguese territories, and also with an eye on the Portuguese fleet.
1807 Dec 14 A number of meteorites fell onto Weston, Connecticut.
1807 Dec 17 John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet, was born in Haverhill, Mass. He was an abolitionist, reformer and founder of the Liberal Party.
1807 Dec 22 Congress passed the Embargo Act, designed to force peace between Britain and France by cutting off all trade with Europe. It was hoped that the act would keep the United States out the European Wars.
1807 December December: Lisbon is captured by the French.
1807 Charles Lamb and his sister Mary publish the children’s book, Tales of Shakespeare, and it is an instant bestseller.
1807 Horseman from the west frieze of the Parthenon, part of the “Elgin Marbles” brought to England by Lord Elgin between 1801 and 1812. They were first displayed in 1807 in a special shed built by Lord Elgin at a house he rented on Park Lane. In 1811 the Duke of Devonshure agreed to house them at Burlington House. Elgin was finally able to sell them to the British Museum in 1816. From their first exhibition in 1807, the sculptures drew enormous interest. Artists and poets praised them, but others, like Lord Byron, denounced Elgin as a vandal and thought the scultures should have remained in situ. Many still agree with him, and there is an ongoing debate between the Greek government and the British Museum about the rightful disposition of the sculptures.
1807 Jacques Louis David paints his monumental work, The Coronation of Napoleon and Josephine.
1807 Lord Byron publishes his first volume of poetry, Hours of Idleness.
1807 The Geological Society of London is founded, the first society devoted to earth sciences in the world. Humphry Davy is one of its founders.
1807 The slave trade is abolished.
1807 Wordsworth publishes Poems In Two Volumes, including the poems “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and “The World is Too Much With Us.”
1807

1807 Robert Fulton’s Clermont first successful steamboat.
1807 Extending its power at sea, Britain outlaws slave trading across the Atlantic for its own ships and for ships from all countries united with Napoleon. Britain turns a presence on the coast of western Africa into a crown colony — Sierra Leone.
1807 The U.S. Congress passes a law that bans the importation of slaves into the U.S., a law to be largely ignored in southern states.
1807 In Manchester, England, the largest factory complex in the world opens and the event draws spectators from across Britain and beyond. The factory uses steam acquired from burning coal. It’s a change from power by river water, which is too limited a source for the coming industrial expansion. The availability of coal is helping the British surpass the Dutch industrially.
1807 The Geological Society of London is created, the founders expressing their desire to avoid preconceived notions and to collect facts for discussion.
1807 With help from the French, Muhammad Ali Pasha drives the British out of Egypt (a part of the Ottoman Empire).
1807 Napoleon moves to consolidate his position in Europe. He defeats a combined Prussian and Russian force in February. Danzig surrenders to him. He defeats the Russians in June and occupies Königsberg. Alexander of Russia is annoyed with the British and agrees to meet with Napoleon. In August, Napoleon demands that Portugal join the trade boycott against the British and declare war on Britain. Portugal hesitates. Napoleon’s ally, Spain, allows French troops to pass through its territory to Portugal. The French captured Lisbon as Portugal’s royal family flees to Brazil.
1807 The US Congressional Cemetery near Capital Hill was established.
1807 The US Survey of the Coast formed. It later developed into the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
1807 Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike strayed beyond the limits of the territory into the Spanish-held territory of New Mexico, and was accused of spying by Spanish authorities. The Spaniards released Pike and his men after they could find no evidence against him. Pike’s explorations the previous November had taken him to the Rockies, where he reached the base of a mountain that would later be named Pikes Peak in his honor. Pike’s mission was to explore the southwestern limits of the Louisiana Territory, the vast tract of land that the United States had purchased from France in 1803 in a deal known as the Louisiana Purchase.
1807 The Geological Society of London was born. It was the first body of men devoted to the earth sciences.
1807 Englishmen William and John Cockerill brought the Industrial Revolution to continental Europe around 1807 by developing machine shops in Liege, Belgium, transforming the country’s coal, iron and textile industries much as it had done in Britain. From roughly 1760 to about 1830, the Industrial Revolution largely occurred in Britain. Realizing the economic advantages, Britain did not allow the export of any machinery, methods or skilled men that might blunt its technological edge. Eventually, the lure of new opportunities convinced continental entrepreneurs and British businessmen to evade England’s official edict.
1807 After Britain outlawed the slave trade people called “Recaptives,” those freed from slave ships, were sent to join the settlers in Sierra Leone. The settlers formed a new tribe called the Kri and created a language called Krio.
1807 Zheng Yi Sao took over a confederation of pirates in the South China Sea about this time following the death if her husband. At its peak the confederation numbered some 50-70 thousand mend and controlled 800 large vessels. The group disbanded in 1810 under an offer of amnesty.
1807 In France Napoleon allied with Russia.
1807 Napoleon gave Danzig (later Gdansk) 6 years of formal independence.
1807 Ignace Playel founded a piano company in Paris, France.
1807 Saud al-Saud invaded Karbala, Iraq, for the second time in 1807, but he could not occupy it.
1807 In Naples, Italy, Major Leopold Hugo, the father of Victor Hugo, was promoted after a successful campaign against the Calabrian banditti.
1807 Serfdom was abolished in the Lithuanian territories known as Suvalkija and Dzukija as far as the Nemunas river. This area had been given to Prussia in the 1795 division and then included into the Warsaw Principality.
1807-1808 Mustafa IV succeeded Selim III in the Ottoman House of Osman.
1807-1809 A Jefferson imposed embargo kept American ships at home. [see Dec 22 1807]
1807-1815 Britain and the Defeat of Napoleon, 1807-1815 by Rory Muir was published in 1996.
1807-1859 Gamaliel Bailey, American abolitionist: “Who never doubted, never half believed. Where doubt is, there truth is—it is her shadow.”
1807-1877 US Sen. John Petit. He once called the Declaration of Independence a “self-evident-lie” in reference to the freedom of blacks.
1807-1881 Giovanni Ruffini, Italian writer: “Curses are like processions. They return to the place from which they came.”

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first week that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-21-08-02.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

Read Full Post »

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first day that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-20-08-01.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

There is a visual guide to Two Peas in a Pod RegencyEravisualresearchforTwoPeasinaPodTheThingsThatCatchMyEye-2012-08-20-08-01.jpg as well at Pinterest and a blog post here.

September 1st Post: Having thoughts of something special for this day. Stay tuned.

Read Full Post »

A Visual Look at Two Peas in a Pod

In doing the research for Two Peas, there is a lot of history of the times involved. Now with the aid of Pinterest, I can place pictures there as well as what I keep in my writing file. The ones in my writing file though, written in Scrivener, are easily recoverable for me, but for my readers, you’d have to hack over the internet to my computer to see what I see.

We open at the battle of Waterloo in 1815 PastedGraphic-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg. “It was a close run thing”, is the attribution to the Duke of Wellington. However he really wrote to Blucher, his Prussian counterpart, “ It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life.”

PastedGraphic2-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

The famous picture of the Scot’s Greys at Waterloo PastedGraphic1-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg was one of the first things that came to mind when I thought of placing the brothers, but then I decided that one of the things that lent character to Percival would be he as an infantry officers walking ahead of his men, his sword held high. When you delve into the story you see that is something that becomes part of Percival’s own battle.

My two heroes, Percival, a Captain (the older, and thes the Earl) and Peregrine a Major, are Grenadier Guards. (The Earl of Kent, he could be of another regiment of course, but the Guards were for the elite of class)

PastedGraphic3-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

Their commander during the campaign was Henry Askew, who is someone that Peregrine, as a Major interacts with more and sees as a mentor.

PastedGraphic4-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

The County Holdings is in Kent, my hero Percival, is the Earl of Kent, Peregrine is his younger brother by 17 minutes. I located their ancestral home in the village of Chartham.

PastedGraphic5-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

PastedGraphic6-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

PastedGraphic7-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

For background, we have the mention of Lackington’s

PastedGraphic8-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

A good place to stock your library, which the Earl will want to do as circumstances in the story relate

That the Earl is also tantalized by the Dandys and Brummell their leader, PastedGraphic9-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg is a part of the plot structure.

Then we have the disposition of Peregrine to deal with as well. He, as the second son, though only 17 minutes younger than his brother, has no lands or great monies that he has inherited. He must shift for himself and he has done well in the army. Wellington PastedGraphic10-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg and others think he should stay in the army. Possibly have a posting in India, Africa or even Van Diemen’s Land.

PastedGraphic11-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

named after

PastedGraphic12-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

Anthony Van Diemen

The Government of Lord Liverpool was in power in Parliament, and was so for many years, so Robert Jenkinson has a part off camera in our story. Who I have detailed before in a blog post.

PastedGraphic13-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

As does Lord Byron, who the women of course like a great deal, but our heroes are of an age that they were at school with the man.

PastedGraphic14-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

Then so much takes place with dancing, we have two balls in the story, and others mentioned as well as Alamack’s and Lady Jersey.

PastedGraphic15-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg PastedGraphic16-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

You can visit the Pinterest board I designed for this, or better, purchase the book.

TWO PEAS IN A POD

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-19-13-22.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

On sale today for $3.99

That’s right, today is the first week that it is available. For Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Click on the picture above to fetch the book:

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Read Full Post »

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first week that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-19-10-14.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-19-10-14.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-19-10-14.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-19-10-14.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1806:

Year Month Day Event
1806 Jan 2 Lord Grenville presented to British Parliament a “Bill for the Abolition of the Slave Trade,” effective May 1. He introduced it directly to the House of Lords. It passed the House of Lords by 64 votes and cleared the House of Commons on March 25.
1806 Jan 7 Responding to Napoleon’s blockade of the British Isles, The British blockaded Continental Europe.
1806 Jan 11 Ezra Cornell, founder of Western Union Telegraph and Cornell University (NY), was born in Westchester, NY.
1806 Jan 19 Robert E. Lee, the commander-in-chief of the Civil War Confederate Armies, was born in Stratford, Va.
1806 Jan 20 Napoleon convened the great Sanhedrin in Paris.
1806 Jan 22 President Thomas Jefferson exposed a plot by Aaron Burr to form a new republic in the Southwest.
1806 Jan 28 London’s Pall Mall was 1st street lit by gaslight.
1806 January January: Admiral Lord Nelson is the first commoner to be given a state funeral.
1806 January January: Ferdinand IV and Maria Carolina of Naples flee to Sicily, and Napoleon installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as King of Naples and Sicily.
1806 January January: Prime Minister William Pitt dies at age 46. He leaves behind enormous personal debts, which the House of Commons contrives to pay off, but manages to leave his niece, Lady Hester Stanhope, a penison of £1200 a year. She has acted as housekeeper and hostess for her bachelor uncle in the last 3 years of his life.
1806 January January: The British occupy the Cape of Good Hope after the surrender of Cape Town by the Dutch.
1806 January January: The Times of London publishes its first illustration, showing Nelson’s funeral.
1806 11-Feb Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
1806 Feb 5 Pasquale Paoli (80), Corsican freedom fighter, died.
1806 Feb 8 At Eylau, Poland, Napoleon’s Marshal Pierre Agureau attacked Russian forces in a heavy snowstorm. Like Napoleon, to whom he is most often compared, Alexsandr Suvorov believed that opportunities in battle are created by fortune but exploited by intelligence, experience and an intuitive eye. To him, mastery of the art and science of war was not, therefore, purely instinctive. Napoleon’s forces ran low on supplies at Eylau and ate their horses.
1806 Feb 9 French Sanhedrin was convened by Napoleon.
1806 Feb 19 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was arrested in Alabama. He was subsequently tried for treason and acquitted. [see May 22, Sep 1]
1806 Feb 24 In a crush to witness the hanging of Holloway, Heggerty and Elizabeth Godfrey in England 17 died and 15 were wounded.
1806 Feb 27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (d.1882), was born in Portland, Maine. He was an American poet famous for “The Children’s Hour,” and “Evangeline.” “What is time? The shadow on the dial, the striking of the clock, the running of the sand, day and night, summer and winter, months, years, centuries—these are but arbitrary and outward signs, the measure of Time, not Time itself. Time is the Life of the soul.”
1806 February February: Lord Grenville becomes Britain’s Prime Minister.
1806 February February: The first issue of the magazine La Belle Assemblée is published.
1806 Mar 2 Congress banned slave trade effective January 1, 1808. The further importation of slaves was abolished but an inter-American slave trade continued.
1806 Mar 5 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven’s 4th Symphony in B.
1806 Mar 25 William Wilberforce (1759-1833), evangelical member of Parliament, piloted a slave-trade abolition bill through the British House of Commons. This led to a labor problem in South Africa. In 1833 Britain abolished slavery throughout the British Empire when the Slavery Abolition Bill was read a third time
1806 Mar 25 1st railway passenger service began in England.
1806 March March: Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, celebrated beauty, society hostess, and political campaigner, dies at age 47.
1806 Apr 4 Joseph Jerome Le Francaise de Lalande, French astronomer, died.
1806 Apr 18 Erasmus Darwin, physician, writer (Influence), died.
1806 Apr 20 Aloysius Bertrand (“Gaspard de la Nuit”), French poet, was born.
1806 May 1 John Bankhead “Prince John” Magruder, Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
1806 May 22 The treason trial of former VP Aaron Burr began in Richmond, Va. [see Sep 1]
1806 May 22 Townsend Speakman 1st sold fruit-flavored carbonated drinks in Phila.
1806 May 28 Jean Louis Agassiz (d.1873), Swiss naturalist and educator, was born.  He wrote a succession of papers [1840] outlining continental glaciation not only of Europe but of North America.
1806 May May: England introduces a blockade of the European coast from Brest to the Elbe, but permits ships of neutral nations to pass if they are not carrying goods to or from enemy ports.
1806 Jun 22 British officers of the HMS Leopard boarded the USS Chesapeake after she had set sail for the Mediterranean, and demanded the right to search the ship for deserters. Commodore James Barron refused and the British opened fire with broadsides on the unprepared Chesapeake and forced her to surrender. The British provocation led to the War of 1812.
1806 Jun 24 A grand jury in Richmond, Va., indicted former Vice President Aaron Burr on charges of treason and high misdemeanor. He was later acquitted.
1806 Jun 25 Napoleon I of France and Russian Czar Alexander I met near Tilsit, in northern Prussia, to discuss terms for ending war between their empires.
1806 Jun 25 Napoleon I of France and Russian Czar Alexander I met near Tilsit, in northern Prussia, to discuss terms for ending war between their empires.
1806 June June: Architect Henry Holland dies at age 60.
1806 June June: Napoleon installs his brother Louis Bonaparte as king of Holland.
1806 Jul 2 In the wake of the Chesapeake incident, in which the crew of a British frigate boarded an American ship and forcibly removed four suspected deserters, President Thomas Jefferson ordered all British ships to vacate U.S. territorial waters.
1806 Jul 4 Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882) Italian military leader, was born in Nice, France. He led the movement to make Italy one nation.
1806 Jul 7 Napoleon I of France and Czar Alexander I of Russia signed a treaty at Tilsit ending war between their empires. It divided Europe among themselves and isolated Britain.
1806 July July: English painter George Stubbs dies at age 81.
1806 July July: The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by the Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
1806 Aug 3 Former Vice President Aaron Burr went on trial before a federal court in Richmond, Va., charged with treason. He was acquitted less than a month later.
1806 Aug 11 David Atchison, legislator, was born. He was president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, and president of U.S. for one day [March 4, 1849], the Sunday before Zachary Taylor was sworn in.
1806 Aug 11 The Eclipse, a Yankee fur trading vessel, sank in the Shumagin Islands, south of the Alaska Peninsula. It is the oldest known American shipwreck in Alaska and as of 2007 had not been found.
1806 Aug 17 Robert Fulton’s “North River Steam Boat” (popularly, if erroneously, known to this day as the Clermont) began heading up New York’s Hudson River on its successful round-trip to Albany. It was 125 feet (142-feet) long and 20 feet wide with side paddle wheels and a sheet iron boiler. He averaged 5 mph for the 300-mile round trip.
1806 Aug 18 Charles Francis Adams (d.1886), U.S. diplomat and public official whose father was John Quincy Adams, was born.
1806 Aug 18 Robert Stevenson (1772-1850) began work on the 117-foot Bell Rock lighthouse at the mouth of Scotland’s Firth of Forth based on a proposal he submitted in 1800. The lighthouse began operating on Feb 1, 1811.
1806 Aug 19 Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat arrived in Albany, two days after leaving New York.
1806 Aug 21 Robert Fulton’s North River Steamboat set off from Albany on its return trip to New York, arriving some 30 hours later.
1806 August August: Francis II abdicates as Holy Roman Emperor, thus ending the 806-year old Holy Roman Empire.
1806 August August: French painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard dies at age 74.
1806 Sep 1 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason. [see 1806] Burr had been arrested in Mississippi for complicity in a plot to establish a Southern empire in Louisiana and Mexico. Burr was then tried on a misdemeanor charge, but was again acquitted.
1806 Sep 2 British forces began bombarding Copenhagen for several days, until the Danes agreed to surrender their naval fleet.
1806 Sep 4 Robert Fulton began operating his steamboat. [see Aug 17]
1806 Sep 7 Denmark surrendered to British forces that had bombarded the city of Copenhagen for four days.
1806 Sep 15 Former Vice President Aaron Burr was acquitted of a misdemeanor charge two weeks after he was found innocent of treason.
1806 September September: Charles James Fox, prominent Whig statesman and persistant rival of William Pitt, dies at age 57.
1806 September September: Prussia and Saxony declare war on France.
1806 Oct 17 Britain declared it would continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they held US citizenship.
1806 October October: Napoleon defeats Prussia in the twin battles of Jena and Auerstedt.
1806 October October: Opera singer Angelica Catalani arrives in London and is a huge success when she sings at the King’s Theatre in Haymarket.
1806 October October: The first edition of the British magazine Le Beau Monde is published.
1806 November November: Napoleon enforces the Continental System, a blockade forbidding every major power in Europe (who were by then either his allies or conquests) from trading with Britain.
1806 Dec 14 A number of meteorites fell onto Weston, Connecticut.
1806 Dec 17 John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet, was born in Haverhill, Mass. He was an abolitionist, reformer and founder of the Liberal Party.
1806 Dec 22 Congress passed the Embargo Act, designed to force peace between Britain and France by cutting off all trade with Europe. It was hoped that the act would keep the United States out the European Wars.
1806 21-Apr 12:00 AM Saudi Arabs led Sunni raids into Najaf, Iraq, killing about 5,000 people.
1806  
1806 British essayist William Hazlitt publishes Principles of Human Action.
1806 English sisters Ann and Jane Taylor publish Rhymes for the Nursery, which includes Jane’s nursery rhyme “Twinkle, twinkle, little star.”
1806 Funeral procession of Admiral Lord Nelson, from the Admiralty to St. Paul’s, London,January 9, 1806 – print by Augustus Charles Pugin.

1806 Rossini’s first opera, “Demetrio a Polibio,” is performed in Rome.
1806 Watier’s Club is established in London. Dubbed the “Dandy Club” by Lord Byron, it was known for its fine food and high-stakes gambling. Beau Brummell is appointed as perpetual president.
1806 The Emperor of Austria, Francis I, abdicates his other title: Holy Roman Emperor. The Holy Roman Empire, created in the 800s, is formally dissolved, with Napoleon reorganizing much of it into his Confederation of the Rhine.
1806 Jean Jacques Dessalines, leader of Haiti’s revolution and self-declared emperor, is being viewed by his generals as a ridiculous figure. Dessalines announces his plan to march with troops into the south, where he is not popular, and the south explodes in rebellion. Dessalines’ generals prepare a trap for him along the way. His horse is shot from under him. He is pinned under his horse, he is shot in the head and his body hacked to pieces with machetes.
1806 Ruling the seas, a British naval force takes control of Cape Colony in South Africa — the Dutch who had been ruling there now being ruled by Britain’s enemy, Napoleon.
1806 Nov 21, In the Decree of Berlin Emperor Napoleon  banned all trade with England.
1806 Nov 28, French forces led by Joachim Murat entered Warsaw.
1806 Dec 3, Henry Alexander Wise (d.1876), Brig General (Confederate Army), was born.
1806 Dec 6, The African Meeting House was dedicated in Boston. It was later used by Frederick Douglass and other prominent abolitionists to rail against slavery. In 1974 it was named as a National History Landmark. In 2011 a $9 million restoration was completed.
1806 Dec 26, Napoleon’s army was checked by the Russians at the Battle of Pultusk.
1806 Jean-Gabriel Charvet painted his wallpaper panel “Savages of the Pacific Ocean.”
1806 Jean Ingres painted his magnificent: “Napoleon I on His Imperial Throne.”
1806 In London James Beresford published his bestselling book “The Miseries of Human Life, or the groans of Samuel Sensitive and Timothy Testy. With a few supplementary sighs from Mrs. Testy. In twelve dialogues.”
1806 Charles and Mary Lamb authored “Tales from Shakespeare.” [see 1796: Mad Mary Lamb]
1806 Noah Webster (1758-1843), a Connecticut schoolmaster, published a short dictionary. He then began work on a longer work: “An American Dictionary of the English language,” which was completed in England 1825 and published as a 2-volume set in 1828.
1806 Wordsworth (1770-1850) composed the lines: “The world is too much with us.”
1806 A catalog of the plants at Elgin Botanical Garden was published. This was the first botanical garden in NYC and was located at what later became Rockefeller Center.
1806 A printed reference to a mixed drink cocktail first appeared in the US.
1806 William Strickland, architect of the first Town Hall in New York, introduced the technique of the suspension bridge in the United States, which he learned in France.
1806 In Baltimore, Maryland, ground was broken for a cathedral designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe. Bungles and war delayed dedication until 1821. In 1937 Pope Pius XI elevated the cathedral to a basilica.
1806 Jesse Wood of Poughkeepsie, N.Y. was tried for the murder of his son.
1806 Aaron Burr, Vice-President under Thomas Jefferson, was implicated in a reputed plot among northeastern Federalists to break up the Union rather than to submit to four more years of Republican rule. One of the goals of the Burr Conspiracy was to separate Louisiana and other Western states from the Union and establish an empire with Burr at the head. Aaron Burr, formerly vice president under Thomas Jefferson, had recently slain Alexander Hamilton in a duel in July 1804 when he began plotting a movement to separate the Western states from the Union. Burr was later tried for treason in federal court and acquitted. Burr was captured in 1806 on the Ohio River and charged with recruiting forces to further plot the disunion.
1806 Shoemakers in Philadelphia formed a union.
1806 Ye Old Pepper Companie was founded in Salem, Mass., USA. It claims to be the country’s oldest candy company.
1806 NYC Mayor DeWitt Clinton, having read the work of Englishman Joseph Lancaster, formed the New York Free School Society to found Lancastrian schools.
1806 Andrew Jackson killed Charles Dickinson in a duel over a debt owed on a horse race bet. Jackson was struck in the chest by Dickinson‘s shot but returned fire and killed his opponent. “I should have hit him,” he reportedly said, “if he had shot me through the brain.” His duel with Dickinson was one of several the often ill-tempered Jackson engaged in. Jackson, who became the seventh U.S. president in 1829, carried Dickinson‘s bullet in his chest until he died in 1845.
1806 Lord Grenville succeeded William Pitt as British prime minister.
1806 The British wrested power over South Africa from the Dutch and prompt the Boer farmers to later move into the interior.
1806 The British began the construction of Dartmoor Prisoner to house French soldiers captured in the Napoleonic Wars. It was capable of housing 10,500 prisoners and 2,000 guards.
1806 In Paris the 3-mile Canal St. Marten waterway was built to connect the Seine to northeast France.
1806 Napoleon issued his Berlin Decrees. They established the Continental System to restrict European trade with Britain.
1806 Napoleon ordered that all French citizens be vaccinated against smallpox.
1806 A ruling by the Spanish king set a boundary between Honduras and Nicaragua projecting eastward along the 15th parallel from the mouth of the Coco River. In 1999 Nicaragua filed a border case against Honduras with the UN. It was resolved in 2007.
1806-1813 Trieste was held under French rule.
1806-1914 In 1996 Public Broadcasting featured “The West,” a historical documentary covering this period in the US.

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TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first week that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-18-10-14.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-18-10-14.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-18-10-14.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-18-10-14.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1805:

Year Month Day Event
1805 Jan 11 The Michigan Territory was created.
1805 Jan 31 Mungo Park set sail from Portsmouth to Africa where he planned to navigate the Niger River to its mouth.
1805 Feb 11 At Fort Mandan ND Sacajawea (16), the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gave birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife. Sacagawea, the young Native American girl who aided the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was of the Lemhi Shoshones, who made their home in what is now southeastern Idaho and southwestern Montana. About 1800 Sacagawea was captured by a Hidatsa raiding party at the Three Forks of the Missouri River.  Sometime in 1804, she and another woman were purchased by French-Canadian fur trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, who lived among the Hidatsa and Mandan Indians, to be his wives.
1805 Feb 18 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), was born.
1805 Feb 26 Alexander Stulginskis, the 2nd president of Lithuania, was born at Kutaliai in the Silale region. He died Sep 22, 1969 in Kaunas.
1805 Mar 1 Chief Justice Samuel Chase was acquitted by the Senate ending the Republican campaign against the Federalist bench and discouraging subsequent administrations from using impeachment to remove politically obnoxious judges.
1805 Mar 3 Louisiana-Missouri Territory formed.
1805 Mar 4 Pres. Thomas Jefferson delivered his 2nd inaugural address.
1805 Apr 2 Hans Christian Andersen (d.1875), author of 150 fairy tales, was born in Odense, Denmark.
1805 Apr 7 Francis Wilkinson Pickens (d.1869), later Confederate governor of South Carolina, was born in South Carolina.
1805 Apr 7 The Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery resumed their journey to the headwaters of the Missouri River.
1805 Apr 7 Beethoven conducted the premiere of his “Eroica” symphony. It was 1st published in Vienna.
1805 Apr 24 U.S. Marines attacked and captured the town of Derna in Tripoli from the Barbary pirates. [see Apr 27]
1805 Apr 27 US navy ships began to bombard the Tripoli port of Derna. Mercenaries gathered in Egypt and a small contingent of US Marines under former Tunis consul William Eaton attacked Tripoli and captured the city of Derna [later part of Libya].
1805 April April: Beethoven premiers his “Eroica Symphony” (Symphony No. 3 in E-flat major, Opus 55) in Vienna. When he composed it early the previous year, he dedicated it to Napoleon, but struck out the dedication when he learned the First Consul had declared himself emperor.
1805 May 1 The state of Virginia passed a law requiring all freed slaves to leave the state, or risk either imprisonment or deportation.
1805 May 9 Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (45), poet, playwright, died in Weimar.
1805 May 14 Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann, composer, was born.
1805 May 25 William Paley (b.1805), orthodox Anglican writer, died. He is remembered today primarily for classical formulation of the teleological argument for the existence of God. Arguing from the analogy of a watch and watchmaker, Paley suggested that the analogy offered evidence that the universe includes order and design, hence a Designer.
1805 May 26 Lewis and Clark first saw the Rocky Mountains.
1805 May 26 Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned king of Italy. [see May 28}
1805 May 28 Napoleon was crowned in Milan, Italy. [see May 26]
1805 May 28 Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (62), Italian composer, cellist (Minuet), died.
1805 May May: Napoleon is crowned, by himself, as King of Italy at the Cathedral of Milan.
1805 Jun 4 The US signed a Treaty of Peace and Amity at Tripoli. The US agreed to pay Tripoli $60,000 in war reparations and was in turn absolved of tribute demands. The treaty was ratified by the US on Apr 17, 1806.
1805 Jun 14 Robert Anderson (d.1871), Bvt. Major General (Union Army), defender of Ft. Sumpter, was born.
1805 June June: The The British Institution (in full, the British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts under the Patronage of His Majesty) is founded by a group of connoisseurs who organized exhibitions and competitions. Read more about it here on this site .
1805 Jul 19 Members of the Lewis & Clark expedition made their way up river through the limestone walled gorge they called the Gates of the Mountains on the Missouri River in Montana.
1805 Jul 25 Aaron Burr visited New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans as the capital city.
1805 Jul 26 Constantine Brumidi, artist (Myrtle Murdock), was born.
1805 Jul 26 Naples and Calabria were struck by an earthquake and some 26,000 died.
1805 Jul 29 Alexis de Tocqueville (d.1859), French historian who wrote “Democracy in America, was born.” “America is a land of wonders, in which everything is in constant motion and every change seems an improvement.”
1805 July July: Muhammad Ali Pasha (the “founder of Modern Egypt”) becomes the Ottoman Viceroy in Egypt. His “dynasty” will rule Egypt until 1952.
1805 Aug 3 Mohammed Ali became the new ruler of Egypt.
1805 Aug 4 William Rowan Hamilton (d.1865), Irish scientist, was born.
1805 Aug 9 Austria joined Britain, Russia, Sweden and the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia in the Third Coalition against Napoleonic France and Spain.
1805 Aug 17 Sacagawea, while traveling with the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery, reunited with her brother Cameahwait, a Shoshoni Indian chief on the Lemhi River (Idaho).
1805 Aug 30 The Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery resumed their westward journey with 29 horses and 6 guides provided by Shoshoni Chief Cameahwait. They spent the next 4 weeks crossing the Bitterroot Mountains (Idaho).
1805 Sep 23 Lieutenant Zebulon Pike paid $2,000 to buy from the Sioux a 9-square-mile tract at the mouth of the Minnesota River that would be used to establish a military post, Fort Snelling.
1805 Sep 30 Napoleon’s army entered the Rhine valley.
1805 Oct 17 Vice Adm. Horatio Nelson wrote a letter to the governor, Rear Admiral John Knight just four days before the historic Battle of Trafalgar, in which Nelson was killed. In it Nelson declared he was “anxious for an Easterly wind,” as that would encourage the enemy to leave port and finally face the British.
1805 Oct 19 Austrian general Karl Mac surrendered to Napoleon’s army at the battle of Ulm.
1805 Oct 21 A British fleet commanded by Vice Adm. Horatio Nelson defeated a French-Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar fought off Cape Trafalgar, Spain. Admiral Nelson won his greatest victory and though fatally wounded in the battle aboard his flagship, he lived long enough to see victory: “England expects every man to do his duty.” The crew fittingly preserved his body in rum. Over 8,500 Englishmen, Frenchmen and Spaniards were lost in the battle or the hurricane that swept over the ships the next day. In 1807 Nelson’s surgeon William Beatty authored “authentic narrative of the Death of Lord Nelson.” In 1999 Barry Unsworth authored the novel “Losing Nelson.” In 2001 Joseph F. Callo edited “Nelson Speaks: Admiral Lord Nelson in His Own Words.” In 2005 Adam Nicolson authored “Men of Honour: Trafalgar and the Making of the English Hero;” Roy Adkins authored “Nelson’s Trafalgar,” and Adam Nicolson authored “Seize the Fire.”
1805 October October: At the Battle of Trafalgar, the British Royal Navy defeats the combined French and Spanish fleet in the most decisive naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars, effectively ending French pretensions as a sea power. Admiral Lord Nelson dies in the battle, and is still considered the greatest naval hero in British history.
1805 Nov 7 Lewis and Clark vamped opposite Pillar Rock, between Brookfield and Dahlia, Washington, west of Jim Crow Point, in the estuary of the Columbia River.
1805 Nov 14 Fanny Cecilia Mendelssohn Hensel (d.1847), composer, was born in Hamburg, Germany.
1805 Nov 14 Napoleon took control of Vienna, Austria.
1805 Nov 15 Captain Meriwether Lewis and four men of the Corps of Discovery reached the Pacific Ocean near what is now Seaview, Washington. On November 18, Captain Clark and eleven men left Station Camp for their turn to view the Pacific Ocean.
1805 Nov 19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and engineer (built Suez Canal), was born.
1805 Nov 20 Beethoven’s “Fidelio,” premiered in Vienna.
1805 Nov 28 John Stephens, US archaeologist, was born. He founded the study of Central America.
1805 November November: Beethoven’s opera Fidelio (under the name Leonore) premiers in Vienna.
1805 Dec 2 Napoleon Bonaparte celebrated the first anniversary of his coronation with a victory at Austerlitz over a Russian and Austrian army.
1805 Dec 6 Nicholas-Jacques Conti (b.1755), French pencil maker, died in Paris. He created the number system used to rate pencil lead hardness: the higher the number, the harder the graphite.
1805 Dec 10 William Lloyd Garrison (d.1879), abolitionist publisher, was born in Newburyport, Mass. In 1831 he published “The Liberator.” In 1998 Henry Mayer published “All On Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of American Slavery.”
1805 Dec 12 Henry Wells, founder of American Express and Wells Fargo, was born.
1805 Dec 23 Joseph Smith Junior (d.1844), principal founder of the Mormon religious movement, was born in Sharon, Vermont.
1805 Dec 31 The French Revolutionary calendar law was abolished. France returned to the Gregorian calendar.
1805 December December: Napoleon defeats the Russian and Austrian armies at the Battle of Austerlitz.
1805 December December: The French Republican Calendar is abandoned, and France returns to the Gregorian calendar.
1805 The battle of Trafalgar.
1805 The first annual Eton vs Harrow cricket match is held at Lord’s Cricket Ground. The young Lord Byron is on the losing Harrow team.
1805 The London Docks open at Wapping.
1805 Thomas Sheraton publishes the “Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer and General Artist’s Encyclopaedia”.
1805 William Blake publishes Milton.
1805 Russia, Austria and Sweden ally themselves with Britain.
1805 In Milan, Napoleon is crowned King of Italy. He is looking towards an invasion of England. A French fleet sails north to Spain’s Atlantic port of Cadiz. Napoleon orders his French and Spanish ships out of Cadiz to do battle with the British. The British win, at the Battle of Trafalgar, frustrating Napoleon’s invasion plan.
1805 For two years the British East India Company has been warring against the Maratha Empire — which was allied with Napoleon. The East India Company wins and gains control over Orissa and western Gujarat.
1805 The son of Abdul Aziz, now head of House of Saud, defeats an Ottoman garrison and captures the holy city of Medina.
1805 Charles Willson Peale, American painter began his painting “The Exhumation of the Mastodon.” It was based on an 1881 real exhumation in rural New York that helped topple biblically inspired beliefs of the history of the earth.
1805 Pierre-Paul Prud’hon (1758-1823), French artist, painted “Empress Josephine at Malmaison.”
1805 Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English painter and printmaker, created his painting “The Shipwreck.”
1805 “Leonore,” the only opera by Beethoven, premiered. It later became known as “Fidelio” and was based on a play by Jean Nicolas Bouilly.
1805 Louisiana passed legislation against sodomy. The law was upheld in 2002.
1805 The Massachusetts state Legislature staged a mock impeachment trial of Pres. Jefferson. His affair with Sally Hemmings was one of the charges.
1805 The Philadelphia harbor was dredged with a high-pressure steam engine invented by Oliver Evans. He was unable to get a proper patent for it.
1805 As early as 1805, Bostonian Frederic Tudor (b.1783) considered ways to make money by exporting ice, a valueless commodity in New England, to the tropics. Tudor supported technical innovations, like the horse-drawn sleigh with saw-like runners, which improved the cutting, shipping and storage of large ice blocks. Recognizing that people living in warm climates were not familiar with cool food and drinks, Tudor traveled to prospective markets making ice cream and providing free ice for barkeepers. By 1856, Tudor’s role as the “Ice King” was firmly established as 146,000 tons of ice shipped from Boston transformed the eating habits of people from the Philippines to the southern United States.
1805 Napoleon defeated Austria and Prussia. In 1997 Alistair Horne wrote: “How Far from Austerlitz? Napoleon 1805-1815.”
1805 Lord Charles Cornwallis, governor general of India, died in India.
1805 Jean-Baptiste Greuze (b.1725), French artist, died. Diderot said: “This man draws like an angel.”
1805 Prussia sent Baron Wilhelm von Humboldt as envoy to the Vatican, the first Protestant state to do so.
1805 Walter Scott (1771-1832) of Edinburgh, Scotland, published his first long poem: “The Lay of the Last Minstrel.”
1805 Spanish soldiers under Lt. Francisco Ruiz discovered badgers in a canyon during an expedition in southern California. The area was thus named El Tejon (the badger).
1805-1815 The 1997 book by British historian Alistair Horne: “How Far From Austerlitz,” covered this period Napoleon Bonaparte.
1805-1848 Khachatur Abovian, Armenian novelist, helped develop a nationalist literature.
1805-1848 Mehemet Ali (Muhammad Ali) served as the viceroy of Egypt.
1805-1859 Alexis de Tocqueville, French writer and social observer.
1805-1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist and poet, author of English Notes. [this date is incorrect, see 1803-1882]

Read Full Post »

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-18-00.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-18-00.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-18-00.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the complete list of entries for 1801:

Year Month Day Event
1801 Jan 1 Giuseppi Piazzi (d.1826), Italian astronomer, discovered an asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. He believed it to be a planet and named it Ceres (goddess of the harvest).
1801 Jan 11 Domenico Cimarosa (51), Italian composer (Matrimonio segreto), died.
1801 Jan 20 US Secretary of State John Marshall was nominated by President Adams to be chief justice. He was sworn in on Feb. 4, 1801. Marshall effectively created the legal framework within which free markets in goods and services could establish themselves. He became one of the greatest judges in US History, establishing the Supreme court as final authority in determining state and federal powers.
1801 Jan 28 Francis Barber (ca. 1735 – 1801), the Jamaican manservant of Samuel Johnson (1752-1784), died at the Staffordshire General Infirmary.
1801 Jan Toussaint Louverture, ignoring the commands of Napoleon Bonaparte, overran Spanish Santo Domingo, where slavery persisted.
1801 January January: Emma Hamilton gives birth to the illegitimate daughter of Lord Nelson.
1801 January January: the Act of Union with Ireland creates the United Kingdom.
1801 Feb 4 John Marshall was sworn in as chief justice of the United States.
1801 Feb 7 John Rylands, merchant, philanthropist, was born in England.
1801 Feb 17 The House of Representatives broke an electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, electing Jefferson president. Burr became vice president. When George Washington announced that he would retire from office, he set the stage for the nation’s first two-party presidential campaign.
1801 Feb 17 Thomas Jefferson won the White House vowing to get rid of all federal taxes. He was supported by a new coalition of anti-Federalists that was the ancestor of the Democratic Party. In 2003 Jules Witcover authored “Party of the People: A History of the Democrats.”
1801 Feb 21 John Henry Newman, was born. He was the Protestant vicar who converted to Catholicism and became a Roman Catholic Cardinal. He authored “Dream of Gerontius.”
1801 Feb 27 The District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.
1801 Feb 28 Motiejus Valancius, Lithuanian educator, historian, writer and bishop, was born in Nasrenai in the Kretinga region. He died May 29, 1875, in Kaunas. His portrait is on the 2-litas note.
1801 February February: The government of William Pitt collapses over the issue of Catholic emancipation. Pitt had made veiled promises of emancipation in order to secure the Act of Union, but George III would not support it, and Pitt resigned.
1801 February February: The Treaty of Lunéville, between France and the Holy Roman Empire, is signed, giving France control up to the Rhine and the French client republics in Italy and the Netherlands. Britian is now the sole nation fighting against France.
1801 Mar 3 1st US Jewish Governor, David Emanuel, took office in Georgia.
1801 Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson became the first President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C. (1801-1809). James Madison became secretary of state. In his inaugural address Jefferson said: “Though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will, to be rightful, must be reasonable; the minority possesses their equal right, which equal laws must protect, and to violate would be oppression.”
1801 Mar 4 The expression entangling alliances was coined by Thomas Jefferson and used in his first inaugural address: “Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations–entangling alliances with none.” These words have been commonly attributed to George Washington; although Washington supported the idea expressed, there is no record of his having used this phraseology.
1801 Mar 10 Britain conducted its first census in order to find out how many men were available for conscription.
1801 Mar 11 Paul I (46), Czar of Russia (1796-1801), was strangled in his bedroom in St. Petersburg ending 4 years of insane rule. His son Alexander I Pavlovich (23) succeeded him.
1801 Mar 14 Prime Minister of Great Britain: Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
1801 Mar 14 Christian Friedrich Penzel (63), composer, died.
1801 Mar 21 Andrea Lucchesi (59), composer, died.
1801 Mar 24 Aleksandr P. Romanov became emperor of Russia.
1801 Mar 25 Anthony Ziesenis (69), architect, sculptor (Camper), died.
1801 March March: England conducts its first census.
1801 March March: Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister.
1801 March March: The London Stock Exchange is founded.
1801 March March: Thomas Jefferson becomes the third President of the United States.
1801 March March: Tsar Paul I of Russia is assassinated. He is succedded by Tsar Alexander I.
1801 Apr 2 The British navy defeated the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen.
1801 Apr 8 Soldiers rioted in Bucharest and killed 128 Jews.
1801 Apr 11 Johann von Schiller’s “Die Jungfrau von Orleans (The Maid of Orleans),” premieres in Leipzig.
1801 Apr 12 Josef Franz Karl Lanner, Austrian composer, violist, was born. D 1843. Dance composer; he was a contemporary of Johann Strauss senior, and helped lay the foundation for the Viennese waltz.
1801 Apr 21 Saudi Arabs led Sunni raids into Karbala, Iraq, killing about 5,000 people.
1801 Apr 24 The 1st performance of Joseph Haydn’s oratorio “Die Jahreszeiten (The Seasons).”
1801 Apr 28 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, the seventh Earl of Shaftesbury and a leading social reformer of the Victorian Age, was born in England. Shaftesbury labored to establish schools, to abolish the use of small children as chimney sweeps, and to wipe out child prostitution. He was a vocal opponent of slavery but had little respect for the United States’ President Abraham Lincoln and thought the South should be permitted to secede from the Union.
1801 April April: At the Battle of Copenhagen, Lord Nelson deals a death blow to the League of Armed Neutrality (Russia, Denmark, Sweden, and Prussia) with his destruction of the Danish fleet. When he returns to England in June, he is elevated to a viscount.
1801 April April: The U.S. Library of Congress is founded.
1801 May 6 British Lt. Thomas Cochrane, commander of the 14-gun sloop HMS Speedy, engaged and captured the 32-gun Spanish frigate El Gamo. The climactic battle in Patrick O’Brian’s novel “Master and Commander” is based on the Speedy’s fight with El Gamo. Cochrane was later elected to Parliament, pointed out corruption and was arrested on trumped up charges. After that he served as the first commander of Chile’s navy, then Brazil’s navy and the Greek navy before returning to England. In 2000 Robert Harvey authored “Cochrane: The Life and Exploits of a Fighting Captain.”
1801 May 14 The Pasha of Tripoli symbolically declared war on the US by cutting down the glagstaff in front of the US Consulate, after learning that Pres. Jefferson had refused to pay a renewed tribute of $225,000.
1801 May 16 William Henry Seward was born. He was later Gov. of New York and the American Sec. of State from 1861-1869. Under Pres. Lincoln he purchased Alaska for the United States at 2 cents per acre.
1801 Jun 1 Mormon leader Brigham Young (d.1877), the second president of the Mormon Church, was born in Whitingham, Vt.
1801 Jun 10 The North African state of Tripoli declared war on the United States in a dispute over safe passage of merchant vessels through the Mediterranean. Tripoli declared war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.
1801 Jun 14 Former American Revolutionary War General Benedict Arnold died in London.
1801 Jun 29 Frederic Bastiat (d.1850), French free-market economist, was born in Bayonne. “The state is the great fictitious entity in which everyone seeks to live at the expense of everyone else.”
1801 June June: Cairo falls to British troops.
1801 Jul 3 Johann Nepomuk Went (56), composer, died.
1801 Jul 5 David G. Farragut (d.1870), American naval hero, was born in Knoxville, Tenn.
1801 Jul 7 A new constitution, drafted by a committee appointed by Toussaint Louverture (L’Ouverture), went into effect and declared the independence of Hispaniola. The constitution made him governor general for life with near absolute powers.
1801 Jul 16 Pope Pius VII and 1st consul Napoleon signed a concord.
1801 Jul 17 The U.S. fleet arrived in Tripoli after Pasha Yusuf Karamanli declared war for being refused tribute.
1801 Aug 1 The American schooner Enterprise captured the Barbary cruiser Tripoli.
1801 Aug 6 A 9-day revival began at the Cane Ridge Presbyterian Church in Bourbon County, Kentucky. Some 20,000 people showed up for the revival called by Rev. Barton W. Stone. 3 evangelistic Christian groups grew out of the meeting.
1801 August August: The West India Docks open after a two-year design and construction project by William Jessop. Built on the Isle of Dogs, they are the first large wet docks built in the Port of London, and can accommodate 600 ships.
1801 Oct 6 Napoleon Bonaparte imposed a new constitution on Holland.
1801 Oct 19 The first Philadelphia aqueduct was opened providing a new supply of fresh water for the growing city.
1801 Oct 23 Gustav Albert Lortzing, composer, was born.
1801 Oct 23 Johann Gottlieb Naumann (60), German composer, died.
1801 October October: The Treaty of London is signed, a preliminary peace treaty ending the war between France and Britain.
1801 Nov 3 Karl Baedeker (d.1859), German publisher, was born. He became well known for travel guides. His 1835 “Travel on the Rhine” is widely considered as the 1st modern guidebook.
1801 Nov 3 Vincenzo Bellini, Italian opera composer (La Sonnambula, Norma), was born.
1801 Nov 9 Carl Philipp Stamitz, composer, died.
1801 Nov 9 Gail Borden (d.1874), inventor of condensed milk, was born in New York.
1801 Nov 10 Samuel Gridley Howe (d.1876), educator of the blind, was born. He was the husband of Julia Ward Howe, author of the “Battle Hymn of the Republic.”
1801 Nov 10 Kentucky banned dueling.
1801 Nov 16 The 1st edition of New York Evening Post was published. Alexander Hamilton helped found the paper and served as editor. Under the editorship of William Cullen Bryant from 1826-1878, it was Free-Soil and supported Abraham Lincoln.
1801 Dec 24 Richard Trevithick, inventor of the steam locomotive, completed a road test of his 1st “traveling engine” in Camborne, England.
1801 December December: Richard Trevithick builds and demonstrates the first steam-powered road locomotive.
1801 Another Act of Union joins the Kingdom of Ireland to England and Scotland, and the Union Flag sees the addition of the diagonal red cross.
1801 Architects Charles Percier and Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine publish the Recueil de décorations intérieures, a compilation of drawings of contemporary design that will set the standard for the Empire style of interior decoration that spreads throughout Europe.
1801 Beethoven completes the “Moonlight Sonata” (Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor, Opus 27).
1801 English horse racing at Goodwood is introduced by Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond.
1801 Lord Elgin, with permission of the Turkish government that controls Athens, begins the removal of sculptured portions of the Parthenon, a task that takes five years to complete.
1801 Maria Edgeworth’s Belinda is publlished.
1801 The first census is held.
1801 The Union Jack becomes the new flag of the United Kingdom in 1801, incorporating the Cross of St. George (England), the Cross of St. Andrew (Scotland), and the Cross of St. Patrick (Ireland).
1801 Robert Trevithick demonstrates a steam locomotive.
1801 Britain is rising as an industrial power. The average life expectancy is around 40. A fictional “better-off” family will be described as drinking water that has a cow taste because it is taken from a brook from which cows drink. Meat is rare. Dental care is poor. The family eats with wooden spoons. Candles are rarely used because they cost too much. The father “visited the city once, but the travel cost him a week’s wages… The children sleep two to a bed on straw mattresses on the floor.”
1801 Britain makes Ireland part of a single British kingdom. Parliament in Dublin is abolished. The Anglican Church is to be recognized as the official church in Ireland. No Catholics are to be allowed to hold public office.
1801 Napoleon of France has defeated Austria. In the treaty of Lunéville, Austria renounces claims to the Holy Roman Empire. 
1801 Rembrandt Peale painted his brother’s portrait: “Rubens Peale with Geranium.”
1801 Francois Rene de Chateaubriand (1768-1848), French writer, authored his novel “Atala” following a trip to the US.
1801 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, wrote to Sir Humphrey Davy a letter in which he says: “I seem to sink in upon myself in a ruin, like a Column of Sand, informed and animated only by a Whirl-Blast of the Dessert.” Coleridge had become addicted to opium in this year.
1801 Beethoven composed Op. 25 Serenade for flute, Violin and Viola.
1801 Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin, took the 2,500 year-old bas-reliefs from the Parthenon while he served as the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. 17 figures and 56 panels were put on display at the British Museum in 1816. Around 1939 the marbles were subjected to a botched scouring operation that damaged 40% of the collection. Elgin had hired Giovanni Lusieri, an Italian artist from the court of the King of Naples, to oversee the Parthenon project.
1801 Thomas Jefferson began a set of proper rules for the Senate when he wrote: ” No one is to disturb another in his speech by hissing, coughing, spitting, speaking, or whispering to another.”
1801 Elder John Leland, a Baptist minister, helped commission a 1,235-pound wheel of Cheshire cheese as a gift of gratitude for Thomas Jefferson’s steadfast support of religious liberties.
1801 The London Stock Exchange formed. British government debt was the only security traded and this remained so until 1822.
1801 French artist Girodet depicted Ossian, the mythical 3rd century blind Scottish poet, before the story was exposed as a fraud.
1801 In France Napoleon opened the Louvre to the public.
1801 Napoleon’s army in Egypt surrendered to Turkish and English forces. The French civilian toll topped 25 of 150, while the military toll topped 25,000 over the 3-year expedition. Turks recover Egypt.
1801 Friedrich von Hardenberg (b.1772), German poet (Novalis), died. He was later known as the father of German romantic nationalism.
1801 In Mexico La Iglesia de Nuestra Senora del Refugio was a Franciscan-style mission church built in the border town of Guerrero Viejo.
1801 South Ossetia was absorbed into the Russian Empire along with Georgia.
1801 In India William Carey, Protestant missionary printed his new Testament translated into Bengali on his own printing press. He also translated the Sanskrit classics into Bengali and printed the first Bengali Newspaper.
1801 The French dancer and choreographer Charles Didelot went to St. Petersburg, where he concentrated on teaching a new generation of dancers.
1801 Birth of Giuseppe Concone (D. 1861), singing master. pianist and composer, his singing exercises are still used today.
1801 In Russia the Cathedral of the Virgin of Kazan, St. Petersburg by Andrea Voronikhin (1760-1814) is a typical high imperial Russian building of the nineteenth century, modeled on St. Peter’s Rome.
1801 Thomas Milton (1743-1827) engraver, published three folios of aquatints. Views in Egypt, The Ottoman Empire and Palestine, by Liugi Mayer (d. 1803) English artists and architects were inspired by the imagery.
1801 Death of Sharaku in Japan. Portrait artists of actors and himself an actor of plays. His prints were admired outside Japan for their eccentricity, psychological penetration and qualities of caricature.
1801 Prussians march into Hanover
1801 CD Grabbe German Dramatist born (D 1836)
1801 Kotzebue: “Die deutschen Kleinstadter,” Comedy
1801 Johann Nestroy Austrian dramatist and comedian born (D 1862)
1801 Robert Southey: “Thalaba the Destroyer” poem
1801 KF Gauss: “Disquisitiones arithmeticae”
1801 Hegel and Schellilng publish the “Critical Journal of Philosophy”
1801 Bank of France founded
1801 European Populations: Italy 17.2 million, Spain 10.5M, Britain 10.4M, London 864K, Paris 547K, Vienna 231K, Berlin 183K
1801 First Iron trolley tracks, Croydon-Wandsworth England
1801 Victoria Regia (“Queen of the NIght”) discovered in Amazon territory
1801 MFX Bichat (1771-1802): “Anatomie generale”
1801 American civil engineer Robert Fulton (1765-1815) produces the first submarine “Nautilus” (Brest)
1801 JJ Lalande catalogues 47,390 stars
1801 Beethoven : “Die Geschopfr des Prometheus,” Ballet in Vienna
1801 Daniel Chodowiecki, german painter died (B1726)
1801 David: “Napoleon au Grand Saint-Bernard”
1801 Goya “The Two Majas”
1801 Joseph Paxton, English Architect born (D1865)
1801-1803 Matthew Flinders circumnavigates, then names, Australia
1801-1806 Alexandre Dumas (d.1870) covered these years of French history in an 1869 serialized novel printed in the journal, “The Universal Monitor.” In the 1980s Claude Schopp, a retired French lecturer, discovered the epic novel on microfilm. He got it published under the title “Le Chevalier de Sainte-Hermine,” and in 2005 it became a top ten seller.
1801-1835 John Marshall (1755-1835) was chief justice of the US Supreme Court. In 1996 Charles F. Hobson wrote “The Great Chief Justice: John Marshall and the Law” and Jean Edward Smith wrote “John Marshall: Definer of a Nation.”
1801-1848 Thomas Cole, English born US painter. He and Asher B. Durand became fathers of the Hudson River School of painting and founded the National Academy of Design.
1801-1864 Caroline Matilda Stansbury Kirkland, American author: “Like other spurious things, fastidiousness is often inconsistent with itself, the coarsest things are done, and the cruelest things said by the most fastidious people.”
1801-1866 Jane Welsh Carlyle, English writer: “In spite of the honestest efforts to annihilate my ‘I-ity,’ or merge it in what the world doubtless considers my better half (historian Thomas Carlyle), I still find myself a self-subsisting and alas! self-seeking ME.”
1801-1921 A single Parliament legislated all the British Isles. A history of the archipelago was written in 2000 by Norman Davies: “The Isles.”

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first day that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-17-18-00.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

and

JANE AUSTEN AND GHOSTS

We are still selling this book (and of course all our other ones.) JANE AUSTEN AND GHOSTS is not set in the Regency Era or references the timeline in anyway. However it is a great romp and I am sure that you will enjoy spending time with it.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

JaneAustenandGhosts_DavidW.Wilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-17-18-00.jpg

JANE AUSTEN AND GHOSTS

978-0-9829989-4-6

In the world of moviemaking, nothing is as golden as rebooting a classic tale that has made fortunes every time before when it has been adapted for the silver screen. Certainly any work by Jane Austen made into a movie will not only be bankable, but also considered a work of art.

That is of course until the current wave of adaptations that unite her classic stories with all the elements of the afterlife is attempted to be created. That these have found success in the marketplace amongst booklovers may not be quite understood by those who make movies. But that they are a success is understood and a reason to make them into movies.

All that being said, perhaps it would also be fair to say that the very proper Jane, were she present to have anything to say about it, would not be pleased. Of course she has been away from this Earth for nearly 200 hundred years. But does that mean were she upset enough, she wouldn’t come back?

Ellis Abbot found stories for tinseltown to make into movies. His most recent find were the batch of stories set in the regency world of Jane Austen. Jane Austen and Monsters.

Meeting with the various authors of those works, it did not seem that Ellis could get one coherent plot of script out of any of them. At least not until he got help from the best source of all.

Again on sale today for $4.99

Read Full Post »

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first week that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-17-08-10.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-08-10.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-08-10.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-17-08-10.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1804:

Year Month Day Event
1804 Jan 1 Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaimed the Republic of Haiti and declared independence from France. Documentation of his speech was then lost and only re-discovered in 2010 by a Canadian graduate student searching in the British National Archives.
1804 Jan 5 Ohio legislature passed the 1st laws restricting free blacks movement. [see Mar 28]
1804 Jan 31 British vice-admiral William Bligh (of HMS Bounty infamy) fleet reached Curacao (Antilles).
1804 Feb 6 Joseph Priestley (b.1733), English-born US writer, philosopher and chemist, died in Pennsylvania. He became best known for having discovered oxygen. Priestley also figured out how to manufacture carbonated water and is sometimes called “the father of the soft-drink industry.” In 2008 Steven Johnson authored “The Invention of Air: A Story of Science, faith, Revolution, and the Birth of America.”
1804 Feb 7 John Deere, farm equipment manufacturer, was born.
1804 Feb 15 New Jersey became the last northern state to abolish slavery.
1804 Feb 16 Lt. Stephen Decatur attacked Tripoli, where pirates held the USS Philadelphia. Decatur and 76 volunteers, aboard the captured Intrepid, attempted to recapture the Philadelphia, which caught fire, exploded and sank. Decatur and his crew escaped.
1804 Feb 25 Thomas Jefferson was nominated for president at the Democratic-Republican caucus.
1804 Feb 26 Vice-Admiral William Bligh ended the siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad.
1804 February February: A royalist conspiracy against Napoleon is uncovered.
1804 February February: German philosopher Immanuel Kant dies at age 79.
1804 February February: Richard Trevithick designs and demonstrates the first steam-powered railway locomotive.
1804 Mar 7 John Wedgwood, founder (Royal Horticulture Society), died.
1804 Mar 8 Alvan Clark, telescope manufacturer, was born.
1804 Mar 12 Judge John Pickering, a federal district judge in New Hampshire, was the first American official impeached and then found guilty by the Senate. Pickering, a Federalist, was impeached as unfit based on charges related to his habitual drunkenness and bizarre handling of cases. He was adjudged guilty and removed from office in spite of evidence establishing that he was insane and hence not culpable of high crimes or misdemeanors. Impeached during the same period, Chief Justice Samuel Chase was acquitted by the Senate on March 1, 1805, ending the Republican campaign against the Federalist bench and discouraging subsequent administrations from using impeachment to remove politically obnoxious judges.
1804 Mar 14 Johann Strauss (d.1849), Austrian orchestra conductor and composer, was born. His son was also named Johann (1825-1899).
1804 Mar 21 The French civil code, later called the “Code Napoleon,” was adopted.
1804 Mar 26 Congress ordered the removal of Indians east of the Mississippi to Louisiana.
1804 Mar 26 The Louisiana Purchase was divided into the Territory of Orleans and the District of Louisiana.
1804 Mar 28 Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks. [see Jan 5]
1804 March March: One of the royalist conspirators, Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d’Enghien, is seized, condemned by a commission acting under Napoleon’s orders, and shot, ending any hope of a reconciliation between the emperor and the royal house of Bourbon. The young duke’s murder is discussed in the opening of Tolstoy’s War and Peace.
1804 March March: The Code Napoleon is adopted as French civil law.
1804 March March: The Royal Horticultural Society is founded.
1804 Apr 20 Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Haitian rebel leader, commanded a massacre of the French at town of Cape Francois. It is generally thought that Dessalines had around 20,000 French slaughtered in early 1804.
1804 Apr 22 Gioacchino Rossini (12) performed in Imola.
1804 April April: Another of the royalist conspirators, General Charles Pichegru is found strangled in his cell at the Temple prison. It was rumored, but never proven, that his murder was ordered by Napoleon.
1804 10-May Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: William Pitt “The Younger”
1804 May 14 The Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory left St. Louis. Explorer William Clark sets off from St. Louis, Missouri, to travel upriver to wait for Meriwether Lewis. The two will soon depart together on a journey to reach the Pacific. The trip was retold in a TV movie by Ken Burns in 1997. [see May 22]
1804 May 16 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, founder of the first U.S. kindergarten, was born.
1804 May 18 The French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.
1804 May 22 The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially began as the Corps of Discovery departed from St. Charles, Missouri. [see May 14]
1804 May May: Napoleon is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
1804 May May: William Pitt once again becomes Britian’s Prime Minister after the resignation of Henry Addington.
1804 Jun 3 Richard Cobden, English economist and politician, was born. He became known as ‘the Apostle of free trade.’ He led the Anti-Corn League, which in 1839-1846 fought to remove price controls and import barriers for wheat.
1804 Jun 26 The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles.
1804 Jun 29 Privates John Collins and Hugh Hall of the Lewis and Clark Expedition were found guilty by a court-martial consisting of members of the Corps of Discovery for getting drunk on duty. Collins receives 100 lashes on his back and Hall receives 50.
1804 Jul 1 George Sand (Amandine-Aurore Lucille Dupin de Francueil, d.1876), French novelist, was born in Paris. She wrote some 80 novels that included “Consuelo” (1842) and “La Comtesse de Rudolstadt” (1843). In 1975 Curtis Cate published the biography: “George Sand.” “I would rather believe that God did not exist than believe that He was indifferent.”
1804 Jul 4 Nathaniel Hawthorne (d.1864) American novelist and short-story writer, was born in Marblehead, [Salem], Massachusetts. Hawthorne was born to a prominent but decaying family. One of his ancestors, a judge in the Salem witchcraft trials, became the model for the accursed founder of The House of the Seven Gables. Hawthorne would often wonder whether the decline of his family’s fortune was a punishment for the sins of his “sable-cloaked steeple-crowned progenitors.” Marblehead is also the location of the house in his book “The House of Seven Gables.” He also wrote “The Scarlet Letter.”
1804 Jul 11 Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded Alexander Hamilton (47), former first Treasury Secretary, in a pistol duel near Weehawken, N.J. A warrant for Burr’s arrest was soon issued in New Jersey and New York, where Hamilton died. In 1999 Richard Brookhiser wrote “Alexander Hamilton: American.” In 2001 Joanne B. Freeman edited his writings and published: Alexander Hamilton: Writings.”
1804 Jul 12 Alexander Hamilton (47), US Sec. of Treasury, died in New York of wounds from a pistol duel in New Jersey with VP Aaron Burr. In 1920 Frederick Scott Oliver authored a Hamilton biography. In 2002 Stephen Knott authored “Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth.” In 2004 Ron Chernow authored the biography “Alexander Hamilton.” Lawyer Ambrose Spencer (1765-1848) said Hamilton “more than any man, did the thinking of his time.”
1804 Jul 21 Victor Schoelcher, abolished French slavery, was born in Guadeloupe.
1804 Aug 3 US Commodore Edward Prebble’s squadron bombarded Tripoli inflicting heavy damages on the city.
1804 Aug 20 Charles Floyd died, the only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. In 1901 a memorial was erected at his gravesite in Sioux City, Iowa.
1804 Aug 25 In England Alice Meynell became the 1st woman jockey.
1804 Aug 31 Lewis and Clark held a council with local Sioux Indian chiefs in what is now eastern North Dakota.
1804 August August: Alice Meynell becomes the first female jockey in England.
1804 Sep 5 In a daring night raid, American sailors under Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, boarded the captured USS Philadelphia and burned the ship to keep it out of the hands of the Barbary pirates who captured her.
1804 Sep 21 Another major hurricane hit Puerto Rico on the feast day of St. Matthew and became known as the San Mateo II hurricane [see 1575].
1804 Sep 25 The 12th Amendment was ratified. It required electors to vote separately for the president and vice-president.
1804 Oct 2 England mobilized to protect against an expected French invasion by Napoleon.
1804 Oct 5 Robert Parker Parrott (d.1877), Inventor (Parrot Gun- 1st machine gun), was born.
1804 Oct 5 The Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes, a Spanish galleon, was sunk by the British navy southwest of Portugal with more than 200 people on board. In May 2007, Odyssey Marine Exploration announced that it had discovered a wreck in the Atlantic and its cargo of 500,000 silver coins and other artifacts worth an estimated $500 million. Spain claimed this was the Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes. In 2009 Peru pushed claims to the silver coins arguing that they were minted in Lima. In 2012 a US judge ordered that the treasure be returned to Spain.
1804 Oct 6 Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758) had himself crowned James I, Emperor of Haiti. He was murdered two years later in a conspiracy under Christophe and Pétion.
1804 Oct 9 Hobart, Tasmania, was founded.
1804 Oct 26 Lewis and Clark accepted an invitation to camp for the winter near a cluster of villages inhabited by the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians.
1804 Nov 18 Palver Purim (Feast of Lots) was 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape. The Jewish festival marked the deliverance of the Jews in Persia from Haman.
1804 Nov 23 Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States, was born in Hillsboro, N.H.
1804 Nov 27 Pres. Jefferson issued a nationwide proclamation to military and public officials warning of a conspiracy to attack Spanish territory in Texas. He had opened negotiations with Spain to purchase Texas territory west of New Orleans. Jefferson had heard rumors that Aaron Burr had begun plotting an invasion of Texas. Jefferson ordered Gen. James Wilkinson to move federal troops into defensive positions between the Sabine River and New Orleans. Wilkinson, unbeknownst to Jefferson, was a close confidant of Burr and also worked as a spy in the employ of Spanish officials in Mexico.
1804 Nov 30 Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial, accused of political bias. He was acquitted by the Senate in 1805.
1804 Nov Thomas Jefferson was re-elected US president. George Clinton, the seven-term governor of New York, was elected vice president under Jefferson and again under Madison in 1808. Clinton died in office on April 20, 1812.
1804 Nov Lewis and Clark hired French-Canadian fur trapper Toussaint Charbonneau as an interpreter, with the understanding that Sacagawea, who was only about 16 and pregnant, would come along to interpret the Shoshone language. She and another woman had been purchased by Charbonneau, who lived among the Hidatsa and Mandan Indians, to be his wives.
1804 Dec 1 Emperor Napoleon married Josephine de Beauharnais, of Martinique.
1804 Dec 2 Napoleon crowned himself emperor of France with Josephine as Empress as Pope Pius VII looked on. In 1807 Jacques-Louis David completed his painting of the event.
1804 Dec 21 Benjamin Disraeli (d.1881), Prime Minister of Great Britain (1868, 1874-80), was born. He instituted reforms in housing, public health and factory regulations. “Youth is a blunder; manhood a struggle; old age a regret.” In 1993 Stanley Weintraub published “Disraeli: A Biography.”
1804 December December: Napoleon crowns himself Emperor of France at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
1804 December December: Spain declares war on Britain.
1804 A settlement is founded at Risdon on the Derwent River in Van Diemen’s Land. Later the settlement (to become Hobart) is moved across the river to Sullivan’s Cove.
1804 At Sydney, the Castle Hill convict rebellion, also known as the Second Battle of Vinegar Hill.
1804 Gas lighting is demonstrated at London’s Lyceum Theatre by German inventor Frederick Albert Winsor.
1804 The Society of Painters in Water Colours is founded by artists who do not believe their medium commands enough respect by the Royal Academy.
1804 The Royal College of Surgeons is founded in London.
1804 Japan refuses trade with arriving Russian ships.
1804 The Russians visit the Hawaiian islands on their way to Fort Ross in California.
1804 Around 150,000 Hawaiians — nearly half of the population — are dying from the Great Sickness — an unknown disease brought by Europeans.
1804 Serbs revolt against Ottoman authority and win autonomy status — self-rule within the Ottoman Empire — demonstrating Ottoman weakness to Greeks, who remain under Ottoman rule.  
1804 Haiti proclaims itself a republic and independent.
1804 In Hausaland (south of the Sahara and west of Lake Chad), Muslim herdsmen war against non-Muslim Hausa chiefdoms and gain power in the region.
1804 In the wartime atmosphere and as a defense against French royalty, the Senate in France votes in favor of Napoleon Bonaparte becoming Napoleon I, “Emperor of the French.” Napoleon crowns himself emperor. Beethoven is enraged. He dislikes royalty and tears up the title page for his Symfonia Buonaparte, which will be known as his Symphony No.3.
1804 Spain joins Napoleon’s war as an ally against the British.
1804 John Quincy Adams published his travel book: “Letters on Silesia.”
1804 Fort Dearborn was erected on the Chicago River on the site of present-day downtown Chicago. With the outbreak of the War of 1812, the garrison of 67 soldiers, their dependents and settlers were ordered to evacuate to Fort Wayne. Most of them were massacred en route by Pottawatomie Indians, who then burned the fort. Fort Dearborn was rebuilt in 1816 and around it grew the settlement that would become Chicago. Abandoned in 1837, Fort Dearborn was demolished in 1856.
1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark packed up 5,555 rations of flour, and 120 gallons of whiskey for their western journey of exploration that would last 2 ½ years. In 1996 Stephen Ambrose published an account of their trip titled: “Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the opening of the American West.” The cutthroat trout, Onchorhynchus clarki lewisi, was found to be highly abundant. In 1997 the fish was on the brink of extinction.
1804 The town of St. Michaels on the Chesapeake Bay was incorporated, resurveyed and laid out in three squares: Harrison’s square to the north, Thompson’s square to the west and Braddock’s square to the east.
1804 In Australia soldiers fired on an aboriginal hunting party on Tasmania and killed some 50 people. Some were salted down and sent to Sydney as anthropological curiosities.
1804 The British Royal Horticultural Society was formed.
1804 The British Royal Watercolour Society was formed.
1804 Samuel Taylor Coleridge (32), English poet, fled to Malta and worked as an assistant to the civilian governor. He returned to England in 1806.
1804 A motion in British Parliament for abolition of the slave trade passed in the House of Commons 124 to 29, but was defeated in the House of Lords.
1804 In England John Barrow (1764-1848) was appointed Second Secretary to the Admiralty by Viscount Melville, a post which he held for forty years (apart from a short period in 1806-07 when there was a Whig government in power).
1804 Sir George Cayley, England’s “father of aeronautics,” built and flew the world’s first successful model glider.
1804 The Botanical Gardens of Antwerp, Belgium, began as a large herb garden dedicated to medicinal plants.
1804 A stone signal tower was built on Clare Island as part of a series along the Irish west coast in fear of an invasion by Napoleon.
1804 The Pere Lachaise Cemetery of Paris was founded.
1804 Empress Josephine, wife of Napoleon I, began a rose collection at Malmaison, and sparked a wide interest in rose culture.
1804 The Wahabis captured Medina, Arabia.
1804 Immanuel Kant (b. 1724), German philosopher, died. His “categorical imperative” helped to ascertain the proper course under any circumstances: “Act only on the maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.” Kant had described how the sun and planets might have condensed from a primordial cloud with no divine intervention.
1804-1866 Eliphalet Nott, Presbyterian minister, president of Union College during this period. UC was the first non-denominational college in the US. It emphasized practical education as well as classical studies.
1804-1999 In 2000 Misha Glenny authored “The Balkans, 1804-1999.”

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Georgette Heyer

Well it is Georgette Heyer Birthday PastedGraphic-2012-08-16-08-11.jpg week! It is even Georgette Heyer’s Birthday!

Born 110 years ago.

So she would be quite old today. She passed on the 4th of July, 1974 at the age of 71.

This however is not a post about Georgette Heyer.

She is one of the reason I write and read Regencies. (I like Austen as well, but Heyer is wickedly fun. Read PastedGraphic1-2012-08-16-08-11.jpgFrederica and you’ll see why I like her. Or countless others of her Regencies. They are on sale today at places like Sourcebooks, or if you are into reading on a tablet like an iPad, you can go to the iBookstore and get nearly all for $2.99 each.

But what I really want to toot my horn today, is the release of

TWO PEAS IN A POD

That’s right, today is the first day that it is available. Kindle’s today, and then in a week or so, you can have it in your hands physically if you so desire in Trade Paperback form as the other releases from our publisher, Regency Assembly Press does.

This release the publisher is trying out the Kindle Select program so it is exclusive to Amazon for 90 days. What that means for you, a reader, is that should you have

1) a Kindle

2) Are a member of Amazon Prime

then you can borrow the book, free to you, and try before you buy (always, please buy.)

For myself and Regency Assembly Press it is an experiment. RAP (And we hope you all are RAPpers and not RAPscallions) wants to see if this will work. They have also reduced the price of this book to half of what RAP books sell for. $3.99 for an electronic copy.

If you do not have an actual Kindle, Amazon has made it possible to read this book on virtually any electronic device. GO HERE if you want to get a copy for something other than a Kindle, or wait patiently until right before Thanksgiving (November 15th) when it will be released in all other digital formats.

Here is a picture, which of course you can click on to go fetch the book:

TwoPeasinaPod_DavidWilkin_Amazon.com_KindleStore-2012-08-16-08-11.jpg

TWO PEAS IN A POD

978-0-9829989-3-9

Love is something that can not be fostered by deceit even should one’s eyes betray one’s heart.

Two brothers that are so close in appearance that only a handful have ever been able to tell them apart. The Earl of Kent, Percival Francis Michael Coldwell is only older than his brother, Peregrine Maxim Frederick Coldwell by 17 minutes. They may have looked as each other, but that masked how they were truthfully quite opposite to one another.

For Percy, his personality was one that he was quite comfortable with and more than happy to let Perry be of a serious nature. At least until he met Veronica Hamilton, the daughter of Baron Hamilton of Leith. She was only interested in a man who was serious.

Once more, Peregrine is obliged to help his older brother by taking his place, that the Earl may woo the young lady who has captured his heart. That is, until there is one who captures Peregrine’s heart as well.

Available in other digital formats on 11/15/2012

Again on sale today for $3.99

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Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-15-08-23.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-15-08-23.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-15-08-23.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1803:

Year Month Day Event
1803 Jan 11 Monroe and Livingston sailed for Paris to buy New Orleans; they ended up buying Louisiana. [see Dec 20, 1802]
1803 Jan Lord Elgin concluded his diplomatic mission to Constantinople.
1803 January January: The first edition of the British fashion magazine Le Miroir de la Mode is published by the famous modiste, Madame Lanchester. Read more about her here on this site.
1803 January January: William Cobbett begins publishing Parliamentary Debates, an unofficial record of Parliamentary proceedings.
1803 Feb 2 Albert Sidney Johnston, Genl. (Confederate Army), was born. He died in 1862 at Shiloh.
1803 Feb 14 An apple parer was patented by Moses Coats in Downington, Penn.
1803 Feb 15 John Augustus Sutter (d.1880), Swiss-US colonist (New Helvetia, Ca., Sutter Mill), was born.
1803 Feb 19 Congress voted to accept Ohio’s borders and constitution. However, Congress did not get around to formally ratifying Ohio statehood until 1953.
1803 Feb 21 The British return the Cape of Good Hope to the Dutch (Batavian Republic) under the Treaty of Amiens.
1803 Feb 21 Edward Despard became the last person drawn & quartered in England.
1803 Feb 24 The Supreme Court ruled itself the final interpreter of constitutional issues. Chief Justice John Marshall, by refusing to rule on the case of Marbury vs. Madison, asserted the authority of the judicial branch. The US Supreme Court 1st ruled a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison).
1803 Feb 25 The 1,800 sovereign German states united into 60 states.
1803 Mar 1 Ohio became the 17th state.
1803 Mar 3 The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began.
1803 Mar 14 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (78), German poet, died.
1803 Mar 19 Johann von Schiller’s “Die Braut von Messina,” premiered in Weimar.
1803 Apr 5 1st performance of Beethoven’s 2nd Symphony in D.
1803 Apr 7 Francois D. Toussaint L’Ouverture (Louverture), Haitian revolutionary, died in a dungeon at Fort Joux in the French Alps. In 2007 Madison Smartt Bell authored “Toussaint Louverture: A Biography.”
1803 Apr 26 Villagers of L’Aigle, France, witnessed a meteor shower. The rocks helped to convince scientists that meteors were of extraterrestrial origin.
1803 Apr 30 The US under Thomas Jefferson signed a treaty that accepted the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon Bonaparte’s government of France for 60 million francs or about $15 mil. The area included most of the thirteen states that lie between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. American envoys sent to France were originally instructed to buy only the port city of New Orleans and were astonished when Napoleon, abandoning plans for an American empire, offered them all of Louisiana. The United States doubled in size through the Louisiana Purchase. The federal government spent less than $8 million in operations and borrowed the money needed for the purchase.
1803 April April: Beethoven premiers his Second Symphony (Symphony No. 2. in D major, Opus.36) in Vienna.
1803 May 7 Johan Peter Cronhamm, composer, was born.
1803 May 16 Great Britain and France renewed their war.
1803 May 17 John Hawkins and Richard French patented a reaping machine.
1803 May 18 Great Britain declared war on France after General Napoleon Bonaparte continued interfering in Italy and Switzerland.
1803 May 22 The 1st US public library opened in Connecticut.
1803 May 23 Lord Elgin and his family were detained in Paris. Elgin’s family was allowed to proceed but he was arrested and declared a prisoner of war.
1803 May 24 Charles LJL Bonaparte, Corsican, French prince of Canino, Musignano, was born.
1803 May 25 Ralph Waldo Emerson (d.1882), American essayist and philosopher, was born. A biography of Emerson that includes information about his friends was written in 1996 by Carlos Baker and titled: “Emerson Among the Eccentrics: A Group Portrait.” It includes such people as: the transcendental visionary Bronson Alcott, essayist Henry David Thoreau, mad poet Jones Very, activist Margaret Fuller, poet Ellery Channing. Other people included are Hawthorne, Melville, Theodore Parker, and the family of Henry James. “Money often costs too much.” “Nothing astonishes men so much as common sense and plain dealing.”
1803 May May: Britian declares war on France, dissolving the short-lived Peace of Amiens.
1803 May May: France begins to assemble a fleet at Boulogne in preparation for an invasion of England.
1803 May May: Napoleon abandons plans to expand his empire into North America when it becomes clear that French possessions on that continent had become indefensible. He needs money to finance a renewed war with Britain that is looming, and sells all the French territories to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.
1803 Jul 8 Frederick Augustus Hervey (b.1730), the 4th Earl of Bristol and Bishop of Derry, died. He had toured Europe with his own cook and entourage and inspired a number of hotels to take on the Bristol name.
1803 Jul 23 Irish patriots throughout the country rebelled against Union with Great Britain. Robert Emmett led the insurrection in Dublin.
1803 Jul 31 John Ericsson, inventor of the screw propeller, was born.
1803 July July: Robert Emmet leads an unsuccessful uprising in Ireland, and is later executed.
1803 Aug 31 The government-sponsored transcontinental expedition under the leadership of Captain Meriwether Lewis and Lieutenant William Clark set off down the Ohio River. The 40-member expedition wintered and trained near St. Louis before starting up the Missouri River in three boats on May 14, 1804. Lewis and Clark’s three-year journey of exploration and discovery to the Pacific Coast and back stimulated western settlement and proved that an overland route to the West Coast was possible.
1803 August August: Lewis and Clark embark on their transcontinental expedition to the Pacific coast of North America.
1803 Sep 5 Francois Devienne, composer, died at 44.
1803 Sep 8 A high pressure steam boiler, made by Richard Trevithick, exploded at a corn mill in Greenwich, England, and 3 men were killed. A worker had left a heavy wrench on the safety valve and gone fishing.
1803 Sep 13 Commodore John Barry, considered by many the father of the American Navy, died in Philadelphia.
1803 Sep 17 Franz Xaver Sussmayr, composer, died.
1803 Sep 20 Robert Emmet, Irish nationalist, was executed.
1803 Sep 23 British Major General Sir Arthur Wellesley defeated the Marathas at Assaye, India.
1803 Sep 27 Samuel Francis DuPont (d.1865), Rear Admiral (Union Navy), was born.
1803 Sep 28 Prosper Merimee, playwright (Carmen), was born in Paris, France.
1803 September September: At the Battle of Assaye in India, British-led troops under the command of Arthur Wellesley defeat Maratha forces.
1803 Oct 2 Samuel Adams (b.1722), former Gov. of Mass. (1793-1797), died. He was a propagandist, political figure, revolutionary patriot and statesman who helped to organize the Boston Tea Party. In 2008 Ira Stoll authored “Samuel Adams: A Life.”
1803 Oct 3 John Gorrie, inventor of the cold-air process of refrigeration, was born.
1803 Oct 20 The US Senate voted to ratify Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase.
1803 Oct 31 Congress ratified the purchase of the entire Louisiana area in North America, which added territory to the United States for 13 subsequent states.
1803 Oct The USS Philadelphia was captured by the Tripolitans. 307 sailors were held for ransom by the Pasha of Tripoli.
1803 October October: British scientist John Dalton presents his atomic theory for the first time, in which he proposes that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms.
1803 Nov 3 Henri Moreau, composer (75), died.
1803 Nov 5 Chalderon de Laclos, writer, died.
1803 Nov 18 The Battle of Vertieres was fought. Jean-Jacques Dessalines (b.1758), Haitian rebel leader, led his army to decisive victory over the French with his slogan “Cut off their heads and burn down their houses.”
1803 Nov 29 Christian Doppler (d.1853), Austrian physicist who discovered the Doppler effect, was born. Hubble used his name for the Doppler Effect, that describes the apparent change in the frequency of a wave depending on whether the wave is approaching or receding.
1803 Nov 30 Spain, in a ceremony at New Orleans, completed the process of ceding Louisiana to France, which had sold it to the United States.
1803 November November: French writer Choderlos de Laclos, author of Les Liaisons Dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons), dies at age 62 while campaigning as a general for Napoleon.
1803 Dec 3 Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastique), was born. [see Dec 11]
1803 Dec 11 Hector Berlioz (d.1869), French composer and conductor, was born. He introduced arresting and gaudy instrumental colors in combinations that had not been dreamed of before him. He composed “Romeo and Juliet” in 1939 and conducted its first performance. He also composed the “Death of Cleopatra.” He composed “Symphonie Fantastique” and “La Damnation de Faust.” [see Dec 3]
1803 Dec 20 The Louisiana Purchase was completed as the territory was formally transferred from France to the United States during ceremonies in New Orleans. French Prefect Pierre Clement Laussat, US Gov. William CC Claiborne and US Gen. James Wilkinson signed 4 copies the treaty. The Louisiana Purchase effectively doubled the size of the existing U.S. With 827,987 square miles in the deal, that price translates to roughly $18 per square mile- under 3 cents/acre.
1803 Dec 23 Lt. Stephen Decatur, commanding the schooner Enterprise, captured a Barbary ketch, which was entered into the US Navy as the Intrepid.
1803 December December: The Mughal emperor Shah Alam II comes under British protection.
1803  
1803

Construction begins in Scotland on a 60.5-mile Caledonian Canal to connect the Atlantic with the North Sea across northern Scotland.
1803

John Constable exhibits for the first time at the Royal Academy.
1803

John Philip Kemble leaves Drury Lane and becomes manager of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden. His sister, Sarah Siddons, follows him to Covent Garden, where she will perform until her retirement in 1812.
1803

Matthew Flinders completes the first circumnavigation of Terra Australis.
1803

Napoleon revokes the French assembly’s emancipation decree of 1794, declaring his intention to reintroduce slavery in Hispaniola and other French territorial possessions.
1803

Spanish painter Francisco de Goya paints The Clothed Maja, a picture of the same woman in the same pose as The Nude Maja, painted around 1800, but this time fully dressed. In 1815 the Spanish government confiscates both paintings, calling them obscene, and strips Goya of his position as Court painter.
1803

The Nude Maja, c1800.
The Clothed Maja, 1803 
by Francisco de Goya. 
The second painting was created after general outrage in Spanish society over the first painting (primarily because it showed pubic hair). Without a pretense to allegorical or mythological meaning, The Nude Maja has been called “the first totally profane life-size female nude in Western art”. 

1803

Thomas Sheraton publishes The Cabinet Dictionary, a compendium of instructions on the techniques of cabinet and chair making.
1803-1822

Caledonian Ship Canal cuts clear across Scotland via the Great Glen.
1803

Ohio becomes the 17th U.S. state. (Mar 1)
1803

President Jefferson and others support an investment of $15 million for the Louisiana Territory, which Napoleon is willing to sell for cash for his war efforts.
1803

Toussaint L’Ouverture dies in prison. (Apr 7)
1803

The treaty between Britain and France has broken down. Again they go to war against each other. (May 18)
1803

A German makes morphine from opium. Physicians are delighted that opium has been tamed. Morphine is lauded for its reliability and safety.
1803

In England, seven Irish rebels are the last sentenced to be hanged, drawn and quartered. In deference to public opinion the sentence is commuted to merely hanging and beheading.
1803

Irish are rebelling against British rule. They are crushed militarily by the British, but unrest among the Irish will remain in Ireland through the rest of the century.
1803

The Wahhabis do not view the Shia as Muslims. A Shia assassinates the conqueror Abdul Aziz of the House of Saud.
1803

Jean Baptist Say penned “A Treatise on Political Economy,” in which he said that management is a factor of production.
1803

Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), English political economist, authored the 2nd edition of his 1798 “An Essay on the Principle of Population.” This edition introduced the idea of moral restraint.
1803

Beethoven composed his “Kreutzer Sonata” dedicated to the French violinist Rudolphe Kreutzer.
1803

One of the architects of the U.S. Capitol, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, who succeeded William Thornton and Stephen Hallet as Capitol architect in 1803, modified the original design of the Capitol and used Greek inspiration in the details. Latrobe was chiefly responsible for introducing the Greek Revival in the U.S. His Bank of Pennsylvania building in Philadelphia was the first Greek building in the country and was characteristic of his free adaptation of ancient precedent and vaulted construction.
1803

The US Mint struck its last silver dollars until 1934, when special 1804 silver dollars were minted as gifts from left over dies.
1803

Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving his 1st term as Mayor of New York City and continued to 1807. His 2nd term as mayor was from 1808-1810 and again from 1811-1815.
1803

In  NYC the industrial district surrounded the Collect Pond. It got so polluted that the Common Council called for it to be filled and the process was begun in this year.
1803

John Dalton, British chemist and physicist, pointed out that the fact that chemical compounds always combined in certain proportions could be explained by the grouping together of atoms to form units called molecules.
1803

The steel ink pen was developed in Birmingham, England.
1803

The French Academy of Sciences insisted that meteorites could not exist because no specimens had been produced.
1803

Alexander Von Humboldt, German explorer and scientist, spent some time in Taxco, Mexico. The house where he stayed later became the Museum of Colonial Religious Art.
1803

Denmark became the first country to ban slave trade.
1803-1812

Lord Elgin organized the removal of sculptures from the Parthenon.
1803-1815

In 2007 Charles Esdaile covered this period in his book: “Napoleon’s Wars: An International History, 1803-1815.”
1803-1862

Barend Cornelis Koekkoek of Holland came from a renowned family of artists. He considered the painting of nature the only true calling of an artist.
1803-1876

Orestes Augustus Brownson, American author and clergyman was born in  Stockbridge, Vt. At first a Presbyterian, he later became a Universalist, a Unitarian minister, head of his own church, a transcendentalist, and finally (1844) a Roman Catholic. As a writer and magazine editor, Brownson dealt with religious questions and fought social injustice: “We have heard enough of the liberties and the rights of man, it is high time to hear something of the duties of men and the rights of authority.” In 1992 Gregory Butler wrote the biography: “In Search of the American Spirit,” and in 1999 R.A. Herrera published “Orestes Brownson: Sign of Contradiction.”

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Timeline

Each time I start a year, I have already compiled a list, months ago with about 6000 entered of what happened from 1788 to 1837. My first step now (It took several trials to get this down to a science) is to cut out the specific year I will work on and paste it into its own spreadsheet to work with. When I worked on the entire spreadsheet, sometimes inserting a line, with all the graphics I had begun to place, took a long time. Working on each year alone, is a lot faster.

With the year separated out, I now turn to my book sources,

The Timetables of History by Grun and Stein1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-14-08-41.jpg

Chronology of CULTURE by Paxton and Fairfield

1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__1__%252524%252521%252540%252521__PastedGraphic-2012-08-14-08-41.jpg What Happened When by Carruth.

PastedGraphic-2012-08-14-08-41.jpg, History of the World. A beautiful Dorling Kindersley book.

I now and diligently look through each of these to find entries that I did not come across on the internet, and other printed lists. It is possible that there are places that have more listings for each year. I have not found them. And when you go to the Timelines at the Regency Assembly Press page, there you will see all the graphical references as well. Something that I did not find anywhere else.

Here is the start of 1802:

1802

1802
Year Month Day Event
1802 Jan 25 Napoleon was elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.
1802 Jan 26 Congress passed an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. Capitol.
1802 Jan 29 John Beckley of Virginia was appointed 1st Librarian of Congress.
1802 Jan In London, England, William Cobbett (1763-1835) set up the Weekly Political Register. It spread dissent during the post-war recession.
1802 Feb 4 Mark Hopkins, US  educator, philosopher (Williams College), was born.
1802 Feb 8 Simon Willard patented a banjo clock.
1802 Feb 23 Dewitt Clinton (1769-1828) began serving as US Senator from New York and continued to 1803.
1802 Feb 26 Victor Hugo (d.1885), French novelist and poet, was born in Besancon. In 1998 Graham Robb published the biography: “Victor Hugo.” “Initiative is doing the right thing without being told.”
1802 Feb Napoleon sent a large army under his brother-in-law, Charles Leclerc, to regain control of St. Domingue. Thousands of soldiers died mainly to yellow fever and French control was abandoned so as to support military ventures in Europe. Toussaint L’Ouverture  (Louverture) turned to guerrilla warfare inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution and its motto of “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity.”
1802 February February: The Rosetta Stone, having been taken from the French as part of the spoils of war in Egypt, arrives in London and is presented to the Society of Antiquaries. A few months later, it is given to the British Museum.
1802 Mar 16 The US Congress authorized the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. President Jefferson signed a measure authorizing the establishment of the US Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.
1802 Mar 24 Richard Trevithick was granted a patent in London for his steam locomotive.
1802 Mar 27 Treaty of Amiens was signed. The French Revolutionary War ended.
1802 March March: the Peace of Amiens, the final peace treaty with France, is signed.
1802 Apr 4 Dorothea Dix, American proponent of treatment of mental inmates, was born.
1802 Apr 8 French Protestant church became state-supported and controlled.
1802 Apr 19 Spain reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.
1802 Apr 27 Abraham Louis Niedermeyer, composer, was born.
1802 April April: A general amnesty is signed by Napoleon allowing all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France.
1802 April April: Parliament repeals the British income tax of 1799 and orders that all documents and records relating to the tax be destroyed in response to public outcry.
1802 May 3 Washington, D.C., was incorporated as a city, with the mayor appointed by the president and the council elected by property owners.
1802 May 15 Isaac Ridgeway Trimble (d.1888), Major General (Confederate Army), was born.
1802 May 18 Great Britain declared war on Napoleon’s France.
1802 May 19 provided that anyone admitted swore to uphold liberty and equality.
1802 May May: Napoleon establishes the Légion d’Honneur or Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur as a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. (All orders of the kingdom had been abolished during the French Revolution.) The Order remains the highest decoration in France.
1802 May In Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture surrendered to French forces. Many of his generals continued to wage a guerilla campaign against the French.
1802 Jul 4 The United State Military Academy opened its doors at West Point, New York, welcoming the first 10 cadets.
1802 Jul 7 The first comic book was published in Hudson, NY. “The Wasp” was created by Robert Rusticoat.
1802 Jul 8 Gen. Toussaint L’Ouverture of Saint-Domingue (later Haiti) was sent to France in chains.
1802 Jul 9 Thomas Davenport, invented 1st commercial electric motor, was born.
1802 Jul 24 Alexandre Dumas (d.1870), French novelist and dramatist who wrote “The Count of Monte Cristo” and “The Three Musketeers,” was born. Alexandre Dumas, pere, French author of romantic plays and novels. He wrote “The Man in the Iron Mask.” He was the father of Alexandre Dumas fils (1824-1895), French author of plays of social realism.
1802 Aug 2 Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed “Consul for Life” by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
1802 Aug 5 Niels Henrik Abel (d.1829), mathematician, was born in Frindoe, Norway.
1802 Aug 7 Napoleon ordered the re-instatement of slavery on St. Domingue (Haiti).
1802 Aug 25 Toussaint L’Ouverture (Louverture) was imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France.
1802 Aug 31 Captain Meriwether Lewis left Pittsburgh to meet up with Captain William Clark and begin their trek to the Pacific Ocean.
1802 August August: Napoleon is declared First Consul for life in a new French constitution, and is given the right to name his successor.
1802 Sep 4 A French aeronaut dropped eight-thousand feet equipped with a parachute.
1802 Sep 11 Piedmont, Italy, was annexed by France.
1802 Sep 19 Louis Kossuth (d.1894), later president of Hungary, was born. “The instinctive feeling of a great people is often wiser than its wisest men.”
1802 Oct 10 The 1st non-Indian settlement in Oklahoma was made.
1802 Oct 22 Samuel Arnold (62), English composer, died.
1802 Oct 28 The 34-gun Spanish frigate Juno, enroute back to Spain from Mexico [Puerto Rico], ran into a storm off the coast of Virginia. Captain Don Juan Ignacio Bustillo perished along with 425 men, women and children and an estimated half-billion dollars in treasure. A boy from the wreck survived on Assateague Island and was named James Alone. He later changed his name to James Lunn. Many Chincoteague islanders later traced their descent to James.
1802 Oct 31 Benoit Fourneyron, inventor of the water turbine, was born.
1802 October October: The Edinburgh Review begins publication.
1802 October October: The French army enters Switzerland.
1802 Nov 9 Elijah P. Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, was born.
1802 November November: British painter George Romney dies at age 67.
1802 November November: British watercolorist Thomas Girtin dies at age 27. His early death prompts J.M.W. Turner to remark: “Had Tom Girtin lived, I should have starved.”
1802 Dec 20 The United States bought the Louisiana territory from France. [see Jan 11, 1803]
1802 December December: Madame Tussaud arrives in London and exhibits her wax figures for the first time in England at the Lyceum Theater. From 1803 to 1835, she tours throughout England with her exhibition. In 1835 the exhibiton finally gets a permanent home on Baker Street in London.
1802 Henry Holland converts York House on Piccadilly (for ten years a residence of the Duke of York) into the Albany apartments, 69 sets of rooms for bachelors.
1802 Sculptor Antonio Canova’s Perseus With the Head of Medusa is so admired that it is placed in one of the stanze of the Vatican hitherto reserved for the most precious works of antiquity.
1802 The Factories Act (sometimes called the “Health and Morals of Apprentices Act”) is passed, regulating factory conditions, especially in regard to child workers in cotton and woollen mills.
1802 The first practical steamboat towed two barges along the Forth and Clyde Canal.
1802 The Rosetta Stone. The Ptolemaic stela includes three translations of a single passage: in hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek. It was ultimately the key to understanding the previously undecipherable ancient hieroglyphic language. French scholar Jean-François Champollion is credited with the first translation in 1822. The stone has been on display at the British Museum since 1802.
1802 The second volume of Joanna Baillie’s Plays of the Passions is published under her name.
1802 William Cobbett begins publishing the Political Regsiter, a weekly newspaper.
1802 The Ottoman Turks, trying to maintain empire, are fighting the Saud family and its Sunni Wahhabi allies. In Mesopotamia the Wahhabis capture the Shiite holy city of Karbala. In Arabia they capture Mecca.
1802 Leader of Haitian independence, Toussaint L’Ouverture, receives a message from the French General Brunet to meet for negotiations. Brunet assures Toussaint that he will be perfectly safe with the French, whom he says are gentlemen. When Toussaint shows up for the meeting, the French take and ship him to France, to a prison near the Swiss border.
1802 The war-weary British sign a treaty ending their war against France — The Treaty of Amiens.
1802 James Gillnay painted “Cow-Pock,” a satirization of the new cowpox vaccination to prevent smallpox.
1802 Nathaniel Bowditch (1773-1838) published “The New American Practical Navigator,” later known as the “seaman’s bible.” It was a revision of his 1799 and 1800 works, which in turn revised the 1722 work of John Hamilton Moore.
1802 John Playfair published a more readable volume of Hutton’s Theory of the Earth as Illustrations of the Huttonian Theory of the Earth.
1802 James Callender, an English-born journalist, published a report in the Richmond, Va., Recorder about Thomas Jefferson and his relationship with the slave Sally Hemmings [Hemings]. In 1997 Annette Gordon-Reed published: “Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemmings, an American Controversy.” DNA tests of descendants in 1998 indicated that Jefferson fathered at least one child with Hemmings, her youngest son Eston Hemmings in 1808. Dr. Eugene Foster, author of the DNA report, later said the DNA tests showed that any one of 8 Jefferson males could have fathered Eston. In 2008 Annette Gordon-Reed authored “The Hemmingses of Monticello: An American Family.”
1802 Beethoven composed the 6 Gellert songs of Op. 48.
1802 Congress repealed all taxes except for a tax on salt and left the government dependent on import tariffs.
1802 Andrew Jackson was elected to command the Tennessee militia.
1802 Eleuthere Irenee du Pont de Nemours (d.1834), a French immigrant, set up a saltpeter mill in Wilmington, Del., on the banks of the Brandywine River. In 8 years it grew to become America’s largest black-powder plant as it supplied gunpowder to the US for the War of 1812.
1802 Joseph Ellicott, New York Quaker surveyor, founded Genessee County and the town of Batavia: “God made Buffalo, I will try and make Batavia.”
1802 Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer, discovered an asteroid orbiting between Mars and Jupiter, He believed it to be a planet and named it Pallas after Pallas Athena (goddess of wisdom and war).
1802 Edward Howard, English chemist, determined that the iron in meteorites was a unique blend of iron and nickel that did not occur in known terrestrial rocks.
1802 An American captain of the ship Palmyra blew ashore on a southern atoll 1,052 miles south of Hawaii and named it Palmyra after his ship.
1802 Harriot Wilson was publicly executed by the state of Pennsylvania for the murder of her infant child. An account of the “exploits of the murderess” is published in 1822 by J. Wilkey.
1802 In Australia the Aboriginal warrior Pemulwuy (b.~1750) was shot dead. His head was cut off and believed to have been placed in a jar and sent to England. He opposed British settlement and was described by Sydney’s then governor Philip King as “a terrible pest to the colony” but also “a brave and independent character.”
1802 Britain levied the first English income tax to raise money to fight Napoleon. William Pit the Younger 1st introduced the income tax to finance the war against France.
1802 England passed its first law regulating child labor.
1802 A British exploring party led by Matthew Flinders landed on a 96-mile-long island southwest of Adelaide and slaughtered 31 kangaroos for a feast. This 3rd largest island off Australia was thus named Kangaroo Island. Flinders named the Great Barrier Reef and found a passage to the Corral Sea.
1802 The Rosetta Stone was seized by the British in Egypt after the defeat of Napoleon’s army and was sent to England.
1802 The Rome stock exchange was founded. The Borsa di Roma occupied the site of a temple completed in 145 AD as a tribute to Emperor Hadrian.
1802 In Vietnam Hue was founded as the royal capital of the Nguyen dynasty that united Vietnam. Palaces, tombs and monuments were located along the banks of the Perfume River.
1802-1803 George Friedrich Grotefend published his account of translating cuneiform script.
1802-1828 Richard Parkes, English watercolorist.
1802-1838 Letitia Landon, English poet: “Few, save the poor, feel for the poor.”
1802-1876 Harriet Martineau, English writer and social critic: “Religion is a temper, not a pursuit.”
1802-1880 Lydia Maria Child, American author Thought for Today: “It is right noble to fight with wickedness and wrong; the mistake is in supposing that spiritual evil can be overcome by physical means.”
1802-1889 Juana Briones Y Tapia de Miranda was born in Santa Cruz, Ca. She was a battered wife and became the first California woman to get a divorce. She was the first to settle on Powell St. in what is now North Beach, SF. In 1989 the Women’s Heritage Museum persuaded the state to authorize a plaque in her honor to be set in Washington Square.

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